Jobs plan - Bob Filner


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Jobs plan - Bob Filner

  1. 1. JOBS, JOBS, JOBS 1
  2. 2. Jobs, Jobs, JobsThe late U.S. Senator Bobby Kennedy used to say, “Most people see things as they are – and ask why? Idream of things that never were – and ask why not?”Why not build a city where good jobs are plentiful? Why not create an economy where clean industriescan prosper? Why not promote a culture of innovation and entrepreneurship that can make the world abetter place?Bob Filner’s plan to create good jobs is not, like his opponent’s, just a roadmap of redundancy, but a setof unique proposals that can make a significant difference in the historical trajectory of job, income andinvestment growth in the region. It can make our City more competitive, our businesses more profitable,and our workforce more self-sufficient.This plan envisionsjobs across industries that combine our“green” sectors (alternative energy, efficiency technology) with the “blue” sectors (maritime trade, ship-building, ocean research) into an Aqua Economy.Bob Filner has identified specific goals that are essential to moving San Diego forward toward a stronger,diverse base of well-paying jobs. Implementation of this plan will add 50,000 jobs in the city by 2020,with a focus on jobs that pay at least an average of $50,000. The Filner Plan aims to accomplish thesegoals by growing the Aqua Economy, expanding the capacity of the Port, leading the creation of aSouthern California Innovation Cluster,local preference in construction, and resurgence of nichemanufacturing. The plan also calls for prioritized employment of veterans.While in Congress, Bob Filner has been a champion of good jobs.He has worked in a bipartisan fashion tosecure funding for our defense industry, biotech and stem cell research, veterans employment, facilitiesconstruction, and border entry projects. He has been a stalwart in international trade, havingrepresented U.S. interests in countries around the world.Bob Filner will bring these decades of leadership and experience to serving as your Mayor. No longer willSan Diego be held hostage by special interests – and we will finally put people first! 2
  3. 3. ContentsINTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................................. 4FILNER PLAN OF ACTION ............................................................................................................................... 6 5 Goals: Working together to work better ........................................................................................... 7 Diversity in our Economy ...................................................................................................................... 7I. THE PORT AND THE AQUA ECONOMY ....................................................................................................... 9 1. Global perspective to trade ........................................................................................................ 10 2. Strategic Port and Military Investment ....................................................................................... 11 3. Intermodal infrastructure ........................................................................................................... 12 4. Marine highways, short sea shipping.......................................................................................... 13 5. Revitalize Fisheries ...................................................................................................................... 14 6. A Quality Undertaking for American (AQUA) Jobs...................................................................... 14II. SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA INNOVATION CLUSTER ................................................................................ 16III. LOCAL JOBS ............................................................................................................................................ 19IV. MANUFACTURING ................................................................................................................................. 20V. VETERANS EMPLOYMENT ....................................................................................................................... 21A Job-Creating Legislative Record ............................................................................................................... 22 3
  4. 4. INTRODUCTIONWith the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, San Diego’s economy began a dramatic shift. While therest ofthe nation went through a brief recession beginning in 1990, San Diego was impacted worse than therest of the nation. Declines in active duty military spending coupled with the loss of defense contractorssuch as General Dynamics, which had provided tens of thousands of middle income jobs, made therecession here both deeper and longer. City government (including Councilman Bob Filner), however,reacted aggressively and, working with large and small business interests andhigher education leaders,implemented a comprehensive economic development plan.By 1997, San Diego was regarded as anational model in how to fundamentally change a local economy. The plan focused on high technologyindustries – both by transitioning defense contractors to new, commercial uses and assisting theblossoming biotechnology sector – and on the small business sector - which historically supports thegreatest job growth during a recovery. As a Member, and then Deputy Mayor, of San Diego’s CityCouncil while that plan was being developed and implemented, Bob Filner was proud to play an activerole in San Diego’s economic resurgence.With the 2007 global economic collapse driven by Wall Street, again San Diego has suffered. But unlikethe City’s efforts in the early 1990s, local government has done little to respond to these economicchallenges. While the global and national economies are the main components driving the localeconomy, we showed in the 1990s that by acting locally we can strongly and positively influence oureconomic fate.Nationally, there are glimmerings of economic hope.Yet San Diego’s unemployment rate remains wellabove the national average. Local defense expenditures since 2003 have helped to mitigate the worsteffects of the Great Recession, but with the nation’s military operation in Iraq ended and in Afghanistanbeing drawn down, San Diego may soon see significant declines in defense spending. If we do not takeaggressive steps once again to restore our economy, we will continue to be mired in economicstagnation.In terms of average annual wage per job, San Diego has still not recovered from the loss ofmanufacturing jobs in the 1970s. During the 1981-1982 recession, our standard of living fell below thenation’s and the gap is widening.1This is because in the past two decades, the region has been addingeight low-paying jobs for every one high‑paying job. The figure below2 shows that even when adjustedfor inflation, the average wage per job in San Diego in 2010 pays less than the average wage per job in1972. And when compared to statewide statistics, real wages in San Diego have been trailing during thelast decade.1 SANDAG, San Diego Regional Economic Prosperity Strategy 2008.2 Originally published by the on January 30, 2012. 4
  5. 5. There are still almost 68,000 people unemployed in the city of San Diego who are willing and able towork.3In addition to the unemployed, one-in-five workers is underemployed,which includes people whoare working fewer hours than they would like to, and those whohave not looked in the last four weeks,perhaps because they were disappointed by the lackluster job market.The combined impact of job losses and lower wages is felt on the overall economy of the region. Duringthe recession, retail sales in San Diego fell by $12.1 billion, as battered consumer confidence andslimmer wallets led to severe cutbacks in household spending.3 California Employment Development Department, unemployment data for April 2012 is not seasonally adjusted. 5
  6. 6. FILNER PLAN OF ACTIONTo bring San Diego into the 21st century, Bob recognizes the need to build our economy in a sustainablemanner. We are emerging from the deepest recession that most of us have experienced in our lifetime.As San Diego rebuilds our local economy and adds jobs, it is important to attract and retain quality highpaying jobs in diverse sectors. Bob Filner has identified five goals that are essential to moving San Diegoforward toward a stronger, diverse base of well-paying jobs. The Filner Plan to accomplish these fivegoals involves fully utilizing the Port of San Diego and a budding Aqua Economy sector, leading thecreation of a Southern California Innovation Cluster and preparing for a resurgence of localmanufacturing.Bob Filner has a record of championing good jobs locally, and supporting the defense and biotechindustries in our region. As Mayor, he will work to attract more middle-class jobs to the region. The Filner Plan of Action Our Assets: Natural, human and intellectual capital Natural amenities, good climate Location: border with Mexico, on the Pacific Rim Universities, research institutes, community colleges A vibrant and growing “innovation cluster” of industries America’s Finest Workforce Our Liabilities: Lack of opportunity, infrastructure and leadership High unemployment, underemployment, particularly among young people Disproportionate number of low-wage jobs Crumbling transportation infrastructure Limited access to capital and investments Constrained by leadership at federal, state level Our Goals: Add 50,000 jobs in the city by 2020 Encourage jobs that pay $50,000+ Grow the Aqua economy, adding 6,000 good jobs by 2020 Attract investment in the Southern California Innovation Cluster Prioritize employment of veterans 6
  7. 7. 5 Goals: Working together to work betterAs Mayor, Bob Filner has the following goals to attract, create and sustain good jobs for our region’sworkforce: 1. Achieve “full employment”4 in our city, with our private and public sectors creatingat least 50,000 jobs by 2020. 2. Build a robust middle-class by attracting industries that pay an average wage at or above $50,000, and assisting other local industries in improving their average wages. 3. Create 6,000 jobs in the Aqua Economy, by pursuing a Strategic Plan for more public and private investment to the Port and increase the competitiveness of our region’s goods-movement economy. 4. Create a Southern California Innovation Cluster extending from Los Angeles to the border that positions us to be a globally competitive region. This cluster would attract thousands of good jobs and over a billion dollars annually in venture capital to San Diego. 5. Establish a Veterans Employment Department within the Mayor’s Office to ensure that veterans are given the opportunity to be self-sufficient in civil life.Growing San Diego’s economy will require that we expand opportunities for middle class jobs, continueto diversify the businesses that import dollars to the region, and support small businesses that are keyto job growth and revitalization of our communities. These are the three legs of a stable economic base.Diversity in our EconomySan Diego’s economic base – the source of dollars coming into the region for local recirculation– hashistorically come from manufacturing, defense (both uniformed services and defense contractors), andtourism. Manufacturing has been waning nationally and locally for decades because ofglobalization.However, we have retained important pockets of manufacturing, especially in the RanchoBernardo area. While defense spending declined in the early 1990s, increases during the two MiddleEast wars have provided a buffer of sorts for San Diego’s economy. Currently, about 25% of San Diego’seconomic base derives from defense spending, and the city faces challenges in maintaining that share.San Diego took advantage of every economic development tool available during the 1990s.Unfortunately, the City’s current economic development effort is not coordinated either regionally oreven locally within City Hall. For example, city policy calls for an Economic Development Plan to beupdated every five years–yet the current plan was last updated in 2001. The city’s Independent Auditorhas found that the economic development strategy is outdated, lacks clear objectives, and is not4 “Full employment” refers to a stable-state economy, with enough jobs being added to keep up with thepopulation growth. 7
  8. 8. coordinated with the Capital Improvement Plan.5To make matters more confusing, economicdevelopment activities are now carried out in two separate departments. Bob Filner welcomes the CityCouncil’s commitment to streamlining their efforts by establishing a standing Committee on EconomicDevelopment. The growth of local jobs is primarily driven by the growth of our home-grown businesses,many of which seek a well-educated workforce. As Mayor, he will work closely and cooperatively withthe City Council to ensure that we operate an effective and well-coordinated economic developmentprogram to diversify our economic base and support the kind of innovation that will be an essentialcomponent of San Diego’s economic future. Industries with higher average wages:  Information, Technology  Manufacturing  Professional and Business Services  Financial Services Industries with average wage around $50,000:  Construction  Education and Health Services Industries with lower average wages:  Retail and wholesale trade, transportation  Personal and other services  Leisure and Hospitality Source: California Employment Development Department, ranked by 2010 annual average wage per job.In the absence on an economic development strategy, the city has been drifting towards jobs that are inthe lowest paying industries. In order to build a robust middle-class, the city needs tofocus strategicallyon industries that pay an average wage at or above $50,000, and incentivize other industries inimproving their average wages. It makes good business sense to invest in industries that yield thehighest returns on investment in terms of economic impact on all San Diegans.5 Office of the City Auditor, City of San Diego, Report 13-006; Performance Audit of the Economic DevelopmentProgram. 8
  9. 9. I.THE PORT AND THE AQUA ECONOMYWe have a beautiful bay, with a waterfront where thousands of San Diegans go to work.The maritimeindustry consists of more than 1,400 companies producing over $14 billion of direct sales and aworkforce of almost 46,000 jobs spread across an array of traditional and technology-orientedsectors.6 Indeed, some economists estimate that the industry may directly or indirectly besupporting as many as 120,000 jobs in the region.Bob Filner contemplates an economy that combines our “green” sectors (alternative energy,efficiency technology) with the “blue” sectors (maritime trade, ship-building, defense, oceanresearch) into an “Aqua Economy”. Aqua Economy is a cluster of industries that support maritimeoperations, maritime technology, defense, ship-building, ocean research, climate science, fishing,and aqua energy in San Diego. These “Aqua Jobs” span across blue-collar jobs, white-collar jobs andgreen-collar jobs, are oriented towards the water, include innovations for sustainability, and arewell-paying.The anchor of the Aqua Economy is our Port. It is the largest break-bulk port in the state, importing andexporting cargo that does not fit easily in containers.7The Port’s two cargo terminals process almost $6 billion in imports and $71 million in exports annually. One of the largest clients of the Port is Dole Food Company, Inc. This company operates in a “niche market”because their products (bananas) are perishable and consumed within the region that they are delivered.According to the National University System of Policy Research, the two maritime terminals operated by the port play an increasingly important role in the region’s economy: $1.7 billion in regional economic activity: That is the equivalent of 4.5 Super Bowls, 12 U.S. Open Golf Championships, or 60 Holiday Bowls. This impact also exceeds the annual economic impact of the San Diego Convention Center. 19,000 jobs are associated with the activities at the maritime terminals.6 San Diego Maritime Industry Report, 2012.7“Economic and Fiscal Impacts of the Port of San Diego”, Economics Research Associates, 2007. 9
  10. 10. The jobs they create are high paying. On average, Port positions pay 28 percent more than the region’s median (private sector) wage. Certain professions, such as longshore workers, clerks, and dock foremen, pay more than double and triple the region’s median wage.The cruise-ship business is also an important part of our Aqua Economy. The Port estimates that eachship beginning and ending a cruise in San Diego contributes about $2 million to the local economy.Strategic Plan of ActionBob Filner aims to create 6,000 jobs in the Aqua Economy by 2020.He will bring more public and privateinvestment to the Port and increase the competitiveness of our region’s goods-movement and cruise-ship economy. Although the San Diego Unified Port District is a separate agency from the city, threecommissioners (out of seven) are appointed by the City of San Diego. Hence the Mayorhas a significantrole in regional policy-setting and as a spokesperson.These are the five strategic areas that Mayor Bob Filner will focus on: 1. Global perspective to tradeWe are located on the rim of the Pacific Ocean, the largest, deepest ocean in the world that is thegateway to emerging markets in Asia and Latin America. Nearly a quarter of the state of California’seconomy can be attributed to international trade, along with more than 500,000 jobs for Californiaworkers and approximately $7 billion in state and local tax revenues collected annually.8However, we are nowhere near the capacity of what we can do. As Mayor, Bob Filner will utilize theplatform of Mayor to bring goods-movement and goods-movement jobs to the Port of San Diego. Hewill work with Port District officials to make trade (and trade-related businesses) a priority. He will takeaggressive action to secure international trade opportunities: Bob Filner will reach out to local San Diego businesses to increase local use of the Port of San Diego, for both imports and exports. Bob Filner will increase exports from our region33% by the year 2020. This is a $5 billion increase, which would lead to $20 billion in total exports annually by 2020.As our green energy sector (such as the manufacture of solar turbines) grows, our exports will grow. Bob Filner will give personal attention to the expansion of international trade, and will lead trade missions across the border and overseas.He will bring in business from new and emerging markets, including China, India, Australia, Brazil and Peru.He will work with our friends in Mexico so that the San Diego Port can increasingly serve the growing Mexican manufacturing industries. He will bring closer together the large Filipino community in the region with the Republic of the Philippines. He will personally welcome trade missions to our city.8California Association of Port Authorities (CAPA). 10
  11. 11. Recently, the selection of the Port of San Diego by the Brookings Institute for its Metropolitan Export Initiative is exciting news for our region. We now have an opportunity for ground-up collaborationbetween our regional civic, business, and political leaders to create and implement a Metropolitan Export Plan (MEP). This export plan will apply market intelligence to develop targeted, integrated export-related services and strategies to help our port better connect domestic firms to global customers, in order to meet our export goals.9 For example, the Minneapolis-St. Paul region is working towards a plan to double the region’s exports in 5 years.10 As Mayor, Bob Filner will immediately convene our regional leaders, and the Port of San Diego, to set export targets, and work with them to implement the export plan. 2. Strategic Port and Military InvestmentThe Port of San Diego serves an important role in national defense as one of only 17 “strategic ports” inthe United States and #1 strategic port on the west coast. According to the Commander of U.S. NavySouthwest Region, Rear Admiral Dixon Smith, 18.4 million pounds of military cargo has gone through the10th Avenue Marine Terminal and the National City terminalin the last two years. This ranks the Port ofSan Diego 6thamongst the 17 strategic ports in the U.S.11The San Diego region includes the largest concentration of military personnel in the world – some60,000 sailors and 40,000 marines. The naval base includes 57 home-ported ships and 34,000 military9 Brookings Institute. Minnesota Trade Office. Rear Admiral Dixon speaking at a recent panel discussion video posted at: 11
  12. 12. and civilian employees. 12Our geographic location on the Pacific Ocean, and proximity to the Army’snational training center at Fort Irwin in the Mojave Desert,gives us a strategic advantage. In addition,our Port offerssecure, deep-water berths, and good inland infrastructure (such as connections tohighways and rail).As a result, the Port handled 15 major military cargo loadings and unloadingsbetween2007 and 2010.13 About a quarter of these consisted of stryker unit refurbishments, which alonecreated $93 million in contractor work and 2,000 jobs for the region.The private sector, too, plays a role, since General Dynamic NASSCO is the only major shipbuilder on thewest coast. The Navy uses their facilities for ship repair as well as to build new vessels.Bob Filner recognizes the importance of the Port in terms of national security, to provide infrastructureand services necessary for military and deployment activities, in terms of vehicles and equipment in andout of the homeland. Through a collaborative relationship between the Navy, Port and the privatedefense industry in San Diego, Bob Filner proposes the followingas Mayor: Maintain our “strategic port”designation, and bringing federal funds to San Diego to continue our active role in homeland defense at the two marine terminals. Work with waterfront businesses (like General Dynamics NASSCO and BAE Systems) and Navy to more effectively utilize Port real estate and build an infrastructure to grow their operations. Actively support our major fleet support installations at the Naval Base in San Diego, which is one of only two in the U.S. 3. Intermodal infrastructure Every dollar invested in the Port yields $2.80 in economic activity for the region. However, the growth of our Port in the 21st century is constrained by our infrastructure and real estate. In order to be competitive and efficient, there needs to beseamless goods movement from ship to trucks or from ship torail. The National City terminal has some land that is used by Pasha for car offloading and storage before being transported to dealers. However, there is not much more room for container storage. This is because it operates on tidelands that generate12 Port of San Diego, The Working Waterfront, April 2012.13 Port of San Diego, Maritime Factsheet, 05-05-2012. 12
  13. 13. complementary real estate revenue. The Port is also affected by urbanization and gentrification, whichleads to incompatible land uses juxtaposed.As Mayor, Bob Filner will bring local governments (like cities, county, Port, SANDAG) together to focuson the infrastructure needs of our region’s goods movement, and explore the following: Plan an intermodal infrastructure that combines roads, rails and bridges to move goods in and out of the port synchronously. Pool local resources (like TransNet) and seek federal public-private resources (like a proposed “Infrastructure” Bank) to invest inbuilding the intermodal infrastructure. Explore an inland port located eastward that operates as a distribution facility and is connected by an east-westrail-line to one of the terminals. Provide transitional-use zones in city areas bordering Port tidelands to provide protection for our urban neighborhoods even as we expand our maritime industry. 4. Marine highways, short sea shippingShort sea shipping is a form of domestic transportation that uses water barges and smaller vessels formoving cargo, rather than land modes like highways or rail. The M-5 Marine Highway Corridor runsalong the west coast.14 This highway provides a viable means of water-based transportation and shouldbe utilized by the Port. It would not only ease traffic congestion from containers on land-basedhighways, but also ease air pollution from trucks driving through surrounding neighborhoods.The marine highway is a potential game-changer for goods movement through San Diego. As Mayor,Bob Filner will establish our Port as a major node within the U.S. marine highway network by taking thefollowing steps: Develop a Marine Highway Initiative that examines the role of our port within the highway system that is appropriate to our location and growth objectives, byworking cooperatively with sister cities that are part of the San Diego Port, as well as destination M-5 ports, including Seattle, Los Angeles and Long Beach. Outreach to businesses that will locate to San Diego to service the maritime highway operations. Seek federal grant funding (U.S. Department of Transportation, Marine Administration) for a container-on-barge service route serving California and Washington.14 U.S. Department of Transportation, Marine Administration. 13
  14. 14. 5. Revitalize FisheriesSan Diego has a small boat fishing industry with about 130 fishermen who catch swordfish, Californiaspiny lobster, rockfish, red sea urchin, sharks, halibut, rock crab, albacore tuna, lobsters, Californiasheephead, spot prawn and other live fish contributing to 2.5 million pounds valued at $7 million inlandings in 2008.15There are four ports in the region:Driscoll’s Wharf, Tuna Harbor, Mission Bay andOceanside, of which the first two are within the jurisdiction of the Port of San Diego. Our region exportssea urchins.However, over the decades, the fishing industry has experienced a significant decline, mainly because ofregulatory barriers and global competition. At the same time, there is a growing demand for fresh,sustainable seafood in the region. In response, the Port is currently implementing a CommercialFisheries Revitalization and Coastal Public Access Plan. The plan calls for a facility for fishermen to sellfish directly to the public.As Mayor, Bob Filner will reinvigorate the fishing industry by building a San Diego’s version of Pike’sPlace for local consumption, restaurants, tourism, and healthy eating for school children.There is a significant untapped market for recreational fishing in California, which could be anchored inSan Diego. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has signed a 10-year leasewith the Port for home porting of its newest vessel (Reuben Lasker, named after late Professor Lasker atScripps Institute) as well as office at the Tenth Avenue Marine Terminal. The vessel is one of the mosttechnologically advanced in the world, and will conduct surveys for fish, marine mammals and turtles offthe west coast of North America and in the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean. A new NOAA fisheries vesselin San Diego brings an estimated $27 million annually in direct economic contributions, creatingapproximately 24 local jobs. 6. A Quality Undertaking for American (AQUA) JobsThe Aqua Economy consists of many technology and intellectual property-based firms that encompasssectors as diverse as seafood, ship-building, ocean energy, defense, robotics and clean waterengineering. They have a global focus, but are often rooted in local research institutionslike ScrippsInstitute of Oceanography, Hubbs-Sea World Research Institute, NOAA Southwest Fisheries ScienceCenter, and the USD Department of Marine Sciences and Environmental Studies.Even though some ofthe customer base may not be local (especially for those serving the energy sector), they benefit fromlocal talentand complementary services by clustering together.According to a recent BusinessWeek report, biotech innovators in San Diego are leading the way inproducing fuel from green goo (algae). These job creators are clustered around our UC, Scripps and Salk15 Port of San Diego. 14
  15. 15. research institutions. Biofuels from algae are the top clean technology priority for policymakers inCalifornia, on a path to produce fuel on an industrial scale by 2015. Aircrafts could start using biofuels in5 years. The algae industry has an $81 million in economic activity in the region and creates 466 localjobs. 16As Mayor, Bob Filner recognizes the need to tap into local strengths to serve a constantly-changingglobal marketplace of ideas and innovation. Bob Filner wants to grow the Aqua Economy by pursuingthe following: Create PortTechSD by partnering with the Port and the Maritime Alliance.This is a technology incubator similar to PortTech LA to attract and mentor entrepreneurship that will enable the Port of San Diego, and ports worldwide, to meet their environmental, energy, security and logistics goals. Establish a Desalination and Clean Water Technology Center of Excellence that would develop, test and find commercial applications for new water purification technologies. This could be either in conjunction with PortTechSD, or as a separate public-private partnership. Expand economic opportunities for young San Diegans through the Youth Development Office (proposed in Bob Filner’s Youth & Education Plan), by partnering with the maritime industry cluster, the Navy, and our maritime research institutions. Establish a national Maritime Robotics Center of Excellence which would focus the region’s efforts and broaden awareness as it could serve as a national test bed. Tie the green and blue technologies closer together by encouraging such areas as wave energy, use of algae as biofuel, and ocean sources of food.16 Bloomberg BusinessWeek. October 11, 2012. “Algae are a Growing Part of San Diego’s Appeal”. 15
  16. 16. II. SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA INNOVATION CLUSTERThe Innovation Economy encompasses one-in-ten workers, and consists of high-tech, IT, life sciences,chemical technology, clean energy technology, robotics, and similar fields focused on science andengineering. This is a key driver of our economy, since for every new job created in high-tech, fiveadditional jobs are created.17Southern California is home to nearly 32,000 such companies, whichtogether represent an enormous base of talent for driving new company formation. Many brick-and-mortar businesses in what has become “traditional” innovation like online services,entertainment, art,consumer sports, and military/defense are reinventing themselves through technology.There are thousands of well-paying jobs in this region that are waiting to be filled with talented workers,and hundreds of entrepreneurs waiting to connect with the right investment. These are four focus areasin the Innovation Economy: I. Life Sciences and Bioscience: This is an industry that is a life saver globally, using science to treat diseases. San Diego’s biotech industry is the third largest in the nation, clustered around Scripps Research Institute, Salk Institute and the University of California, San Diego. In San Diego County, the combined contribution to the local county economy of the bio-pharmaceutical manufacturing and biotech R&D industries is almost $8 billion, generating 34,000 jobs and $66 million in local tax revenues. Our region is home to global biotech companies like Amlyn Pharmaceuticals and Pfizer. II. Communications, Semiconductors and Wireless Technology:An industry that makes us smarter, excelling in smartphone chips and telecommunications code. San Diegans’ownDr. Irwin Jacobs led the commercialization of wireless voice and data communication. There are over 6,000 technology employers in San Diego employing 140,000 workers. Qualcomm alone employs about 10,000 high-wage workers, and was listed within Fortune’s top 25 companies to work for in 2012. III. Clean Technology: Clean energy jobs are part of the larger Aqua Economy.With a California requirement (AB 32) to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 15% by 2020, there is considerable demand for alternative energy and energy services. IV. Software and Multimedia Programming:An industry withgrowing demand from healthcare, education and entertainment for programmers.Some of the offshored programming is coming back to the U.S. According to the San Diego Software Industries Council, there are about 6,000 vacant information technology jobs in the county.17 Moretti, Enrico. 2012. The new geography of jobs. 16
  17. 17. To the extent that innovation is technology-agnostic , there is a lot of convergence as well as cross-overthat occurs within these sectors. A sharing of ideas, partnerships and near-sourcing, and access to state-of-the art research are catalyzed by the clustering of these industries and institutions within southernCalifornia.For 30 years, CONNECT has been providing support for entrepreneurs to grow their ideas into successfulbusinesses. Ithas assisted in the formation and development of over 2,000 local businesses, and is a global model of business incubation, by linking inventors and entrepreneurs with the resources they need for commercialization of innovative products in high tech and life sciences. CONNECT was a key player in San Diego’s emergence from the recession in the early 1990s, and it should once again be asked to facilitate linkages with other regional economic development efforts. The strength of our innovation industries is evidenced in the fact that they are leading our region out of the economic recession. Patent activity has hit an all-time high and venture capital investment is rebounding. San Diego benefited from over a billion dollars in federal grant funding in 2011, including the National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, National Aeronautics and Space Administration and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.18However, the number of venture capital firms located in the region is quite low.Bob Filner recognizes the role of Mayoral leadership in bringing in capital from outside the region.Innovation needs upfront investment, as the primary value of local labor lies in developing an idea into acommercially viable product. The worldwide fame of our UC system, of Hollywood, our research centerslike Salk Institute, of our innovations and innovators need be harnessed, to accelerate us forward. Inorder for southern California to compete on a global scale, Bob Filner proposes the following actions: Convene regional leadership in southern California, for a call-to-arms toincrease venture capital investment in the Southern California Innovations Cluster. The outcome of such a summit will be a strategic plan to promote our assets, and leverage our resources in each industry.18 CONNECT, “Innovation Economy Stepped up in 2011”, April 27, 2012. 17
  18. 18. Work with groups like CONNECT, BIOCOM, CleanTech, and the Software Industries Council toaddress regulatory barriers in locating and expanding innovative businesses, like Soitec.Work with the biopharma industry to site and build new research and development facilities inthe region.Educate our youth on Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM), and create pathwaysthrough our higher education and learning institutions for a career in innovation. The YouthDevelopment Authority, presented in Bob Filner’s Youth & Education plan, will coordinate thepublic and private sectors to implement this program.Seek continuing federal and state support for the San Diego Biofuels Initiative, which is acollaborative effort involving CleanTECH San Diego, BIOCOM, BIOCOM Institute, San DiegoRegional EDC, San Diego Center for Algae Biotechnology (SD-CAB) and the San Diego WorkforcePartnership. This initiative will provide careers to unemployed and dislocated workers, in theemerging biofuels industry.Build an Innovation Campus, a place where entrepreneurs, engineers, scientists, creativethinkers and policymakers collaborate on nurturing ideas, and developing commercialapplications. The city would be seeking federal Economic Development Authority funds to seedthis project, and partner with organizations like CONNECT, the Zahn Institute at SDSU and theMoxie Center at UCSD for startup support. 18
  19. 19. III. LOCAL JOBSAs our economy grows, City of San Diego residents need to reap the benefits. Over the past decade, thenumber of people that live and work within the city has decreased, even though the population andlabor force has increased. In fact a majority of jobs within the City of San Diego are now held by thosethat commute from outside the city.19With the drop-off in new housing development, San Diego’s construction workforce, as with the rest ofthe country’s, has been hit particularly hard by the Great Recession. One of the ways that the city cancreate local jobs is through local preference in public contracting. We have a significant buying powerwith over $1 billion in current city contracts. It is estimated that a $1 billion in capital spending cangenerate over 20,000 jobs during construction. Local government is always contracting out for capitalimprovement and other construction projects, from water and sewer projects to affordable housing andsolar efficiency projects to routine road and facilities maintenance.As Mayor, Bob Filner proposes the following to keep San Diegans working, when our taxpayer dollars arespent: (1) Local Preference in Business: The City will require 15% of all city contracts go to small, local,minority-owned, women-owned and veterans-owned businesses. The Small and Local Business program, which is currently limited to construction contracts, will be extended to all service and vendor contracts, where practical. (2) Local Preference in Workforce: As Mayor, Bob Filner will incentivize contractors to hire locally, including veterans, minorities, women, unemployed workers, and partner with quality apprenticeship programs to train our local workforce in skilled trades.19 U.S. Census Bureau, OnTheMap Application and LEHD Origin-Destination Employment Statistics (Beginning ofQuarter Employment, 2nd Quarter of 2002-2010). 19
  20. 20. IV. MANUFACTURINGThe growth of manufacturing jobs is dependent on our ability to harness our innovative andtechnological prowess. For many new innovations by our scientists and technologists in the lab, thechallenge is ensuring that, as a product moves from discovery to production, local workers and factoriesare part of the equation.Jobs in manufacturing have decreased nationwide in the last decade. California lost half a millionmanufacturing jobs from 2000-2010, and the San Diego region went from 128,738 to 90,205 in the sameperiod. We now have more jobs in restaurants and bars than in manufacturing. However, according toSouth County Economic Development Council, the region has become more attractive to manufacturingas labor and transportation costs abroad continue to increase.20Our region is competitive in high value-added and customized manufacturing. Data from the California Employment Development Departmentshow that in San Diego county, joblosses inthe manufacture of plastics & rubber, food, textiles, apparelsand printing, have been partially offset by job gains in manufacturing of chemicals, pharmaceuticals andin-vitro diagnostic devices. Some of these areas supplement our competitiveness in the InnovationEconomy.As Mayor, Bob Filnerwill protect our regional manufacturing base, promote innovation and removeobstacles to new manufacturing by acting in the following areas: (1) Land-use and Zoning: Industrial land suitable for manufacturing is in short supply in San Diego. Therefore, there needs to be some preservation of industrial zones andbuffer, as well as co- location policies that respect the health and safety of residences. Mayor Filner will prioritize industrial acreage in areas such as Otay Mesa East and Mira Mesa Westwithin the community plans for manufacturing uses. Maritime-related manufacturing & boat building should be protected from encroachment by incompatible land uses. (2) Land assembly and infrastructure: Mayor Filner will request proposals aimed at land banking future industrial lands for manufacturing purposes.His Neighborhood Investment Council will explore financing of redevelopment and utility upgrades in older industrial areas.And he will work to augment San Diego’s and Tijuana’s cargo transport capabilities, particularly air cargo at the Rodriguez airport, and develop a joint strategy for both Rodriguez and Brown Field airports. (3) International Trade: Bob Filner will use his Mayoral platform to work with Tijuana to promote linkages in high tech and electronics manufacturing.He will promote the potential joint advantages of the San Diego/Tijuana region to both global and local manufacturers.20 South County Economic Development Council’ “San Diego Regional Manufacturing Sector Report”, June 2012. 20
  21. 21. V. VETERANS EMPLOYMENTAlthough unemployment is high amongst youth, it is highest among youth that have served our nation.The unemployment rate among young veterans aged 18 to 24 is nearly 25 percent and has soaredrecently.California’s Employment Development Department reported that these veterans have had amuch harder time finding jobs than their peers. This situation is likely to get worse as 16,000 post-9/11veterans return to San Diego over the next decade.Bob Filner will establish a Veterans Employment Department within the Mayor’s Office that will directlyreport to the Mayor. The Department will perform the following functions: Convene a business summit to encourage specific commitment to veteran hiring. Deploy mayoral resources and leadership to elevate veterans issues, including the need for a self- sufficient career in civilian life.The Department will work with public agencies and private employers to place veterans. Partner with federal training programs (such as Operation Boots to Business) and private programs (such as Google’s Entrepreneurship Day for Veterans) that train veterans in business skills. Partner with private industry for training veterans in different occupations, such as BRIDGE21 in biotech, and“Helmets-to-Hardhats”and “Veterans in Pipefitting”in construction. Identify internship opportunities in collaboration with veterans’ higher education programs such as SDSU’s Troops to Engineers and SERVICE.22 Increase public contracting participation by veteran-owned businesses.The Veterans Employment Department will internally coordinate with the proposed Youth DevelopmentAuthority, Purchasing & Contracting, Public Works Department as well as Office of Small Business toensure that veterans are provided with adequate opportunities in our City.21 Biotechnology, Readiness, Immersion, Certificates & Degrees for Gainful Employment (BRIDGE) is a collaborativeeffort of SDSU, the BIOCOM Institute, Miramar College and the San Diego Workforce Partnership.22 Success in Engineering for Recent Veterans through Internship and Career Experience. 21
  22. 22. A Job-Creating Legislative RecordBob Filner has long fought for strengthening the middle class by working to ensure opportunities existfor skilled, well-paying jobs. Through his career, the Congressman has stressed the quality as well as thequantity of jobs that government can help create. He has brought hundreds of millions of jobs-producing dollars to San Diego.Representative Filner has spent decades supporting new opportunities for the American worker. Hiscareer in Washington is marked by votes, sponsorships and co-sponsorships of bills designed to enhancejob opportunities and create possibilities through theworkforce. Congressman Filner authored the VeteransBenefits and Economic Welfare Improvement Act of2010 to improve employment opportunities forveterans. Filner voted to support the Rural Star andLoan Star Programs to create clean energy jobs byboosting demand for energy efficient products throughlow-interest reasonable loans to homeowners andbusinesses.In a recent community newsletter, Bob Filner wrotethat his top priority is “putting people back to work andstrengthening the economy in San Diego” (May, 2010).This has been his top focus for the last several years andwill continue to be his highest priority as Mayor of SanDiego.Soon after sharing this statement in May, 2010, Rep.Filner backed legislation crafted to create jobs incommunities by providing funds to local governmentsto restore eliminated positions and threatened services. The Local Jobs for America Act would have restoredfunding aimed to restore 3,263 jobs in the City of SanDiego. The Department of Labor program received strong support in Congress and from many nationalorganizations.( Filner championed numerous efforts to strengthen the job prospects and reduceburdens for middle-class Americans. From 2009-2010 alone, Filner co-sponsored over 10 bills that areidentified as job creating legislation. These include: TEACH for Our Future Act of 2009 22
  23. 23. H.R.13 (introduced 1/6/2009) Wounded Veteran Job Security Act H.R.466 (introduced 1/13/2009) Equity for Our Nations Self-Employed Act of 2009 H.R.1470 (introduced 3/12/2009) Congressional Made in America Promise Act of 2010 H.R.2039 (introduced 4/22/2009) Protecting Americas Workers Act H.R.2067 (introduced 4/23/2009) AgJOBS Act of 2009 H.R.2414 (introduced 5/14/2009) Transportation Job Corps Act of 2009 H.R.2497 (introduced 5/19/2009) Keep Americas Waterfronts Working Act of 2009 H.R.2548 (introduced 5/21/2009) Put America to Work Act of 2009 H.R.4268 (introduced 12/10/2009) Create Jobs by Expanding the R&D Tax Credit Act of 2010 H.R.4770 (introduced 3/4/2010) Local Jobs for America Act H.R.4812 (introduced 3/10/2010) Women and Workforce Investment for Nontraditional Jobs H.R.4830 (introduced 3/11/2010)Several key pieces of job-creating legislation that Rep. Filner supported became law. His key votesinclude support for the Employment, Infrastructure, and Transportation Appropriations and Tax CreditsBill (H.R. 2847) which excluded most employers from paying an excise tax for the majority of 2010 onwages paid to new employees.Congressman Filner’s decades of leadership have opened avenues to job creation and economic growth.The Filner administration will be focused on enhancing the strengths of San Diego as a region whilebuilding upon exciting new ideas and spurring the growth of budding industries to create a balanced jobenvironment. With Filner as Mayor, San Diegans in every industry will benefit from a plan to addawidespectrum of job opportunities with a healthy core of well-paying, middle class, skilled jobs. 23
  24. 24. Paid for by Bob Filner for Mayor 20121460 7th Avenue, San Diego, CA 92101 24