Substantivos formação do plural

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English Grammar

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Substantivos formação do plural

  1. 1. Substantivos: Formação do PluralRegras para a formação do plural dos substantivos:1.Em geral, acrescenta-se –s ao singular:a word  two words a problem  two problems2. Acrescenta-se –es quando o substantivo terminar em:s a bus (ônibus) two busesss a class (classse; turma) two classesz* a quis (teste) two quizzessh a flash (clarão; instante) two flashesch a church (igreja) two churchesx** a box (caixa) two boxes
  2. 2. 3. Troca-se o y final por –ies quando ele for precedidode consoante:a city  two citiesQuando o y for precedido de vogal, simplesmenteacrescenta-se –s:a day  two days4.Acrescenta-se –es a alguns substantivos terminadosem o:a potato (batata)  two potatoesa tomato (tomate)  two tomatoesa hero (héroi)  two heroesan echo (eco)  some echoes
  3. 3. A outros acrescenta-se apenas –s:photos kilos videospianos radios avocados (abacates)E existem outros em que as duas formas de plural sãopossíveis:mosquitoes/mosquitos volcanoes/ volcanos (vulcões)Aos terminam em oo acrescenta-se somente –s:zoos (zoológicos) shampoos (xampus)bamboos (bambus)5.Existem dez substantivos bem comuns, terminadosem f ou fe, cujo plural é feito com a troca dessas letraspor –ves:
  4. 4. a life (vida)  two lives / a wife (esposa)  two wivesa knife (faca)  two knives / a leaf (folha)  two leavesa loaf (pão)  two loaves / a wolf (lobo)  two wolvesa thief (ladrão)  two thieves / a shelf (prateleira)  two shelvesa half (metade)  two halves / a calf (bezerro)  two calves
  5. 5. A grande maioria dos outros substantivos com essaterminação tem o simples acréscimo de –s:a roof (telhado)  two roofsa safe (cofre)  two safesa belief (crença)  some beliefsa cliff (penhasco)  two cliffsa chief (chefe)  two chiefsa proff (prova, evidência)  two proffs
  6. 6. Estes substantivos fazem o plural de duas formas:a dwarf (anão)  two dwarfs / dwarvesa scarf (cachecol)  two scarfs / scarvesa hoof (casco de animal)  two hoofs / hooves
  7. 7. 6. Há muitos substantivos de uso frequente que têmformas irregulares de plural. Os mais importantes são:a man  two men a woman  two womena child  two children a foot  two feeta tooth  two teeth a louse (piolho)  two licea mouse (camundongo)  two micea goose (ganso)  two geese
  8. 8. Assinale a alternativa correta que preenche cada lacuna.1.I say to myself “I have no _____” and I mean it.a. friend b. enemies c. foot d. feet2.It has increased the chances of survival for _______ withleukemia from 20 percent to 80 percent.a. child b. person c. children d. man3.During the Olympic Games, some football ________ willbe held outside Rio.a. matches b. game c. match d. cup
  9. 9. 4.This morning I got kidnapped by three masked__________.a. child b. men c. woman d. person5. He had two __________ - a granddaughter six, and agrandson nearly five.a.grandchild b. grandchildrenc. grandfather d. grandparentes6. ________ are united by a common language, Portuguese.a. Brazil b. Brazilian c. Brazilians d. Brazil’s
  10. 10. Assinale a alternativa correta que preenche cada lacuna.1. I say to myself “I have no enemies” and I mean it.a. friend b. enemies c. foot d. feet2. It has increased the chances of survival for children withleukemia from 20 percent to 80 percent.a. child b. person c. children d. man3. During the Olympic Games, some football matches will be heldoutside Rio.a. matches b. game c. match d. cup
  11. 11. 4. This morning I got kidnapped by three masked people.a. child b. men c. woman d. person5. He had two grandchildren - a granddaughter six, and agrandson nearly five.a. grandchild b. grandchildrenc. grandfather d. grandparentes6. Brazilians are united by a common language, Portuguese.a. Brazil b. Brazilian c. Brazilians d. Brazil’s

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