Air Barrier[1]


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Air Barrier[1]

  1. 1. BoardFoot 902150993 Visual Dictionary BSCI – 2300 (Spring 2009)
  2. 2. Air Barrier The air barrier is a synthetic material wrapped around the house to protect the house from air and rain getting into the wall assembly. But ,it still allows water vapor through the exterior.
  3. 3. Attic Ventilation (1 of 2) Soffit Vent is needed as an intake ventilation installed under the eaves, or at the roof edge. Ridge vent it needed to allow the warm and humid air to escape from the attic.
  4. 4. Attic Ventilation (2 of 2) Gable vent is needed to allow hot air out from either side of a gabled roof. A roof turbine is needed to replace the hot air in the attic with cooler air brought in from the outside.
  5. 5. Backhoe Backhoe: A piece of excavating equipment with a digging bucket and a two-part articulated arm. It is used to excavate dirt and rubble from a construction site. The width of the bucket on this backhoe is only two feet wide.
  6. 6. Batter Boards Batter boards are horizontal boards attached with stakes used to mark out the boundary of construction and establish the levels and building lines.
  7. 7. Brick Arches (1 of 2) Brick Arch #2: Brick Arch #1: H-Pointed Arch Romanesque or Gothic
  8. 8. Brick Arches (2 of 2) Keystone Centering Centering is the structure that is built to support an arch or vault during its Arch With Keystone construction. Normally made of wood.
  9. 9. Bricks Bonds (1 of 2) Sailors Stretcher of Rowlocks (Shiners) Brick Bond #1: Running. Continuous stretchers
  10. 10. Brick Bonds (2 of 2) Brick Bond #2: English Cross Soldiers Rowlocks One course of headers in between rows of Headers stretchers.
  11. 11. Brick Sizes Brick #2 (When individual)- Brick #1- 3’’ x 2 ¼ ’’ x 5-7/8’’ 3 ½ ’’ x 2 ¼ ’’ x 8’’ Closest to a Modular Brick Standard Brick
  12. 12. Bulldozer A bulldozer is known as a crawl type of equipment with a large metal plate on the front known as the ‘blade’. It is used to push things in large amounts. On a construction site a bulldozer may push things such as soil, sand, rubble, or anything else that needs to be moved. It typically moves whatever has been excavated from the site.
  13. 13. Cladding (1 of 2) Brick Clad Structure EFIS Clad Structure Stone Clad Structure (Random Rubble) Wood Board Clad Structure
  14. 14. Cladding (2 of 2) A wood shingle is roof covering consisting of a number of wood pieces sawn off. A wood shake is similar to a wood shingle but it is formed from already split wood and are generally thicker. It typically looks more rustic and Historic This is a shingle because it
  15. 15. Code Requirements (1 of 2) -Egress Window -A min. clear opening of When Open: 5.7 square ft Width= 1’ 6’’ -If on ground floor, Min. of 5 square ft Height= 2’ 6’’ -Min. clear opening height of 24” Area= 3’ 9’’ -Min. clear opening width of 20” Still Height AFF= 3’ -Bottom of clear opening no more than 44” AFF This window does NOT meet the IBC requirements of an egress window. The width and area are too small and the still height is too short.
  16. 16. Code Requirements (2 of 2) IBC REQUIREMENTS: These stairs meet the max IBC Risers -Min. of 4’’ high requirements for the risers - Max. of 7’’ high and the min. for the treads. Treads - Min. of 11’’ Risers: Treads: 7’’ 11’’
  17. 17. Concrete Joints A control joint is an expansion joint in masonry to allow movement due to expansion and contraction. This joint is isolating the building’s wall from the slab of the sidewalk.
  18. 18. Concrete Masonry Unit (CMU) A CMU is a large rectangular brick used in construction. They are typically made of cast concrete, Portland cement and aggregates. (Usually sand or gravel) CMUs are used for load bearing walls, reinforced brick, or for a building’s foundation. In my right hand is CMU sizes (Nominal) an 8’’ CMU. All CMUs have an 8 inch height and In my left hand is a 16 inch length. a 4’’ CMU. The typical widths are: 4 , 6, 8, 10, and 12 inches
  19. 19. Decorative Concrete Masonry Units Split decorative CMU Ribbed decorative CMU
  20. 20. Doors (1 of 2) Exterior Flush Door
  21. 21. Doors (2 of 2) Transom: A horizontal crossbar in a Top Rail window over a door. Stile Lock Rail Panel Bottom Rail Side Light: A window at the side of a door.
  22. 22. Electrical Components Service Head: Power Pole with Transformer: An overhead service conductor Transfers electrical energy from one circuit that runs from the transformer to another. It allows alternating current and power pole to the building’s (AC) service entrance conductors
  23. 23. Electrical Components Service Panel: Electrical panel, containing circuit breakers, which is the distribution point for the entering electric service Duplex Receptacle: Electrical outlet with 2 plugs to provide electrical Meter: energy to interior or exterior for plug-in Measures the amount of electrical energy appliances. the resident or business produced.
  24. 24. Framing Elements (1 of 4) # 5 Sole Plate (above subflooring) # 4 Subflooring # 3 Floor Joist # 6 Stud (stud) # 7 Top Plate #1 Anchor Bolt #2 Sill Plate
  25. 25. Framing Elements (2 of 4) # 8 Ceiling Joist # 9 Rafter
  26. 26. Framing Elements (3 of 4) # 10 Roof Decking
  27. 27. Framing Elements (4 of 4 ) # 12 Stringer # 11 Sheathing
  28. 28. Front End Loader A front end loader is an earth moving machine with a hydraulic scoop in front for lifting and moving earth and rubble. It is different from a bulldozer because it is able to lift things in the air to move them rather than just pushing them. It is different than a backhoe because it can not move loads as easily as a backhoe can. Yet, it can hold more.
  29. 29. Gypsum Board Gypsum Board is an interior wall covering made of the mineral gypsum and paper. Often known as plaster board or sheetrock.
  30. 30. Heat Pump Advantage: Rapid response Disadvantage: Difficult to zone Compressor/Condenser: Air Handling Unit: Raises the temperature of refrigerant Moves air through the duct work. Does vapor and increases its pressure by not condition it, just propels it. compression.
  31. 31. Insulation (1 of 2) Batt or Blanket: Loose Fill: Suited for standard stud and joist Good for irregular spacing, which is relatively free shaped areas around from obstructions obstructions
  32. 32. Insulation (2 of 2) Foam-in-Place: Ridge Board: Good for adding insulation to High insulating value for being so thin. finished areas or irregular shaped areas
  33. 33. Lintel Steel Lintel Lintel is a horizontal block that spans between two supports
  34. 34. Mortar
  35. 35. Oriented Strand Board 4 Feet wide 8 Feet long Oriented Strand Board is a nonveneered panel product formed by layering flakes of wood.
  36. 36. Plumbing (1 of 3) Lavatory -Drain is 1 ½’’ wide Water Closet -Drain is 3’’ wide
  37. 37. Plumbing (2 of 3) Shower in framing prior to gypsum.
  38. 38. Plumbing (3 of 3) Plumbing Roof Vent or VTR: Consists of pipes leading outdoors through the roof. Provides relief of sewer gases from drainage system and house. Kitchen sink (Under mount)
  39. 39. Plywood Plywood: An engineered Board manufactured from sheets of wood called wood veneers. Each layer is glued together. Veneer: A thin covering over another surface 8 feet long 4 feet wide
  40. 40. Radiant Barrier
  41. 41. Rebar The diameter is ½’’ thick making it #4 rebar. The Deformation of this example of rebar would be to secure the framing of the structure to the foundation.
  42. 42. Steep Roof Drainage (1 of 2) Gutter: A narrow channel (metal or plastic) to collect rainwater from the roof of the building to divert it from the structure. Downspout: Water collected by the gutter is sent through the downspout to discharge the water.
  43. 43. Steep Roof Drainage (2 of 2) Splashblock: A pad placed at the end of the downspout usually pointed downhill to carry the water away from the façade of the structure.
  44. 44. Steep Roof Materials Underlayment: Clay Tile Roof Asphalt saturated used beneath roofing to provide additional protection for the deck.
  45. 45. Steep Roof Materials (2 of ) Slate Shingles Metal Panel Roof - Galvanized Steel Shingle: A small roofing material used with other similar shingles overlapping one another in rows to protect a roof.
  46. 46. Steep Roof Shapes Gable Roof Gambrel Roof Mansard Roof Hip Roof
  47. 47. Steep Roof Terms Ridge: Valley: A beam laid along Area where two the edge where 2 adjoining sloped sloping sides of a roof planes roof meet at the intersect on a roof top. creating a quot;Vquot; shaped depression Fascia: Flat, horizontal band around roof’s perimeter. Soffit: Any horizontal surface that Eave: Rake: extends from a The roof edge from the The Vertical vertical fascia to the structure’s edge of a gable surface. outside the wall. roof.
  48. 48. Stone Coursed Ashlar Random Rubble Coursed Rubble Random Ashlar
  49. 49. Vapor Retarder Vapor retarder is a substance that prevents the transmission of water vapor. It is mostly placed to where it would keep things warmer in the winter. Hints the phrase, “Warm in winter”.
  50. 50. Waterproofing Liquid applied waterproofing Waterproofing is the treatment applied to a structure’s surface to prevent water from entering from hydrostatic pressure.
  51. 51. Weep Hole Weep holes are small openings left in the outer wall of the masonry as an outlet for water inside the building to move out.
  52. 52. Welded Wire Fabric (WWF) This Welded Wire Fabric is 6’ x 8’
  53. 53. Windows (1 of 2) Window #1: Casement (turn operation) Window #2: Double-Hung - Side-mounted on hinges - Classic appearance - Operated by crank going outward - Upper section is outside sash - ‘Scoop-in’ breezes - Lower section is inside sash
  54. 54. Windows (2 of 2)