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6.9 BATTERIES AND INVERTERS6.9 BATTERIES AND INVERTERS ENERGY use213
Batteries and Inverters
Batteries and inverters store...
6.9 BATTERIES AND INVERTERSENERGY use 214
as concrete will cool to ground temperature,
causing the electrolyte to stratify...
6.9 BATTERIES AND INVERTERS6.9 BATTERIES AND INVERTERS ENERGY use215
Battery charger installation
If the stand alone power...
10th Edition • Solar Electric Products Catalog • March 2003
While an inverter can account for a good portion of the cost o...
INVERTERS
Most larger
inverters can
operate as battery
chargers as well.
This is easily and
economically
accomplished
beca...
Smooth Start Series
User Instructions for
Model STP-1000T Power Inverter
Model STP-1000T
Safety Information
IMPORTANT
Read all the Cautions and Warnings before installing and using the power inverter. The
invert...
Table of Contents
Safety Information ........................................................................................
Introduction
Congratulations on your purchase of a Sima Products Corporation power inverter. It provides 115
VAC anywhere ...
Overview of the Power Inverter
The STP-1000T power inverters are electronic devices that convert the low voltage 12 VOLTS ...
Installation
Installation Overview
There are three basic steps you need to follow when installing the power inverter.
1) M...
Step #2: Wiring Inverter to 12 volt Power
The power inverter requires connection to a standard 12 volt DC power source as ...
Permanent Installation
Figure 3, Wiring the STP-1000T power inverter
Caution: Always use adequate wire size and fusing for...
• Double check all wiring for proper polarity.
• Install the fuse and reconnect the wire to the battery. Note, a slight sp...
inverter to shut down or the fuse to blow. Repeated use of excessive power draw can cause failure of
the power inverter.
H...
Battery Life Chart
Power
Usage
Approximate
12 volt
Current
Typical operation time
with 50 amp-hour car
battery
Typical ope...
How the Inverter Works
The Sima Products Corporation power inverter has two electronic sections. The first section convert...
Troubleshooting
Problem Cause Solution
Unit does not operate Input voltage is below
10 volts
Attach to proper supply
Fuse ...
Product Specifications
Key Features STP-1000T
Input 12 - 15 volts DC
Input no-load current  .6 A
Output type modified sine...
Limited Warranty
Sima Products Corporation (“Company”) warrants that if the accompanying product proves to be
defective to...
TN/TS-1500
Inverter Instruction Manual
Index
TN/TS-1500 Instruction ManualInverter
1. Safety Guidelines 1
1
2
2
3
3
5
9
12
14
17
17
12
13
4
3
4
5
6
8
9
9
10
12
2...
Inverter Inverter
Inverter Inverter
1
Don't
disassemble
Away from
moisture
Away from fire or
high temperature
Don't stack ...
2.2 Main Specification
2.1 Features
‧True sine wave output (THD3%)
‧Selectable UPS or Energy saving mode
‧1500W rated outp...
3
2.3 System Block Diagram
Figure 2.1 System Block Diagram
TN-1500 Inverter
AC
Input
AC
Output
AC charger
Solar charger
Ba...
4
3.2 LED Indicator on Front Panel
3.3 Function Indication and Alarm
LED 1 ON
LED 1 ON
LED 1~ 2 ON
LED 1~ 2 ON
LED 1 ~ 3 O...
3.4 Rear Panel
Battery input (+), (-).
Utility / AC inlet (IEC320).
Solar panel input terminal.
Frame ground (FG).
A
B
C
D...
6
4.1 Explanation of UPS Mode Control Logic
ON
28.5V
26.5V
28.5V 28.5V
ON
OFF
ONON
By pass
mode
Inverter
Mode
Battery
volt...
7
t3: At this time period, TN-1500 is still in the Bypass mode. The battery voltage
t4: If the energy provided by the char...
4.2 Explanation of Energy Saving Mode Control Logic
ON
OFF
28.5V
26.5V
28.5V
22V
28.5V
ON
OFF
ONON
OFF
Bypass
mode
Inverte...
9
Factory Setting
AC Charger
Transition Voltage
AC Charger
Start Up Voltage
Solar Charger
Start Up Voltage
112 212 124 224...
Energy Saving
Mode
UPS Mode
Bat Low
Bat Low
Saving
Saving
On
On
● Light
○ Dark
★ Flashing
●
★
★
★
★
○
Table 5.1 Operating ...
Bat Low
Bat Low
Saving
Saving
On
On
Table 5.3 LED Indication for Saving Mode ON/OFF
● Light
○ Dark
★ Flashing
●
★
★
★
★
○
...
12
STEP 10: The LEDs will change state by pressing the setting button for 1
STEP 11: After activating or canceling the Sav...
13
100
0
0
LOAD
100 10 0
1 00
100
0 0
0
LOAD LOA D
LO AD
LOAD
Table 6.1: Failure Messages On Front Panel
10 0
100
100
100
...
14
(B)Suggested Battery Type and Capacity
5A ~ 25A
Battery Type
Battery
Capacity
Lead-acid
12V / 120Ah ~ 24V / 60Ah ~ 48V ...
15
Solar Panel
LOAD
TN/TS-1500
Inverter
AC O/P
AC I/P DC I/P
- +
Chassis
Solar I/P
Wall or system FG
+ -
Battery
(D)Exampl...
16
Chassis
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70
20
40
60
80
100
21VDC 23VDC 30VDC (HORIZONTAL)
20
40
60
80
100
(E)Derating
Battery Input...
Malfunction of the charger
(no charging voltage)
Repair required. Please send it back
to us or any of our distributors
Clo...
N o.28, Wuquan 3rd Rd., Wugu Dist., New Taipe i City 248, Taiwan
Owner’s Manual
Quiet Mobile Power
Congratulations! You’ve purchased the most advanced, feature-rich Inverter/Charger desig...
Inverter/ChargerDCVolt:12
WireGauge
Twin00(2/0)
Watts642000(2/0)(RV2012OEM,RV2512OEMRV3012OEMonly)
50015ft25ft39ft62ft79ft...
3R
Important Safety Instructions
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS!
This manual contains important instructions and warnings that sh...
4R
Feature Identification
Identify the premium features on your specific model and quickly locate instructions on how to m...
5R
Operation
Switch Modes
After configuring, mounting and connecting your Inverter/Charger,
you are able to operate it by ...
6R
Select Battery Type—REQUIRED
(All models)
CAUTION: The Battery Type DIP Switch setting must
match the type of batteries...
Inverters Catalogue
Inverters Catalogue
Inverters Catalogue
Inverters Catalogue
Inverters Catalogue
Inverters Catalogue
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Inverters Catalogue

  1. 1. 6.9 BATTERIES AND INVERTERS6.9 BATTERIES AND INVERTERS ENERGY use213 Batteries and Inverters Batteries and inverters store renewable energy turning it into useable electricity. A complete renewable energy system has a number of components, as discussed in this fact sheet. Grid connected systems require an inverter and metering system. Battery banks can be installed if back up supply is required. Grid connected system. Stand-alone systems include a battery bank, inverter, battery charger and a fuel generator set (genset) if required. Stand alone system. Each system will require a specific regulator/ controller. A complete system will include the necessary switches, circuit breakers and fuses to ensure that the system is electrically safe and to allow for major items of equipment to be isolated for maintenance purposes. Battery banks and inverters are required whether the charging source is photovoltaics, wind, or micro hydro. The exact layout will vary depending on the equipment configuration and space available. Battery Banks Battery types Lead-acid batteries are used most often in renewable energy systems. Less common are nickel-cadmium batteries which last longer but are much more expensive. Most batteries are composed of a number of cells. For example a car battery is 12 volt, but is supplied as one unit (monoblock), that comprises 6 x 2 volt cells. In stand-alone power systems the battery banks are supplied as either 12V, 24V, 48V or 120V. These batteries could be supplied as monoblock (12V or 6V) batteries but are generally supplied as individual 2V cells. A 12V battery bank will consist of 6 x 2V cells, and so on. Battery banks can be designed to provide many days energy requirement with no input from the charging source. Lead-acid batteries can be supplied as either wet batteries, as used in cars, or valve regulated batteries commonly called ‘sealed’ or ‘gel’ batteries. Wet batteries are most commonly used in renewable electricity systems. The life of a battery bank is affected by how regularly it is discharged, and its use. This is referred to as the average daily depth of discharge. If the battery bank capacity is large enough to keep the depth of discharge low, the battery life should be at least ten years. Battery manufacturers will provide information on the cycle life of the battery. Your installer will adjust your system to comply with relevant standards and maximise battery life. Battery installation Batteries emit a corrosive and explosive mixture of hydrogen and oxygen gas during the final stages of charging. This can ignite if exposed to a flame or spark. Batteries must be installed in a well-ventilated environment, preferably in an appropriately designed structure away from the house. Because the gases rise, ventilation design must permit air to enter below the batteries and exit the room at the highest point. Ventilation can be achieved naturally or by installing fans and electrical vents. The amount of ventilation required depends on the number of battery cells and the charging current. A large battery bank using large charging currents needs more ventilation. Your installer will design an appropriate battery storage facility in accordance with relevant standards. Batteries should be mounted on stands to keep them clear of the ground. If the batteries are ground mounted they should be thermally insulated from the ground temperature. They should not be installed directly onto concrete, Grid connect inverter Switch board Electricity meter Grid connected system Wind turbine PV array Regulator Batteries Inverter Generator Stand alone power system (SAPS) GeoffStapleton A battery bank. )
  2. 2. 6.9 BATTERIES AND INVERTERSENERGY use 214 as concrete will cool to ground temperature, causing the electrolyte to stratify. This is detrimental to a battery’s long-term life and performance. Low electrolyte temperatures also reduce the capacity of a battery. Batteries must not be installed where they will be exposed to direct sunlight, as high temperatures may cause electrodes to buckle. The typical area required for the installation of a battery bank is: 12V 1.4m x 0.3m or 0.7m x 0.6m 24V 1.4m x 0.6m 48V 2.8m x 0.6m The batteries can be as high as 700mm, and if installed in a box it must have a removable lid or at least 500mm clearance above them to allow access for a hygrometer to check the charge level. Access to the battery room or container should be limited to responsible people trained in system maintenance and shut down procedures. Safety signs are required in accordance with Australian Standards. The installation must include a switch/fuse near the batteries to enable the bank to be electrically isolated from the rest of the system. Battery maintenance Battery maintenance includes keeping terminals clean and tight and ensuring the electrolyte is kept above minimum levels. Use only distilled water when topping up the electrolyte level. Batteries are dangerous items and must be treated cautiously. There are three main dangers with batteries: > Explosion or fire from the battery gases. Short-circuiting the terminals. Acid burns from wet, lead-acid batteries. Ensure that when working with batteries you do not short across the battery terminals. Under Australian Standards the terminals must be covered (shrouded) to prevent accidental shorting. Wet, lead-acid batteries hold a fluid electrolyte that contains sulphuric acid. This can cause serious burns to the skin and eyes. Always wear protective clothing and eye protection. If ‘acid’ is spilt on the floor or equipment, it must be diluted with water and neutralised with sodium bi-carbonate. These should be readily accessible and stored near the battery bank. Batteries need specific charge regimes that include equalisation charging. The system designer will explain this process. The equalisation charge will either be controlled by the system or require the owner to connect a generator and battery charger. Specific gravity readings are the best method to determine the charge level. A safe method for performing this will be explained by the system designer. System owners should read and fully understand the manufacturer’s manual for their battery bank. Battery disposal Batteries contain lead and acid that are harmful to the environment. When a battery bank is being replaced the old batteries should be disposed of at a battery recycling station or other suitable site. Inverter Installation Inverters are commonly a part of battery based stand alone and grid connected systems. Inverters convert DC power from batteries or solar modules into useable AC, normally 240V AC (single phase) or 415V AC (three phase) power. Inverters are complex electronic devices and must be installed in dust free environments. Inverters can be either wall or shelf mounted. They are heavy – a 5kW unit could measure 0.6m x 0.6 x 0.4m and weigh 60kg. Inverters become very warm or hot when operating at large power outputs and need suitable ventilation and cooling air-flow. Insects often like to nest in the heat dissipation vents. To prevent this, inverters should be carefully sited and regularly checked. Inverters must not be installed in direct sunlight. Inverters should be readily accessible in case they need to be electrically isolated in an emergency. Lightning can damage inverters. The risk should be assessed by the designer and appropriate protection installed if required. Only a suitably trained and qualified person may undertake AC hard wiring to an inverter. Grid connected systems Grid connected inverters convert power from solar modules, wind or micro hydro into AC power that feeds into the grid. On the DC side, the grid inverter is connected directly to the renewable charging source – generally PV. The AC output of the inverter interconnects with the building switchboard in accordance with regulations. The inverter can be installed in any suitable location between the renewable energy source and the switchboard. Battery based systems The DC currents in the battery leads between the inverter and battery can be very large. To avoid problems due to overheating and voltage drop, these must be sized accordingly and should be kept to a minimum length. Situate the inverter as close as possible to the battery bank. The battery charger can be a separate unit or be incorporated within a combined inverter/ charger. The inverter supplies 240V AC power from the battery bank. When the generator starts, the inverter passes the load to the generator and becomes a battery charger. Each battery charging source requires a regulator/ controller to prevent overcharging the batteries. These can be manual or automatic. In automatic controls the generator is started when the batteries reach a low charge level or the load is greater than the maximum power output of the inverter. In manual controls the state of battery charge must be regularly monitored.
  3. 3. 6.9 BATTERIES AND INVERTERS6.9 BATTERIES AND INVERTERS ENERGY use215 Battery charger installation If the stand alone power system installation includes a separate battery charger, it should be treated in a similar manner to the inverter. Chargers are generally no larger than 0.4m x 0.4 x 0.6m and weigh up to 40kg. The charger must be installed close to the batteries and can be floor or shelf mounted. The input power to the charger must be a generator-only power point. Generator Installation The generator should be installed in a separate room or enclosure. If installed in the same room as the rest of the system it should be located as far away from other components as possible. This helps prevent excessive heating and contamination from a malfunctioning exhaust. Sufficient space should be allowed around the generator for maintenance. Generators can be noisy, so locate and design the enclosure to minimise noise. The generator fuel must be kept in an approved container in a safe location. Additional REading Contact your State / Territory government or local council for further information on renewable energy, including what rebates are available. www.gov.au ReNew, Batteries Buyers Guide, Issue 98 and Inverters Buyers Guide, Issue 87. www.renew.org.au Principal authors: Geoff Stapleton Geoff Milne Contributing author: Chris Riedy
  4. 4. 10th Edition • Solar Electric Products Catalog • March 2003 While an inverter can account for a good portion of the cost of a PV system, it is really a sub-system that requires a number of additional components.To make a safe, reliable, code compliant installation one should provide the following: Inverter to battery cabling Because of the high current required on low voltage circuits, this cable is large, commonly #2 to 4/0 in size. Smaller conductors than required are unsafe and will not allow the inverter to perform to its full rating. DC input disconnect and overcurrent protection It is important to have safe installation with a properly sized DC rated, UL listed disconnect.Typically the disconnect works in conjunction with an overcurrent protection device such as a fuse or circuit breaker.These components are usually installed in an enclosure which can also house shunts and additional equipment or circuit breakers. Shunts Used to read the amperage flowing between the battery and inverter, this device is installed in the negative conductor. It can easily be housed in the disconnect or its own enclosure. AC output disconnect and overcurrent protection If the breaker panel, which is fed from the inverter, is adjacent to the inverter, then the main breaker will serve as the inverter output disconnect and overcurrent protection. If, however, this panel is not grouped with the inverter, then a separate unit should be installed.This also holds true for AC circuits coming into the inverter from a generator or utility source. A second breaker may be needed if these breakers are not grouped. INVERTERS The inverter is a basic component of PV systems and it converts DC power from the batteries or in the case of grid-tie,directly from the PV array into high voltage AC power as needed.Inverters of the past were inefficient and unreliable while today’s generation of inverters are very efficient (85 to 94%) and reliable. Today,the majority,if not all of the loads in a typical remote home operate at 120 VAC from the inverter.Most stand-alone inverters produce only 120 VAC,not 120/240 VAC as in the typical utility-connected home.The reason being,once electrical heating appliances are replaced with gas appliances,there is little need for 240 VAC power.Exceptions include good-sized submersible pumps and shop tools which can either be powered by a generator,step-up transformer,or possibly justify the cost of adding a second inverter.Several utility line-tie inverters do produce 240 VAC. Two types of stand-alone inverters predominate the market – modified sine and sine wave inverters.Modified sine wave units are less expensive per watt of power and do a good job of operating all but the most delicate appliances.Sine wave units produce power which is almost identical to the utility grid,will operate any appliance within their power range,and cost more per watt of output. Utility-tie systems / sine wave inverters for utility interactive photovoltaic applications,provide direct conversion of solar electric energy to utility power with or without a battery storage system.These systems are designed to meet or exceed utility power company requirements and can be paralleled for any power level requirement.They are listed to UL 1741 for photovoltaic power systems. Inverter Component Checklist Batteries in Vented Enclosure Inverter with Built-in Battery Charger Inverter Breaker Generator Breaker To AC House Panel From Generator Inverter Sub-System Checklist _____ Inverter to battery cabling _____ DC disconnect and overcurrent device _____ Inverter conduit boxes _____ Inverter output breaker box _____ Generator input breaker box _____ Shunt(s) if required for monitoring See the Sizing Tables in the Appendix D for cable and overcurrent device sizing for the inverter you select. INVERTERS
  5. 5. INVERTERS Most larger inverters can operate as battery chargers as well. This is easily and economically accomplished because of the design of most inverters. Inverters step up low voltage DC power and change it to 120VAC power. Battery chargers do the reverse of this. Transfer switches are also incorporated into these Inverter / Chargers so that the AC loads can be powered directly from the generator when the battery charger is operating. From a reliability, performance, and economical standpoint, built-in battery chargers are the way to go. Comparing Inverters Inverters are compared by three factors: • Continuous wattage rating. Hour after hour, what amount of power in watts can the inverter deliver. • Surge Power. How much power and for how long can an inverter deliver the power needed to start motors and other loads. • Efficiency. How efficient is the inverter at low, medium and high power draws. How much power is used at idle. A typical 12-volt lead-acid battery must be taken to approximately 14.2-14.6 VDC before it is fully charged. (For 24 volt systems double these figures for 48 volt, multiply by four.) If taken to a lesser voltage level, some of the sulfate deposits that form during discharge will remain on the battery’s lead plates. Over time, these deposits will cause a 200 amp-hour battery to act more like a 100 amp-hour battery, and battery life will be shortened considerably. Once fully charged, batteries should be held at a lower float voltage to maintain their charge – typically 13.2 to 13.4 volts. Higher voltage levels will gas the battery and boil off electrolyte, requiring more frequent maintenance. Most automotive battery charger designs cannot deal with the conflicting voltage requirements of the initial“bulk charge”and subsequent“float”or maintenance stage.These designs can accommodate only one charge voltage, and therefore must use a compromise setting – typically 13.8 volts.The result is a slow incomplete charge, sulfate deposit build-up, excessive gassing and reduced battery life. The charger available in our inverters automatically cycles batteries through a proper three stage sequence (bulk, absorption and float) to assure a rapid and complete charge without excessive gassing. Factory battery charger settings on most inverter-charger combinations are optimal for a lead acid (liquid electrolyte) battery bank of 250-300 amp hours in a 70°F environment. If your installation varies from these conditions, you will obtain better performance from your batteries if you adjust the control settings. The Maximum Charge Rate in amps should be set to 20-25% of the total amp-hour rating of a liquid electrolyte battery bank. For example, a 400 amp-hour bank should be charged at no more than an 80 -100 amp rate. Excessive charge rates can damage batteries and create a safety hazard. The Bulk Charge Voltage of typical liquid electrolyte lead acid batteries should be about 14.6 VDC.There is no one correct voltage for all types of batteries. Incorrect voltages will limit battery performance and useful life. Check the battery manufacturer’s recommendations. The Float Voltage setting should hold the batteries at a level high enough to maintain a full charge, but not so high as to cause excessive gassing which will boil off electrolyte. For a 12-volt liquid electrolyte battery at rest, a float voltage of 13.2- 13.4 is normally appropriate; gel cells are typically maintained between 13.5 and 13.8. If the batteries are being used while in the float stage, slightly higher settings may be required. Charge voltage guidelines used here are based on ambient temperatures of 70°F. If your batteries are not in a 70°F environment, the guidelines are not valid.Temperature Compensation automatically adjusts the voltage settings to compensate for the differences between ambient temperature and the 70°F baseline.Temperature compensation is important for all battery types, but particularly gel cell, valve-regulated types which are more sensitive to temperature. Built-In Battery Chargers Multi-Stage Battery Charging
  6. 6. Smooth Start Series User Instructions for Model STP-1000T Power Inverter Model STP-1000T
  7. 7. Safety Information IMPORTANT Read all the Cautions and Warnings before installing and using the power inverter. The inverter must be properly installed. IMPORTANT If you are not familiar with 12 volt high current wiring, it is recommended that you have a professional automotive installer install the inverter. CAUTION The power inverter generates 115 VAC power from your 12 volt car battery. Treat the 115 VAC output just like you treat the 115 VAC in your house. Keep children away from the unit. Do not connect the unit to AC distribution wiring. Keep the unit away from water. Do not allow water to drip or splash on to the power inverter. Keep the unit in cool environments. Ambient air temperature should be between 32 degrees and 75 degrees F. Keep out of direct sunlight and away from heating vents. Keep the unit away from flammable material or in any location which may accumulate flammable fumes or gases, such as the battery compartment of your car, boat, RV or truck. With heavy use, the unit will become warm and possibly hot. So keep it away from any heat sensitive materials. Make sure the opening to the fan and vent holes are not blocked. Do not open the unit. High voltages are inside. Use proper size wiring. High power inverters can draw many amps from the 12 volt source and can melt wires if not fused and sized properly. IMPORTANT Sima Products Corporation does not authorize any products to be used in life support devices or systems. Serial # ____________________________ Date Purchased ___________ page 2
  8. 8. Table of Contents Safety Information ...................................................................................................2 Introduction..............................................................................................................4 Key Features ............................................................................................................4 Package Includes......................................................................................................4 Needed for Installation (not included).....................................................................4 Overview of the Power Inverter...............................................................................5 Installation ...............................................................................................................6 Installation Overview....................................................................................................................6 Step #1: Mounting the Inverter .....................................................................................................6 Step #2: Wiring Inverter to 12 volt Power ....................................................................................7 Permanent Installation...............................................................................................................8 Wiring Steps..............................................................................................................................8 Advanced Installation................................................................................................................9 Step #3: Testing the Power Inverter..............................................................................................9 Operation .................................................................................................................9 Equipment Power Usage...............................................................................................................9 Battery Life .................................................................................................................................10 Lights and Alarms.......................................................................................................................11 How the Inverter Works.........................................................................................12 Troubleshooting.....................................................................................................13 Product Specifications ...........................................................................................14 Warranty ................................................................................................................15 page 3
  9. 9. Introduction Congratulations on your purchase of a Sima Products Corporation power inverter. It provides 115 VAC anywhere you have 12 DC volts in your car, truck, RV or boat. It is designed to be easy to use and provide years of dependable service. Key Features High-efficiency operation to provide the most output with the least battery power. Advanced protection • Thermal Protection shuts the unit off to guard against the unit getting too hot • Overload Protection protects the unit from excessive loads • Under Voltage Protection turns the unit off to protect the battery from being over discharged The STP-1000T power inverter produces a modified sine wave output that is suitable for most AC loads. This includes lights, appliances, motors, TVs and most electronics. Caution: A few battery chargers are not compatible with modified sine wave operation. These are typically small, rechargeable, battery operated devices like razors and flashlights that can be plugged directly into an AC receptacle to recharge. Some chargers for battery packs used in power tools also should not be used with an inverter. These chargers typically have a warning label indicating that dangerous voltages are present at the battery terminals. Only a true sine wave inverter should be used with these types of appliances. Damage to the device could result if you attempt to use them with any type of modified sine wave inverter. Do not use this power inverter with the above devices. Package Includes Inverter (STP-1000T) Cables This manual Needed for Installation (not included) Mounting hardware for the inverter 12 volt DC power wiring, fuse block and connectors Tools – Drill and drill bit, small socket set, wire crimpers, volt meter Optional: wiring kit from Sima Model SK-200 page 4
  10. 10. Overview of the Power Inverter The STP-1000T power inverters are electronic devices that convert the low voltage 12 VOLTS DC from a battery or other power source to 115 VAC to run standard household appliances. See the section on How it Works to learn more about the technology used in these power inverters. DC Side (12 VOLTS Input) AC Side (115 VAC Output) STP-1000 Figure #1, DC and AC Sides of the STP-1000T Inverter page 5
  11. 11. Installation Installation Overview There are three basic steps you need to follow when installing the power inverter. 1) Mounting: Mount the inverter securely 2) Wiring: Wire the inverter to a 12 VOLT source 3) Testing: Test for proper operation Step #1: Mounting the Inverter The power inverter should be secured to a solid flat surface capable of handling the weight of the unit. It is very important that the unit be secured using the proper size mounting hardware (not included) to keep the unit from moving around or becoming loose in emergency situations. The power inverter should be placed with space around the unit for proper ventilation. Do not block the air entrance to the fan or block the exhaust holes located on the side or bottom of the unit. The unit must be mounted in a dry, cool area. Do not allow water to drip or splash onto the inverter. The ambient air temperature should be between 32 deg F and 75 deg F. The unit must not be mounted in an area with batteries or in any area capable of storing flammable liquids such as gasoline. To minimize cable lengths, the unit should be mounted as close as possible to the battery, but not in the same compartment. If you have a choice, it is better to run longer AC wires than DC cables. Caution: The power inverter must be mounted securely in any type of moving vehicle. In an emergency situation, if the power inverter is not securely mounted, it could cause bodily injury Figure 2, Mounting the power inverter page 6
  12. 12. Step #2: Wiring Inverter to 12 volt Power The power inverter requires connection to a standard 12 volt DC power source as found in most cars, trucks, RVs and boats. The power source must provide between 11 and 15 volts DC. The power source must be able to provide sufficient current to power the load. See the chart below that shows minimal wire sizing and current draw at full load. Inverter Model Current at rated power Suggested User Installed 12 volt Fuse Size Suggested Wire gauge, less than-10’ Suggested Wire gauge, 10’ to 25’ STP-1000T 94 Amps 100A 2 AWG 0 AWG Wire Size Chart Always connect the positive, red (+) terminal to the positive connection and the negative, black (-) terminal to the negative or ground side of the power system. WARNING Failure to connect the correct polarity may cause damage to the power inverter and/or your electrical system and is not covered by the warranty. Installation Tip To minimize electrical interference, keep the DC power cables as short as possible and twist them with 1 to 3 twists per foot. This minimizes radiated interference from the cables. page 7
  13. 13. Permanent Installation Figure 3, Wiring the STP-1000T power inverter Caution: Always use adequate wire size and fusing for any installation Wiring Steps • Disconnect the positive battery terminal before doing any wiring to the inverter. • Using proper sized copper wire and proper terminations, wire the inverter to the electrical system and fuse block. See your local RV dealer or automotive shop for wire, connectors, fuse block and other wiring parts. Tighten all connections firmly, but do not over tighten. Remember to recheck all connections every few months of operation. WARNING Do not operate the power inverter without a fuse installed. page 8
  14. 14. • Double check all wiring for proper polarity. • Install the fuse and reconnect the wire to the battery. Note, a slight spark and beep from the inverter is normal when the unit is first connected to 12 volt power. Advanced Installation Large inverters can draw high currents from your battery and charging system especially when used with appliances and tools that use a lot of power. In these applications, you may need to increase the capacity of your 12 volt system. There are several ways to do this. High Capacity Batteries You can purchase high capacity batteries that are specially designed for deep discharge operation. Contact your automotive or RV specialist for more information. Multiple Batteries In systems with more than one battery, you typically wire the system with the batteries in parallel (negative to negative and positive to positive) with a battery isolator between the positive terminals. The isolator allows a single alternator to charge all batteries but lets the inverter only use the second battery so the vehicle’s battery is not discharged during operation. Contact your automotive or RV specialist for more information about battery isolators and wiring. Larger Alternator Typical automotive alternators may not be able to supply the power required for continuous operation of the inverter at high power usage. Contact your automotive or RV specialist for more information about larger output alternators. Step #3: Testing the Power Inverter After you make sure the 12 volt power is wired properly to the power inverter, with nothing plugged into the 115 VAC outlets, turn the power switch on the power inverter to On. The green POWER light will light. Note: If the inverter does not operate properly and the POWER light does not illuminate, turn the power switch off and check your wiring and external fuse. With the inverter turned off, plug the appliance you want to use into the 115 VAC power outlet on the unit. Turn the power switch on the power inverter on so the green POWER light is illuminated. Turn on the appliance. The appliance should now be operational. Check the Troubleshooting section if you have any difficulties. Operation Equipment Power Usage It is important to use only products that draw less than the power rating of the power inverter. Use of products greater than the rated power rating may either cause the protection circuitry of the power page 9
  15. 15. inverter to shut down or the fuse to blow. Repeated use of excessive power draw can cause failure of the power inverter. How to calculate power usage. Most products have a power rating on them such as 45 watts. Others may be marked with their current draw, such as .9 amps. To convert the current to watts multiply the current by 115. (Example: .9 amps x 115 = 104 watts) Typical Power Usage Chart Typical Appliance Current Draw TV/VCR combo 120 watts 19” TV 160 watts Blender 650 watts Small power drill 3/8” 500 watts Toaster 850 watts Vacuum 900 Some products draw a high surge current to start up. If the appliance does not operate and the inverter turns off, you may need a larger inverter. Also, check that the battery and the 12 volt wiring to the inverter is large enough to handle the current draw and that the battery is fully charged. Important: The power inverters may not operate some appliances designed to produce heat such as hair dryers, heaters, toasters and coffee makers. Always check the power rating before using these kinds of products to be sure they do not exceed the power capability of the inverter. Battery Life Important: The power inverter can draw lots of amps from your car’s battery when operating. If you are using it for extended periods of time, you will want to operate your car occasionally to maintain the charge in your car’s battery. In addition, the power inverter will also draw a small current, less than 0.1 amp, when turned off and not operating. Therefore, it should be disconnected from your car’s battery if your vehicle will not be used for more than a day. The following chart shows typical operation time for typical car batteries with the engine not running for various loads. Check the size of your battery. page 10
  16. 16. Battery Life Chart Power Usage Approximate 12 volt Current Typical operation time with 50 amp-hour car battery Typical operation time with 100 amp- hour car battery 100 watt 9 Amps 5.5 hours 11 hours 200 watt 19 Amps 2.6 hours 5.2 hours 500 watt 47 Amps 1 hour 2 hours Actual Current Draw Approximate 12 volt current draw is the load in watts divided by 10. Thus a 60 watt light bulb plugged into the inverter will cause the inverter to draw 6 amps (60 / 10 = 6) from the 12 volt supply. Batteries are rated in several different ways: Peak cranking amps - This has little to do with how long an inverter can supply power, so it is not a useful number for inverter operation. Battery reserve capacity - This number shows how long a battery can supply a given current, typically 25 amps, before the battery voltage reaches a low voltage. Therefore, a battery rated at 200 minutes reserve can deliver 25 amps for 200 minutes before it is discharged. Ampere-hour capacity - This rating indicates how many amps a battery can deliver over a period of time, typically 20 hours. Therefore, a 100 amp-hour battery can deliver 5 amps for 20 hours (5 x 20 = 100). Actual operating time from a battery will depend upon the current draw from the battery. A battery will deliver less total power (energy) as you draw higher amps. A 100 amp-hour battery can deliver 5 amps for 20 hours (100 amp-hours) but it will only deliver 50 amps for 1 ½ hours (50 x 1.5 = 75) or 75 amp-hours at the higher rate. Also remember, battery life is decreased if the battery is discharged fully. Lead acid batteries have the longest life, if they are kept fully charged. Lights and Alarms POWER Indicator (Green) This light will illuminate when the inverter is turned on and is operating normally. If this light goes out the 12 volt power is missing (possible blown fuse). These fault conditions include output overload, output short circuit, low input voltage and over temperature of the unit. This can happen if a device has a large turn on surge, if an appliance (like a drill or saw) is stalled or if the inverter does not have a supply of cool air. Fault Indicator (Red) Fault conditions include output overload, output short circuit, low input voltage and over temperature of the unit. This can happen if a device has a large turn on surge, if an appliance (like a drill or saw) is stalled or if the inverter does not have a supply of cool air. Fuse Replacement If you overload the power inverter, it is possible that the external fuse might blow. Always determine the cause of the fuse blowing and remedy the problem before using the power inverter again. page 11
  17. 17. How the Inverter Works The Sima Products Corporation power inverter has two electronic sections. The first section converts 12 volts DC to approximately 160 volts DC using modern high frequency conversion techniques that uses small lightweight efficient transformers. The second section converts the 160 volts DC to 115 VAC using high efficiency power MOSFET transistor devices. The inverters generate a modified sine wave that works with almost every product on the market. CAUTION: Do not use the following products with an inverter with a modified sine wave output. Small battery operated devices like razors, flashlights and night lights that can be plugged directly into an AC outlet to recharge A few battery chargers for power tool battery packs that have warnings about high voltage present on the battery terminals. Smooth Start The Smooth Start feature of the STP line of power inverters is designed to handle the power surge that is created when some appliances are turned on. This feature helps protect both the appliance and the inverter from excessive power draws and surges. When the power switch is turned on, the STP inverter smoothly brings up the AC power. This circuitry also activates under excessive loads, even short circuits, to quickly turn off power to protect the device and the inverter. The STP inverter then attempts to smoothly bring up the AC power, unless it detects an excessive load. page 12
  18. 18. Troubleshooting Problem Cause Solution Unit does not operate Input voltage is below 10 volts Attach to proper supply Fuse blown Determine cause for fuse blowing and then replace fuse feeding inverter. Unit operates for a short period and then turns off Load is trying to draw too much current Be sure load is less than rated watts of inverter. Remove excessive load. Turn inverter off and back on to reset. Unit operates for a while and gets warm Inverter is in thermal shutdown mode Allow inverter to cool down. Turn inverter off and back on to reset. Low battery alarm is on Input voltage is below 10.2 volts Make sure car engine is running. Check condition of wiring. Battery may be low and needs recharging. Television and stereo interference RF interference from power inverter Position the power inverter and wiring as far as possible from electronic equipment, antenna and cables and reorient as necessary. 115 VAC Output voltage reads incorrectly Modified sine wave output can cause incorrect reading on a typical multimeter Use a true RMS meter like a Fluke 8060A or Triplett 4200 to measure correct voltage. Light Status Chart Power Switch Power Light Beeper Fan Fault Light Mode Off Off Off Off Off Unit is off On On Off On Off Normal Operation On On On On Off Low input voltage, 10.2 to 9.7 volts On On On On On Low input voltage, less than 9.7 volts On On Off On On High Input voltage, greater than 15V On On Off On On Unit over temperature or overloaded On Off Off Off Off No 12 VOLTS input to inverter page 13
  19. 19. Product Specifications Key Features STP-1000T Input 12 - 15 volts DC Input no-load current .6 A Output type modified sine wave Output, Watts, 10 minutes continuous 1,000W 800W Output, peak 2,000W Frequency, +/- 1% 60 Hz Efficiency 85 - 90% Outlets 2 Protection Thermal Low battery alarm (10.2v) Low battery shutdown (9.7v) Output short circuit Over voltage (15V) yes yes yes yes yes Size (inches) 3” x 4.75” x 13” Weight: unit/gross 7.1/11 lb Package Includes: User Manual Cables with ring terminals yes yes (2.5’) page 14
  20. 20. Limited Warranty Sima Products Corporation (“Company”) warrants that if the accompanying product proves to be defective to the original purchaser in material or workmanship within 90 days from the original retail purchase, the Company will, at the Company’s option, either repair or replace same without charge (but no cash refund will be made). If the product is returned within three (3) years from the original date of purchase, the Company will repair or replace the unit, however, a standardized labor-only fee will be charged. The Company will not charge a fee for any parts used in the repair. The Company will notify you of any fees to be assessed prior to servicing the unit. What you must do to enforce the Warranty: You must deliver, mail or ship the product, together with the original bill of sale, this limited Warranty statement as proof of warranty coverage to: Sima Products Corporation Attn: Customer Service 140 Pennsylvania Ave., Bldg. #5, Oakmont, PA 15139 Call customer service (800-345-7462) before sending the unit in for service. Limitation of Liability and Remedies Sima Products Corporation shall have no liability for any damages due to lost profits, loss of use or anticipated benefits, or other incidental, consequential, special or punitive damages arising from the use of, or the inability to use, this product, whether arising out of contract, negligence, tort or under any warranty, even if Sima Products Corporation has been advised of the possibility of such damages. Sima Products Corporation’s liability for damages in no event shall exceed the amount paid for this product. Sima Products Corporation neither assumes nor authorizes anyone to assume for it any other liabilities. Sima Products Corporation 140 Pennsylvania Ave Bldg #5 Oakmont, PA 15139 USA 800-345-7462 Sima Products Corporation ©2003 P/N #21687 page 15
  21. 21. TN/TS-1500 Inverter Instruction Manual
  22. 22. Index TN/TS-1500 Instruction ManualInverter 1. Safety Guidelines 1 1 2 2 3 3 5 9 12 14 17 17 12 13 4 3 4 5 6 8 9 9 10 12 2. Introduction 3. User Interface 4. Explanation of Operating Logic 5. Initial Setup of TN/TS-1500 6. Protection 7. Installation Wiring 8. Failure Correction Notes 9. Warranty 2.1 Features 3.2 LED Indicator on Front Panel 3.1 Front Panel 2.2 Main Specification 2.3 System Block Diagram 3.3 Functional Indication and Alarm 3.4 Rear Panel 4.1 Explanation of UPS Mode Control Logic 4.2 Explanation of Energy Saving Mode Control Logic 5.1 Initial State 5.2 Initial Set Point for Transition Voltages 5.3 Procedure of Setting Operating Mode, Output Voltage, 5.4 Remote Monitoring Software Frequency, and Saving Mode 6.1 Input Protection 6.2 Output Protection ............................................................................... ........................................................................................ ........................................................................................ ........................................................................ .................................................................. ...................................................................................... .................................................................................... ...................................................... ................................................ .................................................................................... .................................................................................. ............................................................... ...................................................... ....................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................... ........................................................................ .......................................................................... ................................................................... ............................................................................................. ..................................... ........................................................ .................................... ................... Feb. 2013 Version 13
  23. 23. Inverter Inverter Inverter Inverter 1 Don't disassemble Away from moisture Away from fire or high temperature Don't stack on the inverter Keep good ventilation 1.Safety Guidelines (Please read through this manual before assembling TN/TS-1500) ‧Risk of electrical shock and energy hazard. All failures should be examined by the qualified technician. Please do not remove the case of the inverter by ‧After connecting the AC input of the inverter to the utility, the AC outlet of the ‧It is highly recommended to mount the unit horizontally. ‧Please do not install the inverter in places with high moisture or near water. ‧Please do not install the inverter in places with high ambient temperature or ‧Please only connect batteries with the same brand and model number in one ‧Never allow a spark or flame in the vicinity of the batteries because they may ‧Make sure the air flow from the fan is not obstructed at both sides (front and ‧Please do not stack any object on the inverter. ‧Fully digital controlled by an advanced CPU, TN-1500 is a true sine wave ‧TS-1500 series only possess the inverter function. It uses batteries as the input ‧TN-1500 is capable of drawing energy from solar panel thus provide yourself! inverter will have AC output even if the power switch on the front panel is in the OFF position. under direct sunlight. battery bank. Using batteries from different manufacturers or different capacity generate explosive gases during normal operation. back) of the inverter. (Please allow at least 15cm of space) inverter equipped with an AC charger and solar charger. It can also operate source and converts the energy into AC output. uninterrupted power (UPS mode). Besides providing uninterrupted power, it also has user adjustable energy saving mode. The main purposes of energy reduction and building an independent sub power station are realized. We can say that TN-1500 series is a m ulti-functional and designed to be environmentally friendly. under UPS and Energy saving modes. (Descriptions which are high lighted represents functions only for the TN-1500 series) is strictly prohibited! 2.Introduction WARNING: It is suggested to execute regular battery maintenance Batteries will have aging problem after years of operation. (e.g. every year). Once aged, the batteries should be changed by professional technician, or the failed batteries may cause fire or other hazards.
  24. 24. 2.2 Main Specification 2.1 Features ‧True sine wave output (THD3%) ‧Selectable UPS or Energy saving mode ‧1500W rated output ‧High efficiency up to 90% ‧Complete LED indication for operating status ‧Battery low alarm and indicator ‧Surge power capability up to 3000W ‧Output voltage / frequency selectable ‧Fully digital controlled ‧Compliance to UL458 / FCC / E / CE13 ‧Can be used for most of electronic products with AC input ‧3 year global warranty ‧Solar charging current 30A max ‧Fast transfer time 10ms (Typ.) 1500W max. continuously, 1750W max. for 180 seconds, 1875W max. for 10 seconds, 3000W for 30 cycle I N P U T C H A R G E R BAT. VOLTAGE DC CURRENT EFFICIENCY OFF MODE CURRENT DRAW PROTECTION CHARGE VOLTAGE AC CHARGE CURRENT SOLAR OPEN CIRCUIT VOLTAGE CHARGE SOLAR 10.5 ~ 15.0V 150A 87% 14.5V 5.5A 0.5A± 25Vmax 30A max. Under 1.0mA at power switch OFF 21.0 ~ 30.0V 75A 89% 29.0V 2.7A 0.4A± 45Vmax 42.0 ~ 60.0V 37.5A 58.0V 1.35A 0.2A± 75Vmax 10.5 ~ 15.0V 150A 88% 14.5V 5.5A 0.5A± 25Vmax 21.0 ~ 30.0V 75A 90% 29.0V 2.7A 0.4A± 45Vmax 42.0 ~ 60.0V 37.5A 91% 58.0V 1.35A 0.2A± 75Vmax MODEL Rated power Output voltage Frequency Surge Current Factory setting WAVEFORM O U T P U T PROTECTION 112 124 148 212 224 248 110V 60Hz 100 / 110 / 115 / 120V    True sine wave (THD 3.0%) AC short Overload Over Temperature、 、 230V 50Hz 200 / 220 / 230 / 240V    Over current battery polarity reverse by fuse battery low shutdown battery low alarm、 、 、 CURRENT 2 ‧TN-1500 series will automatically detect the input sources (whether AC main or ‧With pure sine wave output, TN/TS-1500 can provide 1500W continuously, solar panels exist) and then adjust its internal setting. Users can also set up the operating mode, output voltage, frequency, and saving mode by themselves based on their special needs, geographic area, and environmental conditions. 1750W for 3 minutes, or 20~40A of peak current for all kinds of load such as inductive, capacitive, or resistive. General applications include PC, ITE, vehicles, yachts, home appliances, motors, power tools, industrial control equipments, AV system, and etc... 89% 60 0.1Hz± 50 0.1Hz±
  25. 25. 3 2.3 System Block Diagram Figure 2.1 System Block Diagram TN-1500 Inverter AC Input AC Output AC charger Solar charger Battery Fuse Fuse 12V/24V/48V DC/DC Converter Solar Panel EMI filter 200V DC CPU Controller Polarity detect DC/AC Inverter LOAD 120V/230V Circuit Breaker 50Hz/60H z/400VDC LED Display A B C D E F G 3.1 Front Panel POWER on/off switch: The inverter will turn OFF if the switch is in the OFF AC output outlet: To satisfy application demand of different geographic areas No Fuse Breaker; Reset: Under Bypass Mode, when the AC output is Ventilation holes: The inverter requires suitable ventilation to work properly. Function Setting: Operating Mode, Output voltage, frequency, and saving LED Indicating Panel: Operating status, load condition, and all types of Communication Port: For remote monitoring purpose, the unit can be position. all over the world, there are many optional AC outlets to choose from. shorted or the load current exceeds the rated current of the No Fuse Breaker, Please make sure there is good ventilation and the lifespan of the inverter can mode can be set through this button. warnings will be displayed on this panel. connected to a PC through this communication port by using the optional cable and monitoring software. preserved. the No Fuse Breaker will open and that stops bypassing energy from the utility getting to prevent possible danger. When the abnormal operating condition is removed, user can press down on the Reset button to resume operation. 3.User interface
  26. 26. 4 3.2 LED Indicator on Front Panel 3.3 Function Indication and Alarm LED 1 ON LED 1 ON LED 1~ 2 ON LED 1~ 2 ON LED 1 ~ 3 ON LED 1 ~ 3 ON LED 1 ~ 4 ON LED 1 ~ 4 ON Battery Capacity Battery Capacity LED Display LED Display 0 ~ 25% 26 ~ 50% 51 ~ 75% 76 ~ 100% AC OUTPU T SOLA R CHARGE AC CHARGE B F A C BATTERY 100 0 1 00 0 Saving Bat Low On SettingLOA D INV ERT ER BY PAS SAC I N E G Figure 3.1: Front Panel (TN-1500) D ON OFF Remote port 0 ~ 30% 30 ~ 50% 50 ~ 75% 75 ~ 100% Battery Capacity Indicator: represents the remaining capacity of external ◎ On : The inverter started up and output is normal. ◎ Bat Low : Voltage of external batteries is too low. The inverter will send out ◎ Saving : The inverter is operating under the Saving Mode and there's no a Beep sound to warn the users. AC output. batteries. Load Condition Indicator: represents the magnitude of output loads. ◎ AC CHARGE : The built-in AC charger is charging external batteries. ◎ SOLAR CHARGE : The external solar panels are providing energy to the ◎ AC IN: The status of utility is normal. ◎ BYPASS: The unit is working under Bypass Mode. The AC electricity ◎ INVERTER: The unit is working under Inverter Mode The AC electricity ◎BATTERY: Display the remaining capacity of external batteries. ◎LOAD: Display the output load status. external batteries through the built-in solar charger. consumed by the loads is provided by the utility instead of the inverter. consumed by the loads is converted from the batteries.
  27. 27. 3.4 Rear Panel Battery input (+), (-). Utility / AC inlet (IEC320). Solar panel input terminal. Frame ground (FG). A B C D Fig 3.2: Rear Panel (TN-1500) 5 4.Explanation of Operating Logic TN-1500 (CPU controlled inverter) is designed to achieve the goal of energy saving and possesses both UPS and Energy saving modes. These 2 modes are user adjustable. The unit will be factory set in the UPS mode. Depending on weather and utility conditions, users can manually adjust or use the monitoring software to switch to the Energy saving mode. The main difference between UPS and Energy saving mode is the amount of energy conserved. Under the UPS mode, the unit will remain in the Bypass mode as long as utility is available. Thus less energy is conserved (refer to Fig. 4.1 for UPS mode control logic). Under the Energy saving mode, the priority of input source chosen is solar panel AC main battery. If available, the CPU will select external solar panels as its first priority in order to conserve energy. In case of insufficient solar power and utility failure, battery power will be drawn as the last resort. When the capacity of batteries is around 10~20%, the CPU will remind end users by continuously sending out warning siren until the system shuts down. B A D C AC INPUT Chassis Ground Reverse Polarity Will Damage The Unit. Solar Input (30A max) NEG POS DC INPUT Cat.No.(1GG1HS-212) Wire Ran ge(10-4AWG Str Cu Soldered Wires) Torque (17.7-26.5 in lb)
  28. 28. 6 4.1 Explanation of UPS Mode Control Logic ON 28.5V 26.5V 28.5V 28.5V ON OFF ONON By pass mode Inverter Mode Battery voltage ON OFF Solar charger state AC charger state ON OFF ON OFF OFF 26.5V 28.5V OFF ON 29.0V ON OFF OFF ON Power-On Re-power-on 21V(Shut-down) t t t t t Utility Power ON OFF 22.5V (Alarm) ON OFF OFF OFF ON OFF ON OFF 25.4V t1 t2 t3 t4 t5 t6 t8 t9 t10 t11 t12t7 26.5V Figure 4.1: Diagram of UPS Mode Control Logic t1: To ensure the battery is at full capacity, when the TN-1500 is turned on, the t2: When the batteries are full (battery voltage around 28.5V), both the AC and CPU will execute the Bypass Mode automatically connecting the AC main to the load. In the meantime, it will activate both the AC charger and solar solar charger will be turned off by the CPU to prevent overcharging and reducing the battery lifetime. In the meantime, the system will remain in the Bypass Mode and AC electricity provided to the loads is coming from public utility. charger to simultaneously charge the batteries.
  29. 29. 7 t3: At this time period, TN-1500 is still in the Bypass mode. The battery voltage t4: If the energy provided by the charger is larger than what is consumed by the t5: Since the chargers are in the OFF mode, the battery voltage will gradually t6: Once utility recovers, the CPU will switch back to the bypass mode. t7: When battery voltage drops to below 26.5V, the battery charger will be t8: Same as t4. t9: Due to lack of utility, TN-1500 will switch to the inverter mode. AC charging t10: As the battery discharges to below 26.5V and utility remains unavailable. t11: Same as Energy Saving mode. t12: When solar charger is providing current of larger than 3A, the voltage level of level will decrease gradually due to standby power dissipation. When the batteries are consumed to around 75% of their capacity (battery voltage around 26.5V) the CPU will restart the charger. The CPU will use charging current of 3A as a guide point. When the provided charging current is under 3A, the AC charger will be turned ON (e.g. Night time or cloudy day). As for load, voltage of battery bank will increase gradually until 28.5V is reached then the CPU will be shut off the charger to prevent overcharging. At this decrease to the range of 26.5~28.5V (floating voltage level). If utility were to fail at this moment, the CPU will automatically switch (10ms) to the inverter mode insuring uninterrupted power. activated to charge the battery bank (refer to t3 for detailed description). function will be turned off. Since AC output relies purely on battery power, the Only the solar charger is turned ON. The battery bank could be depleted rather quickly. the battery bank will rise slowly. Once the battery voltage reaches inverter mode reactivation level, the inverter will be revived. battery bank will be depleted rather quickly. charging current of over 3A, the solar charger will be turned ON instead. point, output load is still supplied by utility.
  30. 30. 4.2 Explanation of Energy Saving Mode Control Logic ON OFF 28.5V 26.5V 28.5V 22V 28.5V ON OFF ONON OFF Bypass mode Inverter mode Battery voltage ON OFF Solar charger state ON 26.5V ON ON OFF OFF 26.5V 28.5V OFF ON ON OFFOFF ON 21.0V (Sh ut-down) t t t t Utility Power Power-On ON OFF 22.5V (Alarm) 22.5V (Alarm) AC charger state t1 t2 t3 t4 t5 t6 t7 t8 OFF OFF t Figure 4.2 Diagram of Energy Saving Mode Control Logic 8 t1 : When the TN-1500 is turned on, CPU will execute the Bypass Mode t2 : When the batteries are full (battery voltage around 28.5V), both the AC and t3: When the batteries are depleted to around 75% of their capacity (battery t4: If the energy provided by the solar panels is larger than the load requirement, automatically connecting the AC main to the load. In the mean time, it will activate both the AC charger and solar charger to simultaneously charge the solar charger will be turned off to prevent overcharging and reducing the battery lifetime. In the meantime, the system will switch to the Inverter Mode and the AC electricity provided to the loads will be coming from the batteries. voltage around 26.5V), CPU will restart the solar charger but not the AC voltage of battery bank will increase gradually until reaching 90% capacity (battery voltage around 28.5V) and then the solar charger will be shut off to charger to achieve the purpose of energy-saving. prevent the batteries from overcharging. batteries.
  31. 31. 9 Factory Setting AC Charger Transition Voltage AC Charger Start Up Voltage Solar Charger Start Up Voltage 112 212 124 224 148 248 14.3V 11V 13.3V 28.5V 22V 26.5V 57V 44V 53V Solar Charger Shut Down Voltage Inverter Shut Down 14.3V 10.5V 28.5V 21V 57V 42V t5: When the capacity of batteries go down to about 75% (battery voltage around t6: If the energy provided by the solar panels is lower than consumed by the loads, t7: If the power consumption of the loads does not decrease and the AC main is t8: When lacking AC main, the CPU will shut down the whole system if the capacity 26.5V), solar charger will restart and begin charging. the users to take proper action. Solar Charger charge the batteries to achieve the goal of energy-saving. the CPU will provide LED indication to the user know why the inverter has shut off. requiring powering the inverter OFF and ON. voltage of battery bank will decrease gradually to 20% of its capacity (battery voltage around 22V), the built-in buzzer will be activated and inform normal, CPU will detect this and the unit will be transferred to Bypass Mode. The utility will provide energy to the loads and charge the battery bank at the same time in order to prevent the unit from shutting off. If the solar current is higher than 3A, the CPU will not activate the AC charger and just let the of external battery bank is less than 10% (battery voltage around 21V) in order to prevent over-discharging and reducing its lifetime. After shut down, 5. Initial Setup of TN/TS-1500 (Operating Mode, Output Voltage, Frequency, and Saving Mode) TN/TS-1500 5.1 Initial State 5.2 Initial Set Point for Transition Voltages The initial state of TN/TS-1500 is 120Vac/60Hz or 230Vac/50Hz and both the UPS mode and Saving Mode is activated. If the users need to revise it for certain application, it can be done through the setting button on the front panel (Please refer to section 5.3). The unit will start up automatically after the setting procedure is finished and the new settings will be executed. These new settings will be kept even if AC, battery, and solar is disconnected or occurrence of fault conditions leading to failure of output voltage thus
  32. 32. Energy Saving Mode UPS Mode Bat Low Bat Low Saving Saving On On ● Light ○ Dark ★ Flashing ● ★ ★ ★ ★ ○ Table 5.1 Operating Mode Figure 5.1: Adjustment of Output Mode, Output Voltage, Frequency, and Saving Mode Use an insulated stick to press this setting button ON AC OUTPUT SOLAR CHARGE AC CHARGE OFF BATTERY 100 0 10 0 0 Saving Bat Low On Settin gLOAD INVERTE R BY PASSAC IN Remote port 10 5.3 Procedure of Setting Operating Mode, Output Voltage, Frequency, and Saving Mode Note: TS-1500 does not have Step 3~5. STEP 1: The inverter should be turned off while resetting. Input batteries STEP 2: Use an insulated stick to press the setting button and then turn on the STEP 3: Please refer to Table 5.1 and check the LED status to see if the STEP 4: The LEDs will change state by pressing the setting button for 1 STEP 5: After selecting the Operating Mode, press the setting button for 3~5 STEP 6: Please refer to Table 5.2 and check whether the combination of should be connected, AC main can either be connected or power switch. After pressing for 5 seconds, the inverter will send out Operating Mode is the one you need. If yes, please skip to STEP 5. second and then release. Operating Mode can be adjusted as seconds and the inverter will send out a Beep sound. The button output voltage and frequency is the one you need. If yes, please skip to STEP 8. If change is required, please follow STEP 7~11. can be released and you can go on to the setting section of Voltage/frequency. required. If change is required, please follow STEP 4~11. a Beep sound. Users can release the button and go into the setting procedure. disconnected, and the loads should be removed.
  33. 33. Bat Low Bat Low Saving Saving On On Table 5.3 LED Indication for Saving Mode ON/OFF ● Light ○ Dark ★ Flashing ● ★ ★ ★ ★ ○ Figure 5.2: State Circulation Diagram of Output Voltage and Frequency Table 5.2 : LED Indication of Output Voltage / Frequency Combination 50Hz 60Hz 100Vac 110Vac 115Vac 120Vac (200Vac) ●On On ● ● ● ● ● ● ● Light ● ○ Dark ●● ●● ○Bat Low Bat Low ○ ○Saving Saving ○ ★ ★ Flashing★★★ ○ ○ ○ ○ (220Vac) (230Vac) (240Vac) Output Voltage Frequency 100Vac (200Vac)50Hz 110Vac (220Vac)50Hz 115Vac (230Vac)50Hz 100Vac (200Vac)60Hz 120Vac (240Vac)50Hz 120Vac (240Vac)60Hz 110Vac (220Vac)60Hz115Vac (230Vac)60Hz Saving Mode ON Saving Mode OFF 11 STEP 7: The LEDs will change state by pressing the setting button for 1 second and then release (refer to Figure 5.2). Please select the combination of output voltage and frequency you need. STEP 8: After selecting the output voltage and frequency, press the setting STEP 9: Please refer to Table 5.3 and check whether the Saving Mode is set button for 3~5 seconds and the inverter will send out a Beep as required. If yes, please skip to STEP 11. If change is required, please follow STEP 10~11. sound. The button can be released and it will go into the setting section for Saving Mode.
  34. 34. 12 STEP 10: The LEDs will change state by pressing the setting button for 1 STEP 11: After activating or canceling the Saving Mode, press the setting second and then release. You can activate or cancel the Saving button for around 5 seconds and the inverter will send out a Beep sound. The button can be released and all the settings are finished. The inverter will automatically store all the settings and then start to operate. Mode function by this adjustment. 5.4 Remote Monitoring Software 6.1 Input Protection (A)Battery Polarity Protection: If the battery input is connected in reverse (B)Battery Under Voltage Protection: When the battery voltage is lower than (C)Battery Over Voltage Protection: When the battery voltage is too high, (D)Solar Charger Over Current Protection: The maximum charging current Please choose suitable batteries that is within the rated input DC voltage of TN/TS-1500 (refer to the SPEC). If the input DC voltage is too low (ex. using 12Vdc battery bank for 24Vdc input models), TN/TS- 1500 can't be started up properly. If the input DC voltage is too high (ex. using 48Vdc battery bank for 24Vdc input models), TN/TS-1500 WARNING: will be damaged! polarity, the internal fuse will blow and the inverter should be send back to the preset value, the inverter will automatically terminate the output and inverter will automatically terminate the output and the built-in buzzer will of the built-in solar charger is 30A. If the charging current is too high, the internal fuse will blow and the inverter should be send back to MEAN WELL for repair. activate to inform the users. Please refer to Table 6.1 for more detail about the failure signals displayed through the Load Meter. Battery Low signal on the front panel will light up. Please refer to Table 6.1 for more detail about the failure signals displayed through the Load Meter. MEAN WELL for repair. (A)Users can also make Operating Mode, voltage/frequency, saving mode, (B)DB9-USB conversion cable should not be used because it will not be and transition voltage adjustments by using this software. Software update compatible with the monitoring software. can be downloaded from the MW website. Please contact us or our distributor if you have any questions. 6. Protection
  35. 35. 13 100 0 0 LOAD 100 10 0 1 00 100 0 0 0 LOAD LOA D LO AD LOAD Table 6.1: Failure Messages On Front Panel 10 0 100 100 100 0 0 0 0 LOAD LOA D LOA D LOA D (1875W) Output Overload Output Overload (1500W~1750W) Failure Message Output Overload Over Temperature (1750W~1875W) LED Indicator LED Indicator AC Output Short Circuit Failure Message Abnormal AC Output Voltage Abnormal Battery Voltage 6.2 Output Protection (A)Bypass Mode: Uses No Fuse Breaker as automatic over current (B)Inverter Mode: Under the Inverter Mode, if any abnormal situation (1)Over Temperature Protection: When the internal temperature is higher (2)AC Output Abnormal Protection: When the AC output voltage of the (3)AC Output Short Circuit Protection: When a short circuit situation (4)Battery Voltage Abnormal Protection: When the battery voltage is too (5)Output Overload Protection: When output is overloaded between 1500W protection. When over current occurs, the button of the circuit breaker on occurs, the front panel will send out failure messages through the Load than the limit value, the Over Temperature Protection will be activated. inverter is too high or too low, the unit will turn off and should be restarted occurs at the output side of the inverter or the load increase greatly in a high or too low, this protection will be activated. The inverter will auto- ~ 1750W, the inverter can continuously provide power for 3 minutes. After that, if the overload condition is not removed, the overload protection will be activated. When the load is higher than 1875W, the overload protection will activate instantly. For these overload protections, once activated, you should reset the unit. recover once the battery voltage go back to a safe level and users do not need to restart it. short period of time, the unit will turn off and should be restarted again. again. The unit will automatically turn off and should be restarted again. Meter (Please refer to Table 6.1). the front panel will pop up and the inverter will shut down. At this time, users should remove the loads, restart the inverter and press down on the button of the circuit breaker and the AC output can now be provided normally.
  36. 36. 14 (B)Suggested Battery Type and Capacity 5A ~ 25A Battery Type Battery Capacity Lead-acid 12V / 120Ah ~ 24V / 60Ah ~ 48V / 30Ah ~ 12V / 400Ah 24V / 200Ah 48V / 100Ah 112 212 124 224 148 248 TN/TS-1500 10A ~ 13A 1.25 1.5 2.5 4 6 10 16 25 35 50 16 Choosing suitable wires based on the rating of solar panels and distance from the inverter 14 12 10 8 6 Models using 48V batteries Models using 24V batteries Models using 12V batteries 4 2 1 0 13A ~ 16A 16A ~ 25A 25A ~ 32A 32A ~ 40A 40A ~ 63A 63A ~ 80A 80A ~ 100A 100A ~ 125A ≧125A  Cross-section of Lead (mm ) 2 Rated Current of Equipment (Amp) Table 7.1: Suggestion for Wire Selection Input Current from Solar Panel (A)Wiring for Batteries: Wire connections should be as short as possible and less than 1.5 meter is highly recommended. Make sure that suitable wires are chosen based on Safety requirement and rating of current. Too small cross- section will result in lower efficiency, less output power, and the wires may also become overheated and cause danger. Please refer to Table 7.1 and consult our local distributor if you have any questions. 7. Installation Wiring (C)Requirement of Installation: The unit should be mounted on a flat surface or holding rack with suitable strength. In order to ensure the lifespan of the unit, you should refrain from operating the unit in environment of high dust or moisture. This is a power supply with built-in DC fan. Please make sure the ventilation is not blocked. We recommend that there should be no barriers within 15cm of the ventilating holes.
  37. 37. 15 Solar Panel LOAD TN/TS-1500 Inverter AC O/P AC I/P DC I/P - + Chassis Solar I/P Wall or system FG + - Battery (D)Example of System Diagram Figure 7.1: Example of Installation 15cm Inverter Air 15cm Air As short as possible Larger Larger than than 15cm 15cm Should less than 1.5m Based on the actual length of wiring and choose suitable cross-section of the leads Where, the DC I/P and chassis fix manner as following :
  38. 38. 16 Chassis 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 20 40 60 80 100 21VDC 23VDC 30VDC (HORIZONTAL) 20 40 60 80 100 (E)Derating Battery Input Voltage (V) - 24V ModelAmbient Temperature ( )℃ Figure 7.2: Output Derating Curve Figure 7.3: Input Derating Curve 1. Company Name : Mean Well Enterprises Co Ltd 2. Model Name : 1GG1HS-191 3. Rating : 150A 4. Torque : 106.2 Ib.in max. 5. Suitable Wire : Copper wire (temp rating : 75C ) 6. Intended for termination onto a Listed ring tongue connector 7. To Be Sold Only With Installation Instructions 8. A mounting screw that is first inserted through the tang and is threaded into the connector to secure the connector to the tang shall be torqued to 32 in-lbs minimum 9. Mounting Screws - Plated Steel. Two provided, size M4 Cat.No.(1G G1HS-212) Wire Range(10-4 AWG Str Cu Soldered Wires) Torque (17.7-26.5 in lb) (F) Notes on Output Loads: TN/TS-1500 Series can power most of equipments that need an AC source of 1500W. But for certain specific type of load, the unit may not work properly. (1)Since inductive loads or motor based equipments need a large start up (2)When the output are capacitive or rectified equipments (such as switching current (6~10 times of its rated current), please make sure this start up power supply), we suggest operating these equipment at no load or light load condition. Increase the loads slightly only after the TN/TS-1500 has started up to ensure proper operation. current is less than the maximum current capability of the inverter.
  39. 39. Malfunction of the charger (no charging voltage) Repair required. Please send it back to us or any of our distributors Clog with foreign objects Remove the foreign objects Fan does not spin Malfunction of the fan Repair required. Please send it back to us or any of our distributors Short circuit protection Make sure the output is not overloaded or short circuit Batteries are aging or broken Replace the batteries Discharging period of batteries is too short Battery capacity is too small Reconfirm the specification and enlarge the battery capacity as suggested Status Possible Reasons Ways to Eliminate Abnormal input Check the AC or DC input sources. Make sure the voltage is within the required range. No input (battery, AC main, or solar energy) Make sure the wiring and polarity is correct. Over temperature protection Make sure that the ventilation is not blocked or whether the ambient temperature is too high. Please derate output usage or reduce the ambient temperature. Overload protection Make sure the output load does not exceed the rated value or the instantaneous start up current is not too high (for inductive or capacitive loads). No AC output voltage 17 TN/TS-1500 should serviced by a professional technician. Improper usage or modification may damage the unit or result in shock hazard. If you are not able to clear the failure condition, please contact Mean WELL or any of our distributors for repair service. 8. Failure Correction Notes Three years of global warranty is provided for TN/TS-1500 under normal operating conditions. Please do not change components or modify the unit by yourself or MEAN WELL may reserve the right not to provide the complete warranty. 9.Warranty
  40. 40. N o.28, Wuquan 3rd Rd., Wugu Dist., New Taipe i City 248, Taiwan
  41. 41. Owner’s Manual Quiet Mobile Power Congratulations! You’ve purchased the most advanced, feature-rich Inverter/Charger designed for recreational vehicle applications. Tripp Lite RV Inverter/Chargers are the quiet alternative to gas generators—with no fumes, fuel or noise to deal with! You get AC electricity anywhere and anytime you need it: rolling down the highway, dry camping in majestic back country or parked overnight at a money-saving non-electric site. RV Inverter/Chargers provide your equipment with utility- or generator-supplied AC electricity (filtered through premium ISOBAR® surge pro- tection) whenever available. In addition, your RV Inverter/Charger automatically powers your RV’s 12V system and recharges your connected battery bank—doing what traditional RV converter/chargers do. Whenever power blackouts, brownouts or highvoltagesoccur,your RV Inverter/Charger imme- diately and automatically switches over to inverting battery output to power connected AC equipment. Better for Your Equipment Premium Protection Levels • Built-In ISOBAR® Surge Protection • Automatic Overload Protection Ideal Output for All Loads (including computers) • Frequency-Controlled Output • Fast Load Switching • Balanced Load Sharing* Better for Your Batteries Faster Battery Recharge • High-Amp, 3-Stage Battery Charger (adjustable) Critical Battery Protection • Battery Charge Conserver (Load Sense)* • Battery Temperature Sensing* • High-Efficiency DC-to-AC Inversion Better for You Quiet, Simple, Maintenance-Free Operation • Multi-Function Lights Switches • Automatic Generator Starting* • Moisture-Resistant Construction† Specifications/Warranty 2 Safety 3 Feature Identification 4 Operation 5 Configuration 6-7 Battery Selection 8 Mounting 9 Battery Connection 10 AC Input/Output Connection 11 Service/Maintenance/Troubleshooting 12 (back page) PowerVerter® RV Series (v. 3.0) DC-to-AC Inverter/Chargers Input Output Invert: 12 VDC 120V, 60 Hz. AC Charge: 120V, 60 Hz. AC 12 VDC 1111 W. 35th Street, Chicago, IL 60609 USA Customer Support: (773) 869-1234 www.tripplite.com * Available on all models except 612 models. †Inverter/Chargers are moisture-resistant, not waterproof. Copyright © 2003. PowerVerter® is a registered trademark of Tripp Lite. All rights reserved. Contents
  42. 42. Inverter/ChargerDCVolt:12 WireGauge Twin00(2/0) Watts642000(2/0)(RV2012OEM,RV2512OEMRV3012OEMonly) 50015ft25ft39ft62ft79ft158ft. 70011ft18ft28ft44ft56ft112ft. 1000N/R12ft20ft31ft39ft78ft. 2000N/RN/RN/R16ft20ft40ft. 2400N/RN/RN/R13ft16ft32ft. 3000N/RN/RN/R10ft13ft26ft. †N/R=NotRecommended.NOTE:Acceptablepowerisdirectlyrelatedtocablelength(i.e.-theshorterthecable,thebettertheperformance) 2R Specifications LimitedWarranty TrippLitewarrantsitsInverter/Chargerstobefreefromdefectsinmaterialsandworkmanshipfora30monthperiodfromthedateofretailpurchasebyenduser. TrippLite’sobligationunderthiswarrantyislimitedtorepairingorreplacing(atitssoleoption)anysuchdefectiveproducts.ToobtainserviceunderthiswarrantyyoumustobtainaReturnedMaterialAuthorization(RMA)numberfromTrippLiteoranauthorizedTrippLiteservicecenter.ProductsmustbereturnedtoTrippLiteoranauthor- izedTrippLiteservicecenterwithtransportationchargesprepaidandmustbeaccompaniedbyabriefdescriptionoftheproblemencounteredandproofofdateandplaceofpurchase.Thiswarrantydoesnotapplytoequipmentwhichhasbeendamagedbyaccident,negligenceormisapplicationorhasbeenalteredormodified inanyway,includingopeningoftheunit’scasingforanyreason.Thiswarrantyappliesonlytotheoriginalpurchaserwhomusthaveproperlyregisteredtheproductwithin10daysofretailpurchase. EXCEPTASPROVIDEDHEREIN,TRIPPLITEMAKESNOWARRANTIES,EXPRESSORIMPLIED,INCLUDINGWARRANTIESOFMERCHANTABILITYANDFITNESSFORAPARTICULARPURPOSE.Somestatesdonotpermitlimitationorexclusionofimpliedwarranties;therefore,theaforesaidlimitation(s)orexclusion(s) maynotapplytothepurchaser. EXCEPTASPROVIDEDABOVE,INNOEVENTWILLTRIPPLITEBELIABLEFORDIRECT,INDIRECT,SPECIAL,INCIDENTALORCONSEQUENTIALDAMAGESARISINGOUTOFTHEUSEOFTHISPRODUCT,EVENIFADVISEDOFTHEPOSSIBILITYOFSUCHDAMAGE.Specifically,TrippLiteisnotliableforany costs,suchaslostprofitsorrevenue,lossofequipment,lossofuseofequipment,lossofsoftware,lossofdata,costsofsubstitutes,claimsbythirdparties,orotherwise. TrippLitehasapolicyofcontinuousimprovement.Specificationsaresubjecttochangewithoutnotice. NoteonLabelingTwosymbolsareusedontheRVlabels. V~:ACVoltage:DCVoltage MinimumRecommendedCableSizingChart† UseinconjunctionwithDCwiringconnectioninstructionsintheBatteryConnectionsection. MODELNUMBER:RV612ULRV612ULHRV1012ULRV1012ULHRV1512RV1512OEMRV2012OEMRV2012ULRV2512OEMRV3012OEM SeriesNumber:AGAP60012MVJAGAP60012MVJAGAP100012MV3AGAP100012MV3AGAP200012MV3AGAP200012MVP3AGAP200012MVP3AGAP200012MV3 ACInputConnection:InputCordHardwireInputCordHardwireHardwireHardwireHardwireHardwireHardwireHardwire INVERTER CommonSpecificationsforAllModels:•DCInputVolts(Nominal):12VDC•·DCInputVoltageRange:10-15VDC•OutputVolts(Nominal):120VAC,±5%•OutputFrequency(Nominal):60Hz,±0.5%•Efficiency:88%to94%,dependingonloadandtemperature SelectTrippLiteInverter/ChargersincludeaBatteryChargeConserver(LoadSense)Controlwhichsavesbatterypowerbyallowinguserstosettheminimumloadlevelatwhichtheunit’s inverterturnson.UserscansignificantlyreducetheNoLoadDCInputCurrent(approximately2.5to4Aforallmodels)toaverylowamplevelwiththeuseofthiscontrol. ContinuousPower(@20C):60060010001000150015002000200025003000 OverPower™PeakSurgePower:*90090015001500225022503000300037504500 DoubleBoost™PeakSurgePower:*1200120020002000300030004000400050006000 MaximumOutputACCurrent5A5A8.3A8.3A12.5A12.5A16.7A16.7A20A25A (Continuous): ULRequiredDCFuseTPN-80(fuse)TPN-80(fuse)ANL-200(fuse)ANL-200(fuse)ANL-275twoANL-200(fuses)twoANL-200(fuses)ANL-325(fuse)twoANL-200(fuses)twoANL-275(fuses) andFuseBlock:R25100-1CR(fuseblock)R25100-1CR(fuseblock)1DK98(fuseblock)1DK98(fuseblock)1DK98(fuseblock)two1DK98(fuseblocks)two1DK98(fuseblocks)1DK98(fuseblock)two1DK98(fuseblocks)two1DK98(fuseblocks) BussmannBussmannBussmannBusmannBussmannBussmannBussmannBussmannBussmannBussmann (manufacturer)(manufacturer)(manufacturer)(manufacturer)(manufacturer)(manufacturer)(manufacturer)(manufacturer)(manufacturer)(manufacturer) DCInputCurrent@ NominalVDCFullLoad:56A56A95A95A143A143A192A190A240A290A BATTERYCHARGER CommonSpecificationsforAllModels•AcceptanceVoltsVDC:Selectable14.4V**/14.2VWet**/Gel•FloatVoltsDC(w/gel):13.3V(13.6V)•·InputVolts(Nominal):120VAC ChargingCapacityDC:45A/11A**45A/11A**55A/14A**55A/14A**80A/20A**80A/20A**100A/25A**100A/25A**120A/30A**140A/35A** InputCurrentAC:9.5A9.5A11.5A11.5A16.7A16.7A20A20A24A30A LINEVACOPERATION CommonSpecificationsforAllModels•InputFrequency(Nominal):60Hz,±10%•MaximumInputVolts(TransfertoBattery)(Continuous,ChargeratMaximum):Selectable135**or145VAC MinimumInputVolts:Selectable95**orSelectable95**orSelectable75**,85,Selectable75**,85,Selectable75**,85,Selectable75**,85,Selectable75**,85,Selectable75**,85,Selectable75**,85,Selectable75**,85, (TransfertoBattery)105VAC105VAC95or105VAC95or105VAC95or105VAC95or105VAC95or105VAC95or105VAC95or105VAC95or105VAC MaximumInputACCurrent11.3A14.5A12.1A20A29A29A38A38A44A56A (Continuous,Charger atMaximum): MaximumBypassACCurrent:6A6A12A12A20A15/20A15/20A20A20/20A20/20A (Loadcircuitbreakerlimited) *OverPowerduration(upto1hour).DoubleBoostduration(upto10seconds).Actualdurationdependsonbatteryage,batterychargelevelandambienttemperature.**Factorysetting.ThepolicyofTrippLiteisoneofcontinuousimprovement.Specificationsaresubjecttochangewithoutnotice.
  43. 43. 3R Important Safety Instructions SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS! This manual contains important instructions and warnings that should be followed during the installation, operation and storage of all Tripp Lite Inverter/Chargers. Location Warnings • Install your Inverter/Charger (whether for a mobile or stationary application) in a location or compartment that minimizes exposure to heat, dust, direct sunlight and moisture. • Although your Inverter/Charger is moisture resistant, it is NOT waterproof. Flooding the unit with water will cause it to short circuit and could cause personal injury due to electric shock. Never immerse the unit, and avoid any area where standing water might accumulate. Mounting should be in the driest location available. • Leave a minimum of 2 clearance at front and back of the Inverter/Charger for proper ventilation. To avoid automatic Inverter/Charger shutdown due to overtemperature, any compartment that contains the Inverter/Charger must be properly ventilated with adequate outside air flow. The heavier the load of connected equipment, the more heat will be generated by the unit. • Do not install the Inverter/Charger directly near magnetic storage media, as this may result in data corruption. • Do not install near flammable materials, fuel or chemicals. Battery Connection Warnings • The Inverter/Charger will not operate (with or without utility power) until batteries are connected. • Multiple battery systems must be comprised of batteries of identical voltage, age, amp-hour capacity and type. • Because explosive hydrogen gas can accumulate near batteries if they are not kept well ventilated, your batteries should not be installed (whether for a mobile or stationary application) in a “dead air” compartment. Ideally, any compartment would have some ventilation to outside air. • Sparks may result during final battery connection. Always observe proper polarity as batteries are connected. • Do not allow objects to contact the two DC input terminals. Do not short or bridge these terminals together. Serious personal injury or property damage could result. Equipment Connection Warnings Do not use a Tripp Lite RV Inverter/Charger in life support or healthcare applications where a malfunction or failure of a Tripp Lite RV Inverter/Charger could cause failure of, or significantly alter the performance of, a life support device or medical equipment. • Corded models: Do not modify the Inverter/Charger’s plug or receptacle in a way that eliminates its ground connection. Do not use power adapters that will eliminate the plug’s ground connection. • Connect your Inverter/Charger only to a properly grounded AC power outlet or hardwired source. Do not plug the unit into itself; this will damage the device and void your warranty. • You may experience uneven performance results if you connect a surge suppressor, line conditioner or UPS system to the output of the Inverter/Charger. Operation Warnings • Your Inverter/Charger does not require routine maintenance. Do not open the device for any reason. There are no user serviceable parts inside. • Potentially lethal voltages exist within the Inverter/Charger as long as the battery supply and/or AC input are connected. During any service work, the battery supply and AC input connection (if any) should therefore be disconnected. • Do not connect or disconnect batteries while the Inverter/Charger is operating in either inverting or charging mode. Operating Mode Switch should be in the OFF position. Dangerous arcing may result.
  44. 44. 4R Feature Identification Identify the premium features on your specific model and quickly locate instructions on how to maximize their use. Configuration DIP Switches: optimize Inverter/Charger operation depending on your application. See pages 6-7 for setting instructions. Operating Mode Switch: controls Inverter/Charger operation. The “AUTO/REMOTE” setting ensures your equipment receives constant, uninterrupted AC power. It also enables the Inverter/Charger to be remotely monitored and controlled with an optional remote module (Tripp Lite model APSRM2, sold separately or included with select models). The “CHARGE ONLY” setting allows your batteries to return to full charge faster by turning the inverter off which halts battery discharging. See page 5 for setting instructions. Operation Indicator Lights: intuitive “traffic light” signals show whether the Inverter/Charger is operating from AC line power or DC battery power. It also warns you if the connected equipment load is too high. See page 5 for instructions on reading indicator lights. Battery Indicator Lights: intuitive “traffic light” signals show approximate charge level of your battery. See page 5 for instructions on reading indicator lights. DC Power Terminals: connect to your battery terminals. See page 10 for connection instructions. Ground Fault Interrupter (GFI) AC Receptacles (not on hardwire models): allow you to connect equipment that would normally be plugged into a utility outlet. They feature ground fault interrupter switches that trip if there is excessive current on the ground safety wire. AC Input Cord (not on hardwire models): connects the Inverter/Charger to any source of utility- or generator-supplied AC power. See page 11 for connection instructions. Hardwire AC Input/Output Terminals (not on corded models): securely connect the Inverter/Charger to vehicle or facility electrical system input and recommended GFCI receptacle output. See page 11 for connection instructions. Resettable Circuit Breaker: protect your Inverter/Charger against damage due to overload. See page 5 for resetting instructions. Remote Control Module Connector: allows remote monitoring and control with an optional module (Tripp Lite model APSRM2, sold separately or included with select models). See remote module owner’s manual for connection instructions. Battery Charge Conserver (Load Sense) Dial (not on 612 models): conserves battery power by setting the low-load level at which the Inverter/Charger’s inverter automatically shuts off. See page 7 for setting instructions. Main Ground Lug: properly grounds the Inverter/Charger to vehicle grounding system or to earth ground. See page 10 for connection instructions. Multi-Speed Cooling Fan: quiet, efficient fan prolongs equipment service life. DC Power Terminal Cover Plate Hardwire AC Input/Output Cover Plate Battery Temperature Sensing Connector (not on 612 models): prolongs battery life by adjusting charge based on battery tem- perature. Use with cable (included on select models). See page 7 for details. Automatic Generator Start Connector (not on 612 models): automatically cycles generator based on battery voltage. Use with user-supplied cable. See page 7 for details. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 HOT IN NEUTRAL IN GROUND IN GROUND OUT HOT OUT “FOR USE WITH COPPER WIRE ONLY” NEUTRAL OUT 1 24 3 5 9 10 1113 14 8 15 Front View (Single Input/Output Hardwire Models) 12 Rear View (Single Input/Output Hardwire Models and Select Corded Models) AC IN 1 HOT - BROWN NEU - BLUE GND - GRN/YEL AC IN 2 HOT - GRAY NEU - WHITE GND - GRN/YEL AC OUT 1 HOT - BLACK NEU - YELLOW GND - GRN/YEL AC OUT 2 HOT - ORANGE NEU - RED GND - GRN/YEL 1 24 3 5 9 10 1113 Front View (Dual Input/Output Hardwire Models) Front View (Corded Models) * 612 models have only one set of DIP Switches. ** Select models include front-mounted ground lug. † Available on all models except 612 models. 24 3 5 6 7 9 10 11†1314 1* 12** 8 16 17 16† 17† Side Mounted, Not Shown Side Mounted, Not Shown 16 17 Side Mounted, Not Shown Side Mounted, Not Shown 16 17 12
  45. 45. 5R Operation Switch Modes After configuring, mounting and connecting your Inverter/Charger, you are able to operate it by switching between the following oper- ating modes as appropriate to your situation: AUTO/REMOTE: Switch to this mode when you need constant, uninterrupted AC power for connected appliances and equipment. The Inverter/Charger will continue to supplyAC power to connected equipment and to charge your connected batteries while utility- or generator-supplied AC power is present. Since the inverter is ON (but in Standby) in this mode, it will automatically switch to your battery system to supply AC power to connected equipment in the absence of a utility/generator source or in over/under voltage situations. “AUTO/REMOTE” also enables an optional remote control module (Tripp Lite model APSRM2, sold separately or included with select models) to function when connected to the unit. CHARGE ONLY: Switch to this mode when you are not using connected appliances and equipment in order to conserve battery power by disabling the inverter. The Inverter/Charger will continue to supply AC power to connected equipment and charge con- nected batteries while utility- or generator-supplied AC power is present. However, since the inverter is OFF in this mode, it WILLNOT supply AC power to connected equipment in the absence of a utility/generator source or in over/under voltage situations. OFF: Switch to this mode to shut down the Inverter/Charger completely, preventing the inverter from drawing power from the batteries, and prevent- ing utility AC from passing through to connected equipment or charging the batteries. Use this switch to automatically reset the unit if it shuts down due to overload or overheating. First remove the excessive load or allow the unit to suf- ficiently cool (applicable to your situation). Switch to “OFF”, then back to “AUTO/REMOTE” or “CHARGE ONLY” as desired. If unit fails to reset, remove more load or allow unit to cool further and retry. Use an optional remote control module (Tripp Lite model APSRM2, sold separately or included with select models) to reset unit due to overload and overtemperature. Indicator Lights Your Inverter/Charger (as well as an optional Tripp Lite Remote Control Module, sold separately or included with select models) is equipped with a simple, intuitive, user-friendly set of indicator lights. These easily-remembered “traffic light” signals will allow you, shortly after first use, to tell at a glance the charge condition of your batteries, as well as ascertain operating details and fault conditions. LINE Green Indicator: If the operating mode switch is set to “AUTO/REMOTE”, this light will ILLUMINATE CONTINUOUSLY when your con- nected equipment is receiving continuous AC power supplied from a utility/generator source. If the operating mode switch is set to “CHARGE ONLY”, this light will BLINK to alert you that the unit’s inverter is OFF and will NOT supply AC power in the absence of a utility/generator source or in over/under voltage situations. INV (Inverting) Yellow Indicator: This light will ILLUMINATE CONTINUOUSLY whenever connected equipment is receiving battery-supplied, inverted AC power (in the absence of a utility/generator source or in over/under voltage situations). This light will be off whenAC power is supplying the load. This light will BLINK to alert you if theloadis less than the Battery Charge Conserver (Load Sense) setting. LOAD Red Indicator: This red light will ILLUMI- NATE CONTINUOUSLY whenever the inverter is functioning and the power demanded by connected appliances and equipment exceeds 100% of load capacity. The light will BLINK to alert you when the inverter shuts down due to a severe overload or overheating. If this happens, turn the operating mode switch “OFF”; remove the over- load and let the unit cool. You may then turn the operating mode switch to either “AUTO/REMOTE” or “CHARGE ONLY” after it has adequately cooled. This light will be off when AC power is sup- plying the load. BATTERY Indicator Lights: These three lights will illuminate in several sequences to show the approximate charge level of your con- nected battery bank and alert you to two fault conditions: Approximate Battery Charge Level* Battery Lights Battery Capacity Illuminated (Charging/Discharging) Green 91%–Full Green Yellow 81%–90% Yellow 61%–80% Yellow Red 41%–60% Red 21%–40% All three lights off 1%–20% Flashing red 0% (Inverter shutdown) * Charge levels listed are approximate. Actual conditions vary depending on battery condition and load. Fault Condition Battery Lights Fault Illuminated Condition All three lights Excessive discharge flash slowly* (Inverter shutdown) All three lights Overcharge (Charger flash quickly** shutdown) *Approximately ½ second on, ½ second off. See Troubleshooting section. ** Approximately ¼ second on, ¼ second off. May also indicate a battery charger fault exists. See Troubleshooting section. Resetting Your Inverter/Charger to Restore AC Power Your Inverter/Charger may cease supplying AC power or DC charg- ing power in order to protect itself from overload or to protect your electrical system. To restore normal functioning: Overload Reset: Switch operating mode switch to “OFF” and remove some of the connected electrical load (ie: turn off some of the AC devices drawing power which may have caused the overload of the unit). Wait one minute, then switch operating mode switch back to either “AUTO/REMOTE” or “CHARGE ONLY.” Output Circuit Breaker Reset: Alternatively, check output circuit breaker(s) on the unit's front panel. If tripped, remove some of the elec- trical load, then wait one minute to allow components to cool before resetting the circuit breaker. See Troubleshooting for other possible reasons AC output may be absent. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2
  46. 46. 6R Select Battery Type—REQUIRED (All models) CAUTION: The Battery Type DIP Switch setting must match the type of batteries you connect, or your batteries may be degraded or damaged over an extended period of time. See “Battery Selection,” p. 8 for more information. Battery Type Switch Position Gel Cell (Sealed) Battery Up Wet Cell (Vented) Battery Down (factory setting) Select High AC Input Voltage Point for Switching to Battery—OPTIONAL* (All Models) Voltage Switch Position 145V Up 135V Down (factory setting) Configuration Set Configuration DIP Switches Using a small tool, set the Configuration DIP Switches (located on the front panel, see diagram) to optimize Inverter/Charger operation depending on your application. RV612UL and RV612ULH models include one set of four DIP Switches. All other models include an additional set of four DIP switches to configure additional operational functions. Refer to the appropriate section to review the instructions for your specific model. A1A2A3A4 A1A2A3A4 INPUT C/B 10A OUTPUT C/B 12A B4 B3 B2 B1 A4 A3 A2 A1 Group B Dip Switches (Not on 612 Models) Group A Dip Switches (All Models) Group A DIP Switches (All Models) Using a small tool, configure your Inverter/Charger by setting the four Group A DIP Switches (located on the front panel of your unit; see diagram) as follows: Select Low AC Input Voltage Point for Switching to Battery— OPTIONAL* Switch Voltage Position 105V #A4 Up #A3 Up 95V #A4 Up #A3 Down 85V #A4 Down #A3 Up 75V #A4 Down #A3 Down (factory setting) A1A2A3A4 A1A2A3A4 A1A2A3A4 A1A2A3A4 A1 A2 A3A4 B2B1 A1A2A3A4 A3A4 A3 * Most of your connected appliances and equipment will perform adequately when your Inverter/Charger’s High AC Input Voltage Point (DIP Switch #2 of Group A) is set to 135V and its Low AC Voltage Input Point (DIP Switches #3 and #4 of Group A or DIP Switch #3 for 612 models) are set to 95V. However, if the unit frequently switches to battery power due to momentary high/low line voltage swings that would have little effect on equipment operation, you may wish to adjust these settings. By increasing the High AC Voltage Point and/or decreasing the Low AC Voltage Point, you will reduce the number of times your unit switches to battery due to voltage swings. Group B DIP Switches (Not on 612 Models) Select Load Sharing—OPTIONAL (Not on 612 Models) Your Inverter/Charger features a high-output battery charger that can draw a significant amount of AC power from your utility source or generator when charging at its maximum rate. If your unit is supplying its full AC power rating to its connected heavy electrical loads at the same time as this high charging occurs, the AC input circuit breaker could trip, resulting in the complete shut off of pass-through utility power. To reduce the chance of tripping this breaker, all RV Inverter/Chargers (except models RV612ULand RV612ULH) may be set to automatically limit the charger output. This keeps the sum of the unit’s AC load and charge power within the circuit breaker rating. This charger-limiting func- tion has four settings, allowing you to reduce the charger’s draw lower and lower, as needed, if the AC input circuit breaker keeps tripping under the normal AC loads of devices you have connected downline from the unit. The figures on the next page show how to set your DIP Switches to determine how heavy the connected load can be on your Inverter/Charger before charger-limiting begins. Set Battery Charging Amps Type— OPTIONAL Check specifications on for your unit’s high- and low-charging amp options. By setting on high charging, your batteries will charge at maximum speed and your RV 12V DC system loads will be well-supplied. When setting on low charging, you lengthen the life of your batteries (especially smaller ones). A4 Select Low AC Input Point for Switching to Battery—OPTIONAL Voltage Switch Position 105V Up 95V Down (factory setting) Settings 612 Models OnlyAll Models Except 612 Models Battery Charger Switch Position High Charge Amp Up Low Charge Amp Down (factory setting) High Charge Amp Low Charge Amp A1A2A3A4

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