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Potd6 Precursors To Impr


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Potd6 Precursors To Impr

  1. 1. PoTD #6 <ul><li>Precursors to Impressionism </li></ul>
  2. 2. Académie des Beaux-Arts <ul><li>The Academe des Beau-Arts was one of five major French Institutions that pretty much dictated what art should be (it included Painting, Sculpture, Music and Architecture). </li></ul><ul><li>This Academy held a gigantic show every year (The Salon in the Louvre) that held a lot of sway for artists, garnering them with prizes, commissions and mad props. Unfortunately, their tastes were very conservative- they wanted paintings that had very muted colors and emphasized a lack of visible brush strokes. </li></ul><ul><li>Now as a painter, I look at brush strokes. If you look closely, a good painter can tell you another painters process by looking at the brush strokes---what color the surface of the canvas was when they started, what size and shape brushes they use and what kinds of actions their brushstrokes held. </li></ul><ul><li>Many young painters who were in favor of brighter colors, landscapes and genre paintings were rejected from the Salon because the curators were much more interested in seeing dull historical and biblical scenes. Neo-Classical and Romantic were styles du jour. </li></ul>Booooring! Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres La Grande Odalisque 1814 Oil on canvas, The Louvre Jean Francois Millet- The Gleaners (1857) Oil on Canvas Musee d’Orsay
  3. 3. JMW Turner <ul><li>The Fighting Temeraire Tugged to her Last Berth To Be Broken Up (1838) </li></ul><ul><li>Oil on Canvas </li></ul><ul><li>National Gallery, London </li></ul><ul><li>BBC Radio held a 3 week vote in 2005, polling Brits about the greatest Painting in Britain. This won with 27% of the vote. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Even though I like to sometimes refer to Impressionism as “Bathroom Art”, it was a stunning and totally radical movement that changed Western Art forever. This movement completely redefined painting and painters. </li></ul><ul><li>The social, cultural and political climates steered a few young artists to rethink what painting was and where it’s future would lie. </li></ul><ul><li>JMW Turners brilliance with painting water, sunsets and light was unparalleled (he is commonly referred to as “The Painter of Light” [A term which Thomas Kincaid later ripped off]). Turner won first prize in an Annual Royal Academy exhibition and, due to their policy and much to their chagrin, he could continue to show his work on an annual basis in Royal Academy shows (whether the judges liked his current work or not). The judges did NOT like his work later on in life. The abstraction of color and form blew their minds but they had to hang the pieces anyway. </li></ul><ul><li>Here’s an interesting lil tidbit...JMW began painting sublime (meaning here-epic awe inspiring subjects) sunsets in 1816. In April of 1815 Mt Tambora (Indonesia) erupted– it was the largest volcanic eruption in 1600 years. The ash in the sky around the world caused the following year to be nicknamed “the Year Without Summer”, with heavy snowfalls in June and, in Pennsylvania—frosts into August. One nice thing about the amount of ash in the atmosphere lent extremely dramatic sunsets. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Gustave Courbet <ul><li>Gustave Courbet founded the Realist Style in the late 1840s and eventually won high honors at the Salon in 1850 with this piece “A Burial at Ornans”. The subject is the funeral of Courbet’s Great Uncle in the small town of Omans. Every person at the funeral eventually posed for the artist, who wanted to make the recording as accurate as possible. </li></ul><ul><li>A Burial At Ornans (1849-50) </li></ul><ul><li>Oil on Canvas </li></ul><ul><li>Musee de Orsay, Paris </li></ul><ul><li>Approx 10’x22’ </li></ul><ul><li>The Salon had the same policy as the Royal Academy...if an artist gets a certain type of honor they can enter paintings in the annual exhibition without having to be approved by the panel of judges. Paintings like this were hated by the judges...because of the loose painting and heavy brushstrokes. The uptight critics also roasted Courbet and insulted his paintings with great cruelty and glee :D </li></ul><ul><li>The Shaded Stream at the Puits-Noir </li></ul><ul><li>Oil on Canvas 25x31” </li></ul><ul><li>Circa 1860-65 </li></ul><ul><li>Baltimore Museum of Art </li></ul>
  5. 5. Invention of Photography <ul><li>The first permanent photograph was made in 1826 by Joseph Nicephore Nicepce. He and fellow scientist Louis Daguerre developed the process and continued to make improvements for the next few years, eventually creating the Daguerreotype (a negative print out on polished silver). Eventually vast improvements were made and everyone wanted their photograph taken. </li></ul><ul><li>The photo, for the most part, replaced portrait painting, biblical scenes, still life painting and even landscapes. Traditional painting was going the way of the porno mag. </li></ul><ul><li>This forced painters to reinvent painting. Who needs realistic paintings when you can just take a picture of it? The use of painting to record events was over. </li></ul><ul><li>Finally. </li></ul><ul><li>Joseph Nicephore Nicepce </li></ul><ul><li>View from the Window at Le Gras (1826) </li></ul><ul><li>8.5x6” </li></ul><ul><li>University of Texas, Austin </li></ul>
  6. 6. End. Early Daguerreotype Pr0n rocks. Looking for a possible Xmas gift for your favorite art teacher? This is on sale today ;) (check out the zoom to look at the brushstrokes) http:// = searchresults&intObjectID =5093003