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Fish Review 09

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This presentation shows the most common Oklahoma native fish species and simple identification tips.

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Fish Review 09

  1. 1. OCC Fish Review 2009
  2. 2. Spotted Gar Lepisosteus oculatas Prominent broad snout, top of head spotted
  3. 3. Longnose gar Lepisosteus osseus Extremely long and slender snout; few spots, head and snout without spots
  4. 4. Shortnose Gar Lepisosteus platostomus Short, broad snout Body without spots
  5. 5. Grass Pickerel Esox americanus Ducklike beak
  6. 6. Gizzard Shad; Dorosoma cepedianum Threadfin Shad; Dorosoma petenense Blunt snout overhangs subterminal mouth Terminal mouth Chin speckled with black pigment Caudal fin yellow in life
  7. 7. Central Stoneroller Campostoma anomalum U-shaped horizontal mouth Cartilaginous lower lip Soft belly Black or brown spots where scales have been lost
  8. 8. Red Shiner Cyprinella lutrensis <ul><li>Breeding males: </li></ul><ul><li>bright red-orange fins, </li></ul><ul><li>metallic blue sides, </li></ul><ul><li>purple scapular bar above pectoral fin </li></ul>
  9. 9. Common Carp Cyprinus carpio Long dorsal fin 2 pairs of barbels
  10. 10. Redspot Chub Nocomis asper Barbel hidden at corner of mouth Red spot on adults
  11. 11. Creek Chub Semotilus atromaculatus Large mouth Black spots
  12. 12. White Sucker Catostomus commersoni Papillose lips Area between eyes flat Very small scales
  13. 13. River Carpsucker Carpiodes carpio Subtriangular shape of the subopercle bone
  14. 14. Smallmouth Buffalo Ictiobus bubalus Semicircular shape of the subopercle bone
  15. 15. River Carpsucker Smallmouth Buffalo
  16. 16. Northern Hog Sucker Hypentelium nigricans Papillose lips
  17. 17. Bigmouth Buffalo Ictiobus cyprinellus Lips thin Oblique, nearly terminal mouth
  18. 18. Spotted Sucker Minytrema melanops Black spot at the base of each scale
  19. 19. Black Redhorse Moxostoma duquesnei <ul><li>44 – 47 lateral line scales </li></ul><ul><li>Slender caudal peduncle </li></ul><ul><li>10 pelvic fin rays (usually) </li></ul>
  20. 20. Golden Redhorse Moxostoma erythrurum <ul><li>39 – 42 lateral line scales </li></ul><ul><li>Shorter, heavier caudal peduncle </li></ul><ul><li>9 Pelvic fin rays </li></ul>
  21. 21. Yellow Bullhead Ameiurus natalis Straight or rounded caudal fin margin Whitish chin barbels Free adipose fin
  22. 22. Black Bullhead Ameiurus melas Free adipose fin Gray or black chin barbels Almost square or slightly notched caudal fin
  23. 23. Channel Catfish Ictalurus punctatus Deeply forked caudal fin Free adipose fin Upper jaw protruding beyond lower Randomly scattered spots Short base, rounded margin
  24. 24. Flathead Catfish Pylodictis olivaris Mottled body Head flattened between the eyes Squared caudal fin Projecting lower jaw
  25. 25. Blue Catfish Ictalurus furcatus Wedge shaped head, upper jaw projects beyond lower Deeply forked caudal No black spots Anal fin outer margin straight, long base
  26. 26. Banded Sculpin Cottus carolinae
  27. 27. White Bass Morone chrysops Separate dorsal fins Dark longitudinal stripes on sides; lower stripes often discontinuous Small head, acute snout, large mouth
  28. 28. Shadow Bass Ambloplites ariommus Large mouth 5 or 6 anal spines Dark blotches on sides
  29. 29. Largemouth Bass Micropterus salmoides Jaw extends behind eye Deep notch Dark band Irregular spots
  30. 30. Smallmouth Bass Micropterus dolomieui Sides plain or vertical bars Shallow notch Cheek bars
  31. 31. Spotted Bass Micropterus punctulatus Lateral band of blotches Horizontal rows of dark spots Shallow notch Tooth patch on tongue Caudal spot
  32. 32. White Crappie Pomoxis annularis Small head, large mouth Faint vertical bars 5 or 6 dorsal spines 6 anal spines
  33. 33. Black Crappie Pomoxis nigromaculatus Irregular black speckles 7 or 8 dorsal spines 6 anal spines
  34. 34. Redear Sunfish Lepomis microlophus Long, pointed pectoral fin Red spot on opercular flap 3 anal spines Usually 10 dorsal spines
  35. 35. Longear Sunfish Lepomis megalotis Elongated opercular flap Pectoral fin short and rounded Small mouth
  36. 36. Bluegill Lepomis macrochirus Small mouth Long, pointed pectoral fin Dark blotch in soft dorsal fin 10 dorsal spines 3 anal spines May have vertical bars
  37. 37. Orangespotted Sunfish Lepomis humilis Large mouth Moderately long, pointed pectoral fin Orange spots Iris of eye red or orange
  38. 38. Warmouth Lepomis gulosus Large head and mouth Lines radiating from eye to gill cover margin Tooth patch on tongue Short, round pectoral fin
  39. 39. Green Sunfish Lepomis cyanellus Large mouth Dark blotch Short, round pectoral fin Often has dark vertical bars Fin margins whitish orange
  40. 40. Freshwater Drum Aplodinotus grunniens Blunt snout, subterminal mouth Lateral line High arching back Diamond shaped caudal fin

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