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Revised SCAQMD
Rule 1402 for Air
Toxics
Will You be Required to Take Action?
October 27, 2016
James A. Westbrook, CPP
jwes...
Webinar	
  Topics	
  
•  Intro	
  AB2588	
  Regula9on	
  and	
  South	
  Coast	
  
AQMD	
  Rule	
  1402	
  
•  Summary	
  ...
Air Toxic Hot Spots Program
(AB2588) and Rule 1402
AB2588	
  and	
  Rule	
  1402	
  
Regulatory	
  Timeline:	
  
•  1987	
  –	
  CA	
  Air	
  Toxics	
  “Hot	
  Spots”	
  Inf...
AB2588	
  Process	
  
Note:	
  risk	
  thresholds	
  vary	
  by	
  air	
  district	
  
Rule	
  1402	
  Summary	
  
•  Implements	
  the	
  AB2588	
  Air	
  Toxics	
  Hot	
  Spots	
  
Program	
  in	
  South	
  ...
Health	
  Risk	
  Impact	
  –	
  Where	
  do	
  you	
  fit?	
  
400	
  facili)es	
  in	
  
South	
  Coast	
  
AB2588	
  
Pr...
Summary of Rule 1402
Revisions
Rule	
  1402	
  Revision	
  Summary	
  
•  Streamline,	
  consistency,	
  clarify	
  
•  Updated	
  Air	
  Toxics	
  Inven...
Updated	
  Rule	
  1402	
  Risk	
  Thresholds	
  
Source:	
  SCAQMD	
  Public	
  Workshop	
  and	
  CEQA	
  Scoping	
  
Se...
Voluntary	
  Risk	
  Reduc9on	
  
•  Eligibility:	
  
–  Approved	
  HRA	
  below	
  the	
  Ac9on	
  Risk	
  Level	
  
•  ...
Source:	
  SCAQMD	
  Working	
  Group	
  Mee9ng	
  Presenta9on,	
  7/27/16	
  
Risk	
  Reduc9on	
  Pathways	
  
Risk	
  Reduc9on	
  Timelines	
  
Source:	
  SCAQMD	
  Public	
  Workshop	
  and	
  CEQA	
  Scoping	
  Session	
  	
  8/10...
Actions Required by
SCAQMD under Revised
Rule 1402
POLL:	
  South	
  Coast	
  AQMD	
  Ac9ons	
  Under	
  
Rule	
  1402	
  
Has	
  your	
  facility	
  received	
  an	
  AB258...
Rule	
  1402	
  Ac9ons	
  Required	
  by	
  AQMD?	
  
•  No9ce	
  lelers	
  going	
  out	
  to	
  around	
  60	
  facili9e...
Opt	
  for	
  Voluntary	
  Risk	
  Reduc9on?	
  
•  Things	
  to	
  Consider:	
  
–  Challenge	
  -­‐	
  reduce	
  from	
 ...
Methods to Reduce
Reported Emissions and
Health Risks
Air	
  Toxics	
  Emissions	
  and	
  Health	
  Risk	
  
Reduc9on	
  
•  Air	
  Toxic	
  Emission	
  Factors	
  
•  Opera9o...
Risk	
  Modeling	
  Refinements	
  
Parameter	
   Technique	
   Effect	
  
Source	
  Type	
   Change	
  to	
  Volume	
  or	
...
Summary & Next Steps
Summary	
  &	
  Next	
  Steps	
  
•  The	
  thrust	
  of	
  Rule	
  1402	
  is	
  Risk	
  Reduc9on	
  
–  Goal:	
  Stay	
 ...
Ques9ons?	
  
Contact	
  Informa9on	
  
James	
  A.	
  Westbrook,	
  CPP,	
  President	
  
BlueScape	
  Environmental	
  
...
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BlueScape California Revised SCAQMD Rule 1402 for Air Toxics Webinar 102716

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The South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) Board passed proposed amendments to Rule 1402, Control of Toxic Air Contaminants from Existing Sources, on October 7, 2016. Rule 1402 implements elements of the California AB2588 Air Toxic Hot Spots Program, and has been revised for changes in State Health Risk Assessment Guidelines.

SCAQMD has been incorporating new HRA procedures into revised Risk Prioritization Guidelines and Health Risk Assessment Guidelines, and will be requiring facilities to use the new HRA procedures. SCAQMD will begin sending out letters to covered facilities offering the new Voluntary Risk Reduction Program, requiring Air Toxic Emissions Inventory updates, updated health risk assessment (HRAs) submittals, and other actions. The requirements will depend upon the level of reported health risk impacts, based upon an approved Air Toxic Inventory Report (ATIR) or HRA.

This webinar will answer your questions and provide you with helpful information you can use for compliance with Rule 1402 requirements:

- Description of Rule 1402 program steps, from emissions inventory, to prioritization, and health risk assessment.
- Your status in the Rule 1402 program, is your facility now a Significant Risk facility?
- How to work with SCAQMD to change status to a non-Significant Risk facility.
- Should your facility opt for Voluntary Risk Reduction, what are the benefits?
- Updating the Air Toxics Emissions Inventory or Health Risk Assessment, things you should know.
- What are the options to reduce health risk impacts?
- Timelines under the various Rule 1402 facility risk categories and compliance options.

The instructor for the webinar is James A. Westbrook, President of BlueScape Environmental. Since 1987, Mr. Westbrook has managed or completed more than 50 AB2588 ATIR and HRA projects for petroleum refineries, rock and gravel facilities, power plants, petroleum refineries, building material manufacturers, coating manufacturers, aerospace companies and many others.

BlueScape can be reached at training@bluescapeinc.com or 877-486-9257 for questions, customized training, and support for your air permitting, compliance and HRA projects.

Published in: Environment
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BlueScape California Revised SCAQMD Rule 1402 for Air Toxics Webinar 102716

  1. 1. Revised SCAQMD Rule 1402 for Air Toxics Will You be Required to Take Action? October 27, 2016 James A. Westbrook, CPP jwestbrook@bluescapeinc.com 877-486-9257
  2. 2. Webinar  Topics   •  Intro  AB2588  Regula9on  and  South  Coast   AQMD  Rule  1402   •  Summary  of  Rule  1402  Revisions   •  Ac9ons  Required  under  Rule  1402   –  Updated  Air  Toxic  Inventory  Reports  (ATIRs)   –  Updated  Health  Risk  Assessments  (HRAs)   –  Voluntary  Risk  Reduc9on  op9on   –  Early  Risk  Reduc9on  op9on   •  Methods  to  reduce  reported  air  toxics  and   health  risks   •  Summary  &  Next  Steps    
  3. 3. Air Toxic Hot Spots Program (AB2588) and Rule 1402
  4. 4. AB2588  and  Rule  1402   Regulatory  Timeline:   •  1987  –  CA  Air  Toxics  “Hot  Spots”  Informa9on  and  Assessment   Act  (AB2588)   •  1994  -­‐  South  Coast  AQMD  Rule  1402,  Control  of  Toxic  Air   Contaminants  from  Exis9ng  Sources   –  Amended  in  2000,  2005,  June  2015   •  March  2015  –  Revised  OEHHA  Health  Risk  Assessment  (HRA)   Guidelines   •  June  2015  –  Updated  SCAQMD  AB2588  Priori9za9on   Procedures,  Supplemental  Guidelines  for  Preparing  HRAs   •  October  7,  2016  –  Rule  1402  Amendment,  Voluntary  Risk   Reduc9on  Guidelines,  Public  No9fica9on  Procedures   •  Future  –  updates  to  AB2588  Priori9za9on  Procedures,   Supplemental  Guidelines  for  HRAs    
  5. 5. AB2588  Process   Note:  risk  thresholds  vary  by  air  district  
  6. 6. Rule  1402  Summary   •  Implements  the  AB2588  Air  Toxics  Hot  Spots   Program  in  South  Coast   – Exis9ng  facili9es,  unlike  Rule  1401  for  new/ modified  units  or  facili9es   •  Process  for  submieng  ATIRs  and  HRAs   – High  priority  facili9es  submit  an  HRA   •  Key  Risk  Thresholds   – Public  No9fica9on   – Risk  Reduc9on  
  7. 7. Health  Risk  Impact  –  Where  do  you  fit?   400  facili)es  in   South  Coast   AB2588   Program   Current  Breakdown  based  on  Cancer  Risk   Priori)za)on  Changes  –  Current  to  Future  Priori)za)on   Source:  SCAQMD  Working  Group  Mee9ng  Presenta9on,  9/28/16   80%  below  Public   No)fica)on   Threshold  
  8. 8. Summary of Rule 1402 Revisions
  9. 9. Rule  1402  Revision  Summary   •  Streamline,  consistency,  clarify   •  Updated  Air  Toxics  Inventory  requirements   –  AQMD  can  require  an  ATIR  outside  usual  process   –  Provision  for  source  test  requirements   •  Updated  HRA  requirements,  more  details   •  Risk  Reduc9on  requirements,  minor  changes   •  Addi9onal  requirements,  Poten9ally  High  Risk  Level   Facili9es  (or  Significant  Risk  Level  Facili9es)   –  Process  to  designate  Poten9ally  High  Risk  Facility   –  Early  Ac9on  Reduc9on  Plan   •  New  Voluntary  Risk  Reduc9on  Program   •  Updated  No9fica9on  Procedures  Guidance  
  10. 10. Updated  Rule  1402  Risk  Thresholds   Source:  SCAQMD  Public  Workshop  and  CEQA  Scoping   Session    8/10/16  
  11. 11. Voluntary  Risk  Reduc9on   •  Eligibility:   –  Approved  HRA  below  the  Ac9on  Risk  Level   •  but  AQMD  may  consider  no  approved  HRA   –  Not  a  Poten9ally  High  Risk  Level  Facility   –  Facility  Owner  must  accept  the  challenge  to  reduce  below   No9fica9on  Risk  Level,  30  days  from  no9ce   –  Compliance  with  Voluntary  Risk  Reduc9on  Requirements   •  In  lieu  of  tradi9onal  path,  ATIR  to  HRA  and  Risk  Reduc9on   •  150  days  from  no9fica9on  to  submit  Voluntary  Risk   Reduc9on  Plan,  2.5  years  to  implement   •  Submit  Plan  -­‐  Facility  informa9on,  current  and  proposed   risks,  source  informa9on,  required  files   –  AQMD  does  heavy  liking  on  the  technical  analysis  work   •  Modified  Public  No9fica9on,  implement  risk  reduc9on   •  See  the  Voluntary  Risk  Reduc6on  Program  Guidelines  
  12. 12. Source:  SCAQMD  Working  Group  Mee9ng  Presenta9on,  7/27/16   Risk  Reduc9on  Pathways  
  13. 13. Risk  Reduc9on  Timelines   Source:  SCAQMD  Public  Workshop  and  CEQA  Scoping  Session    8/10/16  
  14. 14. Actions Required by SCAQMD under Revised Rule 1402
  15. 15. POLL:  South  Coast  AQMD  Ac9ons  Under   Rule  1402   Has  your  facility  received  an  AB2588  or  Rule   1402  ac6on  leDer  from  South  Coast  AQMD   within  the  last  three  months?    
  16. 16. Rule  1402  Ac9ons  Required  by  AQMD?   •  No9ce  lelers  going  out  to  around  60  facili9es   –  Exceed  No9fica9on  Risk  Level   –  Many  due  to  the  changes  in  HRA  Guidelines   –  Past  ATIRs,  HRAs  approved  or  not  approved   •   AQMD  Requirements:   –  Prepare  an  updated  ATIR,  or   –  Prepare  an  HRA,  or   –  Opt  for  Voluntary  Risk  Reduc9on,  or   –  Begin  designa9on  process  for  Poten9ally  High  Risk   Facili9es,  Early  Reduc9on  op9on     •  Otherwise,  tradi9onal  AB2588  process  and   no9ces  may  go  out  
  17. 17. Opt  for  Voluntary  Risk  Reduc9on?   •  Things  to  Consider:   –  Challenge  -­‐  reduce  from  What  and  How?   –  ATIR  current  enough,  or  updated  ATIR  will  show  no  HRA  needed?   –  Updated  HRA  will  show  no9fica9on  level  not  exceeded?   –  Reducing  actual  emissions  anyway?   –  You  are  concerned  about  no9fying  the  public  about  risk  impacts?   –  Costs?   •  Going  tradi9onal  ATIR/HRA  path  can  get  expensive   –  Source  test,  ATIR,  HRA,  $50,000  -­‐  $100,000   •  But  emission  controls  to  reduce  risk  can  be  even  more  expensive,  only  consider  if   needed   •  Bolom  Line  –  how  can  you  best  officially  get  below  the  no9fica9on  risk  level?   –  Facts,  analysis  changes,  risk  reduc9on  op9ons  available   •  You  have  30  days,  think  it  through  and  weigh  the  benefits  and  costs   •  Can  you  quickly  update  previous  submiled  ATIRs  or  HRAs,  nego9ate  with  AQMD  on   re-­‐priori9za9on?   •  Answer  for  most  is  likely  NO  voluntary  reduc9on  
  18. 18. Methods to Reduce Reported Emissions and Health Risks
  19. 19. Air  Toxics  Emissions  and  Health  Risk   Reduc9on   •  Air  Toxic  Emission  Factors   •  Opera9onal  Changes   •  Air  Quality  Modeling  Assump9ons   •  Health  Risk  and  Exposure  Assump9ons   •  Emissions  Control  Equipment   •  Meet  with  AQMD  to  discuss  Op9ons   –  Informa9on  accuracy   –  Re-­‐priori9za9on  of  risk  scores   –  Refine  technical  analysis  before  having  to  do  risk  reduc9on   –  Timing,  take  credit  for  permanent  emission  reduc9ons  
  20. 20. Risk  Modeling  Refinements   Parameter   Technique   Effect   Source  Type   Change  to  Volume  or   Area   Refine  for  ini9al  dilu9on   Source  Height   Increase   Reduce  impacts   Emissions   Decrease   Decreases  impacts  linearly   Gas  Velocity   Increase   Decrease  impacts   Source  Loca9on   Relocate   Move  further  from  receptors   Time  of  Opera9on   Change   Dispersion  beler  during  day   Max.  Receptors   Spa9al  Averaging   Can  either  increase  or   decrease  impacts  
  21. 21. Summary & Next Steps
  22. 22. Summary  &  Next  Steps   •  The  thrust  of  Rule  1402  is  Risk  Reduc9on   –  Goal:  Stay  out  of  Rule  1402  Ac6on  Requirements!   •  New  priori9za9on  procedures  may  help  you   –  Work  with  AQMD  and  refine  –  before  choosing  a  path   •  “Look  forward”  to  a  more  interac9ve  process  with  AQMD   –  Air  Toxic  emission  factors  and  source  tes9ng   –  HRA  methods  and  formal  reports   –  Risk  Reduc9on  and  No9fica9on  process   –  Streamlined,  faster,  but  s9ll  long  9melines   •  Voluntary  Risk  Reduc9on  –  weigh  benefits  and  costs   –  Could  be  a  good  thing  in  right  circumstance   –  Take  advantage  of  planned  emission  reduc9ons   –  See  if  you  expect  to  get  below  the  Public  No9fica9on  Threshold   –  Avoid  expensive  controls,  tradi9onal  path  may  be  beler  for  you   •  Get  help  from  an  air  toxics  emissions  and  HRA  expert!  
  23. 23. Ques9ons?   Contact  Informa9on   James  A.  Westbrook,  CPP,  President   BlueScape  Environmental   877-­‐486-­‐9257   jwestbrook@bluescapeinc.com   www.bluescapeinc.com   Connect  with  me  on  Linkedin!     The  webinar  presenta6on  will  be  posted  on  Slideshare   and  YouTube  

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