27th International Congress for Conservation Biology, Montpellier, France
5 August 2015
Angela Martin, Blue Climate Soluti...
Carbon and Conservation
Carbon stored in terrestrial forests
• Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and
forest Degradatio...
Marine Vertebrates
Historically extractive value only, if any…
1. Keith-Ellenbogen 2. Catlin Seaview Survey 3. Steven Lutz...
Fish Carbon
What role do marine life and oceanic ecosystems play
in addressing the global climate challenge?
Lutz and Mart...
Marine Vertebrate Carbon Services
Pathways – Pumps – Trophic Cascades
Lutz and Martin 2014
Heithaus et al. 2014
1. Trophic Cascade Carbon
Food web dynamics help
maintain the carbon storage
& sequestration function...
2. Biomixing Carbon
Turbulence & drag associated with movement mixes
layers of nutrient-rich water
Enhances primary produc...
3. Bony Fish Carbonate
Excrete metabolised carbon
as calcium carbonate
(CaCO3)
• Enhance oceanic
alkalinity
• Potential bu...
4. Whale Pump
Nutrients from whales stimulate primary production by
phytoplankton, thus uptake of dissolved CO2
• Faeces
•...
5. Twilight Zone Carbon
Mesopelagic fish feed in the upper ocean, transport
consumed organic carbon to deeper waters (200-...
6. Biomass Carbon
Carbon stored in biomass
Larger individuals store
proportionally greater
amounts over prolonged
lifespan...
7. Deadfall Carbon
© 2007 MBARI
Carcasses export carbon to the ocean floor where
it enters benthic food webs & sediments
8. Marine Vertebrate Mediated
Carbon
Organic carbon transferred through marine food webs
is transported to deep water & se...
Key Questions
• Coordinate research into
the role of marine
vertebrates in the carbon
cycle
• Identify knowledge gaps
• Mo...
Management Implications
EEZs:
• Precautionary principle
• Fisheries management
• Marine protected areas
International:
• H...
National Policy and
Management Plans
International Carbon
Commitments
International Conservation
Agreements
Other Mechanis...
Opportunities for Collaboration
• Demonstrations
• Socio-economic & cultural analysis
• Oceanic carbon mechanisms
• High s...
angela.martin@bluecsolutions.org
www.bluecsolutions.org
@BlueCSolutions #BlueCarbon #FishCarbon
www.grida.no/publications/...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

ICCB 2015: Fish Carbon: Valuation of Marine Vertebrate Carbon Services as a Means to Prioritise Marine Biodiversity Conservation

1,035 views

Published on

Whales, turtles, dolphins, sharks, tuna, and other marine vertebrates may provide a novel opportunity to mitigate climate change. Conservation of these charismatic species can enhance the natural functions they perform in facilitating movement of carbon out of the atmosphere and into the ocean depths, where it does not impact climate and can be stored on potentially millennial timescales, far longer than terrestrial forests.

This "Fish Carbon" concept is summarised in a report recently released by GRID-Arendal, a centre collaborating with UNEP, and Blue Climate Solutions, a project of The Ocean Foundation. The report, entitled ‘Fish Carbon: Exploring Marine Vertebrate Carbon Services’ reviews the role of marine vertebrates in facilitating uptake of atmospheric carbon by marine plants, both along the coasts and in the high seas; transferring carbon to depth; and providing a natural buffer against ocean acidification. It is available to download here: http://www.grida.no/publications/fish-carbon/

Published in: Environment
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,035
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
473
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
6
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

ICCB 2015: Fish Carbon: Valuation of Marine Vertebrate Carbon Services as a Means to Prioritise Marine Biodiversity Conservation

  1. 1. 27th International Congress for Conservation Biology, Montpellier, France 5 August 2015 Angela Martin, Blue Climate Solutions Fish Carbon: Valuation of Marine Vertebrate Carbon Services as a Means to Prioritise Marine Biodiversity Conservation P. Lindgren
  2. 2. Carbon and Conservation Carbon stored in terrestrial forests • Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD) in developing countries (e.g. UN-REDD Programme) • Carbon markets Carbon stored in the ocean (Blue Carbon) • Conservation and restoration of coastal ecosystems (e.g. Blue Carbon Initiative, Blue Forests Project) • Voluntary carbon markets (Mikoko Pamoja) Jeff Turner Céline Roger
  3. 3. Marine Vertebrates Historically extractive value only, if any… 1. Keith-Ellenbogen 2. Catlin Seaview Survey 3. Steven Lutz 4. NOAA 5. Peter G. Allinson 6. Terry Goss 7. Steven Lutz 8. Matt Knoth
  4. 4. Fish Carbon What role do marine life and oceanic ecosystems play in addressing the global climate challenge? Lutz and Martin 2014 Laffoley et al. 2014
  5. 5. Marine Vertebrate Carbon Services Pathways – Pumps – Trophic Cascades Lutz and Martin 2014
  6. 6. Heithaus et al. 2014 1. Trophic Cascade Carbon Food web dynamics help maintain the carbon storage & sequestration function of coastal blue carbon ecosystems
  7. 7. 2. Biomixing Carbon Turbulence & drag associated with movement mixes layers of nutrient-rich water Enhances primary production & uptake of dissolved CO2 by phytoplankton Keith Ellenbogen, OceanaProjeto Tamar Brazil
  8. 8. 3. Bony Fish Carbonate Excrete metabolised carbon as calcium carbonate (CaCO3) • Enhance oceanic alkalinity • Potential buffer against ocean acidification Wilson et al. 2009
  9. 9. 4. Whale Pump Nutrients from whales stimulate primary production by phytoplankton, thus uptake of dissolved CO2 • Faeces • Urine • Dead skin • Placenta Tony Wu
  10. 10. 5. Twilight Zone Carbon Mesopelagic fish feed in the upper ocean, transport consumed organic carbon to deeper waters (200-800 m) Swedish Museum of Natural History
  11. 11. 6. Biomass Carbon Carbon stored in biomass Larger individuals store proportionally greater amounts over prolonged lifespans Denis Hawkins
  12. 12. 7. Deadfall Carbon © 2007 MBARI Carcasses export carbon to the ocean floor where it enters benthic food webs & sediments
  13. 13. 8. Marine Vertebrate Mediated Carbon Organic carbon transferred through marine food webs is transported to deep water & sediment via rapidly sinking faecal material Catlin Seaview Survey
  14. 14. Key Questions • Coordinate research into the role of marine vertebrates in the carbon cycle • Identify knowledge gaps • Model oceanic biological pump What is the total significance of Fish Carbon? NOAA
  15. 15. Management Implications EEZs: • Precautionary principle • Fisheries management • Marine protected areas International: • High seas conservation 1. Projeto Tamar Brazil 2. Alessio Viora 3. Wikimedia
  16. 16. National Policy and Management Plans International Carbon Commitments International Conservation Agreements Other Mechanisms (Carbon Finance, PES) Goals Pathways Mitigating & Adapting to Climate Change Biodiversity & Ecosystem Conservation Sustainable Management of Marine Resources Sustainable Development of Blue Economy Cross-Cutting Application
  17. 17. Opportunities for Collaboration • Demonstrations • Socio-economic & cultural analysis • Oceanic carbon mechanisms • High seas conservation Egon Philipp Steven LutzRichard Akhtar
  18. 18. angela.martin@bluecsolutions.org www.bluecsolutions.org @BlueCSolutions #BlueCarbon #FishCarbon www.grida.no/publications/fish-carbon/ Thank you! Questions? NECWA

×