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Understanding biodiversity features in marine protected areas

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BlueBRIDGE workshop: "Supporting Blue Growth with innovative applications based on EU e-infrastructures" - Brussels February 2018

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Understanding biodiversity features in marine protected areas

  1. 1. BlueBRIDGE receives funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 675680 www.bluebridge-vres.eu Understanding biodiversity features in marine protected areas Levi Westerveld, Miles Macmillan-Lawler, Debhasish Bhakta, Anton Ellenbroek, Emmanuel Blondel. Partners: GRID-Arendal, FAO, CNR, CLS, Engineering levi.westerveld@grida.no Supporting Blue Growth with innovative applications based on EU e-infrastructures 14-15 February 2018, Brussels
  2. 2. "Supporting Blue Growth with innovative applications based on EU e-infrastructures”, 14-15 February 2018, Brussels Many uses of maritime space Maritime spatial planning: Competition for maritime space – for renewable energy equipment, aquaculture and other growth areas – has highlighted the need for efficient management, to avoid potential conflict and create synergies between different activities – EU Maritime Spatial Planning 15/02/2018 2
  3. 3. "Supporting Blue Growth with innovative applications based on EU e-infrastructures”, 14-15 February 2018, Brussels What about the environment? Convention on biological diversity - Aichi Target 11: By 2020 […] 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, especially areas of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services, are protected […] – CBD Aichi Target 11 15/02/2018 3
  4. 4. "Supporting Blue Growth with innovative applications based on EU e-infrastructures”, 14-15 February 2018, Brussels The challenge • Develop tools to assess features in marine managed areas (e.g. MPAs) • Accessible = data and analysis tools available in single environment • User friendly = non expert users • Standard reporting framework = comparable results across the globe • Rapid = speed up analysis time 15/02/2018 4
  5. 5. "Supporting Blue Growth with innovative applications based on EU e-infrastructures”, 14-15 February 2018, Brussels Marine protected areas • Tool to manage human activities • How well are they protecting area of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services? 15/02/2018 5
  6. 6. "Supporting Blue Growth with innovative applications based on EU e-infrastructures”, 14-15 February 2018, Brussels Areas important for biodiversity and ecosystem services Seafloor geomorphic features available at the global scale 15/02/2018 6
  7. 7. "Supporting Blue Growth with innovative applications based on EU e-infrastructures”, 14-15 February 2018, Brussels 15/02/2018 7 Seafloor geomorphology
  8. 8. "Supporting Blue Growth with innovative applications based on EU e-infrastructures”, 14-15 February 2018, Brussels 15/02/2018 8 Coastal ecosystems Seagrass Mangroves Coral Reefs
  9. 9. "Supporting Blue Growth with innovative applications based on EU e-infrastructures”, 14-15 February 2018, Brussels 15/02/2018 9 Seagrass, mangroves and coral reefs
  10. 10. "Supporting Blue Growth with innovative applications based on EU e-infrastructures”, 14-15 February 2018, Brussels 15/02/2018 10 European seabed habitats Standardised map of broad scale seabed habitat types (EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive) - EMODnet Seabed Habitats
  11. 11. "Supporting Blue Growth with innovative applications based on EU e-infrastructures”, 14-15 February 2018, Brussels BlueBRIDGE – Virtual Research Environments (VREs) VRE stands for Virtual Research Environment. A Virtual Research Environment is a system that provides researchers and any other type of user with a web- based set of facilities including services, data, and computational facilities. 15/02/2018 11
  12. 12. "Supporting Blue Growth with innovative applications based on EU e-infrastructures”, 14-15 February 2018, Brussels The Protected Area Impact Maps (PAIM) VRE. 15/02/2018 12
  13. 13. "Supporting Blue Growth with innovative applications based on EU e-infrastructures”, 14-15 February 2018, Brussels About PAIM VRE 15/02/2018 13 Interactive guide with text, videos and maps that explain how to use the VRE and its benefits.
  14. 14. "Supporting Blue Growth with innovative applications based on EU e-infrastructures”, 14-15 February 2018, Brussels MPA reporting 15/02/2018 14 The VRE’s main interface to visualize, analyse and report on a range of important seafloor features and marine protected areas.
  15. 15. "Supporting Blue Growth with innovative applications based on EU e-infrastructures”, 14-15 February 2018, Brussels 15/02/2018 15 Members and social networking Members / Social Networking See who else is using the VRE and update each other on relevant news, data, algorithms or user experience.
  16. 16. "Supporting Blue Growth with innovative applications based on EU e-infrastructures”, 14-15 February 2018, Brussels 15/02/2018 16 Data Miner, Data Catalogue, RStudio Data Miner / Data Catalogue / Rstudio Run other PAIM algorithms in Data Miner, view and access BlueBRIDGE data in the Data Catalogue and customize or write your own algorithms using Rstudio.
  17. 17. "Supporting Blue Growth with innovative applications based on EU e-infrastructures”, 14-15 February 2018, Brussels 15/02/2018 17 The VRE’s main portlet starts with an interactive map to view PAIM data MPA reporting 1
  18. 18. "Supporting Blue Growth with innovative applications based on EU e-infrastructures”, 14-15 February 2018, Brussels 15/02/2018 18 Tap the query box to run an analysis. Select the area to analyse or upload your own area of interest, select layers to be included in the analysis, and launch the analysis. MPA reporting 2
  19. 19. "Supporting Blue Growth with innovative applications based on EU e-infrastructures”, 14-15 February 2018, Brussels 15/02/2018 19 MPA reporting 3 After the analysis is completed a Results page will show. Use the interactive table and charts to view results, and download a PDF report and the output data in a .CSV format for your analysis.
  20. 20. "Supporting Blue Growth with innovative applications based on EU e-infrastructures”, 14-15 February 2018, Brussels 15/02/2018 20 MPA reporting 4 Click on any MPA in the table to access a detailed report for that MPA The report has information on the MPA and the features within its boundaries.
  21. 21. "Supporting Blue Growth with innovative applications based on EU e-infrastructures”, 14-15 February 2018, Brussels The BlueBRIDGE benefits • Collation and access to relevant data and metadata • Rapid processing time - seconds and minutes instead of hours and days! • Repeatability and comparability of processing • Standardised reporting tools • Infrastructure can be accessed by external projects (e.g. JRC BIOPAMA Project) 15/02/2018 21
  22. 22. "Supporting Blue Growth with innovative applications based on EU e-infrastructures”, 14-15 February 2018, Brussels 15/02/2018 22 Lucy Bastin – Computer Scientist Mariagrazia Graziano – Marine Ecologist Global Conservation And Development GCAD team
  23. 23. "Supporting Blue Growth with innovative applications based on EU e-infrastructures”, 14-15 February 2018, Brussels 15/02/2018 23 The habitat structure approach from global to local scale Linking the ecological and human dimensions BlueEnvironment Protected Area Impact Maps VRE Marine Protected Areas Function - Use Case - Input Data and Next Steps To identify
  24. 24. "Supporting Blue Growth with innovative applications based on EU e-infrastructures”, 14-15 February 2018, Brussels 15/02/2018 24 • What's in a managed area (e.g. MPA) • Geomorphology, mangroves, seagrass, coral reefs etc. • human uses
  25. 25. "Supporting Blue Growth with innovative applications based on EU e-infrastructures”, 14-15 February 2018, Brussels Impacts 15/02/2018 25 Countries can report on their protected area networks to determine how well they are representing a standard range of ecologically relevant features (CBD - Aichi target 11)
  26. 26. "Supporting Blue Growth with innovative applications based on EU e-infrastructures”, 14-15 February 2018, Brussels 15/02/2018 26 Biodiversity protection and International Conventions Key question: What is the position of Countries in relation to the AICHI target 11? Key question: How much of key biodiversity habitats is each country protecting? Input data  • World Database on Protected Areas (WCMC) • Exclusive Economic Zones Key question: What is the habitat complexity of each MPA? Key question: What is the role of each MPA in protecting a key biodiversity habitat (e.g. coral reefs)?
  27. 27. "Supporting Blue Growth with innovative applications based on EU e-infrastructures”, 14-15 February 2018, Brussels 15/02/2018 27 More input data HeterogeneityComplexity GEBCO dataset Seafloor Geomorphology (GRIDA) Global Scale • World Database on Protected Areas (WCMC) Regional Data • Mangroves, seagrass, coral reefs (TNC) • Which features are missing/included (CBD Aichi Target 11) • Better understanding of biodiversity within MPAs • Inform management where human use and ecological features may need specific management measures PAs indicators
  28. 28. "Supporting Blue Growth with innovative applications based on EU e-infrastructures”, 14-15 February 2018, Brussels 15/02/2018 28 WDPAID GIS MPA AREA Coral Protected by MPA 124383 76861 172 99653 2629 75 PAs indicators
  29. 29. "Supporting Blue Growth with innovative applications based on EU e-infrastructures”, 14-15 February 2018, Brussels 15/02/2018 29 DOPA presents key metrics and statistics relating to protected areas: e.g. the proportion of each ecoregion which is formally protected…
  30. 30. "Supporting Blue Growth with innovative applications based on EU e-infrastructures”, 14-15 February 2018, Brussels 15/02/2018 30 …species and habitat information…
  31. 31. "Supporting Blue Growth with innovative applications based on EU e-infrastructures”, 14-15 February 2018, Brussels 15/02/2018 31 GRID-Arendal’s VRE enriches our knowledge of MPA geomorphic diversity + representativity Statistics from the VRE can be easily accessed with a simple web request
  32. 32. "Supporting Blue Growth with innovative applications based on EU e-infrastructures”, 14-15 February 2018, Brussels 15/02/2018 32 We can easily show the relevance of MPAs in protecting key geomorphological features.
  33. 33. "Supporting Blue Growth with innovative applications based on EU e-infrastructures”, 14-15 February 2018, Brussels 15/02/2018 33 We can visualise spatial relationships – e.g. between escarpments and coral reefs.
  34. 34. "Supporting Blue Growth with innovative applications based on EU e-infrastructures”, 14-15 February 2018, Brussels 15/02/2018 34 We will extend this approach to demystify spatial prioritisation analysis tools (e.g. Marxan) and curate reproducible workflows.
  35. 35. "Supporting Blue Growth with innovative applications based on EU e-infrastructures”, 14-15 February 2018, Brussels • Thank you for listening! Levi.Westerveld@grida.no Lucy.Bastin@ec.europa.eu 15/02/2018 35

Editor's Notes

  • Web application, released in October 2017, after two years of hard work to get it at this stage. The goal of this presentation is to raise awareness of what we have built. The web application is designed to understand ecological important seafloor features such as seamounts, seagrass, canyons and how they are represented in protected area important networks around the world. I work at GRID-Arendal in Norway with two colleagues (Miles Macmillan-Lawler and Debhasish Bhakta) on this project. But we have also worked with other partners (FAO, CNR, CLS and Engineering) to name the main ones.
  • We know that there are many uses of the marine environment. There is a competition for this maritime space from a range of sectors, especially some emerging ones such as wind farming and aquaculture. Because of this competition for these spaces there is a need for efficient management, also to avoid competition between these sectors and the environment.
  • Within the environment realm we have a lot of different commitments. One of the main ones is the Convention on Biological Diversity and one of its targets is Aichi Target 11 in which countries have committed by 2020 to protect 10% of their coastal and marine areas, especially areas important for biodiversity and ecosystem services. This is what the tools we have developed under BlueBRIDGE is addressing. Currently when countries report on their marine protected areas they mostly report on area, but now we have developed a tool which also allows to report on features protected by marine protected areas.
  • So, what are marine protected areas? This is one of the focus of work. Essentially they are a management tool, which helps manage human activities in the maritime environment. They are spatial areas which are set aside and have different restrictions on what activities can and cannot take place in them. Their primary objective is to help maintain key ecosystem services in a region.
  • The big driver for this work was work my colleagues did on mapping global seafloor geomorphology. These are essentially different features that vary in depth, shape and size. These include elements such as sea mountains, submarine canyons, ridges, plateaus, the deep ocean trenches, etc. Also coastal features such as the continental shelf, coral reefs.
  • And so through this we developed a global comprehensive seafloor geomorphology map showing where all these different features occur. If we combine this with where protected areas occur we can start looking at which features are well protected and which features are less.
  • Our web interface also takes into account other important habitats such as seagrass, mangroves and coral reefs. There are some global layers which have been collated by different organizations and are available for these habitats. We have taken these and use them in our virtual research environment (VRE) to facilitate analysis on these as well.
  • This is just another global map which shows the coverage of these different layers. You can see a lot of the coral reefs are in the tropical areas, seagrass and mangroves moving into the temperate regions as well. So once again, we can use this data to assess how much of this is protected in marine protected areas.
  • Our virtual research environment also allows for analyses using European maritime data – more specifically the standardized map of broad scale seabed habitat types which is available through the EMODnet project.
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