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PRODES 2011 - Estimativa dataxa de desmatamento daAmazônia em 2010-2011PPCDAM - Plano de Ação paraPrevenção e Controle doD...
Monitoramento da Amazônia por SatéliteO Brasil é o líder mundial no uso de imagens de satélitepara monitorar florestas tro...
Sistemas de                                    monitoramentoT1 – Retirada de madeira                                      ...
PRODES 2010-2011 Até 10% 10 - 20% 20 – 30% 30 – 40% 40 – 50% 50 – 60% 60 – 70% 70 – 80% 80 – 90% 90 – 100%INPE analisou 96...
PRODES 2010-2011Até 10%10 - 20%20 – 30%30 – 40%40 – 50%50 – 60%60 – 70%70 – 80%80 – 90%90 – 100%            Taxa de desmat...
Taxa de desmate por corte raso na Amazônia(milhares de km2/ano)Menor taxa desde o início do monitoramento em 1988
Variação da taxa de desmate 2000-2011 (%)                           Amazônia Legal302010 0-10    00   01   02   03      04...
Taxas estimadas por estado (km2/ano)EstadosAno            2005    2006    2007    2008    2009    2010    2011Acre        ...
Variação por estado (2000-2011) em km21400012000                                                                     Acre1...
Variação Relativa 2010/2009 (aumento/queda em %)                                          aumento > 50%                   ...
Mato Grosso, Pará, Rondônia: 2000-2011             Variação entre 200 e 12000 km2 por ano1400012000100008000600040002000  ...
Mato Grosso, Pará, Rondônia: variação (%)120100 80 60 40 20  0-20    03    04      05         06          07       08     ...
Acre, Amazonas, Maranhão (km2/ano)1800	1600	1400	1200	1000	 800	 600	 400	 200	  0	        00	   01	   02	   03	     04	  ...
Acre, Amazonas, Maranhão: variação anual120100806040                                                     Acre20           ...
DETER – início 2011Jan-Abril/2011: aumento de 126%
Focos de desmatamento: março-maio 2011
Focos de desmatamento: junho-agosto 2011
Áreas de corte por faixas de tamanho (ha)100%	80%	                                                                  >	    ...
O que aconteceu com 720.000 km2 desmatados?TerraCLASS = primeiro mapa de uso e cobertura da terra da                   flo...
Pastagem ocupa 62% da área – 44.500.000 ha              Classe       TOTAL (km2)       ProporçãoPasto Limpo               ...
O que fizemos com a floresta?100%90%80%70%                                     Area Degr60%                               ...
Qual a dimensão da ilegalidade?100%	90%	80%	70%	                                        Floresta	60%	                     ...
METAS de emissão de CO2 por Desmatamento até 2020         com recomposição de 40% áreas desmatadas após 20141400          ...
EnergiaAgricultura                                  Ecossistemas    Tecnologia espacial agrega valor à economia e à       ...
A nova geração de satélites brasileiros deimageamento: investimento do MCT (R$ 1 bilhão)  CBERS-3 (2012)                  ...
Compromisso de redução do desmate até 2020300002500020000                                  Média 1995-2006 = 19.500 km2150...
PRODES 2011 - Estimativa da taxa de  desmatamento da Amazônia em 2010-2011
PRODES 2011 - Estimativa da taxa de  desmatamento da Amazônia em 2010-2011
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PRODES 2011 - Estimativa da taxa de desmatamento da Amazônia em 2010-2011

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PRODES 2011 - Estimativa da taxa de desmatamento da Amazônia em 2010-2011

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PRODES 2011 - Estimativa da taxa de desmatamento da Amazônia em 2010-2011

  1. 1. PRODES 2011 - Estimativa dataxa de desmatamento daAmazônia em 2010-2011PPCDAM - Plano de Ação paraPrevenção e Controle doDesmatamento na Amazônia
  2. 2. Monitoramento da Amazônia por SatéliteO Brasil é o líder mundial no uso de imagens de satélitepara monitorar florestas tropicais
  3. 3. Sistemas de monitoramentoT1 – Retirada de madeira DETER tempo (alertas de desmatamento)T2 – Degradação florestal PRODES (corte raso) Floresta T3 – Corte raso
  4. 4. PRODES 2010-2011 Até 10% 10 - 20% 20 – 30% 30 – 40% 40 – 50% 50 – 60% 60 – 70% 70 – 80% 80 – 90% 90 – 100%INPE analisou 96 imagens, que cobrem 90% da áreadesmatada no ano anterior (2009-2010)
  5. 5. PRODES 2010-2011Até 10%10 - 20%20 – 30%30 – 40%40 – 50%50 – 60%60 – 70%70 – 80%80 – 90%90 – 100% Taxa de desmatamento: 6.238 ± 623 km2 Estimativa a ser confirmada em abril de 2012
  6. 6. Taxa de desmate por corte raso na Amazônia(milhares de km2/ano)Menor taxa desde o início do monitoramento em 1988
  7. 7. Variação da taxa de desmate 2000-2011 (%) Amazônia Legal302010 0-10 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10-20-30-40-50 Queda de 11% no desmatamento entre 2010 e 2011
  8. 8. Taxas estimadas por estado (km2/ano)EstadosAno 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011Acre 592 398 184 254 167 259 271Amazonas 775 788 610 604 405 595 526Amapá 33 30 39 100 70 53 51Maranhão 922 651 613 1272 828 712 365Mato Grosso 7145 4333 2678 3258 1049 871 1126Pará 5731 5505 5425 5606 4281 3770 2870Rondônia 3244 2049 1611 1136 482 435 869Roraima 133 231 309 574 121 256 120Tocantins 271 124 63 107 61 49 40Amazônia Legal 18846 14109 11532 12911 7464 7000 6238 Estimativa 2011 a ser confirmada em abril 2012
  9. 9. Variação por estado (2000-2011) em km21400012000 Acre10000 Amazonas Amapá8000 Maranhão Mato Grosso6000 Pará Rondônia4000 Roraima Tocantins2000 0 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11
  10. 10. Variação Relativa 2010/2009 (aumento/queda em %) aumento > 50% aumento < 50% queda < 50% queda > 50%
  11. 11. Mato Grosso, Pará, Rondônia: 2000-2011 Variação entre 200 e 12000 km2 por ano1400012000100008000600040002000 0 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 Mato Grosso Pará Rondônia
  12. 12. Mato Grosso, Pará, Rondônia: variação (%)120100 80 60 40 20 0-20 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10-40-60-80 Mato Grosso Pará Rondônia Queda no PA, aumento no MT e RO
  13. 13. Acre, Amazonas, Maranhão (km2/ano)1800 1600 1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 Acre Amazonas Maranhão Variação entre 200 e 1600 km2 por ano
  14. 14. Acre, Amazonas, Maranhão: variação anual120100806040 Acre20 Amazonas 0 Maranhão-20 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 -40-60-80 Queda no AM e MA em 2011
  15. 15. DETER – início 2011Jan-Abril/2011: aumento de 126%
  16. 16. Focos de desmatamento: março-maio 2011
  17. 17. Focos de desmatamento: junho-agosto 2011
  18. 18. Áreas de corte por faixas de tamanho (ha)100% 80% > 1000 500-1000 60% 200-500 100-200 40% 50-100 25-50 20% < 25 0% 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Cortes maiores que 500 ha: dobraram de 2010 para 2011
  19. 19. O que aconteceu com 720.000 km2 desmatados?TerraCLASS = primeiro mapa de uso e cobertura da terra da floresta Amazônica
  20. 20. Pastagem ocupa 62% da área – 44.500.000 ha Classe TOTAL (km2) ProporçãoPasto Limpo 335.714,94 46,7%Vegetação Secundária 150.815,31 21,0%Pasto Sujo 62.823,75 8,7%Regeneração com Pasto 48.027,37 6,7%Área Não Observada 45.406,27 6,3%Agricultura Anual 34.927,24 4,9%Mosaico de Ocupações 24.416,57 3,4%Área Urbana 3.818,14 0,5%Mineração 730,68 0,1%Pasto com Solo Exposto 594,19 0,1%Outros 477,88 0,1%Desflorestamentos 2008 11.458,64 1,6%TOTAL 719.210,99
  21. 21. O que fizemos com a floresta?100%90%80%70% Area Degr60% Veget Secund50% Pasto Degr40% Pasto Peq Prop30% Grãos20%10% 0% AC MT PA RO
  22. 22. Qual a dimensão da ilegalidade?100% 90% 80% 70% Floresta 60% Veget Secund 50% Pasto 40% Peq Prop 30% Grãos 20% 10% 0% AC MT PA RO
  23. 23. METAS de emissão de CO2 por Desmatamento até 2020 com recomposição de 40% áreas desmatadas após 20141400 300001200 250001000 20000 800 15000 600 10000 400 5000 200 0 0-200 -5000-400 -10000-600 -15000MT CO2 km2 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 2020 Desflorestamento (km2/ano) Emissão Desmatamento - Floresta Primária (com processo) Emissão Desmatamento - Floresta Secundária Absorção Crescimento - Floresta Secundária Balanço (CO2) Fonte: Ana Aguiar (INPE)
  24. 24. EnergiaAgricultura Ecossistemas Tecnologia espacial agrega valor à economia e à sociedade brasileiras MegacidadesMudanças climáticas Tempo e Desastres Naturais
  25. 25. A nova geração de satélites brasileiros deimageamento: investimento do MCT (R$ 1 bilhão) CBERS-3 (2012) Amazonia-1 (2013) CBERS-4 (2014) Ganhos no monitoramento de florestas e agricultura Exportação de conhecimento
  26. 26. Compromisso de redução do desmate até 2020300002500020000 Média 1995-2006 = 19.500 km21500010000 5000 0 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2013 2015 2017 2019

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