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Geography

Oceans of the World

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Geography

  1. 1. OCEANS of the World
  2. 2. PACIFIC OCEAN • (155,557,000 sq km) • Ferdinand Magellan named the Pacific Ocean in the 16th Century. He called this body of water pacific, due to the calmness of the water at that time ('pacific' means peaceful) • largest ocean • Covers one-third of the Earth's surface
  3. 3. ATLANTIC OCEAN • (76,762,000 sq km) • The first part of its name refers to Atlas of Greek mythology, making the Atlantic the "Sea of Atlas". • Second largest of the world's oceanic divisions • It covers approximately 20 percent of the Earth's surface and about 29 percent of its water surface area.
  4. 4. INDIAN OCEAN (Ratnakara, "the mine of gems) • (68,556,000 sq km) • It is named after India. • The third largest of the world's oceanic divisions • Covering approximately 20% of the water on the Earth's surface.
  5. 5. ANTARCTIC OCEAN (Southern Ocean) • (20,327,000 sq km) • The Antarctic Ocean was originally referred to as the Southern Ocean, and the name still persists in the scientific community. • It is regarded as the fourth-largest of the five principal oceanic divisions • This ocean zone is where cold, northward flowing waters from the Antarctic mix with warmer subantarctic waters.
  6. 6. ARCTIC OCEAN (Northern Ocean) • (14,056,000 sq km) • The smallest and shallowest of the world's five major oceanic divisions. • The deepest sounding obtained in Arctic waters is 18,050 feet (5,502 metres), but the average depth is only 3,240 feet (987 metres). • The Arctic Ocean is almost completely covered by ice in the winter and remains partially covered in ice throughout the entire year.

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