California final

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California final

  1. 1. California: An Overview By: Blake Smedley
  2. 2. Queen Calafia’s Island - Geography <ul><li>Drastically diverse landscapes, created by </li></ul><ul><li>multiple large forces of nature. </li></ul><ul><li>Coast line spanning 1,264 miles. </li></ul><ul><li>158,693 square miles in the state. </li></ul><ul><li>Has the highest mountain peak, and lowest </li></ul><ul><li>elevation in the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Located between 32 and 42 degrees latitude. </li></ul><ul><li>2/3 of rain falls in the upper 1/3 of the state. </li></ul><ul><li>Coast was made by the collision of the </li></ul><ul><li>North American and Pacific plates. </li></ul><ul><li>Collision point of several different plates. </li></ul><ul><li>Very diverse plant life. </li></ul><ul><li>Huge amount of fish life off shore. </li></ul><ul><li>Has largest and oldest trees on the planet. </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiversity lead to inhabitation. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Queen Calafia’s Island- Natives <ul><li>Native Americans thrived for over 25 generations </li></ul><ul><li>before European contact in 1492. </li></ul><ul><li>Somewhere around 1/3 of the entire Native U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Population lived in California alone, and some </li></ul><ul><li>scholars believe it to be even more than that. </li></ul><ul><li>The native American population was so diverse </li></ul><ul><li>that they had 22 different linguistic families, and </li></ul><ul><li>among these categories there was somewhere </li></ul><ul><li>around 135 languages. </li></ul><ul><li>Different tribes had wide ranging diets due to </li></ul><ul><li>California’s diverse biological life. </li></ul><ul><li>Due to such a wide range of plant and animal life </li></ul><ul><li>to choose from, wars among tribes were nearly </li></ul><ul><li>heard of because they did not have to compete </li></ul><ul><li>with each other for food. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Queen Calafia’s Island- Culture <ul><li>Tribes fixed a place for themselves in the </li></ul><ul><li>world by having creation myths and the </li></ul><ul><li>companionable presence of spirits. </li></ul><ul><li>They had a communal life centered around </li></ul><ul><li>sweat lodges that they heated by pouring </li></ul><ul><li>water on hot rocks. </li></ul><ul><li>The Women created an art form with the </li></ul><ul><li>intricate weavings of baskets that were </li></ul><ul><li>used in everyday life. </li></ul><ul><li>The plethora of different tribe lifestyles </li></ul><ul><li>is due largely to the difference in terrain </li></ul><ul><li>throughout the state. </li></ul><ul><li>They shared a continuum of beliefs that </li></ul><ul><li>everything was cyclical, and that contributed </li></ul><ul><li>to why they had such few contentions amongst </li></ul><ul><li> each other. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Ecumenopolis- Racial Diversity <ul><li>California has one of the most diverse </li></ul><ul><li>populations in the U.S and the world in </li></ul><ul><li> general. </li></ul><ul><li>By the early 1900’s San Francisco had a </li></ul><ul><li> higher proportion of foreign born residents </li></ul><ul><li> relative to its population than any other city </li></ul><ul><li> in the U.S. including New York. </li></ul><ul><li>Due to the gold rush, California became the </li></ul><ul><li>most diversified community because every </li></ul><ul><li>portion of the planet sent people there to </li></ul><ul><li>get a hand in the loot. </li></ul><ul><li>The 1920’s was the second influx of Mexican </li></ul><ul><li> immigrants into the fields for work. </li></ul><ul><li>In the 1930’s nearly half a million Anglo-Americans </li></ul><ul><li>flocked to California from the dust bowl. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Ecumenopolis- Racial Disputes <ul><li>There have always been racial disputes </li></ul><ul><li> ever since Europeans arrived in California. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1871 the lynching of Chinese people </li></ul><ul><li>happened multiple times during the </li></ul><ul><li>“ Chinese Must Go!” Crusade. </li></ul><ul><li>On August 11, 1965 the Watts riots broke </li></ul><ul><li> out due purely to racial tension among </li></ul><ul><li>black and white citizens, and 34 were killed. </li></ul><ul><li>After the Rodney king beating an even </li></ul><ul><li> worse riot of 5 days broke out and left </li></ul><ul><li> 45 people dead. </li></ul><ul><li>A jury of predominately black jurors acquitted </li></ul><ul><li>OJ Simpson of murder, and a predominately black </li></ul><ul><li> and Latino crowd cheered outside for the victory </li></ul><ul><li>of a black person in court. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Ecumenopolis- Racial Laws <ul><li>A series of bills and props have been </li></ul><ul><li>continuously proposed since the mid </li></ul><ul><li>1900’s to isolate or exclude a certain race. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1963 an African American Assemblyman </li></ul><ul><li> put together a law banning real estate </li></ul><ul><li>discrimination. It was overturned the following </li></ul><ul><li> year, and then the U.S. Supreme Court </li></ul><ul><li> overturned it again 3 years later. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1992, presidential primary Pat Buchanan </li></ul><ul><li> advocated the digging of an impassible </li></ul><ul><li>trench along the border. </li></ul><ul><li>Prop 187 called for the withdrawal of all </li></ul><ul><li>public support to all undocumented Californians. </li></ul><ul><li>Proposition 209 in 1996 passed in favor of </li></ul><ul><li>outlawing affirmative action </li></ul>
  8. 8. Arnold- Scandals <ul><li>In any society there exist a number of </li></ul><ul><li>scandals, and California is no exception </li></ul><ul><li>to such scandals. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1950 Caryl Chessman, author of </li></ul><ul><li>“ Cell 2455, Death Row” was executed and </li></ul><ul><li> sparked riots because many believed he </li></ul><ul><li>was railroaded into a death sentence by </li></ul><ul><li>by a hostile L.A. court. </li></ul><ul><li>The Water and Power service of L.A. county </li></ul><ul><li> had several highly controversial activities </li></ul><ul><li>that they did for the good of L.A., but without </li></ul><ul><li> regard for others or the environment. </li></ul><ul><li>The Independent System Operator turned into </li></ul><ul><li>a huge catastrophe, in particular with the Enron </li></ul><ul><li>crisis, which caused the state electric bill to rise </li></ul><ul><li>by 10.9 billion dollars in one summer. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Arnold- Movements <ul><li>The free speech and hippie movements </li></ul><ul><li> in the San Francisco area are extremely </li></ul><ul><li> well known portions of history. </li></ul><ul><li>The hippie movement basically burnt itself </li></ul><ul><li> out due to the high amount of drug use and </li></ul><ul><li> overdose, and the mass suicide in Beverley </li></ul><ul><li>Hills led by Charles Manson permanently put </li></ul><ul><li> a negative image of them. </li></ul><ul><li>San Francisco became a lavender friendly place </li></ul><ul><li> for gays, and became the capital of gay culture, </li></ul><ul><li> and after the assassination of Milk Provoked mass </li></ul><ul><li> outrage, ultimately leading to a push for gay rights. </li></ul><ul><li>After tragedies like Owens valley and the </li></ul><ul><li>Hetch-Hetchy valley, the environmental movement </li></ul><ul><li>started, and was able to save places like lake Mono </li></ul><ul><li>and establish the Sierra Club. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Arnold- Disasters <ul><li>Natural and man made disasters proved </li></ul><ul><li> to be more devastating to the government </li></ul><ul><li> than anything else. </li></ul><ul><li>The Earthquake in San Francisco in 1989 </li></ul><ul><li>that measured 7.1 and raised a section of </li></ul><ul><li> the I-880, and killing 66 people and causing </li></ul><ul><li>7 billion dollars in damage. </li></ul><ul><li>In October of 1991 an incredibly destructive </li></ul><ul><li> inferno broke out in Oakland, killing 25, injuring </li></ul><ul><li> 150, and destroying 1,700 structures. </li></ul><ul><li>Man made disasters like riots and the failure of </li></ul><ul><li> the dot.com industry also plagued California </li></ul><ul><li> recurrently for decades. </li></ul><ul><li>El Nino was another devastating event that ended </li></ul><ul><li> up causing 500 million in damages and a couple dozen </li></ul><ul><li>deaths in 1998. </li></ul>

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