Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Krashens Five Hypotheses

30,835 views

Published on

Published in: Technology
  • Dating direct: ♥♥♥ http://bit.ly/2F90ZZC ♥♥♥
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Follow the link, new dating source: ❤❤❤ http://bit.ly/2F90ZZC ❤❤❤
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Penis Enlargement and Enhancement Techniques: What REALLY Works?!? ♣♣♣ https://bit.ly/30G1ZO1
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • DOWNLOAD FULL BOOKS, INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • DOWNLOAD FULL BOOKS, INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

Krashens Five Hypotheses

  1. 1. Stephen Krashen’s L2 Acquisition Theory Compiled by Doris Shih
  2. 2. Outline for Today <ul><li>The acquisition-learning hypothesis </li></ul><ul><li>The natural order hypothesis </li></ul><ul><li>The monitor hypothesis </li></ul><ul><li>The input hypothesis </li></ul><ul><li>The affective filter hypothesis </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>What are the causative variables in second language acquisition? </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>For you, does language teaching really help? When does it help and when does it NOT help? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Effecting Variables <ul><li>Comprehensible input (causative) </li></ul><ul><li>Strength of the filter (causative) </li></ul><ul><li>Language teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Exposure variable </li></ul><ul><li>Age </li></ul><ul><li>Acculturation </li></ul>
  6. 7. The Acquisition-Learning Hypothesis <ul><li>Acquisition = subconsciously picking up </li></ul><ul><li>Learning = conscious </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Error correction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explicit instruction </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Children acquire language better than adults </li></ul>
  7. 8. The Natural Order Hypothesis <ul><li>Grammar structures are acquired in a predictable order </li></ul><ul><li>L2 learning order is different from L1 order </li></ul><ul><li>L2 learning adults and children show similar order </li></ul>
  8. 9. ING (progressive) PLURAL COPULA (“to be”) AUXILIARY ARTICLE IRREGULAR PAST REGULAR PAST SINGULAR (-s) POSSESSIVE (-s) The order for L2 learners (Krashen, 1977)
  9. 10. The Monitor Hypothesis <ul><li>Acquisition has the central role </li></ul><ul><li>Learning functions as a Monitor </li></ul><ul><li>3 conditions needed to use Monitor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on form </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Know the rule </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When Monitor is not used, errors are natural </li></ul><ul><li>Pedagogically: study of grammar has a place, but a limited one </li></ul>
  10. 11. The Input Hypothesis <ul><li>We acquire by comprehensible input (i) + 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Input Hypothesis relates to acquisition, not learning </li></ul><ul><li>Focus not on structure but on understanding the message </li></ul><ul><li>Do not teach structure deliberately; i+1 is provided naturally when input is understood </li></ul><ul><li>Production ability emerges. It’s not taught directly </li></ul>
  11. 12. The Affective Filter Hypothesis <ul><li>Motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Self-confidence </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Lower affective filter will go further </li></ul>
  12. 13. The affective filter Language Input Affective Filter Acquired Competence Language Acquisition Device
  13. 14. Reference <ul><li>Krashen, Stephen D. Principles and Practice in Second Language Acquisition. New York, NY: Prentice Hall, 1987. </li></ul>

×