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Pollution: The Silent Killer of Millions in Poor Countries (10 slides)


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Pollution is the leading cause of death in low- and middle-income countries. Exposures to polluted soil, water and air (both indoor and outdoor) resulted in 8.4 million deaths in 2012 in these countries. More than one in seven deaths in the
world are pollution-related.

Published in: Environment
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Pollution: The Silent Killer of Millions in Poor Countries (10 slides)

  1. 1. P ' @AHP HEALTH AND POLLUTION The Silent Killer of Millions in Poor Countries P”""'""°‘°"°'"’"°"“°"°""°“”°" Pollution is the leading cause of death in low— and mlddle—income countries. Exposure to polluted soil, water and air (both indoor and outdoor) resulted in 8.4 million deaths in 2012 in these countries. More than one in seven deaths in the world are pollution-related. Leorn more — visii gohphei
  2. 2. l"I| l WI“ 7 1 El Q’l ZI— Z I) Parliculates lrom power plants, cars and trucks pollute outdoor Pollution is conlominclled woler, air soil, and air lhol is harmful or poisonous. Pollulion comes in many forms, and each has 0 dislincl set of solutions. : =;§'l . l—. « . fi. ¢‘J_, l l. -—r- cooksloves contaminate indoor air. ms. l . :4 [El Mercury and olher heavy metals from industry and mining coma- minate soil, water and 7 load. rxnl Sewage and induslrial waslewater pollute local water systems. Dollution especially mlml: Hilllcluii and can cause Ill 1! Iluiurm. Il:4'l'rllll| llllHI| f1l mu ii: lIla'iilIuliH: I cll~: nlnl1liii: .L: .lliluIII: i-r »‘l'R‘llHll ll’-| lll‘. L!l‘r. and many diseases. It also can severely hamper Hfiolllmlllr 3l"‘I'. 'liI bydegrading illlllrill ’-llll Ilfillll. "-I «'94-”lll| |'H‘r. k‘. Learn more - visil gohp. ne’r r‘*‘ A @ l I
  3. 3. DEATHS CAUSED BY POLLUTION 12-3 (2012) Low— and Midd| e—income Countries 8% 10% Q 6) 38% 44% -> Household air pollution } Ambient air pollution I Contaminated sites } Water, Sanitation & Hygiene Total Deaths in Low— and Middle-income Countries = 8.4 Million Tolol Global Deaths = 8.9 Million Learn more ~ visil gahphel
  4. 4. Pollution causes various cancers, heart diseases and lung diseases, to name just a few. Comparatively, death by pollution is larger than any other major cause. Clearly there is a need for attention, investment and prevention. Billions spent on sanitation, malaria, HIV and TB have had a major impact in improving health. ‘iliilll ial: “:L+‘»; L"ll L _ij| ',| §-, ~:jMr, .[i]’-, -. II T s . i,vjij-,1! ll l0.~«. .iml- :1 3.» H: Learn more - visit gahp. net
  5. 5. LEADING CAUSES OF DEATHS”) AND PORTION CAUSED BYPOLLUTION (WORLD—2012) I Total deaths I Pollutlonattrlbutable Deaths ALRI ALRI: Acute Lower Respiratory Disease 1 GOPD: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease IHD: Ischaemlc Heart Disease References 1. worto Health Organtzafion. (2014) Burden of disease lrom ambient and household air pollution. Air pollution estimates. Fleoieved tram http, //www who rnt/ tatre/ healttt_topics/ oiJtaoorair/ databases/ erv 2. Contarrinated sites data extrapolated from GAHP database Main reference’ Cnatham-Stephens, K. Caravanos. J. . Erlcsion, B , Suxga»Ampa: o, J. Susilonn. BM Shanna. P. Landrlgan. FU . Fuller. Ft (2013) Burden of disease from road: waste sites in India. hdonesia. and the Phlippinw in 2010. Ermrorimantal Health Perspectives, 121(7) 79l~793 3. wand Health Organization. (2014). Global burden of disease impacts of poor water. sanitation and hygiene Retrieved from http: //wwwwho lnt/ wate'_saritation_realth/ god_poor_water/ er1/ A. World Hearth Oigawizafion (2014) The top 10 causes of death The loleading causesofdaath ‘n the world, 2000 and 2012. Ftatfievecl trot-ri http: //vim/ w who lnt/ meottiacerma/ iactsheets/ fs3l 0/en/ 5. World Health Orgmizalion. (2014). Cancer. Reetevad lrorn http: //virww. who lntlcanoerlenl 8. Institute for Hearth Metrics B10 Evaluafiorl (2013, March). GBD Cause Patterns [Graph]. Retrieved from http, //n‘zl'iub. healthdata. org/ gfi3d-cause-pauerris/ 4‘? DIARIINEA 56.1% Learn more — visit gahpnet
  6. 6. O O O of the burden of disease from pollution falls on low— and middle-income countries, who are least equipped to deal with the problem. @600 o O 0 o O 06> o oo o O 0 o .3l"IIl’ Fill-'ll: vll-‘Iii _, K’I‘*| ;'. .‘i: u
  7. 7. Poor people in developing countries oESPEC| ALLY WOMEN AND CHILDREN continue to be poisoned, suffer lifelong disabilities, and die prematurely from pollution.
  8. 8. -{ff-ofq. Our economy is global Contaminated air from Mercury from gold Arsenic and other toxins and so are the newly industrialized mining and coal plants are found in rice and i pollutants. countries pose a threat can be found in fish other foods exported to neighboring countries everywhere around the world. iii’ sis ‘Many highly Poiiuting Clean technologies and Western nations have And can now transfer industries have moved green growth are had success in cleaning technology and funding °V°'5°,35 i° 99°’ °°”""'ie5 possible for emerging up their toxic and legacy to i0W- and 'a°". '"9 e"""°”'“e”‘a' economies. pollution middie'i"C°"‘e regulations and technology. countries Leorn more - visit gohp. net
  9. 9. How can we 9 K Fix the problem . Prioritizing the prevention and clean—up of toxic pollution will mitigate climate change, reduce threats to biodiversity, and SAVE LIVES {EERIGHT NOW.
  10. 10. (6 .7 A I I I ltlentify and assess toxic pollutant threats, GLOBAL ALLIANCE on espe«; «alI_v, ro_r HEALTH AND POLLUTION contaminated sites: The Global Alliance on Health and Pollution (GAHP) galvanizes resources to assist low- and Pii0iiiY l00iiUii0i”| Pi0biem5- A5 We" to prioritize action for Implement solutions to as educating on all forms of problems posing the save lives. pollution, GAHP helps countries gieaiesi iiSi< i0 itiiman I I I I Pollution is not inevitable. IN OUR LIFETIME. Partnering to rid the world of Ion: houpots middle-income countries address Create a planmng process / 5 health; Learn more — visit gahpnet