APOWER POINT PRESENTATION ON Presented By : Niswan Dhakal MBA, SOMTU
ATTITUDEEvaluative statements eitherfavourable or unfavourable about objects, people or events ,which reflects how we feel about something .
AFFECT COGNITION BEHAVIOURIMPACT OF COGNITIONPERCEPTION OF WHATAFFECT IS RESPONSIVE ACTION OF THERE
R ELATIONSHIP B ETWEEN THE COMPONENTS Cognitive = Evaluation My Supervisor gave a promotion to a co-worker who deserved it less than me . MY supervisor is unfair Negative Affective = Feeling Attitude I dislike my supervisor towards Supervisor Behavorial = acctionI’m looking for other work; I’ve complained about my supervisor to anyone who would listen
C OGNITIVE DISONANCEIn psychology, cognitive dissonance refers to the feelings of discomfort and unease that arise when there is a discrepancy between our beliefs and behaviors.
K EY LEARNINGSWhy is Cognitive Dissonance Important? Cognitive dissonance plays a role in many value judgments, decisions and evaluations. Becoming aware of how conflicting beliefs impact the decision-making process is a great way to improve your ability to make faster and more accurate choices.Here are three key strategies to reduce or minimize cognitive dissonance: Focus on more supportive beliefs that outweigh the dissonant belief or behavior. Reduce the importance of the conflicting belief. Change the conflicting belief so that it is consistent with other beliefs or behaviors.
K EY D EFINITIONS Job satisfaction: Positive feeling about one’s job resulting from an evaluation of its characteristics Job Involvement: the degree to which a person identifies with a job, actively participates in it, and considers performance important to self worth Psychological empowerment: Employees’ belief in the degree to which they affect their work environment, their competence, their meaningfulness and their perceived autonomy in their work Organizational Commitment: The degree to which an employee identifies with a particular organization and its goals and wishes to maintain membership in the organization.
ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT Affective Commitment: An emotional attachment to an organization and a belief in its values Continuance Commitment: The perceived economic value of remaining with an organization compared with leaving it. Normative Commitment: An obligation to remain with an organization for moral or ethical reasons.
KEY ISSUES Measurement CAUSES JobSingle global Summation of Rating Personality Job FacetsConditions