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  1. By Bishweshwar PrasadBhatt MPH(RollNo.2021YM04) Southern MedicalUniversity Guanzhou,China
  2. N A M A S T E!!!
  3. Glimpse of Nepal •Official Name: Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal. •Name of Nepal: The name Nepal was first recorded in texts in Vedic age. •Capital and largest city: Kathmandu. •Motto: “जननी जन्मभूमिश्च श्वर्गादपी र्रियसी”(Mother and motherlands are greater than heaven) •Official Language: Nepali •Provinces/States: 7 •Districts: 77 •Local Levels: 753 •Legislature: Federal Parliament i. Upper House: Rastriya Sabha ii. Lower House: Pratinidhi Sabha •Land Area: 92.94% and Water: 7.6% (Total Area: 147516 Sq.Km.) •Continent: Asia, Part of Southern Asia. •Republic declared: 28 May 2008.
  4. •Boarder Area: A landlocked country, China’s autonomous region region Tibet is to the North and India is on all remaining three sides. West Bengal’s narrow Silliguri corriador also called Chicken’s neck separates Nepal from Bangladesh. •Maritime area: Nepal doesn’t have any maritime area. •Currency: Nepalese Rupee(NPR) •Time Zone: UTC+(05:45) •Driving Side: Left to the road. •Calling Code:+977 •Internet TLD: .np Glimpse of Nepal
  5. N E P A L Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked country located in South Asia. With an area of 1,47,516 square kilometers and a population of approximately 30 million. It is located in the Himalayas and bordered to the north by China and to the south, east, and west by India. The mountainous north of Nepal has eight of the world's ten tallest mountains, including the highest point on Earth, Mount Everest (Nepali: Sagarmāthā). More than 250 peaks over 20,000 ft above sea level are located in Nepal. 3
  6. •Nepal is in South Asia and is bordered by China and India. •The government system is a federal parliamentary republic; the chief of state is the president, and the head of government is the prime minister. •Nepal was never under any foreign invasion. •Birthplace of Lord Gautam Buddha. •The Brave Gurkhas. •Never faced any cultural or religious riots, very peaceful country. In summary……..
  7. •In addition to Highest peak, existences of Kali Gandaki canyon with 4,375 meters is the second deepest canyon in the world •About 80% of the Nepalese population is Hindu. •Cow is worshipped as goddess Laxmi and it is illegal to kill a cow in Nepal. •Nepal has the densest concentration of the world heritage sites. •Nepal has extraordinary landscape and consist highest lake, highest peak, lowest valley, deepest gorge and many more. In summary……..
  8. In summary…….. •Major Part of Himalayas is in Nepal • Nepal was never under any foreign invasion • Nepal’s Unique Triangular Flag • Once Upon a Time-The Weed Capital • Birthplace of Lord Gautam Buddha • The Brave Gurkha • Holder of Numerous Records • Nepal has over 80 ethnic groups and 123 Languages • Untouched by Religious and Ethnic Riot
  9. National Anthem
  10. NATIONAL ANIMAL - COW 11 September 30, 2016
  12. NEPAL IN WORLD MAP Area: Length: Width: 147516 km2 850 km EW 200 km NS Altitude: 60-8848 m 5
  13. Capital City Kathmandu is the nation's capital city 6
  14. NATIONAL FLAG The national flag of Nepal is the world's only non-quadrilateral national flag. The flag is a simplified combination of two single pennons, the vexillological word for a pennant. Red color is the sign of victory in war. The blue border is the color of peace. Until 1962, the flag's emblems, the sun and the crescent moon, had human faces. They were removed to modernize the flag. 7
  15. NATIONAL FLOWER - RHODODENDRON 9 September 30, 2016
  17. SEASONS September 30, 2016  Nepal experiences six seasons: summer, monsoon, early autumn, late autumn, winter and spring.  Weather is dry from October to May.  Rainy monsoon from June to September.  Spring and autumn are the most pleasant seasons  Summer and late spring temperatures range from 28ºC in the hill regions to more than 40ºC in the Terai. 12
  18. Winter temperatures drop to freezing, with a high level of snowfall in the mountains. In winter, average maximum and minimum temperatures in the Terai range from a rapid 7ºC to a mild 23ºC. March to April and October and November are the best times to visit Nepal. The Kathmandu Valley, at an altitude of 1,310m (4,297ft), has a mild climate, ranging from 19-27ºC in summer, and 2-20ºC in winter. September 30, 2016 3
  19. KOSHI RIVER 14
  22. OUR PRIDE Mount Everest, the highest peak on earth, lies on the Nepal-China border 17
  23. OUR PRIDE 18 The New Zealander Sir Edmund Tenzing Hillary Norgay and Sherpa climber reached the summit at 11:30 am local time on 29 May 1953 via the South Col Route. At the time, both acknowledged it as a team effort by the whole expedition. They were the first climbers to reach the summit of Mount Everest.
  24. OUR PRIDE Arun Vally- World lowest vally 19
  25. OUR PRIDE Kali Gandaki Gorge is one of the deepest gorges on earth. 20
  26. OUR PRIDE Tilicho lake - The highest places lake of the word 21
  27. OUR PRIDE September 30, 2016 22
  28. OUR PRIDE 24 Nepal is the Birth Place of Lord Buddha
  29. W E A R E September 30, 2016 GORKHALI 25
  30. Reason behind naming Gorkhali ???????? The Gurkhas are soldiers from Nepal who are recruited into the British Army(British regiment) and Indian Army(Gurkha regiment), and have been for the last 200 years. Gurkhas are known to be as fearless in combat as they are good natured in daily life. To this day, they remain renowned for their loyalty, professionalism and bravery across the world. Gurkhas are traditionally recruited from the hill people of Nepal, who trace their roots right back to an 8th century Hindu warrior, Guru Gorakhnath. They first encountered the British in 1814, when the British East India Company fought against them during the Anglo-Nepalese War.
  31. •In the Anglo-Nepalese War (Gurkha War, 1814-16), the British East India Company (EIC) lost several battles against Nepalese Gurkhas before finally securing victory in a hard-fought campaign. •Although the war went badly for the British in the various stages, in the end by considering the fact of being unable to defeat Nepalese, became compelled to terminate war into peace in the term of Treaty of Sugauli in 1816. Since then British couldn’t dare to attack against Nepalese and as a result Nepal is designated as one of the ever sovereign and independent countries across the world. Continued…
  32. Gurkha regiment in India
  33. Gorkha Regiment in United Kingdom
  34. Gurkha………
  35. Histororical Background of Nepal The earliest inhabitants of modern Nepal and adjoining areas are believed to be people from the Indus Valley civilization. By 4000 BCE, the Tibeto-Burmese people had reached Nepal either directly across the Himalayas from Tibet or via Myanmar and north-east India or both The Kingdom of Nepal was established in 1768 and started a campaign of unifying what would form the modern territories of Nepal. According to Hindu mythology, Nepal derives its name from an ancient Hindu sage called Ne, referred to variously as Ne Muni or Nemi. According to Pashupati Purana, as a place protected by Ne, the country in the heart of the Himalayas came to be known as Nepal.
  36. Political System in Nepal The politics of Nepal functions within the framework of a parliamentary republic with a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the Prime Minister and their cabinet, while legislative power is vested in the Parliament. The Nepali Congress , Communist party of Nepal(UML) and Nepal Communist Party(Maoist) , have been the main rivals of each other by defeating one another in successive elections since the establishment of democratic republic Nepal. Recently the government is run under the leadership of Nepal Communist party(Maoist).
  37. COSTUME The national Nepalese dresses are good and attractive, different from other countries. The costumes of Nepal are most beautiful and meaningful than others. The custom, food and clothing, and other traditional rites and rituals of Nepalese people are associated with the economic condition, cultural environment, and geographical diversity of the country. The clothes are used according to their geographical belt in Nepal. People of the mountain belt wear thick and long woolen clothes called Baku and Doha. The people of the hilly region wear Kochhar, a bhoto, and a cap. The Terai people wear Dhoti and a long shirt called Kurta. The Mayalposh Suruwal, coat, and cap are the national dress of the Nepalese people. Fariya (sari) and Cholo (Blouse) are popular among the Terai females.
  38. C O S T U M E 26 September 30, 2016 Dress of Everest Area
  39. COSTUME 27 September 30, 2016 Dress of Hill Sides
  40. COSTUME 28 September 30, 2016 Dress of Tarai Area
  41. NN National Dress of Nepal
  42. RELIGION 29
  43. L a n g u a g e 30
  44. E d u c a t i o n nder Secondery School : 10,636 Primary School : 30,924 Literacy Rate : 81.2 % People School : 34368 University:16
  45. Education……… There are various types of schools based on certain kinds of characteristics and functioning of their operations. Generally, the schools in Nepal are broadly categorized into two major types: Community schools and Institutional schools. Community schools are the type of schools that are supported by the government and are similar to that of public schools. On the other hand, the institutional schools are the type of schools that are supported by the parents and the trustees and are similar to that of private schools. Levels of Education: Basic Level Education: From Playing group to Class 8 Secondary Level Education: Class 9 to 12 including Technical and Vocational education. University Education:1.Under-Graduate 2.Post Graduate.
  46. PRESIDENT 32 September 30, 2016
  47. PRIME MINISTER 33 September 30, 2016 Pushp Kamal Dahal ”Prachand”
  48. FESTIVAL 36 September 30, 2016
  49. FESTIVAL September 30, 2016 D a s h a i n 37
  50. Dashain Festival…….. •Greatest Festival of Nepal •The first nine days of Dashain symbolize the battle which took place between the different manifestations of Durga and Mahishasura. •Jamara is bestowed by the elders atop the heads of those younger to them during the last five days. The Jamara is considered a blessing from the goddess Durga herself •Before the collapse of the monarchy system in Nepal, thousands of people used to gather in the old royal palace to take the tika and blessings from the king who is considered to be the incarnation of Lord Vishnu. •In Dashain all the family members return to their home and celebrate festival with love, intimacy and joy.
  51. Tihar Festival September 30, 2016 38
  52. Tihar Festival September 30, 2016 39
  53. Chhat Festival September 30, 2016 C h h a t 40
  54. Holi Festival H o l i September 30, 2016 41
  55. Sonam Losar Festival
  56. Sonam Losar…………… The extravagant festival is celebrated in Nepal each year to mark the beginning of the Chinese Lunar New Year. And yes, celebrations are arranged weeks in advance for the auspicious occasion! On the day, men and women adorn colorful and traditional attires and dance to the traditional music created by the damphu drum, and consume tasty dishes of the region.
  57. D ishe s 42 DAAL(Pulse) VAT(Rice) TARKARI (Vegetable)
  58. Dishes……..
  59. FRUITS September 30, 2016 43
  60. Health System 77 753
  61. Health system…….. Healthcare services in Nepal are provided by both public and private sectors. Since January 2009, under the "New Nepal, Healthy Nepal" initiative of the Government, all citizens are able to access District Hospitals (DH) and Primary Health Care Centres (PHCC) without having to pay for registration: they are eligible for free outpatient, emergency and in-patient services, as well as drugs The healthcare system offers four broad types of services: health promotion, disease prevention, diagnosis and treatment, and rehabilitation. Most popular and effective public health programmes in Nepal are EPI, Nutrition Program, CB-IMNCI, Safe Motherhood Program, Essential drug Program, Family Planning Program, FCHV Program etc.
  62. Popular Public Health Program: FCHV Program FCHVs are local community women from various ethnic groups voluntarily serving as unpaid frontline local health resource persons who provide community- based health education and services in rural areas, with a special focus on maternal and child health. It is the representative example of how philanthropic Nepalese are for their country. They are the backbone of health system in Nepal. They provide their voluntary service by visiting every household in community.
  63. GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT 45 GDP: $36.7 Billion GDP Per Capita:$1549 Source: CIA world Fact
  64. MAIN I N D U S T R I E S 46
  65. E X P O R T S E x p o r t g o o d s : carpets, clothing, leather goods, jute,goods, grain, herbs, tea, coffee, steel, Cement etc 47 40% 4% 0.25% 56% Sales India USA China Others
  66. I m p o r t s I m p o r t g o o d s : gold, machinery and equipment, petroleum product,Software,InformationTechnology,Furniture,Clothes etc Sourc: Government of Nepal. 48
  67. CURRENCY 1RMB=19.5 Rupees September 30, 2016 49
  68. AGRICULTURAL S T A T U S Features of Nepalese Agriculture...        Small, extremely diverse and landlocked Nepal confronts special development challenges in the face of climate change. Its topography determines that only less than 20% of its land is cultivable Yet about 33.1 % of its GDP and more than 50 % of its export depend on agriculture Main source of food, income and employment for the great Majority (65.7% of the population) Monsoon dependent and under developed Mixed farming system with domination of small holder farmers (About 60% farmers) Low level of public and private investment 50
  72. TOURISM Nepal is the country where Mount Everest, the highest mountain peak in the world, is located. Mountaineering and other types of adventure tourism and ecotourism are important attractions for visitors. 54
  73. Mounteering……………..
  74. Paragliding……..
  75. Rafting……….
  76. Bungee Jumping…………
  77. Ultra Light Flight………
  78. Zip Lines in mountain……
  79. Mountain Cycling…….
  81. KATHMANDU September 30, 2016 55
  82. BHAKTPUR September 30, 2016 56
  83. LALITPUR 57
  84. POKHARA 58
  85. CHITWAN 59
  86. LUMBINI (BIRTH PLACE OF LORD BUDDHA) 60 September 30, 2016
  87. NAMCHE BAZAR September 30, 2016 61
  88. Mount Everest Entry Point
  89. TRIBHUVAN I N T E R N A T I O N A L A I R P O R T 63
  90. Nepal: A mesmerizing destination for tourism
  91. NEPAL- CHINA RELATION The relationship of Nepal and China is as old as history. These two are the neighboring countries in good relationship since pre-historical period. These two countries have engaged in cooperative and intimate relationship regarding religious, cultural, economic, social and political aspects since the centuries. The holy birth place of Lord Buddha, Lumbini initiated with the Manjushree's visit to Nepal has become the site o f attraction for Buddhist in studying and visiting fo r two thousand years. In this context, Chinese pilgrims like Faxian's and Xuan zang's fifth century visit to Lumbini and Nepali Buddhist Scholars like Buddhabhadra Shakya's effo rt in spreading Buddhist Buddhism in China is "noteworthy". Likewise, Nepali princess Bhrikuti's engagement to chinese Tibetan King Songsten Gampo and artist Arniko's move to construct Nepali architecture in Tibbet China and Inside in China are also mention worthy. 64 M a h a M a n j u s h r e e
  92. NEPAL- CHINA RELATION Generally, Nepal-China relation bloomed politically and diplomatically after the establishment of People's Republic of China. More especially, the locus of Nepal-China relationship begins with the diplomatic relationship established in 1955. After this intimacy with China, Nepal has been Advocating for China in UN. 65
  93. NEPAL- CHINA RELATION In the same vein, Nepal has been insisting upon the issues of regional autonomy and human rights of China constantly. Inclination of Nepal to the "One- China" policy is the aftermath of such sprite. We Nepali people, Nepal government, Nepalese political parties are wholeheartedly determined to the "One China Policy". 66
  94. EXCHANGE OF BILATERAL VISITS 68 Priminister Chou En Lai and Tanka Prasad Acharya in1956, Beijing
  95. EXCHANGE OF BILATERAL VISITS 69 Priminister B.P. Koirala and Chairman Mao 1956, Beijing
  96. EXCHANGE OF BILATERAL VISITS 70 King Mahendra and Chairman Mao 1 9 6 1 in Beijing
  97. EXCHANGE OF BILATERAL VISITS 71 Chairman Mao and King Birendra 1973 in Beijing
  98. EXCHANGE OF BILATERAL VISITS 72 King Gyanendra and President Hu Jintao 2005 in Beijing
  99. EXCHANGE OF BILATERAL VISITS 73 Priminister Puspa Kamal D a h a l and Priminister Wen Jiabao 2008 in Beijing
  100. EXCHANGE OF BILATERAL VISITS 74 President Dr. Ram Baran Yadav and President Xi Jinping 2015 in China
  101. EXCHANGE OF BILATERAL VISITS 76 Priminister Chou En Lai 1957 in Kathmandu
  102. EXCHANGE OF BILATERAL VISITS 77 King Birendra and Senior Leader Deng Xiao Ping 1 9 7 8 in Kathmandu
  103. EXCHANGE OF BILATERAL VISITS 78 Priminister Wen Jiabao and Priminister Dr. Baburam B h a t t a r a i 2 0 1 2 inKathmandu
  104. OUTCOMES FROM EXCHANGE OF BILATERAL VISITS 1. Joint statement on the Establishment of Diplomatic relations, Kathmandu, August 1, 1955 2. Agreement to maintain friendly relations and on trade and intercourse, Kathmandu, September 20, 1956. 3. Joint statement on talks for the maintenance of friendly relations etc., Kathmandu. 4. Treaty of Peace and Friendship, Kathmandu. 5. Nepal-China Economic Co-operation Economic Aid Agreement . 6. Sino-Nepal Boundary Agreement. 7. Boundary Treaty. 8. Agreement on Economic, Kathmandu. 9. Nepal-China Trade Agreement. 79
  107. Pokhara International Airport
  108. Nepal-China C u l t u r a l and Ed ucational Council (NCCEC) Nepal-China Cultural and Educational Council (NCCEC) was established in June 2009, which is a friendly organization of Nepalese scholars, professionals, China graduated experts and well wishers of China. It is a completely Non governmental, Non-profitable and Non-political intellectual friendship organization working for goodwill and friendship with China. 82
  109. Nepal-China C u l t u r a l and Ed ucational Council (NCCEC) NCCEC is a very unique society in the way to link with china in the area of education, culture, religion and tourism etc. NCCEC has been doing its best to boost our relation by several organizing different friendship programs. Since its establishment, council has always been contributing to full extent to extend our relation at people to people level. council believes that through different activities relating education and culture will further deepen our relationship from one generation to another. 87
  110. My Impressions about China Massive malls absolutely everywhere Excellent public transportation - so cheap and easy to use All the people I’ve met were absolutely lovely and extremely helpful. Also, there are so many older people in the parks, exercising or dancing, which is refreshing to see.  Almost all of the restaurants I came across in China served Chinese food. As a tiny woman travelling alone I felt quite safe, even at night in less populated areas. I generally view Chinese as having very productive culture, and I thought their subway system was very well planned and that the roads and highways generally seemed to be in good condition with very little construction work going on.
  111. My Impressions about China…………  I also impressed and appreciated how they decorate the medians and sides of roads with plants and flowers to add more color to the city. Everywhere I go, I see government employees working to keep the city looking nice. The architecture here is so different from what I am used to  Another surprising thing is that every Chinese people for eating everything else except liquid diet uses chop sticks beautifully which I tried but took around half an hour to pick same amount of food which they could take within 5 minutes. Centre of etiquette Well developed and managed country with robust economic bedrock and sovereignty.
  112. My Impressions about China…………. Lack of interest in foreign language because they pride of their native language. I am very much impressed and liked this character. While travelling outside, I can’t stop looking out of my taxi/bus window as I tend to get mesmerized with marvelous sceneries . An exclusive center of excellence in providing quality education to Chinese and foreign students. The hub of educational, industrial, techno-digital ,cultural and economical paradigm. Paradigm and Benchmark of successful Communism.
  113. Contributors to adorn this presentation……. BISHWESHWAR PRASAD BHATT (PRESENTER) MAN SINGH OLI PARAMESHWAR SAH
  114. Thank you and xie xie ni for your attention!! NAMASTE Long Live Nepal-China Friendship 88