The EU Dimension in Intellectual Capital – Treaties and the Acquis Communautaire Birsemin Jurgens Chemist/Quality Control ...
Contents <ul><li>What actually is the EU Acquis Communautaire? </li></ul><ul><li>Why it is unique for Turkey as far as the...
What actually is the EU Acquis Communautaire? <ul><li>The ‘acquis communautaire’ can best be described as being constantly...
What actually is the EU Acquis Communautaire? <ul><li>In size it amounts to more than 80 000 pages of legislation </li></u...
Why it is unique for Turkey as far as the number of chapters is concerned <ul><li>The acquis has been divided into ‘chapte...
Why it is unique for Turkey as far as the number of chapters is concerned/IC may be hidden in most! <ul><li>Free movement ...
Opened and closed acquis chapters for Turkey as a CC up until today <ul><li>Last Updated on 6 November 2008    </li></ul><...
<ul><li>Screening Reports Approved at the Council of the European Union And Negotiations are to be Opened:       17) Econo...
<ul><li>Draft Screening Reports are to be Approved at the Council of the European Union:     2) Freedom of Movement of Wor...
The Consolidated EU Treaties <ul><li>The treaties constitute the European Union’s ‘primary legislation’, which is comparab...
Primary and secondary EU legislation <ul><li>At present, the Treaty of Nice is in force as the Treaty of Lisbon has not as...
Primary and secondary EU legislation <ul><li>Treaties </li></ul><ul><li>International Agreements </li></ul><ul><li>Seconda...
Legal instruments according to relevance <ul><li>Regulation </li></ul><ul><li>Adopted by the Council in conjunction with t...
Legal instruments according tor relevance <ul><li>Directive </li></ul><ul><li>Adopted by the Council in conjunction with t...
Legal instruments according tor relevance <ul><li>Decision  </li></ul><ul><li>Adopted either by the Council, by the Counci...
The acquis and intellectual capital <ul><li>My task was to establish the state-of-the-art about EU legislation on intellec...
The acquis and intellectual capital <ul><li>I approached this study by focusing on intellectual capital and EU case law fi...
The acquis and intellectual capital <ul><li>Pathway number 1:  www.europa.eu , Documents, Case Law, Search, Fields or (wor...
The acquis and intellectual capital <ul><li>We understand that IC is mentioned in legal documents but does not seem to hav...
The acquis and intellectual capital <ul><li>As part of this analytical examination we must dismantle the acquis further: <...
The acquis and intellectual capital <ul><li>www.europa.eu , Documents, EUR-LEX, general search on IC = 29 entries, but no ...
The acquis and intellectual capital <ul><li>www.abgs.gov.tr , English, Screening, Chapter 7 Explanatory Meeting, Country S...
The acquis and human capital <ul><li>Similar search yields results: there are 47 secondary EU legislation based entries on...
Does TEPEK have to be embedded in the acquis or not? <ul><li>We found legislation incorporating human capital references b...
Does TEPEK have to be embedded in the acquis or not? <ul><li>We would need to find out which aspects of IC and TEPEK would...
Does TEPEK have to be embedded in the acquis or not? <ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Lifelong learning </li></ul><ul><...
Glossary <ul><li>ABGS/EUGS: Turkish EU Secretariat General </li></ul><ul><li>CC: Candidate Country </li></ul><ul><li>Counc...
Acknowledgements <ul><li>Process and Players, EU </li></ul><ul><li>www.europa.eu </li></ul><ul><li>www.abgs.gov.tr </li></...
Bio <ul><li>METU Graduate </li></ul><ul><li>Chemist and Quality Control Expert </li></ul><ul><li>Professional experience U...
Contact details <ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Çok teşekkür ederim – Thank you </li></ul>
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The Eu Dimension In Intellectual Capital – Treaties And The Acquis Communautaire

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The Eu Dimension In Intellectual Capital – Treaties And The Acquis Communautaire

  1. 1. The EU Dimension in Intellectual Capital – Treaties and the Acquis Communautaire Birsemin Jurgens Chemist/Quality Control Expert TEPEK Train the Trainers Seminar November the 24 th 2008 Ankara, Turkey
  2. 2. Contents <ul><li>What actually is the EU Acquis Communautaire? </li></ul><ul><li>Why it is unique for Turkey as far as the number of chapters is concerned </li></ul><ul><li>Opened and closed chapters up until today </li></ul><ul><li>The Consolidated EU Treaties </li></ul><ul><li>Primary and secondary EU legislation </li></ul><ul><li>Legal instruments according to relevance </li></ul><ul><li>The acquis and intellectual capital </li></ul><ul><li>The acquis and human capital </li></ul><ul><li>Does TEPEK have to be embedded in the acquis or not? </li></ul>
  3. 3. What actually is the EU Acquis Communautaire? <ul><li>The ‘acquis communautaire’ can best be described as being constantly in motion </li></ul><ul><li>It had a starting point but can never reach a final destination </li></ul><ul><li>It refers to something the European Union jointly collected over time </li></ul><ul><li>This ‘collection’ is the totality of European Union Law, or in other words, the ‘body of EU Law’ </li></ul>
  4. 4. What actually is the EU Acquis Communautaire? <ul><li>In size it amounts to more than 80 000 pages of legislation </li></ul><ul><li>It is printed in all working languages of the European Union </li></ul><ul><li>It has to be translated into the language of a Candidate Country such as Turkish </li></ul><ul><li>Most parts of the acquis can not be negotiated – what can be negotiated is how and when to transpose it </li></ul>
  5. 5. Why it is unique for Turkey as far as the number of chapters is concerned <ul><li>The acquis has been divided into ‘chapters’ </li></ul><ul><li>These chapters are similar to the acquis itself - not finite but constantly in motion as and when new legislation is added </li></ul><ul><li>Every candidate country has different economic and societal realities </li></ul><ul><li>Hence, every CC may require an adaptation of some or all of the acquis </li></ul><ul><li>Some countries may have 31, other 35 chapters to comply with </li></ul>
  6. 6. Why it is unique for Turkey as far as the number of chapters is concerned/IC may be hidden in most! <ul><li>Free movement of goods </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of movement for workers </li></ul><ul><li>Right of establishment and freedom to provide services </li></ul><ul><li>Free movement of capital </li></ul><ul><li>Public procurement </li></ul><ul><li>Company law </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual property law </li></ul><ul><li>Competition policy </li></ul><ul><li>Financial services </li></ul><ul><li>Information society and media </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture and rural development </li></ul><ul><li>Food safety, veterinary and phytosanitary policy </li></ul><ul><li>Fisheries </li></ul><ul><li>Transport policy </li></ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Taxation </li></ul><ul><li>Economic and monetary policy </li></ul><ul><li>Statistics </li></ul><ul><li>Social policy and employment (including anti-discrimination and equal opportunities for women and men) </li></ul><ul><li>Enterprise and industrial policy </li></ul><ul><li>Trans-European networks </li></ul><ul><li>Regional policy and coordination of structural instruments </li></ul><ul><li>Judiciary and fundamental rights </li></ul><ul><li>Justice, freedom and security </li></ul><ul><li>Science and research </li></ul><ul><li>Education and culture </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Consumer and health protection </li></ul><ul><li>Customs union </li></ul><ul><li>External relations </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign, security and defence policy </li></ul><ul><li>Financial control </li></ul><ul><li>Financial and budgetary provisions </li></ul><ul><li>Institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Other issues </li></ul>
  7. 7. Opened and closed acquis chapters for Turkey as a CC up until today <ul><li>Last Updated on 6 November 2008  </li></ul><ul><li>Opened and Provisionally Closed:     25) Science and Research </li></ul><ul><li>Opened:     6) Company Law     7) Intellectual Property Law     18) Statistics     20) Enterprise and Industrial Policy     21) Trans-European Networks     28) Consumer and Health Protection     32) Financial Control </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Screening Reports Approved at the Council of the European Union And Negotiations are to be Opened:     17) Economic and Monteray Policy     26) Education and Culture </li></ul><ul><li>Chapters Waiting for the Submission of Turkey's Negotiation Position Paper:     4) Free Movement of Capital     10) Information Society and Media </li></ul><ul><li>Screening Reports Approved at the Council of the European Union with Benchmarks:     1) Free Movement of Goods       3) Right of Establisment and Freedom to Provide Services     5) Public Procurement     8) Competition Policy     9) Financial Services     11) Agriculture and Rural Development     12) Food Safety, Veterinary and Phytosanitary Policy     16) Taxation     19) Social Policy and Employment     27) Environment     29) Customs Union </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Draft Screening Reports are to be Approved at the Council of the European Union:     2) Freedom of Movement of Workers     13) Fisheries     14) Transport Policy     15) Energy     22) Regional Policy and Coordination of Structural Instruments     23) Judiciary and Fundemental Rights     24) Justice, Freedom and Security     30) External Relations     33) Financial and Budgetary Provisions </li></ul><ul><li>Screening Reports have not been dreafted yet:     31) Foreign, Security and Defence Policy </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Consolidated EU Treaties <ul><li>The treaties constitute the European Union’s ‘primary legislation’, which is comparable to constitutional law at national level. They thus lay down the fundamental features of the Union, in particular the responsibilities of the various actors in the decision-making process, the legislative procedures , under the Community system and the powers conferred on them. The treaties themselves are the subject of direct negotiations between the governments of the Member States, after which they have to be ratified in accordance with the procedures applying at national level (in principle by the national parliaments or by referendum) </li></ul><ul><li>(Process and Players, EU) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Primary and secondary EU legislation <ul><li>At present, the Treaty of Nice is in force as the Treaty of Lisbon has not as yet been ratified by all member states </li></ul><ul><li>While the treaties are not as such negotiated chapter by chapter during Turkey’s EU accession process its contents do form part and parcel of the negotiations and are part of the acquis </li></ul>
  12. 12. Primary and secondary EU legislation <ul><li>Treaties </li></ul><ul><li>International Agreements </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary Legislation </li></ul><ul><li>Case Law </li></ul><ul><li>= the acquis, the body of EU Law </li></ul><ul><li>Example for Case Law: Public Procurement in Austria </li></ul><ul><li>A town hall did not publish a tender as required by EU law. A competitor alerts the EU Commission. Austria is taken to Court not the town hall as member states must transpose the acquis with regards to a Directive which is one of the three legal instruments the EU has at its disposal </li></ul>
  13. 13. Legal instruments according to relevance <ul><li>Regulation </li></ul><ul><li>Adopted by the Council in conjunction with the European Parliament or by the Commission alone, a regulation is a general measure that is binding in all its parts. Unlike directives , which are addressed to the Member States, and decisions , which are for specified recipients, regulations are addressed to everyone. </li></ul><ul><li>A regulation is directly applicable, which means that it creates law which takes immediate effect in all the Member States in the same way as a national instrument, without any further action on the part of the national authorities. </li></ul><ul><li>(Source: Process and Players, EU; next two and this slide) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Legal instruments according tor relevance <ul><li>Directive </li></ul><ul><li>Adopted by the Council in conjunction with the European Parliament or by the Commission alone, a directive is addressed to the Member States. Its main purpose is to align national legislation. </li></ul><ul><li>A directive is binding on the Member States as to the result to be achieved but leaves them the choice of the form and method they adopt to realise the Community objectives within the framework of their internal legal order. </li></ul><ul><li>If a directive has not been transposed into national legislation in a Member State, if it has been transposed incompletely or if there is a delay in transposing it, citizens can directly invoke the directive in question before the national courts. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Legal instruments according tor relevance <ul><li>Decision </li></ul><ul><li>Adopted either by the Council, by the Council in conjunction with the European Parliament or by the Commission, a decision is the instrument by which the Community institutions give a ruling on a particular matter. By means of a decision, the institutions can require a Member State or a citizen of the Union to take or refrain from taking a particular action, or confer rights or impose obligations on a Member State or a citizen. </li></ul><ul><li>A decision is: an individual measure, and the persons to whom it is addressed must be specified individually, which distinguishes a decision from a regulation , binding in its entirety. </li></ul>
  16. 16. The acquis and intellectual capital <ul><li>My task was to establish the state-of-the-art about EU legislation on intellectual capital and whether it exists in the first place </li></ul><ul><li>We need to examine the EU acquis </li></ul><ul><li>We have to analyze treaties, secondary legislation, case law as well as international agreements </li></ul><ul><li>There are tools at hand to facilitate our desk study </li></ul>
  17. 17. The acquis and intellectual capital <ul><li>I approached this study by focusing on intellectual capital and EU case law first </li></ul><ul><li>In case of dispute over the subject and a court case we would have an immediate summary of current law(s) about IC </li></ul><ul><li>Let me run you trough the databases </li></ul>
  18. 18. The acquis and intellectual capital <ul><li>Pathway number 1: www.europa.eu , Documents, Case Law, Search, Fields or (words in) Text, Words in text = I C </li></ul><ul><li>Results: 60 entries in text on IC but no individual judgement about IC! </li></ul><ul><li>7 entries linking Intellectual Property Rights with IC but again no individual judgement on IC </li></ul>
  19. 19. The acquis and intellectual capital <ul><li>We understand that IC is mentioned in legal documents but does not seem to have its own legislation as such </li></ul><ul><li>When searching for it we have to scrutinize chapters ranging from IPR to Free Movement of Goods </li></ul><ul><li>In other words we need an analytical examination of the acquis </li></ul>
  20. 20. The acquis and intellectual capital <ul><li>As part of this analytical examination we must dismantle the acquis further: </li></ul><ul><li>www.europa.eu , Documents, EUR-LEX, Treaties, Consolidated Treaties (Nice), pdf.-document, keyword search on IC: no entry </li></ul><ul><li>Please remember to spell IC as Intellectual Capital! </li></ul>
  21. 21. The acquis and intellectual capital <ul><li>www.europa.eu , Documents, EUR-LEX, general search on IC = 29 entries, but no law on IC, only resolutions on economic policies et cetera </li></ul><ul><li>www.europa.eu , Documents, EUR-LEX, Search all legislation, IC as individual keyword = no entry </li></ul><ul><li>The difference between EUROVOC and your own personal choice of keywords </li></ul>
  22. 22. The acquis and intellectual capital <ul><li>www.abgs.gov.tr , English, Screening, Chapter 7 Explanatory Meeting, Country Session = IC not mentioned </li></ul><ul><li>End of search or rather not: transfer effort to establish a linkage between either IPR and IC or IC and Human Capital </li></ul>
  23. 23. The acquis and human capital <ul><li>Similar search yields results: there are 47 secondary EU legislation based entries on Human Capital </li></ul><ul><li>2008/618/EC: Council Decision of 15 July 2008 on guidelines for the employment policies of the Member States </li></ul><ul><li>  OJ L 198, 26.7.2008, p. 47–54 </li></ul><ul><li>32008R0452 Regulation (EC) No 452/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2008 concerning the production and development of statistics on education and lifelong learning </li></ul>
  24. 24. Does TEPEK have to be embedded in the acquis or not? <ul><li>We found legislation incorporating human capital references but no individual legislation about it </li></ul><ul><li>There is likewise no independent legislation about intellectual capital </li></ul><ul><li>Opinions and resolutions as well as recommendations are not necessarily to be taken as a future legislation </li></ul><ul><li>Hence, the acquis does NOT have a coherent position on either HC or IC </li></ul>
  25. 25. Does TEPEK have to be embedded in the acquis or not? <ul><li>We would need to find out which aspects of IC and TEPEK would be facilitated if IC enters the acquis domain </li></ul><ul><li>A CC would need to fully comply with it in that case </li></ul><ul><li>How many acquis chapters could benefit from introducing IC more formally? </li></ul><ul><li>What can we extract from TEPEK by using IC in order to decide whether a legislative framework would be beneficial? </li></ul>
  26. 26. Does TEPEK have to be embedded in the acquis or not? <ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Lifelong learning </li></ul><ul><li>Management </li></ul><ul><li>University modules </li></ul><ul><li>Regional responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Value adding </li></ul><ul><li>SME Financing Criteria </li></ul><ul><li>Right of establishment </li></ul><ul><li>Who ‘owns’ individual IC, can it be owned by anyone except for the ‘original owner’ </li></ul><ul><li>The list is not exhaustive… </li></ul>
  27. 27. Glossary <ul><li>ABGS/EUGS: Turkish EU Secretariat General </li></ul><ul><li>CC: Candidate Country </li></ul><ul><li>Council of Ministers: EU Institution </li></ul><ul><li>EEC/EC: European (Economic) Communities </li></ul><ul><li>EU: European Union after Maastricht </li></ul><ul><li>EUR-LEX: EU Law depository </li></ul><ul><li>MS: Member State of the EU </li></ul><ul><li>NMS: New Member State of the EU </li></ul>
  28. 28. Acknowledgements <ul><li>Process and Players, EU </li></ul><ul><li>www.europa.eu </li></ul><ul><li>www.abgs.gov.tr </li></ul><ul><li>K IC 1.2 (SPICE materials) </li></ul><ul><li>Seval İşik, ABGS </li></ul><ul><li>http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acquis_communautaire </li></ul>
  29. 29. Bio <ul><li>METU Graduate </li></ul><ul><li>Chemist and Quality Control Expert </li></ul><ul><li>Professional experience UK, DE, TR </li></ul><ul><li>EU Joint Research Centre: Chemical Legislation Workshop, Study Visit for SEE Ministry Officials </li></ul><ul><li>TUBITAK Project Management Training </li></ul><ul><li>REACH (EU chemical legislation) </li></ul>
  30. 30. Contact details <ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Çok teşekkür ederim – Thank you </li></ul>

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