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The tale of a tail:
About markets, on-farm diversity and
diets in rural households
Mauricio R. Bellon and Gervais Ntandou-...
Three Dimensions of Agricultural Biodiversity
Dietary diversity
On-farm diversity Market diversity
Self-consumption
Sale
P...
Plant species diversity by number of
households (grown and collected)
in southern Benin
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
Zeama...
Plant species diversity by number of
households (grown and collected) in
southern Benin
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
Zeama...
Plant species diversity by number of
households (grown and collected)
in southern Benin
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
Zeama...
Plant species diversity by number of
households (grown and collected)
in southern Benin
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
Zeama...
Conclusions
• The “tail” presents opportunities to improve the
diets, incomes and resilience of
mothers, children and thei...
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The tale of the tail about markets, on-farm diversity and diets in rural households

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A presentation by Mauricio R. Bellon and Gervais Ntandou-Bouzitou. Find out more about this here: http://www.bioversityinternational.org/making_a_difference/stories-of-progress/showing-diversity-counts/

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The tale of the tail about markets, on-farm diversity and diets in rural households

  1. 1. The tale of a tail: About markets, on-farm diversity and diets in rural households Mauricio R. Bellon and Gervais Ntandou-Bouzitou
  2. 2. Three Dimensions of Agricultural Biodiversity Dietary diversity On-farm diversity Market diversity Self-consumption Sale Purchase Income Food security & dietary quality Ecosystem & Evolutionary Services determinants determinants determinants Information flow
  3. 3. Plant species diversity by number of households (grown and collected) in southern Benin 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 ZeamaysL. ManihotesculentaCrantz Vignaunguiculata(L.)Walp. ElaeisguineensisJacq. SolanummacrocarponL. Musaspp ArachishypogaeaL. CorchorusolitoriusL. SolanumlycopersicumL. Musaspp Ananascomosus(L.)Merr. Capsicumspp MangiferaindicaL. VernoniaamygdalinaDelile Ipomoeabatatas(L.)Lam. AmaranthuscruentusL. CelosiaargenteaL. Abelmoschusesculentus CitrussinensisOsbeck Glycinemax(L.)Merr. VitexdonianaSweet MoringaoleiferaLam. CaricapapayaL. PsidiumguajavaL. AnacardiumoccidentaleL. Colocasiaesculenta(L.)Schott Dioscoreaspp Irvingiagabonensisvar.… Sorghumbicolor(L.)Moench Vignasubterranea(L.)Verdc. OcimumgratissimumL. Citruslemon(L.)Burm.f. Cajanuscajan(L.)Millsp. Chrysophyllumalbidum Launaeataraxacifolia Parkiabiglobosa(Jacq.)G.Don Crassocephalumspp AnnonamuricataL. PerseaamericanaP.Mill. Solanumaethiopicum Stachytarphetaindica Citrusmaxima(Burm.)Merrill SaccharumofficinarumL. Source: Bellon and Ntandou-Bouzitou , unpublished data. Total number of species= 43 Grown/collected > 50% of hh= 2 Grown/collected > 10% of hh= 18 Grown/collected< 10% of hh= 25 The tail
  4. 4. Plant species diversity by number of households (grown and collected) in southern Benin 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 ZeamaysL. ManihotesculentaCrantz Vignaunguiculata(L.)Walp. ElaeisguineensisJacq. SolanummacrocarponL. Musaspp ArachishypogaeaL. CorchorusolitoriusL. SolanumlycopersicumL. Musaspp Ananascomosus(L.)Merr. Capsicumspp MangiferaindicaL. VernoniaamygdalinaDelile Ipomoeabatatas(L.)Lam. AmaranthuscruentusL. CelosiaargenteaL. Abelmoschusesculentus CitrussinensisOsbeck Glycinemax(L.)Merr. VitexdonianaSweet MoringaoleiferaLam. CaricapapayaL. PsidiumguajavaL. AnacardiumoccidentaleL. Colocasiaesculenta(L.)Schott Dioscoreaspp Irvingiagabonensisvar.… Sorghumbicolor(L.)Moench Vignasubterranea(L.)Verdc. OcimumgratissimumL. Citruslemon(L.)Burm.f. Cajanuscajan(L.)Millsp. Chrysophyllumalbidum Launaeataraxacifolia Parkiabiglobosa(Jacq.)G.Don Crassocephalumspp AnnonamuricataL. PerseaamericanaP.Mill. Solanumaethiopicum Stachytarphetaindica Citrusmaxima(Burm.)Merrill SaccharumofficinarumL. Conventional Focus Source: Bellon and Ntandou-Bouzitou , unpublished data. Ignored
  5. 5. Plant species diversity by number of households (grown and collected) in southern Benin 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 ZeamaysL. ManihotesculentaCrantz Vignaunguiculata(L.)Walp. ElaeisguineensisJacq. SolanummacrocarponL. Musaspp ArachishypogaeaL. CorchorusolitoriusL. SolanumlycopersicumL. Musaspp Ananascomosus(L.)Merr. Capsicumspp MangiferaindicaL. VernoniaamygdalinaDelile Ipomoeabatatas(L.)Lam. AmaranthuscruentusL. CelosiaargenteaL. Abelmoschusesculentus CitrussinensisOsbeck Glycinemax(L.)Merr. VitexdonianaSweet MoringaoleiferaLam. CaricapapayaL. PsidiumguajavaL. AnacardiumoccidentaleL. Colocasiaesculenta(L.)Schott Dioscoreaspp Irvingiagabonensisvar.… Sorghumbicolor(L.)Moench Vignasubterranea(L.)Verdc. OcimumgratissimumL. Citruslemon(L.)Burm.f. Cajanuscajan(L.)Millsp. Chrysophyllumalbidum Launaeataraxacifolia Parkiabiglobosa(Jacq.)G.Don Crassocephalumspp AnnonamuricataL. PerseaamericanaP.Mill. Solanumaethiopicum Stachytarphetaindica Citrusmaxima(Burm.)Merrill SaccharumofficinarumL. Source: Bellon and Ntandou-Bouzitou , unpublished data. Opportunities to improve diets, income, resilience
  6. 6. Plant species diversity by number of households (grown and collected) in southern Benin 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 ZeamaysL. ManihotesculentaCrantz Vignaunguiculata(L.)Walp. ElaeisguineensisJacq. SolanummacrocarponL. Musaspp ArachishypogaeaL. CorchorusolitoriusL. SolanumlycopersicumL. Musaspp Ananascomosus(L.)Merr. Capsicumspp MangiferaindicaL. VernoniaamygdalinaDelile Ipomoeabatatas(L.)Lam. AmaranthuscruentusL. CelosiaargenteaL. Abelmoschusesculentus CitrussinensisOsbeck Glycinemax(L.)Merr. VitexdonianaSweet MoringaoleiferaLam. CaricapapayaL. PsidiumguajavaL. AnacardiumoccidentaleL. Colocasiaesculenta(L.)Schott Dioscoreaspp Irvingiagabonensisvar.… Sorghumbicolor(L.)Moench Vignasubterranea(L.)Verdc. OcimumgratissimumL. Citruslemon(L.)Burm.f. Cajanuscajan(L.)Millsp. Chrysophyllumalbidum Launaeataraxacifolia Parkiabiglobosa(Jacq.)G.Don Crassocephalumspp AnnonamuricataL. PerseaamericanaP.Mill. Solanumaethiopicum Stachytarphetaindica Citrusmaxima(Burm.)Merrill SaccharumofficinarumL. Source: Bellon and Ntandou-Bouzitou , unpublished data. Interventions that move key species with potential to the left
  7. 7. Conclusions • The “tail” presents opportunities to improve the diets, incomes and resilience of mothers, children and their households • Need to build on local diversification strategies • Local markets are essential • Need to improve functioning of markets • Take into account the diversity of species traded in markets and build on it as source of food and income

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