Investing in Community-based Resilience of SocioEcological Production Landscapes and Seascapes
Diana Salvemini, COMDEKS Pr...
Presentation outline









UNDP’s Approach: Integrated Development at National, Sub-national and Local levels

Green, Low Emissions Climate Resilient...
Working towards Socio-Ecological Production Landscapes

UNDP and the community-based landscape approach:
An effective way ...
The Landscape Approach: biodiversity dependent ecosystem services
for low emissions, climate resilient development

protec...
Diverse landscape challenges require locally adapted solutions

Steung Siem Reap
Watershed, Cambodia

Gilgel Gibe catchmen...
COMDEKS Implementation Status
The Community Development and Knowledge Management for
the Satoyama Initiative Project
Goal ...
Landscape Methodology and Framework
Enhancing community resilience and sustainability at landscape level
through adaptive ...
Examples of landscape outcomes and type of supported activities

Ecosystem
services
Biodiversity
Disaster Risk
Management
...
UNDP small grants delivery mechanism:
a fast and effective way to empower communities & catalyze change
Multistakeholder
c...
Capturing resilience in socio-ecological production landscapes
• Indicators for Resilience in SEPLS: on
going collaboratio...
Agricultural Biodiversity – Resilience Indicators

AGRICULTURAL BIODIVERSITY
5. Maintenance, documentation
and conservatio...
Piloting SEPLS Indicators: lessons learned
 Well received by participants; successfully engaged stakeholders in assessing...
COMDEKS mapping exercise: Turkey
COMDEKS mapping exercise: India
COMDEKS PHOTOSTORY
Promoting Resilience of Socio-ecological Production Landscapes - Tukombo-Kande, Malawi

(click image to...
Piloting SEPLS Indicators: cont.
Ethiopia:
Gilgel Gibe 1 Catchment

Ghana:
The Weto Range

Turkey:
Datça-Bozburun Peninsul...
Thank you!
For additional information:
Please visit: comdeksproject.com
Contact person:
diana.salvemini@undp.org
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Investing in Community-based Resilience of Socio-Ecological Production Landscapes and Seascapes

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Presentation by Diana Salvemini, COMDEKS Project Manager (UNDP-GEF).

This was presented during a seminar hosted at Bioversity International on 'The Indicators of Resilience in Socio-Ecological Production Landscapes and Seascapes (SEPLS)' in January 2014.

Find out more: http://www.bioversityinternational.org/research-portfolio/agricultural-ecosystems/landscapes/

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  • Pictures from COMDEKS Turkey, CBA, COMDEKS India and COMDEKS Cambodia. Activities can include both the revival of traditional conservation and production practices and the adoption and development of new techniques. - Examples of possible eligible projects include: forest restoration activities (berms, bunds, terraces, gully plugs, etc., in order to enhance landscape connectivity and increase landscape resilience; reforestation of tropical hillsides, riparian forests and mangroves, rangeland rehabilitation and improved pasture management, restoration of wetlands, peatlands, watersheds and coral reefs, re-vegetation in drylands; protecting and enhancing ecosystem services such as water flows and water quality through restoration of forest patches and soil and water retention infrastructure; diversification of agricultural landscapes (agroforestry), diversification of production systems (cultivation of a higher diversity of crops and varieties and crop-livestock-trees integration; low-input agriculture, soil conservation and improved water management and water efficiency (mulching, cover crops, rainwater harvesting, re-vegetation, fallow, intercropping, crop rotation; adjustments in crop and herd management (changes in crop and herd management); use of stress-tolerant and fast maturing crop species and varieties, and stress tolerance improvement through farmers’ selection and participatory plant breeding; and other activities supporting diversification of livelihoods.
  • Communities Resilience and Sustainability team: theory of change currently under discussion.
  • Picture: COMDEKS Nepal - Manhari bazar with bufferzone of Parsa wildlife and Chitwan National park Southern Boundary
  • Investing in Community-based Resilience of Socio-Ecological Production Landscapes and Seascapes

    1. 1. Investing in Community-based Resilience of SocioEcological Production Landscapes and Seascapes Diana Salvemini, COMDEKS Project Manager (UNDP-GEF) Rome, Seminars on Indicators Research, January 2014
    2. 2. Presentation outline      
    3. 3. UNDP’s Approach: Integrated Development at National, Sub-national and Local levels Green, Low Emissions Climate Resilient Strategies National • Formulation of Green, LowEmission and Climate Resilient Development Strategies Subnational • State-Level or municipal LECRDS. Local 3 • Community resilience and sustainability landscape strategies
    4. 4. Working towards Socio-Ecological Production Landscapes UNDP and the community-based landscape approach: An effective way of building social capital to increase socio-ecological resilience, by integrating biodiversity conservation, ecosystem services and sustainable agriculture across the landscape while providing sustainable livelihoods and resilient growth. 4
    5. 5. The Landscape Approach: biodiversity dependent ecosystem services for low emissions, climate resilient development protected area protected area protected area community forest - reforestation multiple use low input agriculture soil conservation multicropping soil conservation soil conservation low input agriculture restricted use Introduction to the landscape approach low input agriculture Philippines
    6. 6. Diverse landscape challenges require locally adapted solutions Steung Siem Reap Watershed, Cambodia Gilgel Gibe catchment. Ethiopia Tukombo-Kande Nkhata Bay, Malawi Laborec Uh, Eastern Slovakia Lowlands Landscape of Uttarakhand, India West Makawanpur Nepal the Datça-Bozburun Peninsula , Turkey The Weto Landscape, Ghana Natewa Bay, Fiji
    7. 7. COMDEKS Implementation Status The Community Development and Knowledge Management for the Satoyama Initiative Project Goal  To develop sound biodiversity management and sustainable livelihood activities to increase community resilience and to maintain, rebuild, and revitalize socio-ecological production landscapes and seascapes (SEPLS) Implementing Agency  UNDP Delivery mechanism  UNDP-implemented GEF-SGP Countries  First Phase: Brazil, Cambodia, Ethiopia, Ghana, Fiji, India, Malawi, Nepal, Slovakia, and Turkey Second Phase: Bhutan, Cameroon, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Kyrgyzstan, Indonesia, Mongolia, Namibia and Niger Timeframe and Budget  5-year partnership programme; Japan Biodiversity Fund contributing with 10 million USD (2011-2016). www.comdeksproject.com Status  Currently under implementation in 20 countries (+ 80 projects)
    8. 8. Landscape Methodology and Framework Enhancing community resilience and sustainability at landscape level through adaptive management Local Planning Community consultation and Landscape Strategy Development Identifying, piloting and refining indicators for capturing landscape resilience Capacity Development Learning-bydoing through communitydriven innovations grants Facilitating knowledge and Learning Lessons learned through Case Study Development Adaptive Management Cycle Enhancing Resilience of SocioEcological Production Landscapes Up-scaling Coherent national and sub-national development policies and strategies
    9. 9. Examples of landscape outcomes and type of supported activities Ecosystem services Biodiversity Disaster Risk Management  Sustainable production practices that maintain land and water ecosystem services, and conserve biodiversity  Forest restoration activities  Soil conservation and improved water management  Ecosystem-based Adaptation Agro biodiversity and food security  Diversification of agricultural landscapes (agroforestry; multifunctionality)  Diversification of production systems (cultivation of a higher diversity of crops and varieties and croplivestock-trees integration)  Low-input agriculture; agroecology  Conservation of Plant Genetic Resources through sustainable use Alternative Livelihoods Landscape Governance  Activities that promote access to new markets for biodiversity-friendly products  Activities that promote participatory governance systems for making and implementing decisions affecting target landscapes  Activities that promote naturebased tourism initiatives generating income for local communities  Other activities supporting diversification of livelihoods.  Strengthening NGO and COB capacities for landscape governance and management  Promotion of networks for policy advocacy, learning, economies of scale
    10. 10. UNDP small grants delivery mechanism: a fast and effective way to empower communities & catalyze change Multistakeholder consultative process– strategy and programming Knowledge channeled back to communities, to networks of community organizations, to NSC and to policy makers Community organizations develop and submit project proposals Projects evaluated and lessons learned Decentralized decision making mechanism (NSC) approves proposals Funds delivered to communities and projects implemented and monitored 10
    11. 11. Capturing resilience in socio-ecological production landscapes • Indicators for Resilience in SEPLS: on going collaboration between UNDP, UNU-IAS and Bioversity International. • The indicators are currently being applied and tested in the COMDEKS project sites to help measure and understand the socio and ecological resilience of target landscapes. • Experiences and lessons learned to be compiled and analyzed to refine the overall approach and methodology for measuring resilience.  Resilience Indicator Toolkit (UNU, Bioversity Intl, IGES and UNDP) Four categories comprising 20 indicators: • Ecosystem services and biodiversity conservation • Agricultural biodiversity • Knowledge, learning and innovation • Social equity and infrastructure
    12. 12. Agricultural Biodiversity – Resilience Indicators AGRICULTURAL BIODIVERSITY 5. Maintenance, documentation and conservation of agricultural biodiversity in a community Are local crops, varieties and animal breeds used in a community? Is agricultural biodiversity documented and conserved in community classification systems and community seed banks? 5) Local crops, varieties and breeds (#) widely used, documented and conserved. Trend in the last 50 years ↑ steep upward trend ↗ slow/some increase 4) Local crops, varieties and breeds are used by some community members; documentation and conservation practices are weak. → No change ↘ slow/some decrease 3) Local crops, varieties and breed are used by few community members; documentation and conservation practices do not exist. ↓steep downward 2) Local crops, varieties and breeds are rare and used only by very few community members; documentation and conservation practices do not exist. 6. Diversity of local food system Do communities use a diversity of traditional and locally-produced foods, e.g. cereals, vegetables, fruits, nuts, wild plants, mushrooms, berries, fish and animals? 1) Local crops, varieties and breeds no longer found. 5) Locally-sourced foods abundant and widely used. 4) Locally-sourced foods available and used by some community members. ↑ steep upward trend ↗ slow/some increase → No change 3) Locally-sourced foods available and occasionally used. ↘ slow/some decrease 2) Variable availability and use of locally-sourced foods. ↓steep downward 1) Scarcity of locally sourced foods.
    13. 13. Piloting SEPLS Indicators: lessons learned  Well received by participants; successfully engaged stakeholders in assessing the status of their selected socio-ecological landscape linking socio-economic and ecological aspects.  Hand in hand with site and stakeholder scoping exercises, perceived as a good opportunity to identify community priorities, current state of the environment and socio-economic conditions and perceived threats and solutions.  Effective tool for reaching a common understanding and defining resilience strengthening strategies.  Importance of tailoring language and training content to meet capacity needs of participants.  The interactive mapping exercise and the use of photos of the landscape proved to be particularly successful in providing a spatial dimension to conservation priorities and encouraging relevant and practical solutions to landscape resilience.  Key role of the facilitator, and importance to engage local government authorities.  Importance to integrate gender perspectives in the community consultation and application of the indicators.  Room for improvement: scoring system; strengthening social indicators.
    14. 14. COMDEKS mapping exercise: Turkey
    15. 15. COMDEKS mapping exercise: India
    16. 16. COMDEKS PHOTOSTORY Promoting Resilience of Socio-ecological Production Landscapes - Tukombo-Kande, Malawi (click image to access the photostory) CCOMDEKS Mlawi
    17. 17. Piloting SEPLS Indicators: cont. Ethiopia: Gilgel Gibe 1 Catchment Ghana: The Weto Range Turkey: Datça-Bozburun Peninsula Check out the latest edition of our newsletter! Malawi: Tukombo-Kande
    18. 18. Thank you! For additional information: Please visit: comdeksproject.com Contact person: diana.salvemini@undp.org

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