Indicator approach to understanding resilience of Socio-ecological Production Landscapes and Seascapes (SEPLS)


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Presentation by Kaoru Ichikawa from UNU-IAS and the International Partnership for the Satoyama Initiative (IPSI).

This was presented during a seminar hosted at Bioversity International on 'The Indicators of Resilience in Socio-Ecological Production Landscapes and Seascapes (SEPLS)' in January 2014.

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Indicator approach to understanding resilience of Socio-ecological Production Landscapes and Seascapes (SEPLS)

  1. 1. Seminar on Indicators Research 29 January 2014 Bioversity International, Rome, Italy Indicator Approach to Understanding Resilience of Socio-ecological Production Landscapes and Seascapes (SEPLS) Kaoru Ichikawa and Wataru Suzuki United Nations University Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability
  2. 2. Contents 1. Socio-ecological production landscapes and seascapes 2. The Satoyama Initiative 3. Indicators for resilience of SEPLS 2
  3. 3. Socio-Ecological Production Landscapes and Seascapes (SEPLS)  Harmonious interaction between people and nature  Support biodiversity while providing humans with the goods and services needed for their well-being  Dynamic mosaics of habitats and land uses  Deeply linked to local culture and knowledge 3
  4. 4. Satoyama landscapes  Traditional agricultural landscape of Japan  Mosaics of farmlands, forests, grassla nds, irrigation canals and ponds, settlements, etc.  Nurtured habitats maintained through appropriate management  Multifunctional landscape produces a bundles of ecosystem services 4 Source: JSSA
  5. 5. Socio-ecological production landscapes and seascapes (SEPLS) around the world Korea (Mauel) Spain (Dehesa) Philippines (Muyong) Cambodia (Srair-Chamkar) Malawi (Chitemene) © Setsuko Nakayama Home gardens © BM Kumar 5
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  7. 7. The Satoyama Initiative  Aims to realize “societies in harmony with nature” through mainstreaming biodiversity into production landscapes and seascapes  Promotes broader global recognition of the value of “Socio-Ecological Production Landscapes and Seascapes” (SEPLS)  Initiated by Ministry of Environment, Japan, and UNU-IAS  Recognized by CBD COP in the area of sustainable use of biodiversity (Decisions of CBD COP10 and 11 X/32 and XI/25) 7
  8. 8. International Partnership for the Satoyama Initiative (IPSI)  Established in 2010 at CBD COP10 in Japan  A global network to serve as a platform for sharing knowledge and fostering synergies among organizations working on SEPLS  A multi-stakeholder partnership consisting of organizations from national and local governments, NGOs, indigenous communities, private sector, academic, and international and UN organizations  Promotes and implements a wide range of activities at various levels 8
  9. 9. IPSI Collaborative Activity on Indicators for Resilience of SEPLS o Resilience o Changes and shocks are inherent in ecosystems and societies o To minimize and avoid critical damage could be more reasonable and pragmatic o “The capacity of a system to absorb disturbances and reorganize while undergoing change so as to still retain essentially the same function, structure, identity, and feedbacks” (Walker et al. 2004)  Strengthening the resilience of SEPLS will contribute to the wellbeing of local communities. 9
  10. 10. Indicator approach at national and global levels  Indicator approach plays an important role in monitoring progress toward specific targets and goals at national and global levels E.g. Aichi Biodiversity Targets, MDGs. Quantitative and scientifically valid indicators  Can be compared across space and time and aggregated into global data  Assessment conducted by experts  10
  11. 11. The resilience indicators of SEPLS  Indicators to measure resilience of SEPLS at the local level  Measure different aspects that are entailed by and essential for sustaining resilient landscapes  A tool for local communities  to understand the status of their landscapes/seascapes  to identify ways to enhance resilience  to enhance participation and communication with different stakeholders  Assessment based on the local community’s understanding and perception 11
  12. 12. Development of indicators (2011-) • A set of 20 indicators was developed by Bioversity International and UNU-IAS – Ecosystems protection and the maintenance of biodiversity – Agricultural biodiversity – Knowledge, learning, and innovation – Social equity and infrastructure • The indicators have been applied/tested – By Bioversity International in Cuba, Kenya, Nepal, and Bolivia – By UNDP at COMDEKS sites in Brazil, Cambodia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Ghana, India, M alawi, Nepal, Slovakia, and Turkey • Discussed during previous IPSI global conferences 12
  13. 13. Toolkit development (2013-)  To promote widespread use of the indicators in different contexts  Toolkit on practical application of indicators is being developed by Bioversity International, UNDP, IGES, and UNUIAS  Revision of indicators based on experiences of testing is also being undertaken Scoping workshop (Apr 2013) Expert workshop (Jul 2013) SBSTTA side event (Oct 2013)
  14. 14. Toward achievement of global targets  Use of the indicators will contribute to  Understanding the resilience of SEPLS  Development of resilience-strengthening strategies  Enhancing communication among relevant stakeholders  Empowering local communities  Participatory approach  Local communities can engage in the whole process from monitoring, assessment, and strategy development, to actions.  Actions that are suitable and beneficial to the local context can be made.  Ultimately contribute to achievement of global targets such as Aichi Biodiversity Targets and MDGs/SDGs.
  15. 15. Thank you for your attention!