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Use and effectiveness of participatory research tools for social inclusion

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Faridah Aini Muhammad is a Bioversity International gender research fellow and works at the Department of Agriculture, Malaysia. In her presentation for the 22nd European Seminar on Extension and Education she illustrates different participatory research tools she used while doing research in Malaysian villages.

Bioversity International’s participatory research on gender and forest genetic resources focuses on women’s and men’s distinct and complementary sets of knowledge, skills, practices and preferences related to forest management and conservation, and on gendered rights to access and benefit from trees and their products. Learn more: http://bit.ly/1KjKkjX

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Use and effectiveness of participatory research tools for social inclusion

  1. 1. Use and effectiveness of participatory research tools for social inclusion Faridah Aini Muhammad, Department of Agriculture, Malaysia ESEE - 2015, Wageningen, 30 April 2015 International Support Group
  2. 2. What we learned • Participatory tools help reveal differences in knowledge and facilitate social learning and freedom of expression • Communities perceive tools as relatively easy to use and understand • The tools we used supported and empowered women to explore new market opportunities.
  3. 3. The problem • Researchers often pay little attention to how forest-dependent communities experience Participatory Research Tools • Need to improve the approach and tools for research and extension organisations to reach out to local women and men of different backgrounds.
  4. 4. Objectives Bioversity InternationalB. VincetiBioversity InternationalA. Drucker Assess using four participatory tools: • Four-Cell Analysis • Venn Diagrams • Participatory Value Chain Mapping • Participatory Rapid Market Appraisal. Test the ease of use, effectiveness and usefulness of the tools.
  5. 5. Study sites in Sarawak, Malaysia Kakeng village • Bidayuh ethnicity • Christian faith • Mainly farmers • Pepper, rice, fruit trees in agro-forestry systems. Bungai village • Kedayan ethnicity • Islamic faith • Mainly farmers and fisher-folk • Fruit trees in agro-forestry systems.
  6. 6. Tools assessed and how • Four Cell Analysis, Venn Diagrams, Participatory Value Chain Map, Participatory Rapid Market Appraisal • Groups divided by age (< 40, > 40) and gender.
  7. 7. Work with community groups • Participants were asked to evaluate on scale of 1-5 for ease of use of tools and importance of information obtained from tools • Over a period of nine months, (July 2013 to March 2014) 3 session in each community.
  8. 8. THE COMMUNITY MEMBERS
  9. 9. Knowledge of native fruit trees Status of Variety Older Men Older Women Younger Men Younger Women Common 2 3 3 3 Abundant 1 2 2 0 Threatened 2 5 1 1 Rare 6 3 2 7 TOTAL 11 13 8 11
  10. 10. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 Marketchannels Round Older women Older men Market channels identified
  11. 11. PARTICIPATORY RAPID MARKET APPRAISAL
  12. 12. Ease of use of tools 0 1 2 3 4 5 FCA Venn Diagrams PVCM PRMA Score Tool Young women-Kakeng Older women-Kakeng Older men-Kakeng Older women-Bungai Older men-Bungai
  13. 13. Participatory assessment of the participatory and gender- sensitive research approach according to different gender and age groups in Kampung Kakeng and Kampung Bungai Assessment of tools Younger women Older women Younger men Older men Working within gender and age group Freedom to communicate, share knowledge Share information, understanding issues Collaborating, exchanging and sharing ideas Share knowledge, new information, fostering closer relationship Working across gender and age groups Challenging, different opinions, shy, nervous Opportunity to exchange ideas Uncomfortable, inferior feelings, exchange ideas Awkward, younger people give different ideas, share knowledge Overall appreciation of process New experience, learn new things Information, knowledge sharing new ideas, strengthen relationships sharing of ideas and information
  14. 14. FINDINGS Participatory tools help to reveal differences in knowledge and facilitate social learning and freedom of expression.
  15. 15. FINDINGS Community group members perceive tools as relatively easy to use and understand
  16. 16. FINDINGS The tools - Participatory Value- Chain Mapping and Participatory Rapid Market Appraisal combined - supported and empowered women to explore new market opportunities.
  17. 17. THAT’S ALL FOLKS, THANK YOU!

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