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Edible aroids


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Read more about Bioversity International’s work on diet diversity for nutrition and health

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Edible aroids

  1. 1. Bioversity International Role in the International Network for Edible Aroids Danny Hunter Malaysia, 13 th to 14 th April, 2011
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Some background on Bioversity International </li></ul><ul><li>Role in INEA </li></ul><ul><li>Key Activities for Year 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Relevant references and resources </li></ul><ul><li>Key next steps </li></ul>
  3. 3. One of the 15 Centres of the CGIAR
  4. 4. Where we work A staff of over 300 operating from over 20 locations around the world
  5. 5. Bioversity’s Role in INEA
  6. 6. Work Package 8 On-farm trials and participatory activities <ul><li>42. Selected genotypes distributed to farmers </li></ul><ul><li>43. Selected genotypes evaluated by farmers </li></ul><ul><li>44. C1s propagated and distributed to farmers </li></ul><ul><li>45. On-farm trial harvested and quality tests done </li></ul><ul><li>46. One MSc defended (Papua New Guinea) </li></ul><ul><li>47. Two papers published in international journals </li></ul>More Diversity, Faster to Farmers
  7. 7. Work Package 8 On-farm trials and participatory activities <ul><li>Surveys are conducted to select Villages and Farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Participatory Rural Appraisals are conducted in ten Villages </li></ul>Action Plan for the First 12 Months
  8. 8. Selection of Villages <ul><li>What criteria? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What are the target environments? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are we targeting high potential areas or marginal areas, or both? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do we want to target particular socioeconomic groups? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are villages representative of the major production areas for taro in terms of climate, agronomic practices, soil types, landscapes etc.? </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Selection of Farmers <ul><li>What Criteria? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who are the target farmers? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subsistence and commercial? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expert farmers, research-minded, knowledgeable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Motivated, interested? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keen to share their knowledge and learning? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hold key nodal positions in the community? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gender, women as custodians (PRAs) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Geographical coverage? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual or group approach? </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Individuals or Groups <ul><li>Which? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>See TaroGen guidelines for TIP in Samoa (provided) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organizing a farmer group for taro evaluation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Membership, ‘Farmer Agreement’ and ‘Information Form’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrating Researchers, Extension Staff and Farmers (private sector?) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitation, meetings, rules and regulations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taro focused PRAs, production problems, perception of taro cultivars, ranking of criteria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluation, record keeping etc </li></ul></ul>Singh et al (2001) Guidelines for undertaking on-farm taro breeding trials in the South Pacific. AusAID/SPC TaroGen
  11. 11. Recognition of farmer innovators Nodal farmers for conserving rich diversity and exchange TK and materials Innovative farmers, research-minded
  12. 12. Participatory survey techniques <ul><li>PRA (Participatory Rural Analysis): a set of data-gathering and awareness-raising tools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spatial data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Temporal data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify production problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Criteria ranking – farmer needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Goal and priority setting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social/institutional information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indigenous/local data </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Both qualitative and quantitative </li></ul>
  13. 13. Participatory survey techniques <ul><li>PRA: Participatory rather than extractive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Data is owned by rural people -- Outsiders merely facilitate collection & analysis of information by rural people themselves </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PRA allows communication between outsiders and insiders </li></ul><ul><li>Ensures collection of relevant data </li></ul><ul><li>Participation should mature into partnership </li></ul><ul><li>Results of analyses should always be fed back to community </li></ul>
  14. 14. Fieldwork basics: Planning <ul><li>Determine sampling strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Form small teams (3-5 ideal) </li></ul><ul><li>Meet with local authorities to clarify objectives, inform of site selection and obtain support </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct public meetings in each site to explain objectives and methods </li></ul><ul><li>Reference material for the field should include relevant secondary data </li></ul><ul><li>Keep a daily diary </li></ul><ul><li>Choose carefully the timing of your site visits – disturb agricultural routine as little as possible </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers are busy people -- make appointments and keep them </li></ul>
  15. 15. Plant breeding and farmer participation <ul><li>PVS and PBB Background (both relevant) </li></ul><ul><li>Methodologies (3 & 9) </li></ul><ul><li>Priority setting (4) </li></ul><ul><li>Clonal crops (13) </li></ul><ul><li>University Breeding Clubs? </li></ul>
  16. 16. Important Resources <ul><li>Friis-Hansen, E. and Sthapit, B. (2000) Participatory Approaches to the Conservation and Use of Plant Genetic Resources. Bioversity International, Rome, Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Ceccarelli, S., Guimaraes, E. P. and Weltzien, E. (2009) Plant Breeding and Farmer Participation . ICRISAT/ICARDA/FAO </li></ul><ul><li>Singh et al (2001) Guidelines for Undertaking On Farm Taro Breeding Trials in the South Pacific . Secretariat of the Pacific Community </li></ul><ul><li>Salvatore Ceccarelli’s 2010 powerpoint presentation on participatory plant breeding is useful </li></ul>
  17. 17. Key Next Steps – year 1 <ul><li>Participatory working group? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Define key criteria for village selection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Define key criteria for farmers selection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Revise Farmer Information (Annex 3) and Farmer Agreement (Annex 4) forms for INEA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop a taro focused participatory rural appraisal (PRA) toolkit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training on PPB/PVS? </li></ul></ul>