NGO Reporter Brasil´s Experience on Monitoring Social Impacts of Ethanol

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Presentation of Marcel Gomes
for the "2nd Workshop on the Impact of New Technologies on the Sustainability of the Sugarcane/Bioethanol Production Cycle"

Apresentação de Marcel Gomes realizada no "2nd Workshop on the Impact of New Technologies on the Sustainability of the Sugarcane/Bioethanol Production Cycle "

Date / Data : Novr 11th - 12th 2009/
11 e 12 de novembro de 2009
Place / Local: CTBE, Campinas, Brazil
Event Website / Website do evento: http://www.bioetanol.org.br/workshop5

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NGO Reporter Brasil´s Experience on Monitoring Social Impacts of Ethanol

  1. 1. NGO Reporter Brasil’s experience onmonitoring social impacts of ethanol Marcel Gomes NGO Repórter Brasil www.reporterbrasil.org.br www.agrocombustiveis.org.br www.biofuelbrazil.org 2nd Workshop on the Impact of New Technologies on theSustainability of the Sugarcane/Bioethanol Production Cycle CTBE – Campinas – Brazil November, 2009
  2. 2. Areas of expertise Research and Journalism EducationAdvocacy www.biofuelbrazil.org
  3. 3. Value chain Social mobilization and commitments among civil society, goverments and companiesResearchs, report’s production, education and advocacy projetcsIdentification of social and environment impacts, labour violations, production chains, social, economic and political actors www.biofuelbrazil.org
  4. 4. Commodity and Biofuel InitiativesInputs from Landless Workers’ Movement, Land Pastoral Comission,local social movements and NGOs, companies, universities, Federal Prosecuting Counsel, Labour Prosecuting Counsel, goverments... www.biofuelbrazil.org
  5. 5. Commodity and Biofuel Initiatives•  National Pact Against Slave Labour•  National Commission Against Slave Labour•  Sustainable Connections Pacts•  Brazilian Civil Society Network on Biofuels ‘RedeBio’•  Round Table on Responsible Soy•  Brazilian Initiative for Farming and Cattle EvaluationSystem www.biofuelbrazil.org
  6. 6. Commodity and Biofuel Initiatives Social struggles’ demandsLegal infractions Repórter Brasil Socioeconomic Research Framework www.biofuelbrazil.org
  7. 7. Commodity and Biofuel InitiativesSocial struggles’ demands•  Who are the actors?•  What is the social network?•  Where are the centers?•  What are the demands?•  What are the strategies?•  What roles are they playing?•  How the public agenda has been produced? www.biofuelbrazil.org
  8. 8. Commodity and Biofuel InitiativesSugarcane complex workers – São Paulo(1,000Rais) Total Only Cultivation +87% +27%2007 – 215 972006 – 207 962005 – 151 752004 – 145 672003 – 122 612002 – 114 612001 – 115 76 www.biofuelbrazil.org
  9. 9. Commodity and Biofuel InitiativesLegal Infractions•  Penal Code•  Brazilian Labour Law (CLT)•  Regulatory Norm (Norma Regulamentadora) 31 www.biofuelbrazil.org
  10. 10. Commodity and Biofuel Initiatives1999Monthly wage – R$ 509 (Rais)4.54 basic food package (Dieese)2007Monthly wage – R$ 11425.55 basic food package2000-2008Price paid per sugarcane ton + 9.8% (IEA)2000-2008Worker’s productivity +11.9% (IEA) www.biofuelbrazil.org
  11. 11. Notifications on Labour Irregularities – Sugarcane Sector – São Paulo 2006 2007 2008 Actions - 160 109 50 companies inspected Number of 95.596 74.777 52.065workers attended Notifications Notifications/ Notifications Notifications/ Notifications Notifications Actions Actions / Actions Excessive 72 0.45 19 0.17 14 0.28 working hours Lack of breaks 27 0.16 19 0.17 7 0.14Official contracts 42 0.26 32 0.29 13 0.26 Payment 27 0.16 41 0.37 34 0.68 Weekly time off 15 0.09 26 0.23 26 0.52 Improper 37 0.23 48 0.44 24 0.48restroom facilities Absence of 52 0.32 49 0.45 31 0.62 individual protection equipmentsImproper lodging 8 0.05 27 0.24 3 0.06 Improper 29 0.18 40 0.36 13 0.26 transport Source: Grupo Estadual Rural – São Paulo www.biofuelbrazil.org
  12. 12. Labour Inspection Actions – São Paulo (February – June, 2009) Bauru São José do Ribeirão TOTAL Rio Preto PretoCompanies 26 13 07 46 Involved workers 9.395 10.387 13.157 32.939Autos Infração- Labour Law 23 28 21 72- Safety/Health 56 69 41 166Cities 09 11 06 26 www.biofuelbrazil.org
  13. 13. www.biofuelbrazil.org
  14. 14. www.biofuelbrazil.org
  15. 15. www.biofuelbrazil.org
  16. 16. www.biofuelbrazil.org
  17. 17. www.biofuelbrazil.org
  18. 18. www.biofuelbrazil.org
  19. 19. www.biofuelbrazil.org
  20. 20. www.biofuelbrazil.org
  21. 21. www.biofuelbrazil.org
  22. 22. www.biofuelbrazil.org
  23. 23. www.biofuelbrazil.org
  24. 24. www.biofuelbrazil.org
  25. 25. Slave Labour www.biofuelbrazil.org
  26. 26. Slave Labour Dirty List (Jan, 2007)
  27. 27. www.biofuelbrazil.org
  28. 28. Source: CPT, MTE* (07/10/09)e MPT* (05/11/09) www.biofuelbrazil.org
  29. 29. *Source: CPT, MTE* (07/10/09)e MPT* (05/11/09) www.biofuelbrazil.org
  30. 30. Tabela 1: Estado de nascimento do trabalhador Estado Ocorrências %Maranhão 5417 31,3Mato Grosso do Sul 1556 9,0Pará 1441 8,3Bahia 1181 6,8Piauí 1176 6,8Tocantins 1064 6,1Minas Gerais 995 5,7Goiás 783 4,5Alagoas 759 4,4Pernambuco 611 3,5Paraná 521 3,0Ceará 493 2,8Mato Grosso 338 2,0Paraíba 268 1,5São Paulo 235 1,4Rio Grande do Norte 131 ,8Santa Catarina 69 ,4Espírito Santo 64 ,4Rio Grande do Sul 54 ,3Rondônia 46 ,3Acre 38 ,2Rio de Janeiro 20 ,1Amazonas 18 ,1Distrito Federal 17 ,1Sergipe 16 ,1Roraima 5 ,0Amapá 2 ,0Total 17318 100 www.reporterbrasil.org.br
  31. 31. *Source: CPT,MTE* (31/10/09) www.biofuelbrazil.org
  32. 32. *Source: CPT,MTE* (31/10/09) www.biofuelbrazil.org
  33. 33. Labour impact causes:•  Fragile laws•  Inspection groups deficiency•  Overexploitation of labour tradition•  Economic benefits•  Weak civil society•  Available labour www.biofuelbrazil.org
  34. 34. Labour Perspective Right to StrikeSugarcane cutter Victor Ronaldo de Alencar, fired Feraesp assistant in Sertãozinho, SPafter a strike in Sertãozinho, São Paulo www.biofuelbrazil.org
  35. 35. Labour PerspectiveRight to Strike•  Rise in wages•  Non payment of wages•  Meal (ticket)•  Transparency of sugarcane measurement•  Better labour conditions www.biofuelbrazil.org
  36. 36. Labour Perspective Changes in Migration FlowsMontanha and Brito, from Pimenteiras, PI, Julia, in Leila’s arms, knows her father only fromwho work as sugarcane cutters in Sertãozinho, SP pictures her mothers shows her. www.biofuelbrazil.org
  37. 37. Labour PerspectiveChanges in Migration Flows•  New ethanol/sugar mills•  Longer harvest•  Harvest mechanization www.biofuelbrazil.org
  38. 38. Labour and Land PerspectiveIndigenous RightsXakriabá Indians who work in sugarcane cutting Guarani-kaiowá was hurt after attack inin Pontal, São Paulo Dourados, Mato Grosso do Sul www.biofuelbrazil.org
  39. 39. Labour and Land PerspectiveIndigenous Rights•  Sugarcane advancement vs. right of land•  Labour relation•  Labour law and indigenous rights www.biofuelbrazil.org
  40. 40. Thank you!Marcel Gomesmarcel@reporterbrasil.org.br www.biofuelbrazil.org

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