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Sra Oa Bmc


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Sra Oa Bmc

  1. 1. SN22: Introduction to Open Access Publishing for Research Administrators and Managers
  2. 2. SN22: Introduction to Open Access Publishing for Research Administrators and Managers <ul><li>Matthew Cockerill, Publisher, BioMed Central </li></ul><ul><li>Neil Thakur, Special Assistant to the Deputy Director for Extramural Research, NIH </li></ul><ul><li>Heather Joseph, Executive Director, SPARC </li></ul><ul><li>Ian Carter, Chair, Association of Research Managers and Administrators </li></ul>
  3. 3. A brief introduction to Open Access Matthew Cockerill Publisher, BioMed Central
  4. 4. Why is Open Access important?
  5. 5. The internet makes it possible to share research results universally <ul><li>In an online environment, nearly all publishing costs are ‘first copy’ costs </li></ul><ul><li>Cost of distribution is negligible </li></ul><ul><li>Researchers want to share their research as widely as possible </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminating access barriers is a natural way to achieve this </li></ul>
  6. 6. Two paths towards Open Access <ul><li>Gold OA Publishing in an open access journal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fully OA journals e.g. BioMed Central, Public Library of Science etc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Optional OA in traditional journals (now offered by many major publishers) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Green OA Depositing articles in an OA repository </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Subject repositories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PubMed Central </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UK PubMed Central </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ArXiV </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Institutional repositories </li></ul><ul><li>DSpace </li></ul><ul><li>Eprints </li></ul><ul><li>Fedora </li></ul><ul><li>Open Repository </li></ul>
  7. 7. The two forms of open access are complementary <ul><li>Deposit of embargoed manuscript versions is a useful stepping stone </li></ul><ul><li>Open access publishing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ensures official final version can be deposited immediately </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>addresses concern that OA deposit will lead to subscription cancellations / undermine peer review </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Funders are requiring OA archiving, and taking active steps to encourage and facilitate OA publishing </li></ul>
  8. 8. How do the traditional and Open Access publishing models compare?
  9. 9. Traditional research publishing <ul><li>The research community transfers the rights to the research </li></ul><ul><li>The publisher resells access rights to cover costs </li></ul>
  10. 10. Open Access research publishing <ul><li>The publisher is paid for the service of publication </li></ul><ul><li>There are no barriers to access </li></ul>
  11. 11. Definition of Open Access (Bethesda Statement, 2003) <ul><li>Freely available via the internet </li></ul><ul><li>Licensed to allow redistribution and reuse </li></ul><ul><li>Permanently archived in multiple international repositories </li></ul>
  12. 12. Benefits of OA for authors <ul><li>Maximizes potential readership </li></ul><ul><li>Articles are widely accessible via aggregators, indexing services, search engines etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Breaks down barriers between fields </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes public understanding of scientific and medical research </li></ul><ul><li>Allow literature and data to be mined </li></ul>
  13. 13. Open Access has grown rapidly to become part of the mainstream
  14. 14. Growth of OA publishing in BioMed Central’s journals
  15. 15. Open Access is not evenly spread!
  16. 16. Open Access publishing, then and now… <ul><li>2008 </li></ul>2000 And more…
  17. 17. Open Access journals have already established excellent reputations
  18. 20. OA Publication Fees
  19. 21. What do OA publication fees cover? <ul><li>Open access publishing is not without costs </li></ul><ul><li>Publication fees need to cover costs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Editorial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Production </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Customer services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marketing ( e.g. conference attendance) </li></ul></ul>
  20. 22. Typical OA publication fees <ul><li>BioMed Central $1700 </li></ul><ul><li>Public Library of Science $2100 </li></ul><ul><li>Company of Biologists $3100 </li></ul><ul><li>Oxford University Press $2700 </li></ul><ul><li>Royal Society $3000 </li></ul><ul><li>Springer $3000 </li></ul><ul><li>Taylor & Francis $3250 </li></ul><ul><li>Wiley $3000 </li></ul>
  21. 23. Who pays OA publication fees? <ul><li>Authors may pay out of grant funds </li></ul><ul><li>Some funders provide dedicated funds for open access publishing costs </li></ul><ul><li>Institutions may cover costs centrally (via open access funds and/or membership arrangements with OA publishers) </li></ul><ul><li>Some journals are run by organizations which cover costs themselves </li></ul>
  22. 24. Does Open Access offer good value compared to traditional publishing?
  23. 25. <ul><li>Oxford University Press data http://www. oxfordjournals .org/news/ oa _workshop.html </li></ul><ul><li>Nucleic Acids Research received $3000-$4000 of subscription revenue per article published </li></ul><ul><li>Comparable to the amount charged by traditional publishers for their OA options </li></ul><ul><li>OA publishers like BMC charge substantially less </li></ul><ul><li>OA publication fees make costs much more transparent, and authors can choose between alternative options </li></ul><ul><li>This guards against over-pricing </li></ul>I. Cost per article published
  24. 26. II. Cost per article download <ul><li>Studies have shown that open access, unsurprisingly, leads to a significantly increased number of downloads compared to the traditional model </li></ul><ul><li>This helps make open access a much more cost-effective way to disseminate research results </li></ul>
  25. 27. Funder policies on Open Access
  26. 28. NIH Public Access Policy
  27. 29. UK PubMed Central funders
  28. 30. HHMI Policy
  29. 32. Funders have a key role in the transition to open access <ul><li>A fully Open Access publication system is no more expensive than the traditional model </li></ul><ul><li>But libraries can’t easily free up their budgets </li></ul><ul><li>Funders are breaking this stalemate </li></ul><ul><li>In biomedical research areas, the cost of publication is estimated to be only around 1% of the cost of carrying out the research </li></ul><ul><li>A tiny fraction of the indirect research costs from funders can cover the full cost of sharing the results of that work </li></ul>
  30. 33. Progress towards open access needs coordinated action <ul><li>Research Funders </li></ul><ul><li>Research Administrators </li></ul><ul><li>Librarians </li></ul><ul><li>Faculty </li></ul>
  31. 34. Centrally managed funds for Open Access publication charges
  32. 35. Harvard University
  33. 36. Interview with Stuart Shieber, head of Harvard’s Office of Scholarly Communication <ul><li>Stuart Shieber’s goal is to see OA journals exist on “equal footing” with subscription-based journals. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Authors don’t get underwriting help from the library when they publish in OA journals, while they do from publishing in subscription-based journals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To put OA and subscription journals on a “level playing field” you’d want to underwrite OA journals just as you do subscription journals. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May 29th 2008 </li></ul></ul>
  34. 37. BioMed Central membership <ul><li>Prepay membership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Institution pays funds into a deposit account </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Article Processing Charge is covered by funds from account </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discount depending on deposit amount </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Author does not have to pay </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simplified administration/reporting </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Supporter membership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Institutions pay a flat fee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Authors pay a discounted Article Processing Charge </li></ul></ul>
  35. 38. 160+ Prepay Members
  36. 39. 160+ Supporter Members