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Matt Cockerill


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Matt Cockerill

  1. 1. How Science Addresses Developing World Issues
  2. 2. <ul><li>Introduction Dr Matthew Cockerill - BioMed Central </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge as a weapon in the struggle against malaria in sub-Saharan Africa Dr Colin Sutherland - London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine </li></ul><ul><li>The role of the media in tackling disease in the developing world Mr David Dickson - SciDev.Net </li></ul><ul><li>Building a generation of future environmentalists in developing countries Mr Jib Hagan - CARE Computers for Developing Countries </li></ul><ul><li>How open access research has been adopted in the developing world Ms Barbara Kirsop - Electronic Publishing Trust for Development </li></ul>Outline of session
  3. 3. Sharing knowledge
  4. 4. Knowledge is power
  5. 5. <ul><li>“ Many developing countries remain poor largely because they let the Industrial Revolution pass them by. They can ill afford to miss the information technology revolution.” </li></ul><ul><li>M. S. Swaminathan, “Father of the Green Revolution” </li></ul>
  6. 6. Digital divide or digital bridge?
  7. 8. Mobile phones in Africa Source: African Mobile Factbook 2008
  8. 9. SMS messaging for trading
  9. 10. Increasing use of PDAs and mobile phone networks for data gathering
  10. 11. The founders of 03b Networks recently helped pioneer the first commercial 3G mobile and fibre-to-the-home networks in Rwanda The company said the system will enable the spread of locally generated content and e-learning, encouraging social and economic growth in the developing world. It aims to tap into booming mobile phone usage in the developing world
  11. 12. In what areas can increased access to knowledge help?
  12. 13. UN Millenium Development Goals <ul><li>Reduce child mortality,Improve maternal health </li></ul><ul><li>Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure environmental sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a global partnership for development </li></ul>
  13. 14. Who needs access to the results of research? Public Professionals Researchers
  14. 15. What is open access publishing? <ul><li>Traditional journals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>take ownership of the research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>provide access to subscribers only </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Open access journals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>have no subscription barriers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>take advantage of the economics of the internet to allow universal access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>research is openly licensed to allow reuse </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. Who pays? <ul><li>Open access journals do have costs </li></ul><ul><li>Publication fee is a very small fraction of the cost of doing research </li></ul><ul><li>Most open access publishers, including BioMed Central, give waivers to developing countries </li></ul><ul><li>In other cases, open access journals have central support, so no charges for authors or readers </li></ul>
  16. 17. About BioMed Central <ul><li>Pioneer of open access model </li></ul><ul><li>Launched first journals in 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Now publish >180 OA titles </li></ul><ul><li>>40,000 peer-reviewed OA articles published </li></ul><ul><li>All research articles published under Creative Commons licence. Reuse and redistribution is encouraged. </li></ul>
  17. 18. Research on global health issues is expanding <ul><li>Resources channeled into research on developing world health issues have increased significantly in recent years </li></ul><ul><li>A direct and an indirect result of philanthropic initiatives </li></ul>
  18. 19. Why use is the research if the people it is most relevant to don’t have access?
  19. 20. <ul><li>US National Institutes of Health </li></ul><ul><li>Howard Hughes Medical Institute </li></ul><ul><li>Wellcome Trust </li></ul><ul><li>Medical Research Council </li></ul><ul><li>European Research Council </li></ul><ul><li>EC Seventh Framework Program </li></ul>Funders are now requiring open access
  20. 21. Open Access in practice
  21. 22. Repositories of open content
  22. 25. Open Access journals
  23. 26. Malaria Journal home page
  24. 27. A highly accessed Malaria Journal article 10,000+ downloads 22 citations
  25. 28. Where are papers on malaria published ?
  26. 29. How accessible is malaria research as a whole? <ul><li>Looking at the biomedical literature, around 9% of articles are immediately “open access” </li></ul><ul><li>18 months ago it was 6% </li></ul><ul><li>For malaria research it has been rapidly increasing and is now 27%! </li></ul>
  27. 30. Other tropical diseases….
  28. 31. The latest open access research on global health issues
  29. 32. A knowledge commons
  30. 33. Malaria Journal’s author-base is geographically diverse
  31. 34. Local journals are going global via Open Access
  32. 38. Stories from the developing world
  33. 39. The benefits of open access for the developing world
  34. 40. Zambia
  35. 41. Nigeria
  36. 42. The Gambia