OAA12 - Malaria Journal, an open access success story
OPEN ACCESS AFRICA:MALARIA JOURNAL –An Open Access success storyMarcel HommelEditor-in Chief, Malaria Journal
In 2001, creation of the OPEN ACCESS concept= creation of Malaria Journal, online and open access journal (no paperversion) • Peer-review and copy-editing (= quality) • No cost for the reader, but cost for authors who pay an ‘APC’ (£1,310/US$2,110/€1,630 in 2012) • From the beginning, no APC or a reduced APC for authors from the poorest countries (World Bank list) • Copyright belongs to author not the journal
Why a journal on Malaria?In 2001, in which journal were malaria papers published ? 25% of the 1,660 articles published were inAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine Tropical Medicine and International Health Annals Tropical Medicine and Parasitology Trends in Parasitology (ex Parasitology Today) Infection and ImmunityNot a new concept:Tubercle created in 1919AIDS created in 1988J Viral Hepatitis in 1994
In 2011, Malaria Journal published 13% of papers on malariabut is it a quality journal ?What makes quality ? • Editorial Board • Peer-review process • Quality output – copy-editing papers • Influence in the discipline • Metrics : Impact factor, Eigenfactor, etc • Quality publisher
A strong Editorial board, with about 50 top namesin the field, involved in peer-reviewing. Finaldecision made by Editor-in-chiefUnique feature: 20% of Editorial board are changedevery year (randomly !)
Submissions and publications over the past 5 years700600500400 Submissions300 Publications200100 0 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 (year to date) Average submissions per month in 2012 = 60 Average publications per month in 2012 = 38
Impact in the field• 2011 Impact Factor - 3.19•Journal is ranked 2nd in TropicalMedicine (behind PLoS NTD) and 7th inParasitology
Press releasesMalaria Journal publishes excellent high quality research, which is of interest to a wider audience. Itis therefore, important to make sure that articles are disseminated to the general public as well asto the scientific community. In the past 12 months, Press Releases have been sent out for thefollowing articles. Where possible, we have coordinated Press Releases with the authors’ institutes. •Quality of anti-malarials collected in the private and informal sectors in Guyana and Suriname •Implementation of basic quality control tests for malaria medicines in Amazon Basin countries: results for the 2005–2010 period •Malaria resurgence: a systematic review and assessment of its causes (Press Released on World Malaria Day) •Artemether resistance in vitro is linked to mutations in PfATP6 that also interact with mutations in PfMDR1 in travellers returning with Plasmodium falciparum infections •Estimates of child deaths prevented from malaria prevention scale-up in Africa 2001-2010 •A new world malaria map: Plasmodium falciparumendemicity in 2010 •A framework for assessing the risk of resistance for anti-malarials in development
Journal quality: IMPACT FACTOR We all would like to publish in ‘Prestige’ journals
Article accesses to Malaria Journal300,000250,000200,000150,000100,000 50,000 0 * These are based on accesses from the journal website and do not include accesses from repositories such as PubMed Central
Overall, for all BMCjournals, thesubmission patternis: In 2011, Malaria Journal published 388 papers of which • 105 had African scientists as first author (27%) • 52 had African scientists as co-author (13%) • 14 concerned African issues, without African co-author
Reading rooms with computers ? Computers in the class room, the office, the lab, the home ?
Over 90% of the mortality due tomalaria occurs in Africa, but (in2009) only 52 articles of 2586 (2%)had been published in anAfrican journalIs is possible to change this andregenerate/develop Africanmedical journal ?
Top impact factor ‘prestige’ journalsIf you are a young scientist or High quality, high impact journals (IF >5)medical doctor wanting to publishfirst paper or case study : Professional specialist journalsWhere do you send your paper ? Regional journals, often non-English, non IF-rated Nationaljournals
There is a need for national and regional journals • they contribute to the overall framework of academic life • authors are often more interested in their work being seen by colleagues nationally, in their own language, than internationally • all data do not necessarily justify publication in an international journal, but may be of quality and local interest • the Open Access ‘movement’ could encourage their development