Millennium Development goals (MDGs) These were aspirations set by the UN in 2000 to help improve the lot of the world’s poor
There widespread calls to cancel debt in the poor countries <ul><li>Debt Campaign has its roots in Jubilee 2000 and earlier campaigns for the cancellation of poor country debt. </li></ul><ul><li>Why? Poor countries were using much of their income to pay interest on the huge debts they had accumulated over the years. </li></ul><ul><li>This meant they could not afford to improve health care, clean water availability or education. This left their people very poor </li></ul>
It was because of these ideas and the pressure put on by Jubilee 2000 <ul><li>.. among other groups that UNESCO got together the Millennium Goals. </li></ul><ul><li>It was the Millennium and the world ought to make an effort to do something special </li></ul><ul><li>If they were to release the poor countries from debt, then the rich countries would only agree if the released money was spent on things that improve the lot of the ordinary people – they did not want more wasted by dictators and armies! </li></ul><ul><li>So it was decided that the whole world together, in terms of poor countries themselves and the richer ones with their AID programs, would put all their efforts into achieving certain things by 2015. </li></ul>
8 promises made by over 191 countries Deadline 2015 South America Africa Europe Asia North America Australia
GOAL # 1 Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Halve the proportion of people whose income is less than one dollar a day. Halve the proportion of people who suffer from hunger . Deadline 2015
Almost 1 billion people in the world (21%) are still living on less than $ 1 per day . Half of the world’s total population, or 3 billion people, survive on less than $ 2 per day. Did you know that? Are we keeping our promise? Sub-Saharan Africa faces significant challenges in meeting the Millennium Development Goals. East Asia and South Asia together are still home to the greatest number of absolute poor people in the world. Latin America and the Caribbean saw fairly stagnant poverty rates.
Achieve universal primary education Ensure that boys and girls everywhere will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling. Deadline 2015 GOAL # 2
113 million children are denied their right to an education. In the Asia-Pacific region, 122 million children under the age of 14 leave school to become child labourers. In Sub-Saharan Africa, 49 million children work. Did you know that? There are 43 million children in the world who are out of school due to conflict. Over 10 million children have been psychologically traumatized by armed conflict.
93 Million Children without Access to School Number of primary-school-age children not in school, by region (2006)
Promote gender equality and empower women Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by 2005, and in all levels of education no later than 2015. Deadline 2015 GOAL # 3
Did you know that over 61 million girls are missing an education, compared to 54 million boys. That’s as many girls as ALL the school-age girls in North America and Europe. Did you know that? <ul><li>Giving girls an education can mean the difference between life and death. </li></ul><ul><li>She doesn’t have to work at hard and dangerous labour. </li></ul><ul><li>She doesn’t have to work on the streets. </li></ul><ul><li>She can make informed choices. </li></ul><ul><li>Her babies have less chance of suffering from malnutrition. </li></ul>
Reduce by two-thirds the under-five mortality rate. Estimated number of under-five deaths, by region (2006) GOAL # 4 Reduce Child Mortality
Every day, on average more than 26,000 children under the age of five die around the world, mostly from preventable causes. Did you know that? Are NATIONS keeping their promise? Many developing countries face challenges ahead in improving the odds for children.
Improve maternal health Reduce by three quarters the maternal mortality ratio. Deadline 2015 Maternal deaths estimated at 536,000 GOAL # 5
Women in high-fertility countries in Sub-Saharan Africa have a 1-in-16 lifetime risk of dying from maternal causes. Women in low-fertility countries in Europe have a 1-in-2,000 risk of dying from maternal causes. Women in North America have a 1-in-3,500 risk of dying. Did you know that?
Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS. Globally, 4.3 million people were newly infected with HIV in 2006. Deadline 2015 GOAL # 6
Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases. Malaria-control efforts are paying off, but additional effort is needed. Did you know that?
Ensure environmental sustainability Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and sanitation. To improve the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers by 2020. GOAL # 7
In 1990, there were nearly 715 million slum dwellers in the world. In 2000, the slum population increased to 912 million. Today, the slum population is approximately 998 million. By 2020, it will reach 1.4 billion. Did you know that? Are we keeping our promise? Access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation will not be met in Sub-Saharan Africa. It is estimated that 133 million people living in cities of the developing world lack durable housing.
Develop a global partnership for development Address the special needs of the least developed countries. GOAL # 8
Aid is one way for rich countries to transfer resources to developing countries which helps reduce poverty by increasing opportunity for local development. Donors pledge to double their aid to Africa, but there is little to show so far. Did you know that?
Homework <ul><li>Just imagine the Gates Foundation put up $100 million to the person/group who could put the best case forward for a project that would make the most difference to the most people. </li></ul><ul><li>You are the secretary of such an organisation who works in the field of improving the level of development in the LICs. What would you spend the money on? Show how this would improve the lives of the people. Set out to prove your idea is the best one to be given the award. </li></ul><ul><li>You may like to do this in pairs – but no more than 2! </li></ul><ul><li>I will put all the proposals up on the wiki and there will be a voting scheme (it downloads itself into a google document, so that I can chart the results for you) </li></ul><ul><li>Closing day for your submissions will be Thursday next at 4pm. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(in WORD only – no more than 2 pictures/graphs) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The poll will be opened on Friday morning. Voting will close on Sunday at 5pm – I will email you the link when it is set up. </li></ul>