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SUSTAINABILITY
CO2 Emissions Review of the UK Domestic Target
        THURSDAY 1ST MARCH 2007
SUSTAINABILITY
ADDRESSING OUR CHANGING ENVIRONMENT
      THURSDAY 1ST MARCH 2007
     CO2 EMISSIONS, A REVIEW OF
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SUSTAINABILITY, ADDRESSING OUR CHANGING ENVIRONMENT
      CO2 Emissions, A Review of the UK’s Domestic Target



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Bill Jolly Hong Kong Cibse Presentation Co2 Emissions A Review Of The Uk Domestic Target

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Bill Jolly Hong Kong Cibse Presentation Co2 Emissions A Review Of The Uk Domestic Target

  1. 1. SUSTAINABILITY CO2 Emissions Review of the UK Domestic Target THURSDAY 1ST MARCH 2007
  2. 2. SUSTAINABILITY ADDRESSING OUR CHANGING ENVIRONMENT THURSDAY 1ST MARCH 2007 CO2 EMISSIONS, A REVIEW OF The UK’s Domestic Target
  3. 3. SUSTAINABILITY, ADDRESSING OUR CHANGING ENVIRONMENT CO2 Emissions, A Review of the UK’s Domestic Target Presented by Bill Jolly BEng (Hons) MCIBSE Associate Director Bill.jolly@parker-wilson.co.uk Office Telephone: +44 (0) 161 773 1177
  4. 4. SUSTAINABILITY, ADDRESSING OUR CHANGING ENVIRONMENT CO2 Emissions, A Review of the UK’s Domestic Target Contents Introduction The Road to Kyoto CO2 Emission Targets g Current Emission Status of the UK Mechanisms In Place and Against the Target Case Study Discussion of Results Conclusion
  5. 5. SUSTAINABILITY, ADDRESSING OUR CHANGING ENVIRONMENT CO2 Emissions, A Review of the UK’s Domestic Target Introduction I t d ti
  6. 6. SUSTAINABILITY, ADDRESSING OUR CHANGING ENVIRONMENT CO2 Emissions, A Review of the UK’s Domestic Target Introduction Climate change and global warming are unequivocally the biggest and most fundamental problems facing planet earth and mankind t d d ki d today. Gl b l warming and climate change are Global i d li t h expected to have a cataclysmic effect across the globe. The worst effects of climate change can be avoided if greenhouse gases incorporating carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere are stabilised instead of being allowed to increase.
  7. 7. SUSTAINABILITY, ADDRESSING OUR CHANGING ENVIRONMENT CO2 Emissions, A Review of the UK’s Domestic Target Introduction Cont. The United Kingdom (UK) is striving to meet International, European Union (EU) and national targets of CO2 emission reduction through various strategies but mainly through the Building Regulations – Part ‘L’ to satisfy the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) and the Kyoto Protocol (KP) (KP).
  8. 8. SUSTAINABILITY, ADDRESSING OUR CHANGING ENVIRONMENT CO2 Emissions, A Review of the UK’s Domestic Target The Road to Kyoto
  9. 9. SUSTAINABILITY, ADDRESSING OUR CHANGING ENVIRONMENT CO2 Emissions, A Review of the UK’s Domestic Target The Road to Kyoto • 1896 Svante Arrhenius • Seuss and Revelle in 1957 • Stockholm 1972 • The Montreal Protocol was established in 1987 • Conference - Changing Atmosphere in Toronto 1988 • The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) • Rio de Janeiro 1992 • Kyoto Protocol 1997
  10. 10. SUSTAINABILITY, ADDRESSING OUR CHANGING ENVIRONMENT CO2 Emissions, A Review of the UK’s Domestic Target CO2 Emission Targets
  11. 11. SUSTAINABILITY, ADDRESSING OUR CHANGING ENVIRONMENT CO2 Emissions, A Review of the UK’s Domestic Target KYOTO PROTOCOL Cut overall emissions of greenhouse gases by 5.2% 5 2% below 1990 levels by 2008-2012 2008 2012 EUROPEAN UNION (EU) Signed up to an agreement to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 8% on 1990 levels during the years 2008 – 2012 UNITED KINGDOM (UK) Target is to cut its greenhouse gas emissions by 12.5% below 1990 levels as an average between 2008-2012 UK DOMESTIC GOAL Cut UK’s emissions of CO2 by 20% below 1990 levels by 2010
  12. 12. SUSTAINABILITY, ADDRESSING OUR CHANGING ENVIRONMENT CO2 Emissions, A Review of the UK’s Domestic Target Current Emission Status f th St t of the UK
  13. 13. SUSTAINABILITY, ADDRESSING OUR CHANGING ENVIRONMENT CO2 Emissions, A Review of the UK’s Domestic Target Where The UK Stands Regarding Carbon Emission Globally
  14. 14. SUSTAINABILITY, ADDRESSING OUR CHANGING ENVIRONMENT CO2 Emissions, A Review of the UK’s Domestic Target Current UK Buildings Industrial I d ti l& Emissions by Sector 20% Manufacturing Process 20% Domestic 28% Transport 32%
  15. 15. SUSTAINABILITY, ADDRESSING OUR CHANGING ENVIRONMENT CO2 Emissions, A Review of the UK’s Domestic Target The Built Environment Accounts for 48% of CO2 Emissions in the UK
  16. 16. SUSTAINABILITY, ADDRESSING OUR CHANGING ENVIRONMENT CO2 Emissions, A Review of the UK’s Domestic Target DTI Emission Predictions to 2010
  17. 17. SUSTAINABILITY, ADDRESSING OUR CHANGING ENVIRONMENT CO2 Emissions, A Review of the UK’s Domestic Target DTI Model Predicted Sector CO2 Emissions 2005-1010 2005 1010
  18. 18. SUSTAINABILITY, ADDRESSING OUR CHANGING ENVIRONMENT CO2 Emissions, A Review of the UK’s Domestic Target The UK is currently on Target to meet the commitments of the KP The predictions indicated and by the UK’s Government own admission, the UK is currently NOT on target to achieve the domestic goal The prediction of CO2 emissions by 2010 is currently 141.3MtC The UK’s domestic goal is 130.8MtC by 2010 This equates to a shortfall of 10.5MtC and an overall CO2 q
  19. 19. SUSTAINABILITY, ADDRESSING OUR CHANGING ENVIRONMENT CO2 Emissions, A Review of the UK’s Domestic Target Mechanisms In Place, For & Against the Target
  20. 20. SUSTAINABILITY, ADDRESSING OUR CHANGING ENVIRONMENT CO2 Emissions, A Review of the UK’s Domestic Target Mechanisms In Place, For & Against the Target DTI & DEFRA The C Th Construction I d t t ti Industry Grants Utility Charges Building Regulations
  21. 21. SUSTAINABILITY, ADDRESSING OUR CHANGING ENVIRONMENT CO2 Emissions, A Review of the UK’s Domestic Target Case Studies
  22. 22. SUSTAINABILITY, ADDRESSING OUR CHANGING ENVIRONMENT CO2 Emissions, A Review of the UK’s Domestic Target Heaton Park The Green Building
  23. 23. SUSTAINABILITY, ADDRESSING OUR CHANGING ENVIRONMENT CO2 Emissions, A Review of the UK’s Domestic Target Heaton Park Development Green Building Traditional Thinking Sustainable Thinking
  24. 24. SUSTAINABILITY, ADDRESSING OUR CHANGING ENVIRONMENT CO2 Emissions, A Review of the UK’s Domestic Target RESULTS: RESULTS HEATON PARK DEVELOPMENT GREEN BUILDING Construction Construction ‘U’ value of walls ( l f ll (new b ildi ) building) 0.32 0 32 ‘U’ Value of Walls U 0.3 03 Church 1.15 & 1.67 Building Regulations Building Regulations Elemental Method (New Building) Not calculated Elemental Method Not Calculated Elemental Method (Church) Not calculated Target ‘U’ Value PASS Target ‘U’ Value (New Building) Pass Carbon Index C b I d / SAP C l l ti Calculation PASS Target ‘U’ Value (Church) FAIL (However, Category B listed building exempt from building regulations)
  25. 25. SUSTAINABILITY, ADDRESSING OUR CHANGING ENVIRONMENT CO2 Emissions, A Review of the UK’s Domestic Target HEATON PARK DEVELOPMENT RESULTS – GREEN BUILDING CONTINUED CONTINUED Eco-Homes Assessment Eco-Homes Assessment Score 65.4 Score 74.75 Rating Very Good Rating Excellent Anticipated Energy Usage Anticipated Energy Usage Gas 18,816 kWh / year Gas 1,343,916 kWh / year Electricity 1,120,909 kWh Electricity 176,215 kWh Anticipated Utility Charges Anticipated Utility Charges Gas £500 / month Gas £20 / month Electricity £280 / month Electricity £4,750 / month CO2 Emission CO2 Emission Apartments Average 56.13 KgCO2/m2 Apartments Average 24.2 KgCO2/m2 Complete Building 90,000 KgCO2//Year Complete Building 53,000 KgCO2/Year
  26. 26. SUSTAINABILITY, ADDRESSING OUR CHANGING ENVIRONMENT CO2 Emissions, A Review of the UK’s Domestic Target CO2 EMISSIONS FROM EACH BUILDING 90,000 Kg/CO2 53,000 Kg/CO2 Potential Savings of: 90,000 – 53,000 = 37,000 KgCO2 / Year
  27. 27. SUSTAINABILITY, ADDRESSING OUR CHANGING ENVIRONMENT CO2 Emissions, A Review of the , UK’s Domestic Target Discussion of Results
  28. 28. SUSTAINABILITY, ADDRESSING OUR CHANGING ENVIRONMENT CO2 Emissions, A Review of the UK’s Domestic Target Discussion of Results The case study shows the sustainable building can potentially save 37,000 KgCO2 / year 90,000 53,000 37,000 KgCO 90 000 – 53 000 = 37 000 K CO2 / year It is important to note the potential savings through sustainable construction at tye case study in Manchester is measured in CO2. The UK domestic target is measured in CO2 but the target shortfall is defined in carbon carbon.
  29. 29. SUSTAINABILITY, ADDRESSING OUR CHANGING ENVIRONMENT CO2 Emissions, A Review of the UK’s Domestic Target Discussion of Results Cont. The current predicted shortfall of the UK domestic target is 10.5MtC. Buildings account for 48% emissions therefore 48% of the shortfall is attributed to the built environment The Built environment. environment should therefore consider saving 5MtC/year to assist the UK to get back on track to meet the domestic target. Calculation: (37000 x 12 ) / 44 = 10000KgC 10,000 10 000 / 1000 = 10 tC Shortfall: 5,000,000 / 10 = 500,000 Required Sustainable Buildings in the UK , , , q g
  30. 30. SUSTAINABILITY, ADDRESSING OUR CHANGING ENVIRONMENT CO2 Emissions, A Review of the UK’s , Domestic Target Conclusion
  31. 31. SUSTAINABILITY, ADDRESSING OUR CHANGING ENVIRONMENT CO2 Emissions, A Review of the UK’s Domestic Target Conclusion C l i The UK will probably achieve Kyoto Protocol 12.5% p y y The domestic target in not currently on schedule One sustainable case study has showed 10tC/Year 500,000 building sustainable projects in the UK are required to bring the th UK back on track to meet the Domestic Goal b k t kt t th D ti G l By not doing anything your actually contributing to climate change activities h ti iti
  32. 32. SUSTAINABILITY, ADDRESSING OUR CHANGING ENVIRONMENT CO2 Emissions, A Review of the UK’s Domestic Target 感谢您的聆听! Bill Jolly BEng (Hons) MCIBSE Associate Director Bill.jolly@parker-wilson.co.uk Office Telephone: +44 (0) 161 773 1177

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