Navajo gu bulleted2

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Navajo gu bulleted2

  1. 1. The Sun’s Medicine Bundle A doctor’s encounters with Navajo Medicine Navajo Shaman Medicine Bundle Human nerve cell
  2. 2. Native Americans <ul><li>Original inhabitants of North America </li></ul><ul><ul><li>before white-skinned Europeans arrived </li></ul></ul><ul><li>First came 25,000-12,000 years ago </li></ul><ul><ul><li>during last Ice Age </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>crossed a “land bridge” from Siberia. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 4. Native American History <ul><li>Over 13,000 years, Native Americans spread throughout North America </li></ul><ul><li>Formed different groups (tribes) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>different languages and cultures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>allies and enemies </li></ul></ul>
  4. 6. Native American History <ul><li>In the 1400s and 1500s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Europeans came to America. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>brought new diseases -> millions died </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>From the 1600s to the 1800s, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Descendants of European colonists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>spread westward across the Continent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As they met Native American tribes, they fought/took their land </li></ul></ul>
  5. 7. Native American History <ul><li>By 1900, all Native American tribes were defeated </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Forced to live on “Reservations” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>isolated places, with few things of value </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 9. Native American History <ul><li>For most tribes, a tradition of movement/migration </li></ul><ul><li>No jobs, few resources, and a lot of alcohol -> poverty and loss of culture </li></ul>
  7. 10. Killing of the Buffalo American Bison (Buffalo).
  8. 11. Navajo History <ul><li>Navajo - one of the last groups across the land bridge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>called “Athabaskans” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>avoided warrior tribes in middle of the country </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>settled in the American Southwest. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 13. Navajo History <ul><li>Athabaskans encountered Pueblos and Hopis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Were taught to farm, raise sheep and horses </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Athabaskans settled down, became Navajo people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some Athabaskan people didn't want to settle down </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>continued to migrate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>became the Apaches </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 14. Navajo History <ul><li>Navajo people fought against U.S. army. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>defeated by Col. Kit Carson in 1864 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Long Walk in 1864 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>9,000 Navajo men, women and children were forced on The Long Walk of over 300 miles (480 km) to Fort Sumner </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Navajo Reservation formed in 1868. </li></ul>
  11. 16. Navajo People Today <ul><li>The largest Native American tribe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>250,000 live on the Reservation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>250,000 live off the Reservation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reservation is size of 5 New England states put together </li></ul>
  12. 17. The Navajo Nation <ul><li>Executive Branch </li></ul><ul><ul><li>President and Vice-president </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Legislative Branch </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Navajo Nation Tribal Council </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Judiciary Branch </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Navajo Courts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Navajo Nation Police </li></ul></ul>
  13. 18. Navajo Tribal Council
  14. 19. Navajo Today <ul><li>People on the Reservation sometimes live in very small towns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>near hospitals or “trading posts” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Most live far from each other in “camps” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>large family groups that live together </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>often no electricity or running water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>traditional dwellings, called “hogans” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Many others live in border towns or big cities (jobs) </li></ul>
  15. 20. A Navajo Hogan
  16. 21. Jobs <ul><li>Women - rug weaving. </li></ul><ul><li>Men - jewelry making, tour guides. </li></ul><ul><li>Tending sheep. </li></ul><ul><li>Hospitals and schools. </li></ul>
  17. 22. Navajo Mythology <ul><li>Emergence from “underworld” after a great flood </li></ul><ul><li>First Man and First Woman, Talking God and Changing Woman </li></ul><ul><li>Heroes, gods, and magical creatures </li></ul><ul><li>Myths and stories take place in the land where the people still live </li></ul>
  18. 23. Navajo World <ul><li>Universe is based on four directions and cycles of time and life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>East - sunrise, birth, spring, white </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>South - daytime, youth/maturity, summer, blue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>West - evening/sunset, old age, autumn, yellow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>North - night, death, winter, black </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Four Sacred Mountains, North, South, East, West </li></ul>
  19. 25. Navajo World. <ul><li>Universe is also based on “male” and “female.” </li></ul><ul><li>Male = Red, positive aggressive, sharp, hot, day, summer, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Female = Blue, negative,peaceful, protective, dull, cold, night, winter, etc. </li></ul>
  20. 26. Navajo Medicine <ul><li>Health = balance and harmony </li></ul><ul><ul><li>within a person & between a person and the world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>physical, psychological, social, emotional </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Disharmony and imbalance come from: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>leaving the four sacred mountains </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>by breaking “taboos” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>by witchcraft </li></ul></ul>
  21. 27. Navajo Medicine Man <ul><li>Medicine Hand Trembler </li></ul><ul><ul><li>makes diagnosis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>recommends a healing ceremony </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Navajo Medicine Man (shaman) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>carries out a ceremony -> restore health, balance, harmony to the “sick” person </li></ul></ul>
  22. 28. Navajo Ceremony <ul><li>1-7 days in length </li></ul><ul><li>Different ceremonies “cure” different types of illnesses </li></ul><ul><li>Many people come to support the patient </li></ul><ul><li>Medicine Man chants a story from mythology </li></ul><ul><li>Important parts of the story are drawn as sand paintings on the floor of the hogan </li></ul>
  23. 29. Navajo Ceremony <ul><li>In some ceremonies, people dress up as gods who dance around and chant </li></ul><ul><li>The patient may be asked to drink or eat special herbs </li></ul>
  24. 31. Navajo Sand paintings. <ul><li>Very detailed pictures from colored sand </li></ul><ul><li>Take many hours to make </li></ul><ul><li>Sand painting and hogan represent the universe </li></ul><ul><li>Gods are called to the sand painting </li></ul><ul><li>The patient is identified with the gods </li></ul>
  25. 32. Navajo Sand paintings
  26. 35. Tibetan Sand Paintings
  27. 36. Native American Church <ul><li>Started in Northern Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Spread to Texas and Oklahoma </li></ul><ul><li>After World War II, spread to all Native American tribes </li></ul><ul><li>Uses peyote cactus as part of the ritual </li></ul><ul><ul><li>gives people special visions </li></ul></ul>
  28. 37. The Native American Church
  29. 38. Where Scientific Medicine meets Navajo Medicine <ul><li>Understand Navajo medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Support their ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Translate my diagnosis and treatment into ideas they understand </li></ul><ul><li>Know the Medicine Man and learn to work together </li></ul><ul><li>Attend Navajo ceremonies when invited </li></ul>

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