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Leader member exchange model


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Leader member exchange model

  1. 1. Leader-Member Exchange Model Presented by:
  2. 2. Introduction Leadership-member exchange model is also known as the vertical Dyad linkage theory. Explores managers and leaders relationship with the team members Outcome of the relationship in terms of growth or failure
  3. 3. Three Relationships Between Managers And Subordinates Role taking - managers assess the abilities of the team members. Role making - managers groups the teams into two; in-group and the out-group.
  4. 4. Routine stage - managers establish the routines to be observed by the team members. Concept of in-group and out-group is that the managers are aligned more to the in-group than the out-group.
  5. 5. Differences between in-groups and out-groups In-group members maintain healthy relations with their managers. Highly motivated Given responsibilities of the highest level Engage in decision making with the managers Focused to the task objectives.
  6. 6. Out- group members given low responsibilities Not entrusted with any sensitive jobs. Access to resources is limited. Does not receive opportunities like training and development
  7. 7. Task Related Performance Factors In-group members shown how to conduct their affairs with the view to enhancing their personal growth. Taken for training in different seminars Given additional responsibilities.
  8. 8. Leader’s Relations With His Followers Relationship between leaders and members dependent on trust or criticism. Leaders who deliver are those who integrate the workers and initiate new structures. Leader’s relation with the workers should be based on the job and merit of performance.
  9. 9. Visionary leader identify the out-group and the in-groups in an organization. Analyzing these groups helps locate and fix the problem. Should look for what may motivate the out-group members.
  10. 10. Provision of training and development is crucial. Equal opportunity should be given to all the workers. Goal setting and task allocation can improve the working environment. Encourage interactions and improve rapport.
  11. 11. For more information on Leader-Member Exchange Model visit