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  1. 1. BBC (British Broadcasting Corporation)
  2. 2. BBC <ul><li>Type: Broadcast radio , television and online </li></ul><ul><li>Country: United Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>Founded: John Reith </li></ul><ul><li>Key people: Sir Michael Lyons , Chairman, BBC Trust Mark Thompson , Director-General (Chairman of the Executive Board). </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Launch date: 1922 (radio) 1932 (television) 1996 (online) </li></ul><ul><li>Former names: British Broadcasting Company Ltd. </li></ul><ul><li>Availability: United Kingdom , Worldwide </li></ul>
  4. 4. History: <ul><li>The BBC was the world's first national broadcasting organization and was founded on 18 October 1922 as the British Broadcasting Company Ltd . </li></ul><ul><li>The British Broadcasting Corporation , usually referred to by its abbreviation as the &quot; BBC &quot; is the world's oldest and largest broadcaster . </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>The original Company was founded in 1922 by a group of six telecommunications companies. </li></ul><ul><li>Marconi . </li></ul><ul><li>Radio Communication Company. </li></ul><ul><li>Metropolitan-Vickers . </li></ul><ul><li>General Electric . </li></ul><ul><li>Western Electric . </li></ul><ul><li>British Thomson-Houston . </li></ul>
  6. 6. First Transmission: <ul><li>The first transmission was on 14 November 1922, from station 2LO , located at Marconi House. </li></ul><ul><li>The Company, with John Reith as general manager, became the British Broadcasting Corporation in 1927 when it was granted its first Royal Charter of incorporation and ceased to be privately owned </li></ul>
  7. 7. Corporate structure: <ul><li>Trust Unit </li></ul><ul><li>Director-General's Office </li></ul><ul><li>Content Groups: Journalism (News, Sport and Global News) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vision television production </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Audio & Music (radio and music production) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Future Media & Technology (web-based services plus Research and Development ) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><ul><li>- </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Professional Services: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Operations (policy, strategy, legal, property and distribution) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marketing, Communications and Audiences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Finance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>BBC People (human resources and training) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Commercial Groups: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>BBC Worldwide Ltd </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>BBC Studios and Post Production Ltd , formerly BBC Resources </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Finance: <ul><li>The BBC has the largest budget of any UK broadcaster with an operating expenditure of £4.3 billion in 2007 [22] compared to £3.8 billion for British Sky Broadcasting , [23] £1.9 billion for ITV [24] and £214 million in 2007 for GCap Media (the largest commercial radio broadcaster). </li></ul>
  10. 10. Revenue: <ul><li>The principal means of funding the BBC is through the television license, costing £142.50 per year per household (as of May 2009). </li></ul><ul><li>a license is required to receive broadcast television within the UK. </li></ul><ul><li>The cost of a television license is set by the government. </li></ul><ul><li>A discount is available for households with only black-and-white television sets. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Funds are then allocated by the Department of Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) and the Treasury and approved by Parliament via legislation. </li></ul><ul><li>Income from commercial enterprises and from overseas sales of its catalogue of programmers' has substantially increased over recent years, with BBC Worldwide contributing some £145 million to the BBC's core public service business. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>According to the BBC's 2008–2009 Annual Report, [27] its income can be broken down as follows: </li></ul><ul><li>£3,368.8 million (£3.37bn) in license fees collected from householders. </li></ul><ul><li>£719.6M from BBC Commercial Businesses. </li></ul><ul><li>£283.6M from government grants. </li></ul><ul><li>£42.8M from other income, such as providing content to overseas broadcasters and concert ticket sales. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Expenditure: <ul><li>The BBC gave two forms of expenditure statement for the financial year 2005-2006. </li></ul><ul><li>The amount of each license fee spent monthly breaks down. </li></ul><ul><li>Department </li></ul><ul><li>Monthly cost ( GBP ) </li></ul><ul><li>BBC ONE ( £3.52) </li></ul><ul><li>BBC TWO ( £1.52) </li></ul><ul><li>Transmission and collection costs ( £1.08) </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Nations and English Regions television ( £1.04) </li></ul><ul><li>BBC Radio 1, 2, 3, 4 and Five Live ( £1.02) </li></ul><ul><li>Digital television channels ( £1.00) </li></ul><ul><li>Nations' and local radio ( 68p) </li></ul><ul><li>BBC Online ( 36p) </li></ul><ul><li>BBC jam ( 14p) </li></ul><ul><li>Digital radio stations ( 10p) </li></ul><ul><li>Interactive TV ( BBC Red Button ) ( 8p) </li></ul><ul><li>Total (£10.54) </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>The total broadcasting spend for 2005-2006. </li></ul><ul><li>Department Total cost ( £million ) </li></ul><ul><li>Television 1443 </li></ul><ul><li>Radio 218 </li></ul><ul><li>BBC Online 72 </li></ul><ul><li>BBC jam 36 </li></ul><ul><li>Interactive TV (BBCi) 18 </li></ul><ul><li>Local radio and regional televisio 370 </li></ul><ul><li>Programme related spend 338 </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Overheads and Digital UK 315 </li></ul><ul><li>Restructuring 107 </li></ul><ul><li>Transmission and collection costs 320 </li></ul><ul><li>Total 3237 </li></ul>
  17. 17. Services: <ul><li>Television: In the UK, BBC One and BBC Two are the BBC's flagship television channels. Several digital only stations are also broadcast: BBC Three , BBC Four , BBC News Channel , BBC Parliament , and two children's channels, CBBC and CBeebies . </li></ul>
  18. 18. Services: <ul><li>Radio: Radio 1 ( new music and entertainment&quot;) </li></ul><ul><li>Radio 2 (the UK's most listened to radio station, </li></ul><ul><li>Radio 3 (classical and jazz music) </li></ul><ul><li>Radio 4 (current affairs, factual, drama and comedy) </li></ul><ul><li>Radio 5 Live (24 hour news, sports and talk) </li></ul>
  19. 19. The division of programmes <ul><li>Light entertainment (variety shows, soap operas, situation comedies, game shows) </li></ul><ul><li>News/current affairs </li></ul><ul><li>Documentaries </li></ul><ul><li>Children’s TV </li></ul><ul><li>Music </li></ul><ul><li>Sport </li></ul><ul><li>Films/TV movies </li></ul><ul><li>Drama/plays </li></ul>
  20. 20. BBC Executive Committee <ul><li>The BBC’s day-to-day operations are run by 16 divisions. Their directors report to the director-general, forming the Executive Committee. </li></ul><ul><li>The director-general is chief executive and editor-in-chief. BBC governors appoint the director-general and, with him/her, senior management </li></ul><ul><li>Each division's performance is regularly assessed by the BBC’s governors. </li></ul><ul><li>Every July, BBC governors publish an Annual Report to license payers and Parliament which assesses the BBC's performance against objectives over the past year </li></ul>
  21. 21. The Funding <ul><li>BBC 1 & BBC 2 – license fees from viewers , sale of programmers, hire and sale of educational films based on programmers . Do not get any of their revenue through advertising. </li></ul><ul><li>BBC World – an advertiser funded channel, with 24-hour news, information and analysis. </li></ul>