Barriers to communication

25,876 views

Published on

saim143.webs.com

Published in: Education
4 Comments
22 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
25,876
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
36
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
651
Comments
4
Likes
22
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Barriers to communication

  1. 1.  Barrier: Barriers mean all those hurdles which stop or interrupt the process of communication. Barrier sometimes become so strong that they can even make the whole process just a failure.
  2. 2. Types of Barriers  Physical Barriers  Psychological Barriers
  3. 3. Physical Barriers: Physical barrier is a problem in the way of transmitting a message from its source to destination. You sent a letter to your friend but he didn’t get it, this is a physical barrier; there is a speech of President on TV but you can’t listen it properly due to some problem in the transmission(channel noise), also a physical hurdle. If a student closes a door with noise during lecture then it would also be a physical hurdle.
  4. 4.  Psychological Barrier: These are the barriers which are directly related to some internal problem of the destination or the receiver. The receiver receives the message clearly but due to some reasons fails to understand & react properly.
  5. 5. Different Psychological Barriers  Semantic Noise  Field of Experience  Cognitive Dissonance  Frame of Reference  Poor Understanding  Expression  Change in Custom & Tradition
  6. 6.  Semantic Noise This kind of hurdle is the result of using very difficult, jaw breaking & tongue twisting words by the communicator/sender, which are out side the frame of reference of the receiver.
  7. 7.  Field of Experience: This barrier occurs when the field of experience is not common to both sender & receiver. For example, if the scientist wants to communicate the Newton law to the uneducated people, definitely, there won’t be any communication. But if the message is delivered to the science students, the message will be an effective one.
  8. 8. Cognitive Dissonance: Cognition means process of thinking & dissonance means conflict. So Cognitive Dissonance means conflict in thinking. It occurs usually when the receiver accepts the message but due to some reason fails to react according to the desired response of the receiver. i.e. the sender tells a chain smoker that smoking is dangerous for health, receiver accepts the message as a truth but due to his habit, fails to react accordingly.
  9. 9.  Frame of reference: Every sender & receiver have their own sense of perceiving the things according to their owl level of understanding. If sender & receiver do not share the some what same frame of reference then communication process might become a failure.
  10. 10.  Poor understanding: If the receiver is poor in understanding the intended message then it would also be a psychological hurdle.
  11. 11.  Expressions: If the facial expressions, body language & attitude of the sender do not match with the tone of the message then it would also become a psychological hurdle for the receiver.
  12. 12.  Change in custom & tradition: If the communicator wants to talk about some change in the custom & tradition, definitely his communication will be a failure.

×