Universität für Bodenkultur Wien
Department für Raum, Landschaft
und Infrastruktur
IRUB
1
The relevance of spatial-related...
Universität für Bodenkultur Wien
Department für Raum, Landschaft
und Infrastruktur
IRUB
2
Planning challenges in rural are...
Universität für Bodenkultur Wien
Department für Raum, Landschaft
und Infrastruktur
IRUB
3
Planning challenges in rural are...
Universität für Bodenkultur Wien
Department für Raum, Landschaft
und Infrastruktur
IRUB
4
life-long learning (LLL) …
is ba...
Universität für Bodenkultur Wien
Department für Raum, Landschaft
und Infrastruktur
IRUB
5
LLL
Requirements
IGL
spatial pro...
Universität für Bodenkultur Wien
Department für Raum, Landschaft
und Infrastruktur
IRUB
6
Approximating the potentials of ...
Universität für Bodenkultur Wien
Department für Raum, Landschaft
und Infrastruktur
IRUB
7
Volume – potential – actually pr...
Universität für Bodenkultur Wien
Department für Raum, Landschaft
und Infrastruktur
IRUB
8
Knowledge transfer: also a matte...
Universität für Bodenkultur Wien
Department für Raum, Landschaft
und Infrastruktur
IRUB
9
IGL within the family:
also a ma...
Universität für Bodenkultur Wien
Department für Raum, Landschaft
und Infrastruktur
IRUB
10
LLL and IGL 
sustainable rural...
Universität für Bodenkultur Wien
Department für Raum, Landschaft
und Infrastruktur
IRUB
11
LLL and GL not necessarily impl...
Universität für Bodenkultur Wien
Department für Raum, Landschaft
und Infrastruktur
IRUB
12
LLL and GL may imply sustainabl...
Universität für Bodenkultur Wien
Department für Raum, Landschaft
und Infrastruktur
IRUB
13
Note: the contributions of LLL ...
Universität für Bodenkultur Wien
Department für Raum, Landschaft
und Infrastruktur
IRUB
Thank you very much for your atten...
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Big Foot Conferenece. June 5. Relevance of spatial-related aspects for life-long and intergenerational learning in rural areas – evidences from Austria_Tatjana Fischer and Verena Peer

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Tatjana Fischer and Verena Peer, Institute of Spatial Planning and Rural Development, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (BOKU), presented their research on the relevance of spatial-related aspects for life-long and intergenerational learning in rural areas – evidences from Austria

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Big Foot Conferenece. June 5. Relevance of spatial-related aspects for life-long and intergenerational learning in rural areas – evidences from Austria_Tatjana Fischer and Verena Peer

  1. 1. Universität für Bodenkultur Wien Department für Raum, Landschaft und Infrastruktur IRUB 1 The relevance of spatial-related aspects for life-long learning and intergenerational learning in rural areas – evidences from Austria Tatjana Fischer and Verena Peer Final conference of the project „Big foot: Crossing Generations, Crossing Mountains“, Vienna International Centre, June 5th, 2013
  2. 2. Universität für Bodenkultur Wien Department für Raum, Landschaft und Infrastruktur IRUB 2 Planning challenges in rural areas Definitions and requirements for LLL and IGL LLL and IGL  sustainable rural development? Resume & bottlenecks Conclusions – delicate questions left open Overview
  3. 3. Universität für Bodenkultur Wien Department für Raum, Landschaft und Infrastruktur IRUB 3 Planning challenges in rural areas 3 characteristic traits of structurally weak rural areas: - demographic aging / selective out-migration - unsolved questions of succession - infrastructural qualities (incl. provision of broadband internet) - financial weakness (of the public sector) - image small populations – strong heterogeneities – high fluctuation breaking up and dissolution of rural societies and communities individualisation of concepts of life and settlement development - (desire for) contacts in place socio-spatial aspects (within the family) - residences of the older generation - residences of the young LLL and IGL  sustainable rural development? planning in existing contexts – qualities and opportunities of spaces
  4. 4. Universität für Bodenkultur Wien Department für Raum, Landschaft und Infrastruktur IRUB 4 life-long learning (LLL) … is based on three principles: “life-long”, “life-wide”, “centred on ‘learning’ rather than on education intergenerational learning (IGL)… transfer of knowledge between generations within and outside families different utilisation of knowledge and skills private benefits: cultivation and transmission of tradition and/or economic realisation: entrepreneurship/start-ups … from young to old: approaching to the new media … from old to young: passing traditional craft techniques, educational support Definitions
  5. 5. Universität für Bodenkultur Wien Department für Raum, Landschaft und Infrastruktur IRUB 5 LLL Requirements IGL spatial proximity similar interests good atmosphere meeting places ability – willingness skills interests – awareness phase of life – constraints affectedness – presence access to / utilisation of new media learning and recreational facilities & reach ability political and financial support continuing demand for … spatial-related aspects volume > potential > practicing
  6. 6. Universität für Bodenkultur Wien Department für Raum, Landschaft und Infrastruktur IRUB 6 Approximating the potentials of LLL and IGL: Empirical findings from rural Austria 6 best agers: 55 to 65 years old: 6 municipalities: n = 204 (primary dwellers) people aged 70+: 18 municipalities: n = 75 population aged 20 to 65 years: n = 80
  7. 7. Universität für Bodenkultur Wien Department für Raum, Landschaft und Infrastruktur IRUB 7 Volume – potential – actually practicing IGL: best agers (aged 55 to 65 years) indicator(s) volume potential 1 potential 2 practicing IGL primary dwellers 204 persons primary dwellers active and interested 94 persons primary dwellers active and interested retired 63 persons ??? ???
  8. 8. Universität für Bodenkultur Wien Department für Raum, Landschaft und Infrastruktur IRUB 8 Knowledge transfer: also a matter of skills former occupation of the best agers house- wives (skilled) workmen (commercial) clerks (technical) engineers teachers farmers selection total Rohr 0 1 1 2 0 0 4 ? Eberau 1 1 3 0 4 1 10 ? Mürzsteg 1 2 1 1 1 0 6 ? Kapellen 0 5 1 0 0 0 6 ? Bernhardsthal 0 6 4 4 0 1 15 ? Rabensburg 3 6 4 2 0 0 15 ? potential 2 5 21 14 9 5 2 56 63
  9. 9. Universität für Bodenkultur Wien Department für Raum, Landschaft und Infrastruktur IRUB 9 IGL within the family: also a matter of spatial proximity residential municipalities of the best agers (2012) residential municipalities of their (grand-)children (2012) potential 1 (active and interested) 94 persons having children 81 grandparenthood 53 multi-generation living 24 at least one grandchild in the home municipality 23 multi-generation living + at least one grandchild in the home municipality 7
  10. 10. Universität für Bodenkultur Wien Department für Raum, Landschaft und Infrastruktur IRUB 10 LLL and IGL  sustainable rural development? It depends on the added value for the (next generation of the) rural municipality / region. from the perspective of spatial economy e. g. opening of new sources of income establishing regional value chains reducing (selective) out-migration (of high-potentials) increasing the number of returners of working age from the socio- spatial perspective e. g. strengthening social ties and intergenerational solidarity developing further mutual support
  11. 11. Universität für Bodenkultur Wien Department für Raum, Landschaft und Infrastruktur IRUB 11 LLL and GL not necessarily imply sustainable rural development.  heterogeneity related to personal prerequisites  socio-spatial aspects  political support and financial constraints  private benefits prevail Resume and bottlenecks (1)
  12. 12. Universität für Bodenkultur Wien Department für Raum, Landschaft und Infrastruktur IRUB 12 LLL and GL may imply sustainable rural development.  working out a USP  heading for monetary value creation  sufficient number of supporters  endogenous potential is stable over time  local and regional goals match Resume and bottlenecks (2)
  13. 13. Universität für Bodenkultur Wien Department für Raum, Landschaft und Infrastruktur IRUB 13 Note: the contributions of LLL / IGL to imply sustainable rural development tend to be overestimated. concentrate on tourism and crafts. depend on the economic starting level of a municipality / region. Note: uncertain knowledge of how to identify and mobilize endogenous (human) potentials. measure economic added values. determine an appropriate spatial level in order to raise investment levels. Conclusions – delicate questions left open
  14. 14. Universität für Bodenkultur Wien Department für Raum, Landschaft und Infrastruktur IRUB Thank you very much for your attention! Tatjana Fischer Institute of Spatial Planning and Rural Development Department of Spatial, Landscape and Infrastructure Sciences BOKU - University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna e-Mail: tatjana.fischer@boku.ac.at Verena Peer Institute of Sustainable Economic Development Department of Economics and Social Sciences BOKU - University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna e-Mail: verena.peer@boku.ac.at

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