www.e-c-o.at
Transcultural exchange
of knowledge about
sustainability in
protected areas
05/06 2013
Vienna International C...
www.e-c-o.at
„Nobody is monocultural“ (Demorgon & Molz 1996)
…everybody is member of many different cultures
…different ge...
www.e-c-o.at
proVISION project „Transcultural exchange of
knowledge about sustainability“
Project to explore the commonali...
www.e-c-o.at
Protected areas as driving force for sustainable
development in rural areas
Protected areas are considered…
„...
www.e-c-o.at
The knowledge of protected areas
Knowledge Assessment of protected areas
Human capital: Protected areas are a...
www.e-c-o.at
The knowledge exchange system of protected areas
Intergenerational exchange
inside the PA – old and
young sta...
www.e-c-o.at
Multidimensional culture
Various aspects of culture – A
multidimensional concept also varying
between generat...
www.e-c-o.at
Intergenerational exchange is transcultural exchange
Basic principles for transcultural exchange
also useful ...
www.e-c-o.at
Example 1: Old knowledge in a new context
„ I was a hunter before, now I use
this knowledge for spotting
anim...
www.e-c-o.at
Example 2: Old products in a new context
Platform for local producers to promote their
products
Appreciation ...
www.e-c-o.at
Example 3: Yesterdays landscapes in a new context
Old knowledge about traditional land-use forms and techniqu...
www.e-c-o.at
How to share this knowledge and make it
applicable? – Selected approaches
Cultural translators or bridge buil...
www.e-c-o.at
Conclusions – Symbiotic relation between protected
areas and locally grown knowledge
Protected areas may trig...
www.e-c-o.at
Literature & further reading
05/06 2013
Vienna International Centre
DI Michael Huber
Knowledge, parks and cul...
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Big Foot Conferenece. June 5. Knowledge, Parks and Cultures_Michael Huber

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Michael Huber, Staff member responsible for Protected Areas of the E.C.O. Institute for Ecology made a presentation on "Knowledge, Parks and Cultures"

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Big Foot Conferenece. June 5. Knowledge, Parks and Cultures_Michael Huber

  1. 1. www.e-c-o.at Transcultural exchange of knowledge about sustainability in protected areas 05/06 2013 Vienna International Centre DI Michael Huber Final Conference Big Foot: Crossing Generations, Crossing Mountains Knowledge, parks and cultures E.C.O. Institute for Ecology | Kinoplatz 6, 9020 Klagenfurt | www.e-c-o.at | office@e-c-o.at
  2. 2. www.e-c-o.at „Nobody is monocultural“ (Demorgon & Molz 1996) …everybody is member of many different cultures …different generations can be considered different cultures …different cultures have different valuable knowledge Picture: M.J.
  3. 3. www.e-c-o.at proVISION project „Transcultural exchange of knowledge about sustainability“ Project to explore the commonalities and differences in protected area management Aimed to support the international MSc. Programme „Management of protected areas“ at Alpe-Adria University in Klagenfurt Four case studies in Austria and Nepal Linking culture, sustainability, knowledge and protected areas
  4. 4. www.e-c-o.at Protected areas as driving force for sustainable development in rural areas Protected areas are considered… „model regions for sustainable development“ (UNESCO 1996) „to be drivers for innovation and sustainability in rural protected areas“ (Jungmeier 2012) and „…to lead towards a more sustainable society“ (IUCN 2005) Modern managed protected areas adress all pillars of sustainability (Ecology, Economy, Society)
  5. 5. www.e-c-o.at The knowledge of protected areas Knowledge Assessment of protected areas Human capital: Protected areas are academic organizations and bring young people to remote areas and provides an opportunity for them to stay Structural capital: Protected areas are collecting and storing local knowledge (libraries, databases) Social capital: Protected areas are a critical node in rural areas for development in any respect Regardless of the country, protected areas are knowledge-based organizations dealing with sustainability issues on an every-day basis Source: Huber et al. 2013
  6. 6. www.e-c-o.at The knowledge exchange system of protected areas Intergenerational exchange inside the PA – old and young staff Intergenerational exchange by involving the knowledge of regional stakeholders
  7. 7. www.e-c-o.at Multidimensional culture Various aspects of culture – A multidimensional concept also varying between generations Protected areas are embedded into the cultural context and also shaped by it Source: Huber et al. 2013 Source: Huber et al. 2013 based on Fischer-Furrer Küttel 2005 A protected area is shaped by numerous social groups and (sub)-cultures at different levels which are interdependent
  8. 8. www.e-c-o.at Intergenerational exchange is transcultural exchange Basic principles for transcultural exchange also useful for intergenerational exchange Different generations can be considered different „cultures“ Our research emphasized the importance to integrate all „cultures“ into PA- management as their contribute different knowledge Source: Huber et al. 2013
  9. 9. www.e-c-o.at Example 1: Old knowledge in a new context „ I was a hunter before, now I use this knowledge for spotting animals and guiding tourists“ (Wildlife guide in Gunung Leuser NP, Sumatra) Horseback-riding and trekking along old mule trecks through Hohe Tauern NP www.viaaurea.at www.tauernalpin.at
  10. 10. www.e-c-o.at Example 2: Old products in a new context Platform for local producers to promote their products Appreciation of visitors keeps the knowledge about the production alive E.g. Haymaking on high-alpine pastures in Nockberge BR http://www.pulverer.at/wander-und-thermenurlaub-kaernten www.kleinezeitung.at
  11. 11. www.e-c-o.at Example 3: Yesterdays landscapes in a new context Old knowledge about traditional land-use forms and techniques for land-use management of protected areas (e.g. terracing) and to conserve locally adapted varieties of crops/fruits) Traditional terracing to conserve soil in Annapurna Conservation Area Nepal Marketing of old pear variety in Pöllauer Tal Nature Park Maintenance of traditional Alpine Pastures around Hohe Tauern National Park www.mythos-tauernschecken.com  
  12. 12. www.e-c-o.at How to share this knowledge and make it applicable? – Selected approaches Cultural translators or bridge builders (e.g. community mobilizers in Nepal) Platform for personalized exchange (e.g. Co-management systems such as Annapurna Conservation Area) Starting with the youngest (e.g. junior ranger programmes) Sources: Huber et al. 2013
  13. 13. www.e-c-o.at Conclusions – Symbiotic relation between protected areas and locally grown knowledge Protected areas may trigger a process of intergenerational learning by… putting old knowledge in a new context drawing public attention to old knowledge about the area providing a platform for exchange in remote areas providing an economic perspective for local residents Protected areas need intergenerational learning, because… successful management depends on existing regional knowledge and experiences Intergenerational learning is about tacit knowledge Knowledge exchange needs active stimulus Tools for intercultural exchange can be beneficial
  14. 14. www.e-c-o.at Literature & further reading 05/06 2013 Vienna International Centre DI Michael Huber Knowledge, parks and cultures E.C.O. Institute for Ecology | Kinoplatz 6, 9020 Klagenfurt | www.e-c-o.at | office@e-c-o.at Huber, M., Jungmeier, M., Lange, S., Chaudhary, S. (2013). Knowledge, Parks and Cultures. Transcultural exchange of knowledge in protected areas. Case studies from Austria and Nepal. Klagenfurt: Verlag Johannes Heyn. 232p. IUCN (2005). Benefits Beyond Boundaries. Proceedings of the Vth IUCN World Parks Congress. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. Jungmeier, M. (2010). Integriertes Management von Schutzgebieten. Beiträge zu Konzept, Prinzipien, Expertensystem und ausgewählten Instrumenten. Dissertation. University of Greifswald/Klagenfurt. Nonaka, I.; Takeuchi, H. (1995). The Knowledge-Creating Company: How Japanes companies create the dynamics of innovation. New York: Oxford University Press. Unesco (Ed.) (1996). Biosphere Reserves. The Seville Strategy and the Statutory Framework of the World Network. Paris.

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