BIG DATA &
CLIMATE CHANGE
Opportunities, Challenges and
Requirements
27/02/2015
Climate Change Research
 Climate research investigates global climatic
changes
o taking into account:
 natural forcing
...
Climate Change Research: Why?
 To investigate whether there is climatic change due to
man activities
 To forecast the ma...
Climate Change Research: How?
 Computer models that simulate the earth’s
climate
o For time periods spanning several deca...
Climate Change vis-à-vis Big Data
 How is climate change research connected
to Big Data?
o computer models discretize the...
 Management and manipulation of climate
model simulation results is a Big Data
challenge and involves techniques and tool...
Big Data and Climate Model Results
 Big Data management and analytics of global
climate model results – examples of poten...
Big Data and Climate Model Results
 Big Data management and analytics of global
climate model results – more examples of
...
Organisations engaged in climate
change research
 The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate
Change (IPCC), http://www.ipcc.c...
Organisations engaged in climate
change research
 National Aeronautics and Space
Administration (NASA), USA
o Goddard Ins...
Organisations engaged in climate
change research
 Divisions of National Meteorological Services,
e.g.,
o Meteo France
 C...
Organisations engaged in climate
change research
 Research centres, e.g.,
o German Research Centre for Climate – Deutches...
Organisations engaged in climate
change research
 Center for International Climate and
Environmental Research (CICERO), O...
Organisations engaged in climate
change research
 United Nations
o Big Data Climate Challenge
http://www.UNglobalpulse.or...
Additional sources for climate
model data
 WCRP* CMIP3** Multi-Model Dataset Archive
http://www-pcmdi.llnl.gov/ipcc/about...
Additional sources for climate
models data
 Earth System Grid Federation ESGF
o Worldwide federation for climate data wit...
Additional sources for climate
models data
 KomFor
o Research data from the Earth system sciences
provided by the WDC Clu...
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BigDataEurope - Big Data & Climate Change

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Big Data and the Climate/Environment domain (vis-a-vis the respective H2020 Societal Challenge) - Opportunities, Challenges and Requirements. As presented and discussed in the public launch of the BigDataEurope project.

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BigDataEurope - Big Data & Climate Change

  1. 1. BIG DATA & CLIMATE CHANGE Opportunities, Challenges and Requirements 27/02/2015
  2. 2. Climate Change Research  Climate research investigates global climatic changes o taking into account:  natural forcing  anthropogenic forcing  interaction with composition of the atmosphere BigDataEurope Launch Event, Brussels, 27/2/2015
  3. 3. Climate Change Research: Why?  To investigate whether there is climatic change due to man activities  To forecast the magnitude of the climatic change  To forecast impacts of climate change on: o economy o environment (e.g., changes of land use, availability of water resources, rise of sea level) o health o on a global as well as on local scale  To increase resilience, mitigate effects, reduce causing factors BigDataEurope Launch Event, Brussels, 27/2/2015
  4. 4. Climate Change Research: How?  Computer models that simulate the earth’s climate o For time periods spanning several decades o Taking into account different scenarios of world- wide anthropogenic pollutants emissions o Assimilating very large number of current and past weather observations BigDataEurope Launch Event, Brussels, 27/2/2015
  5. 5. Climate Change vis-à-vis Big Data  How is climate change research connected to Big Data? o computer models discretize the entire earth’s surface to a resolution of a few kilometres  billions of grid cells o world-wide weather observations and satellite data are collected and assimilated on a daily basis o repeated simulations and long time periods (decades) of simulations  All of the above produce and manipulate massive amounts of data BigDataEurope Launch Event, Brussels, 27/2/2015
  6. 6.  Management and manipulation of climate model simulation results is a Big Data challenge and involves techniques and tools for o Storage o Analysis o Visualisation o Combination of climate models results with data from other areas, e.g., agricultural production, population distribution, economic activities … BigDataEurope Launch Event, Brussels, 27/2/2015 Big Data issues in Climate Change Research
  7. 7. Big Data and Climate Model Results  Big Data management and analytics of global climate model results – examples of potential pilot cases: o Prediction of frequency and intensity of extreme weather events o Prediction of frequency and intensity of flooding events o Prediction of rise of sea level  Strengthening of resilience against the above BigDataEurope Launch Event, Brussels, 27/2/2015
  8. 8. Big Data and Climate Model Results  Big Data management and analytics of global climate model results – more examples of potential pilot cases: o Effects on agricultural production on local scale o Effects on economic activities o Effects on forest fires frequency and intensity o Visualization techniques of big data can help towards increasing people awareness of climate change effects in the local scale BigDataEurope Launch Event, Brussels, 27/2/2015
  9. 9. Organisations engaged in climate change research  The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), http://www.ipcc.ch o Data Distribution Centre (DDC)  Climate (observations and model results), socio-economic and environmental data (past and future scenarios) http://www.ipcc-data.org/ o DDC is jointly managed by  British Atmospheric Data Centre (BADC), UK, http://badc.nerc.ac.uk  CSU World Data Center Climate (WDCC), Germany http://www.dkrz.de/daten/wdcc  Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), Columbia University, New York, USA, http://www.ciesin.columbia.edu BigDataEurope Launch Event, Brussels, 27/2/2015
  10. 10. Organisations engaged in climate change research  National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), USA o Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS), http://www.giss.nasa.gov GISS climate model http://data.giss.nasa.gov/gistemp o The Global Change Master Directory  List of atmosphere and climate data Websites in the USA http://gcmd.gsfc.nasa.gov/learn/pointers/meteo.html BigDataEurope Launch Event, Brussels, 27/2/2015
  11. 11. Organisations engaged in climate change research  Divisions of National Meteorological Services, e.g., o Meteo France  Climate and Large scale Meteorology Department (GMGEC, Toulouse), http://www.cnrm- game.fr/spip.php?rubrique89&lang=en o German Weather Service (Deutscher Wetterdienst - DWD)  Integrated Climate Data Centre (ICDC), http://icdc.zmaw.de  Climate Data Centre (CDC), http://www.dwd.de/cdcBigDataEurope Launch Event, Brussels, 27/2/2015
  12. 12. Organisations engaged in climate change research  Research centres, e.g., o German Research Centre for Climate – Deutches Klimarechenzentrum (DKRZ) http://www.dkrz.de/ hosting  World Data Center for Climate (WDCC) http://cera- www.dkrz.de  Climate and Environmental Retrieval and Archive (CERA), http://www.dkrz.de/daten-en/cera/portal BigDataEurope Launch Event, Brussels, 27/2/2015
  13. 13. Organisations engaged in climate change research  Center for International Climate and Environmental Research (CICERO), Oslo, Norway http://www.cicero.uio.no/home/index_e.aspx  National Observatory of Athens, Institute for Environmental Research and Sustainable Development, Athens, Greece http://www.meteo.noa.gr/research_area_03.ht ml BigDataEurope Launch Event, Brussels, 27/2/2015
  14. 14. Organisations engaged in climate change research  United Nations o Big Data Climate Challenge http://www.UNglobalpulse.org/big-data-climate  recent initiative  aiming to bring forward current evidence of the economic dimensions of climate change around the world using Big Data and analytics BigDataEurope Launch Event, Brussels, 27/2/2015
  15. 15. Additional sources for climate model data  WCRP* CMIP3** Multi-Model Dataset Archive http://www-pcmdi.llnl.gov/ipcc/about_ipcc.php *World Climate Research Program **Coupled Models Intercomparison Project, Phase 3 o Open and free for non-commercial purposes after registering and agreeing to the "terms of use“ o As of January 2007 more than 35 terabytes of data were in the archive BigDataEurope Launch Event, Brussels, 27/2/2015
  16. 16. Additional sources for climate models data  Earth System Grid Federation ESGF o Worldwide federation for climate data with data nodes in Europe, USA, Canada, China, Japan and Australia. Registration and data download are free of charge. Most data are also accessible for other purposes than research, even for commercial use http://esgf- data.dkrz.de/esgf-web-fe/  IS-ENES - Infrastructure for the European Network for Earth System Modelling (ENES) o climate data are provided by the distributed data centers within the ENES data federation https://verc.enes.org/dataBigDataEurope Launch Event, Brussels, 27/2/2015
  17. 17. Additional sources for climate models data  KomFor o Research data from the Earth system sciences provided by the WDC Cluster Earth System Research: http://www.komfor.net/data-portal.html  EUDAT - European Data Infrastructure o Data objects and collections from various disciplines http://b2find.eudat.eu  C3-Grid o access to various climate data centers in Germany https://c3portal.awi.de/home https://verc.enes.org/c3web BigDataEurope Launch Event, Brussels, 27/2/2015

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