Erick Erickson’s Psychosocial
Or the Oral Sensory Stage.
Major emphasis is on the mother’s positive and loving care
for the child, with big emphasis on visual and contact and
Infancy: Birth to 18 Months
Crisis: Trust vs. Mistrust
Learning to master our skills.
Learning finer motor training and the toilet training
Most important relationship: Parents
Early Childhood: 18 months- 3years
Crisis: Autonomy vs. Doubt
BS: Self control, courage and will
Experience a desire to copy adults around them.
Child’s imagination is running rampant
Significant relationship: basic family
Play Age: 3- 5 y/o
Crisis: Initiative vs. Guilt
Often called as Latency
Capable of learning, creating and accomplishing
numerous new skills and knowledge thus, developing
a sense of industry.
Very social stage of development.
Parents are no longer the complete authority but,
they are still important.
School Age: 6-12 y/o
Crisis: Industry vs. Inferiority
According to Erickson development mostly depends
upon what is done to us.
Life becomes more complex as they attempt to find
their own identity, struggle with social interactions,
and grapple with moral rules.
Significant relationship: Peer groups
Adolescence: 12-18 y/o
Crisis: Identity vs. Role Confusion
BS: Devotion and Fidelity
Seek for more companions and love
We find mutually satisfying relationships through
marriage and friends
We start our own family
Our world begin to shrink as in defense we feel
superior to others
Significant relationship: marital partner and friends
Young Adulthood: 18-35 y/0
Crisis: Intimacy and Solidarity vs. Isolation
BS: Affiliation and Love
We tend to be occupied with meaningful work and
issues surrounding our family.
Expect to “be in charge”
The significant task is to perpetuate culture and
transmit values through the family and working to
establish a stable environment.
Middle Adulthood: 35- 55 or 65
Crisis: Generality vs. Stagnation
BS: Production and Care
Look back in our lives with happiness and content,
feeling fulfilled with deep sense that life has meaning
and we’ve made a contribution
Death is the completion of life.
Late Adulthood: 55 or 65 to Death
Crisis: Integrity vs. Despair