Psychosocial development stages

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Psychosocial development stages

  1. 1. Erick Erickson’s Psychosocial Development Stages
  2. 2. Or the Oral Sensory Stage. Major emphasis is on the mother’s positive and loving care for the child, with big emphasis on visual and contact and touch. Infancy: Birth to 18 Months Crisis: Trust vs. Mistrust BS: Hope
  3. 3. Learning to master our skills. Learning finer motor training and the toilet training “Terrible Two’s” Most important relationship: Parents Early Childhood: 18 months- 3years Crisis: Autonomy vs. Doubt BS: Self control, courage and will
  4. 4. Experience a desire to copy adults around them. Child’s imagination is running rampant “Oedipus Complex” Significant relationship: basic family Play Age: 3- 5 y/o Crisis: Initiative vs. Guilt BS: Purpose
  5. 5. Often called as Latency Capable of learning, creating and accomplishing numerous new skills and knowledge thus, developing a sense of industry. Very social stage of development. Parents are no longer the complete authority but, they are still important. School Age: 6-12 y/o Crisis: Industry vs. Inferiority BS: Competence
  6. 6. According to Erickson development mostly depends upon what is done to us. Life becomes more complex as they attempt to find their own identity, struggle with social interactions, and grapple with moral rules. Significant relationship: Peer groups Adolescence: 12-18 y/o Crisis: Identity vs. Role Confusion BS: Devotion and Fidelity
  7. 7. Seek for more companions and love We find mutually satisfying relationships through marriage and friends We start our own family Our world begin to shrink as in defense we feel superior to others Significant relationship: marital partner and friends Young Adulthood: 18-35 y/0 Crisis: Intimacy and Solidarity vs. Isolation BS: Affiliation and Love
  8. 8. We tend to be occupied with meaningful work and issues surrounding our family. Expect to “be in charge” The significant task is to perpetuate culture and transmit values through the family and working to establish a stable environment. Middle Adulthood: 35- 55 or 65 Crisis: Generality vs. Stagnation BS: Production and Care
  9. 9. Look back in our lives with happiness and content, feeling fulfilled with deep sense that life has meaning and we’ve made a contribution Death is the completion of life. Late Adulthood: 55 or 65 to Death Crisis: Integrity vs. Despair BS: Wisdom

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