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GMP IN MANUFACTURING PROCESS
SCHEDULE M
BINDU
DEFINITION
● WHO defines Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) as
“that part of quality assurance which ensures that
quality ...
● The guiding principle of GMP is that quality is built into a
product, and not just tested into a finished product.
There...
AREAS TO BE COVERED
● Personnel
● Premises
● Equipment
● SOP’s
● Raw Materials
● Self Inspection And Audit
● Master Formul...
Good Manufacturing Practices
(GMP)
● Production
● Utilities
● Equipment
● Dosage form and data verification (development,
...
PERSONNEL
PERSONNEL
● Qualified Personnel
a)Experienced
b)Sufficient Number
● Written job description
● Trained
● Health
● Diseases
PRODUCTION
● Product focus
● Premises
● Utilities
● Equipment
● Dosage form and data verification (development,
validation...
RAW MATERIALS
● An Inventory should be maintained for Raw materials
to be used at any stage of manufacture
● Records shoul...
STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE
● Standard operating procedures (SOPs) are the detailed written
instructions that specify how...
MASTER FORMULA RECORDS
● There shall be MFR relating to all manufacturing procedures for
each product and batch size to be...
BATCH MANUFACTURING RECORDS
● There shall be Batch processing record for each product.
● During Manufacturing or Processin...
PREMISES
LOCATION
● Geographical, climate and economic factors
● Premises must be located to minimize risks of cross-
contamination...
DESIGN
● Minimize risks of errors
● Permit effective cleaning
● Permit effective maintenance
● Avoid cross-contamination, ...
CONSTRUCTION
● Measures should be taken to prevent cross-
contamination
● Dust control measures (including extraction of d...
FACILITY LAYOUT
Zone: Clean
Zone: Packaging
Zone: Controlled
ACTIVITIES
• Sampling (starting materials and packaging materials)
• Weighing
• Mixing
• Milling
• Sieving/sifting/screeni...
EQUIPMENTS
● Equipment shall be
located,designed,constructed,adapted and maintained to
suit the operation to be carried out.
● Should...
● Sieving/sifting – sifter (e.g. vibrosifter)
● Mixing – mixer
● Granulation - granulator
● Drying – fluid bed drier
● Ble...
UTILITIES
● DRAINAGE SYSTEM
● VENTILATION AND AIR CONDITIONING
● GAS SYSTEMS
● SANITATION
● WATER
DRAINAGE SYSTEM
● It remove effluent from spaces ,systems, or process.
● Drains shall be of adequate size , connected dire...
GAS SYSTEM
● Many types of gases are utilized in the manufacturing
process. The most prevalent of these include compressed...
SANITATION
● The manufacturing premises shall be maintained clean and in orderly
manner, free from accumulated waste, dust...
Red: Supply
Green: Exhaust
Air supply and extraction
Re-circulation Air System
ISPE Baseline Vol. 2 #6.3.3 (d)
WHO HVAC Guideline
HEPA filters
installed?
Examples of control measures:
Temperature Cooling coil
Relative humidity Dehumidifier
Particulate matter Filters
Air movem...
DOCUMENTATION REVIEW
HVAC
• DQ, IQ, OQ, PQ
• Important aspects including air flow
direction, filtration, air changes,
pres...
DOCUMENTATION REVIEW
Equipment and utilities
• SOPs (operation, cleaning, calibration)
• Records and use logs
• Calibratio...
DOCUMENTATION REVIEW
Product related
• Batch Manufacturing document as per
product dossier
• Process Validation protocol a...
VALIDATION
● Essential part of GMP
● Necessary to achieve the intended results
● A written record is prepared summarizing ...
VALIDATION STATUS
• Validation Master Plan
• Manufacturing areas
• Utilities
• Equipment
• Manufacturing process
• Cleanin...
SELF INSPECTION AND QUALIY AUDIT
● To evaluate the manufacturers compliance with GMP
in all aspects of production and qual...
REFERENCE SAMPLES
•Should be taken in sufficient quantity from each lot of
active ingredient to carry out all the tests
These samples should...
WAREHOUSING AREA
● Warehousing area should be designed and adapted to
ensure good storage conditions.
● Should be Clean,dr...
THANK YOU
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Good manufacturing practices (schedule m)

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good manufacturing practices involved in MANUFACTURING, packaging, holding and storage of pharmaceuticals , Schedule m of drug and cosmetic act.

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Good manufacturing practices (schedule m)

  1. 1. GMP IN MANUFACTURING PROCESS SCHEDULE M BINDU
  2. 2. DEFINITION ● WHO defines Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) as “that part of quality assurance which ensures that quality products are consistently produced and controlled to the quality standards appropriate to their intended use and as required by the marketing authorization”.
  3. 3. ● The guiding principle of GMP is that quality is built into a product, and not just tested into a finished product. Therefore, the assurance is that the product not only meets the final specifications, but that it has been made by the same procedures under the same conditions each and every time it is made. ● All of the controls must follow prescribed, formal, approved procedures, written as protocols, SOPs, or Master Formulae, describing all the tasks carried out in an entire manufacturing and control process.
  4. 4. AREAS TO BE COVERED ● Personnel ● Premises ● Equipment ● SOP’s ● Raw Materials ● Self Inspection And Audit ● Master Formula Records ● Batch Manufacturing Records ● Warehousing Area ● Reference Samples ● Validation
  5. 5. Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) ● Production ● Utilities ● Equipment ● Dosage form and data verification (development, validation, BMR and specification)
  6. 6. PERSONNEL
  7. 7. PERSONNEL ● Qualified Personnel a)Experienced b)Sufficient Number ● Written job description ● Trained ● Health ● Diseases
  8. 8. PRODUCTION ● Product focus ● Premises ● Utilities ● Equipment ● Dosage form and data verification (development, validation, BMR and specification) ● Documentation
  9. 9. RAW MATERIALS ● An Inventory should be maintained for Raw materials to be used at any stage of manufacture ● Records should be maintain as per Schedule U ● Should be purchased from approved sources ● Must be checked by QC department on recipt ● Should be labeled.
  10. 10. STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE ● Standard operating procedures (SOPs) are the detailed written instructions that specify how a test or administrative procedure is to be performed, or how a piece of equipment is operated, maintained and calibrated. SOPs describe the "standard" approved procedures that are routinely carried out in a GMP facility. They indicate exactly how things are done, and are kept current by review and approved revision on a predetermined schedule (usually annual), or when planned changes are made to the procedure or equipment and reagents used in the procedure. ● It include- a)For Equipments b)For sampling c)For Testing d)For Process e)For Packaging
  11. 11. MASTER FORMULA RECORDS ● There shall be MFR relating to all manufacturing procedures for each product and batch size to be manufacture ● It should include- The name of the product Quantity of all starting materials to be used A statement of the expected final yield with acceptable limits Principal equipment to be used Detailed stepwise processing instructions and the time taken for each step Any special precautions Packing details and Specimen labels
  12. 12. BATCH MANUFACTURING RECORDS ● There shall be Batch processing record for each product. ● During Manufacturing or Processing the following information shall be recorded ● It include- ● The name of the product ● The number of Batch being manufactured ● Dates and time of commencement of batch and completion ● Amount of Product obtained
  13. 13. PREMISES
  14. 14. LOCATION ● Geographical, climate and economic factors ● Premises must be located to minimize risks of cross- contamination e.g. not located next to a malting factory with high airborne levels of yeast ● Pollution/effluent control
  15. 15. DESIGN ● Minimize risks of errors ● Permit effective cleaning ● Permit effective maintenance ● Avoid cross-contamination, build-up of dirt and dust ● Maximum protection against entry of insects, birds and animals ● Separate facilities for other products such as some antibiotics, hormones, cytotoxic substances ● Hygiene ● Eating,Drinking,Smoking Should not be allowed in the Production area
  16. 16. CONSTRUCTION ● Measures should be taken to prevent cross- contamination ● Dust control measures (including extraction of dust and air) ● No areas for dust accumulation ● Easily cleanable surfaces ● Proper air supply ● Use of HEPA filter’s
  17. 17. FACILITY LAYOUT
  18. 18. Zone: Clean Zone: Packaging Zone: Controlled
  19. 19. ACTIVITIES • Sampling (starting materials and packaging materials) • Weighing • Mixing • Milling • Sieving/sifting/screening • Granulation • Drying • Sieving • Blending • Compression • In process bulk stores • Packaging areas (primary and secondary packaging) • Finished product
  20. 20. EQUIPMENTS
  21. 21. ● Equipment shall be located,designed,constructed,adapted and maintained to suit the operation to be carried out. ● Should be made of non reactive material such as High grade of steel ● Equipment should be- a) Calibrated b)Checked c)labelled d)Sterilized
  22. 22. ● Sieving/sifting – sifter (e.g. vibrosifter) ● Mixing – mixer ● Granulation - granulator ● Drying – fluid bed drier ● Blending – octagonal blender ● Compression – compression machine ● Packaging - blister machine ● Others include Metal detector, sieves, punches and dies ● In process quality control instruments and equipment may include hardness tester, disintegration tester, balance, Vernier caliper • Compressed air – machine operation, drying of equipment and parts • Water – washing, rinsing, manufacture • Steam – cleaning
  23. 23. UTILITIES ● DRAINAGE SYSTEM ● VENTILATION AND AIR CONDITIONING ● GAS SYSTEMS ● SANITATION ● WATER
  24. 24. DRAINAGE SYSTEM ● It remove effluent from spaces ,systems, or process. ● Drains shall be of adequate size , connected directly to sewerage , shall be provided with an air break or other mechanical device to prevent back-siphon age. ● it should be easy to clean and must be cleaned at a proper interval. ● They must be well closed and air tight. ● Dissolved oxygen content in the waste to be disposed in lake or river must be within limits.
  25. 25. GAS SYSTEM ● Many types of gases are utilized in the manufacturing process. The most prevalent of these include compressed air use in process and controls, breathing air for hazardous environments, nitrogen, vacuum, vacuum cleaning, natural gas, propane, and other process systems. ● All gases used in manufacturing and processing operations, including the sterilization process, should be sterile filtered at points of use to meet the requirements of the specific area. Gases to be used in sterilizers after the sterilization OR used at the filling line or microbiological testing area must also be sterile filtered.
  26. 26. SANITATION ● The manufacturing premises shall be maintained clean and in orderly manner, free from accumulated waste, dust, debris, etc; ● Eating, chewing, smoking or any unhygienic practices shall not be permitted in manufacturing area ● Routine sanitation programme shall be drawn up and observed which shall be properly recorded and which shall indicate: Specific areas to be cleaned and cleaning intervals; Cleaning procedure to be followed, including equipment and materials to be used for cleaning; ● Objectives of sanitation are ● Removal of dirt and other waste material ● Minimize the risk of cross contamination between different products in the same area ● Reduce the number of micro-organisms in work area;
  27. 27. Red: Supply Green: Exhaust Air supply and extraction
  28. 28. Re-circulation Air System ISPE Baseline Vol. 2 #6.3.3 (d) WHO HVAC Guideline HEPA filters installed?
  29. 29. Examples of control measures: Temperature Cooling coil Relative humidity Dehumidifier Particulate matter Filters Air movement and pressure differentials Fan
  30. 30. DOCUMENTATION REVIEW HVAC • DQ, IQ, OQ, PQ • Important aspects including air flow direction, filtration, air changes, pressure differentials Water • DQ, IQ, OQ, PQ • Sampling and testing
  31. 31. DOCUMENTATION REVIEW Equipment and utilities • SOPs (operation, cleaning, calibration) • Records and use logs • Calibration records/certificates • Preventative maintenance and maintenance • Qualification
  32. 32. DOCUMENTATION REVIEW Product related • Batch Manufacturing document as per product dossier • Process Validation protocol and report • Stability batches • Batch records
  33. 33. VALIDATION ● Essential part of GMP ● Necessary to achieve the intended results ● A written record is prepared summarizing recorded result and conclusions shall be prepared ,documented and maintained ● Should be necessary when a)Any new new master formula or method of preparation is adopted b)For critical process c)any changes in the equipment,or when using a new equipment,it is first validated to demonstrate its consistency of required quality
  34. 34. VALIDATION STATUS • Validation Master Plan • Manufacturing areas • Utilities • Equipment • Manufacturing process • Cleaning validation • Computer systems
  35. 35. SELF INSPECTION AND QUALIY AUDIT ● To evaluate the manufacturers compliance with GMP in all aspects of production and quality control, concept of self-inspection shall be followed. ● The manufacturer shall constitute a team of independent, experienced, qualified persons from within or outside the company, who can audit objectively the implementation of methodology and procedures evolved.
  36. 36. REFERENCE SAMPLES
  37. 37. •Should be taken in sufficient quantity from each lot of active ingredient to carry out all the tests These samples should be retained for a period of 3 months after the date of expiry of the last batch produced from that active ingredient • Samples of raw material should be stored in suitable container(plastic or glass) as mentioned in the SOP Samples of finished formulations shall be stored in the same containers in which the drug has been actually marketed
  38. 38. WAREHOUSING AREA ● Warehousing area should be designed and adapted to ensure good storage conditions. ● Should be Clean,dry and maintained with acceptable temperature limits. ● Should have appropriate house-keeping and rodents, pests control. ● Seprate sampling area for active raw material and excipients. ● Every Material stored should be labeld properly. ● Fire Prevention
  39. 39. THANK YOU

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