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P : 14 The African Literature
Sem – 4 M.A (English)
Email Id: email@example.com
‘Escape From Slavery : IMPOSSIBLE’
with reference to Africans
Presented by : Bhumi Joshi
African Literature is history
of Slavery, oppression or
suppression, violence and
humiliations of their life.
This literature is not for
entertainment, not for
aesthetic delight but such
literature disturb the mind ,
leads to think about Humanity
and so many other things.
This literature is not
written out compassion
but it is written out of
Disgustful life which is
experienced by writers
Flood of colonialism,
Industrialism lead them
We can’t enjoy the narration of any text because writers have no
good memories to write then how can we expect that they write
something romantic or anything else when their lives itself in
danger or mental states are in trauma..
They are suffering from Dominant power and live in fear
They can not explore their ‘Feelings and Emotions’ as human
beings because they are not treated like as Human Beings.
“We were prisoners in our own villages. Lands are grabbed by
White and we worked like Worker in our own land .”
(A Grain of Wheat)
“They come with the Bible in their hand and we had the land. We
close the eyes , when we opened we had the Bible and they had the
land.” ( A grain of Wheat)
Use Christianity as knife to bring control and generate fear over
These texts can be read as “ Protest texts”
Influences of Colonialism remains in mind
Characters lost their own identity & Culture
‘Youth is Tempted by city’ ( May be they are physically free but having the
seeds of slavery in mind they are mentally slave ) & City becomes Swamp itself.
Accepted imposed idea and cultural at the coast of their identity and
cultural because of outside force.
“Awuchike sacrifices his own culture in city”
3 phase of Culture :
“People are not safe in their own village”.
Security is connected with Emotions and Feelings not
1. Pre –Colonial
3. Post -Colonial
Characters like ………..
Okonkwo ( Things Fall Apart )
Mugo ( A Grain of Wheat)
Awachike & Igwezu (The Swamp Dweller)
Fail to accept all changes. ‘Uhruu’ is coming and even best
of them is also changing.
Live their lives beneath the great pain & accepting the
colonial rule over them with mind.
If there is no longer colonial power then even their own people
behaves like them as if they were Master.
In ‘Swamp Dweller’ Kadiye is there and because of such
persons things can’t be changed until the mentality can’t be
changed to repress people.
People get habituated to follow particular rules and regulation or
order or command of other because they can’t think and do work
Lucky from “Waiting For Godot”
“Corruption is the gift of Colonial power”
Mugo compromises National Freedom to get his Personal Freedom.
May be he politically free but mentally he is controlled by Whites.
Impact of Colonialism :
They are locked in their own prison
Vision of Reunion - A Grain of Wheat (almost
IMPOSSIBLE – Failed Vision)
To get total freedom they must be unified first and that is
Impossible because White people used the tendency of
“Divide and Rule” there also.
They just become more angry, can revolt but they can’ t be
free from the Slavery.
What is the meaning of Freedom ?
Politically they can get the freedom but Socially, Culturally
and psychologically they can’t be free.
“ .......It is not enough to be free of the whips, principalities
and power.” (Edward Kamau Brathwaite, )
• Multiple Layers of freedom :
1. Personal freedom /physical Freedom
2. National Freedom
3. Mental Freedom
Decolonization is the process of Mind ... Suddenly it
can’ t be happened the same way abolition of slavery
is also process it can’t be possible in few years. It
may takes decades of decades or may takes century
also but .. Abolishment of Mental slavery seems
almost IMPOSSIBLE. Because of three
(1) Struggle with own mind
(2) Struggle with internal people
(3) Struggle with Colonial power.
“But one of the worst results of being a slave and being forced to
do things is that when there is no one to force you any more you
find you have almost lost the power of forcing yourself.”
(C.S.Lewis, The Horse and His Boy –Chronicles of Narnia,#5)
Aim of freedom fighters of Africa :
“ To bring peace after the freedom”
but does it really happen?
Can India get peace or “Suraj” after
getting freedom from till today ?
After passing many years in slavery, our mind is still
worked like that .
Now we become indirect Slave of Imperialism. Suffering
from Slave Mentality not Physical Slavery .
Sill we believe that we are Free?
Psychologically and Socio Cultural way they are not free.
Political power is changed – Nothing else situation remains same.
Why we prefer Pepsi , Thumps Up or anything else when guest come
rather than our own cold drinks to offer them?
Means .. ...We also suffering from Salve Mentality and they established
“The Status” to us and still we follow unknowingly.
Money , Status, and Fashion becomes Modernity (not with
thinking) and perhaps that leads them to follow Imperialism.
Congress prince crowned as vice-president of the party :
We have no problem of language
because we already accept them as
the Monarch in our mind though
Democracy in India. And it is our
construction mind that we have no
problem with such things. And we
easily accept our inferiority in
Escape from Slavery : IMPOSSIBLE until people
can’t free from salve mentality or power authority.
May. 21, 2021
Dec. 6, 2020
Jan. 30, 2020
Jan. 24, 2020
Jun. 26, 2018
'Escape from Slavery : IMPOSSIBLE' with reference to Africans.