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Nepal rural infrastructure project managment under do lidar for nec enginners

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Nepal rural infrastructure project managment under do lidar for nec enginners

  1. 1. W ELCOME Nepals Rural Engineering Development: Prospects andOpportunity for NEC Graduating Engineer Er Bhim Upadhyaya, DDG, DoLIDAR bhimupadhyaya@gmail.com 1
  2. 2. Engineer & Engineering"Engineering is a great profession. There is the satisfaction of watching a figment of the imagination emerge through the aid of science to a plan on paper. then it moves to realization in stone or metal or energy. then it brings homes to men or women. then it elevates the standard of living and adds to the comforts of life. this is the engineers high privilege." -Herbert Hoover (Er.) 31st President, USA2
  3. 3. Engineer & Engineering"The great liability of the engineer compared to men of other professions is that his works are out in the open where all can see them. His acts, step by step, are in hard substance. He cannot bury his mistakes in the grave like the doctors. He cannot argue them into thin air or blame the judge like the lawyers. He cannot, like the architects, cover his failures with trees and vines. He cannot, like the politicians, screen his short-comings by blaming his opponents and hope the people will forget. The engineer simply cannot deny he did it. If his works do not work, he is damned." -Herbert Hoover, Engineer & 31st President, USA 3
  4. 4. Local Infrastructure and Poverty Reduction Poverty Reduction Rural Development Local infrastructure
  5. 5. LID Policy, 2061: LID sectors Local Transport Housing, Building & Social Urban Dev. Infras. Small LocalIrrigation Infras. Water & River Supply & Control Sanitation Micro-hydro Solid waste & Alternative Mngt.26 Energy 5
  6. 6. Present Stakeholders USERS CONSUL- NGO TANTS (4 International , 20 National, 100 Individual) DoLIDAR CONTR- DONORS ACTORS (ADB, DFID, ADB, DFID,(More than FINISH,GTZ 100 JICA, SDC, JICA, SDC, WB Budget – 24 Billion per year for WFP, WFP, UNICEF….) infrastructure
  7. 7. Government Organizational Tiers for Rural Road Development Ministry of Local Dev Dept of Local Infras Dev & Agri Roads (DoLIDAR) District Dev Com. Office 75District Technical Office 75 Municipality 58 Vill. Dev. Com. Office 3915
  8. 8. Organization of DTOs (Headed by SDE in 42 Districts and by Engineers in 33 Districts) District Technical Office (Chief/District Engineer) Rural and Irrigation and Water Supply, Account andAgricultural Road Other Sanitation and Administration Section Infrastructure Building Section Section Development Section
  9. 9. DONORS, Internl Firms, INGOs in Rural Infras. Sector 1.Donors 2. International ConsultingWorld Bank, Firms WSP (British),Asian Development Bank, SKAT (Swiss),UKs DFID, ITECO (Swiss),JICA, Finland Consulting Group,SDC, Ramboll (Finland)Finland, 3. INGOsOPEC Fund, Helvetas,IFAD, GTZUN WFP 4. Domestic Consultants almost all
  10. 10. What is a Project(Public Works)? 10 A Project has the following attributes… Objective or Goal Time Cost Location or space; and A Team-work of experts Team-
  11. 11. A Project has mainly 3+1 Stakeholders: 4Cs 111.Client (or Employer)2.Consultant (or Engineer)3.Contractor (or Consumer Group)4.Consumer
  12. 12. Project Phases 121. Study (Data collection & Need)2. Design Phase (Detailing for Goal)3. Development Phase (Input- (Input- Output Mngt.) Mngt.)4. Operation Phase (Service Mngt.)
  13. 13. PROJECT Management Breakdown Detail Project Report PROCUREMENT •Selection, Walkover MGMT, PROJECT MGMT •EIRR,IEE, Resettlement Goods,(Input & Output) •Land Acquisition works, •Detail Survey, Design services •Estimate Approval DISBURSEMENT Insurance CONTRACT FINANCIAL MGMT MGMT Claim & Refund Mobilization Technical Contractors QLTY/LAB Audit RBG, VIUG MGMT QAP Consultants ReportingCONSTRUCTION MGMT SITE MGMT WORK PLAN payment 13 in time
  14. 14. 14 ProcurementGoods Services Works
  15. 15. Phases of Public Works 15 Works Precons- Operation and Construction truction Maintenance Phase Phase PhaseNASC class on Aspects of Rural Infras ProjectManagment 066.11.25
  16. 16. 16 Preconstruction PhasePreparation Procurement Contracting or or or Design Tendering Agreement
  17. 17. 3 Parties Mutual Check and Balance 17 Contractor Consultant Project Manager or Clients Representative
  18. 18. Supervisory Hierarchy 18 Client Project Manager Engineer Field Supervisor Labor
  19. 19. 19 Supervison of Works Aspects Process Payment (Quality Performance (Cost Time System or (Output) Control: direct (Progress) control) indirect)Drawing, Specification, Lab Tests, NASC class on Aspects of Rural Infras Project Scheduling, Gantt, CPM, PERT Qualified Supervisors Managment 066.11.25
  20. 20. 20 Construction Supervison ComponentsMoney Materials Men Machine(Finance, (Site Store, (Labor, (Equipments,Account) Quarry,Fuel) Consultants) Tools)
  21. 21. Opportunity: Nepals 20 yrs ROAD VISION
  22. 22. 22
  23. 23. Strategic and Local Road Network of Nepal & Accessibility (2hrs; 4 hrs) National Rural Roads Network: 52,000 Km Operational Rural Roads: 15,000 KmSRN : 5400 Km(78% Access.)LRN: 4500 Km (85% Access.) of Agri Engineers National Society TB: 4000 Nos. 23
  24. 24. Planning for all weather accessibility
  25. 25. 03 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 8/ 39 03 0.27 Rs billion 9/ 40 04 0.34 0/ 41 04 1/ 0.33 42 04 2/ 0.33 43 Sub- 04 0.28 3/ 44 04 0.32 4/ 45 04 5/ 0.44 46 04 6/ 0.46 47 04 0.45 7/ 48 04 8/ 0.32 49 04 9/ 0.41 50 05 0.66 Sub-engineer in each DDC 0/ Posting of 1 Engineer and 1 51 05 1.11 1/ 52 05 2/ 2.42 53 05 3/ 3.34 54 05 3.62 in Rs Billion 4/ 55 05 5/ 3.68 Fiscal Year 56 05 6/ 3.97 DoLIDAR 57 Budget Allocation for MLD 05 4.14 7/ 58 Establishment of allocation 05 8/ 4.62 59 05 9/ 3.59 60 06 4.84 0/ 61 06 6.54 1/ 62 06 2/ 7.53 63 06 3/ 8.5 64 06 11.2 4/ 65 06 5/ 13 66 06 6/ 24 organization Local development: trend of budget 67 06 36 7/ 68 DTO under DDC and 06 4225 expansion of DoLIDAR 8/ 69 25 46
  26. 26. Local Infrastructure Programs1. District Road Support Programme-DRSP (SDC)2. Decentralized Rural Infrastructure and Livelihood Program– DRILP (ADB/SDC)3. Rural Access Improvement and Decentralization Project-RAIDP (WB)4. Rural Access Program - RAP II(DFID)5. Trail Bridge SWAp and Motorable Road Bridge Program6. Rural Transport Infrastructure Sector Wide Program7. Road Board Nepal, Road Maintenance Program8. Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Program –RWSSP9. Rural Village Water Resource Management Project–RVWRMP (FINIDA)
  27. 27. Local Infrastructure Programs (2)10. Water Supply and Sanitation Project-Western Nepal–WSSP-WN (FINIDA)11.Rural Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Sector Development Project–RRRSDP (ADB, DFID, OFID, SDC)12. Peace and Rehabilitation Program13. Local Infrastructure for Livelihood Improvement-LILI (SDC)14.Project for Community Access Improvement – JICA15. Community Irrigation Program – CIP (ADB)16. Small Irrigation Program17. Other Infrastructure Program
  28. 28. Rural Roads: Surfacing Status Total Length of Rural Roads: 38, 981.45 km 28
  29. 29. Trail Bridges Sub-Sector Sub- Trail Bridge Status Constructed, 4736Total, 10736 Additional Demand, 6000 29
  30. 30. More than 52,000 km of Rural Roads 30
  31. 31. 2nd Largest Pedestrian Susp. Bridge 1452mMore than 6000 suchTB Required Seasonal Pontoon Bridge 31
  32. 32. 3232
  33. 33. Tuin Gravity Ropeway
  34. 34. Lab FacilityNASC class on Aspects of Rural Infras Project 34Managment 066.11.25
  35. 35. Road Construction Technologies 35NASC class on Aspects of Rural Infras Project 35Managment 066.11.25
  36. 36. Good Quality works in progress 36
  37. 37. DifficultiesandChallenges
  38. 38. Road ill-designed and in Disrepair•Poor-Maintenance andhardships•12,000km operationalroad 38 38
  39. 39. Hilsa – Humla(The most remote bridge in the country) 39
  40. 40. Longest Suspended Bridge Buwajor Suspended Bridge, Khotang Span: 350 m, Sunkoshi River
  41. 41. Longest Suspension Bridge Triveni Gurans Bridge, Sindhuli/Udayapur Span: 350 m, Kamala River
  42. 42. Chuliledar Manang(TB in the highest altitude 4200m) 42
  43. 43. Live loads in a Trail Bridge 43
  44. 44. Suspension Bridge having highest Free Board of 117m,Span : 344 m Kushma, Gyadi, Parbat
  45. 45. Opportunity in Electricity connections To Remaining 62% Schools, Health New Nepal households posts for all villages Rural Electrification Remaining 75% Building Houses for Irrigable Irrigation Prosperous Housing all Poor Land New Nepal Drinking Water To 24% Remaining Water Supply Roads All Villages Habitations 40,000/3915 VDCs Rural telecom Connectivity Challenging task is theevolution of the management structure for integrated Tele development Connectivity To all remaning villages
  46. 46. Challenge: POWER Hydro ThermalNepals Power Sources: Diesel 55 MW Distribution Loss Renewable Nuclear - 0 Hydro ~ 556 MW(0.67% potential) Energy NOW 2025 Renewable Energy <1 MW > 25% <5% Coal Thermal 0 Total ~ 612 MW
  47. 47. Balanced Development of Hydropower Projects Large Hydel Projects • Seti west 750 MW • Budhi Gandaki 600 Karnali BudhiSeti • Kali Gandaki 600 Kali Andhi • Aruns 643 Langtang • Karnalis 1380 • Pancheswor 6480 Dudhkoshi • Dudh Koshi 300 Arun • Andhi Khola 180 • Langtang 218Pancheswor • U Tamakoshi 309 • 20 Other Big Projects Hydel Locations Total (30 Projects) 12,766MW Total Hydropower Potential 83,000 MW
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  50. 50. "The Earth contains enoughresources to enable presentand future generations tolive like kings if we butharness the besttechnologies." -Buckminister Fuller 50
  51. 51. What is the way out? The significant problems we have,cannot be solved at the same level ofthinking with which we created them.This is possible through Innovation. Albert Einstein
  52. 52. Any Question? Thank Youbhimupadhyaya@gmail.com; cell 9851104057

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