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Infrastructure project and responsibility break down


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Work and Responsibility Breakdown for Rural Infrastructure Development Projects in Nepal

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Infrastructure project and responsibility break down

  1. 1. Project(Public Works) and Responsibility Break 1 Down Structure With Regard to: An Engineering Infrastructure Development Project in Nepal Er. Bhim Upadhyaya
  2. 2. Engineer & Engioneering "Engineering is a great profession. There is the satisfaction of watching a figment of the imagination emerge through the aid of science to a plan on paper. then it moves to realization in stone or metal or energy. then it brings homes to men or women. then it elevates the standard of living and adds to the comforts of life. this is the engineer's high privilege." -Herbert Hoover (Er.) 31st President, USA 2
  3. 3. Engineer & Engineering "The great liability of the engineer compared to men of other professions is that his works are out in the open where all can see them. His acts, step by step, are in hard substance. He cannot bury his mistakes in the grave like the doctors. He cannot argue them into thin air or blame the judge like the lawyers. He cannot, like the architects, cover his failures with trees and vines. He cannot, like the politicians, screen his short-comings by blaming his opponents and hope the people will forget. The engineer simply cannot deny he did it. If his works do not work, he is damned." -Herbert Hoover, Engineer & 31st President, USA 3
  4. 4. Engineering "The story of civilization is, in a sense, the story of engineering- that long and arduous struggle to make the forces of nature work for man's good." --L Sprange DeCamp 4
  5. 5. Lecture Content 1. Project: definition, cycle, party & phases 2. Work Break-down Structure: Tool and benefits 3. Project Practice: Rural Infras. 4. Responsibility Break-down 5. Some relevant photographs 5
  6. 6. What is a Project(Public Works)? 6 A Project has the following attributes… Objective or Goal Time Cost Location or space; and A Team-work of experts
  7. 7. A Project has mainly 3+1 Stakeholders: 4C's 7 1.Client (or Employer) 2.Consultant (or Engineer) 3.Contractor (or Consumer Group) 4.Consumer
  8. 8. Project Phases 8 1. Study (Data collection & Need) 2. Design Phase (Detailing for Goal) 3. Development Phase (Input- Output Mngt.) 4. Operation Phase (Service Mngt.)
  9. 9. What: Work Breakdown Structure? 9 This tool is related to planning and scheduling a project. Basically it is a functional decomposition of the tasks of the project. The total work of the project is broken down into the major subtasks. It starts with the end objective required and successively subdividing it into manageable components in terms of size and complexity: program, project, system, subsystem, components, tasks, subtasks, and work elements.
  10. 10. Why: Project Work Breakdown?…1/5 Dividing major works into smaller, manageable components – Improve accuracy of cost, time, and resource estimates – Define a baseline for performance measurement – Clear responsibility assignments – Critical to project success – reduces risk of higher cost, redundancy, time delays, and poor productivity – Defines “what” you are doing; – WBS ( work Break-down Structure is the tool) 10
  11. 11. How: Project Work Breakdown?…2/5 Tools & Techniques: – Work Breakdown Structure – templates from previous projects – Decomposition – subdividing major deliverables into manageable components – Gantt, CPM, PERT 11
  12. 12. Work Break Down Structure 12
  13. 13. Gantt Chart 13
  14. 14. CPM 14
  15. 15. How: Project Work Breakdown…3/5 A deliverable-oriented grouping of project assignments that organizes and defines the scope of the project • Each descending level represents further detail; smaller and more manageable pieces • Each item is assigned a unique identifier collectively known as “code of accounts” • Work element descriptions included in a WBS dictionary (work, schedule and planning information) • Other formats: – Contractual WBS – seller provides the buyer – Organizational (OBS) – work elements to specific org. units – Resource (RBS) – work elements to individuals – Bill of Materials (BOM) – hierarchical view of physical resources 15 – Project (PBS) – similar to WBS
  16. 16. Levels: Project Work Breakdown…4/5 Outputs: Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) • First Level is commonly the same at the Project Life Cycle (requirements, design, coding, testing, conversion and operation) • First level is completed before the project is broken down further • Each level of the WBS is a smaller segment of level above • Work toward the project deliverables • Break down project into tasks that – Are realistically and confidently estimable – Cannot be logically divided further – Can be completed quickly – Have a meaningful conclusion and deliverable – Can be completed without interruption 16 • Provides foundation for all project planning and control
  17. 17. Benefits: Project Work Breakdown…5/5 • Prevent work slippage • Project team understands how their tasks fit into the overall project and their impact upon the project • Facilitates communication and cooperation between project team and stakeholders • Helps prevent changes • Focuses team experience into what needs to be done – results in higher quality • Basis and proof for estimating staff, cost and time • Gets team buy-in, role identification • Graphical picture of the project hierarchy • Identifies all tasks, project foundation 17
  18. 18. Rural Transport Rural Social Hou'ng Infras Seven Sectors of Local Local Infras Irrig'n Infrastructure Drink. Water Nepal Rural Solid Ele'city Waste 18 18
  19. 19. PROJECT Management Breakdown Detail Project Report PROCUREMENT •Selection, Walkover MGMT, PROJECT MGMT •EIRR,IEE, Resettlement Goods, (Input & Output) •Land Acquisition works, •Detail Survey, Design services •Estimate Approval DISBURSEMENT Insurance CONTRACT FINANCIAL MGMT MGMT Claim & Refund Mobilization Technical Contractors QLTY/LAB Audit RBG, VIUG MGMT QAP Consultants Reporting CONSTRUCTION MGMT SITE MGMT WORK PLAN payment 19 in time
  20. 20. Public Works Parties 20 Client+Contractor+Consultant Client or Employer Contractor Engineers or Builder Client Contractor or Consultants or UC + Engineer or UC Standard 3 party Int'l 2 Party Nepali(Local Body) Practice Practice for large Works for small and medium sized Works
  21. 21. Phases of Public Works 21 Works Precons- Operation and Construction truction Maintenance Phase Phase Phase
  22. 22. 22 Preconstruction Phase Preparation Procurement Contracting or or or Design Tendering Agreement
  23. 23. 23 Procurement Goods Services Works
  24. 24. 24 Construction Phase Completion Closing & Supervision Verification Handing Over ;'kl/j]If0f hf+rkf; km/kmf/s
  25. 25. 3 Parties Mutual Check and Balance 25 Contractor Consultant Project Manager or Client's Representative
  26. 26. Supervisory Hierarchy 26 Client Project Manager Engineer Field Supervisor Labor
  27. 27. 27 Supervison of Works Aspects Process Payment (Quality Performance (Cost Time System or (Output) Control: direct (Progress) control) indirect) Drawing, Specification, Lab Tests, Scheduling, Gantt, CPM, PERT Qualified Supervisors
  28. 28. 28 Construction Supervison Components Money Materials Men Machine (Finance, (Site Store, (Labor, (Equipments, Account) Quarry,Fuel) Consultants) Tools)
  29. 29. Road ill-designed and in Disrepair •Poor-Maintenance and hardships •12,000km un-operational road 29 29
  30. 30. Good Quality works in progress 30
  31. 31. 31 31
  32. 32. Road Construction Technologies 32 32
  33. 33. Lab Facility 33
  34. 34. More than 12000 such TB Required 34 34
  35. 35. 35 35
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  37. 37. Thank You 37