Suicide of Bagmati Civilisation ?!

        World Water Day:
  Challenges of Water for Present
  and Future Generations in...
A Water Prayer
      The waters of sky,
      the waters of rivers,
      and water in the well,
      whose source is the...
Facts about water
  1         71% of Earth surface is covered
            with water
  2         Less than one percent is ...
Distribution of Water
        SN
             Source                      Percent %
        1    Oceans                   ...
Use of Water
 SN         Activity                     Percent
 1 Agriculture                           93.4
 2 Livestock  ...
Water:
Fundamental Basis of all Civilisations
• Water, basis of birth of lives or
  Civilisations; the mother Planet earth...
Revitalising Bagmati Civilisation
• Reinstatement of Natural Boundaries of Rivers.
• Revival & Cleaning of River System & ...
Physiogragy of Nepal




    80% Hill and Mountain
    20% Plain




1/10/2011                   Bagmati Seminar          ...
Physiogragy of Nepal




       80% Hill and Mountain
       20% Plain


1/10/2011                      Bagmati Seminar   ...
Geological Map of Nepal




1/10/2011             Bagmati Seminar   10
Topography and Geological Formation


                           Midlands
             Mahabharat
             Range




 ...
River Systems of Nepal



                                 China
                                            Bagmati River...
Major River System
                  In Nepal
              •   Mechi
              •   Koshi
              •   Bagmati
  ...
Rivers in the Valley
             • Bagmati
             • Bishnumati
             • Prabhawati
             • Manohara
  ...
Hydrological Cycle




1/10/2011      Bagmati Seminar   15
Hydrological Cycle




1/10/2011      Bagmati Seminar   16
WATER FOR FUTURE GENERATIONS

    2005                               2030




                        SOLUTIONS


      RE...
Rivers in the Valley
                  Nuwakot
                                              Sindhupalchok


       Dhadin...
Bagmati River Source To Destination

                                           Bagdwar




                              ...
Bagdwar To Bramhapuri

              Kathmandu
                                                Bagdwar
                Val...
1/10/2011   Bagmati Seminar   21
Kathmandu Valley Map




1/10/2011   Agriculture Land UseSeminar
                            Bagmati       22
Travel Speed Increasing
5 Times Faster Every Century

•1800AD     -    24 miles/day
•1900AD     - 120 miles/day
•2000AD   ...
Power through Municipal Waste (Experience)
  6 MW Power Plant Based           6.6 MW Power Plant
  Vijayawada, A P, India ...
The Thames in Londo


1/10/2011        Bagmati Seminar   25
The Yangtse in Shangha



1/10/2011         Bagmati Seminar   26
The Singapore River



1/10/2011         Bagmati Seminar   27
Challenges Ahead vis a vis Knowledge
               Society
• Federalism.
• Sharing of Natural resources bet'n States.
• U...
21st Century :
            A Century of Knowledge Economy




1/10/2011              Bagmati Seminar       29
Conclusions
       Bagmati Civilisation can be revitalised thru' and only
       thru' Proactive Concerted Efforts of:
   ...
The basis of all
Vivekananda systems, social or
            political, rests
            upon the goodness
            of ...
Thank You
1/10/2011      Bagmati Seminar   32
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Challanges of water for present and future generations of kathmandu valley nepal a paper by bhim upadhyaya

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A Paper Presented by Bhim Upadhyaya on World Water Day- Challanges of Water for Present and Future Generations of Kathmandu Valley of Nepal

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Challanges of water for present and future generations of kathmandu valley nepal a paper by bhim upadhyaya

  1. 1. Suicide of Bagmati Civilisation ?! World Water Day: Challenges of Water for Present and Future Generations in the Kathmandu Valley Er. Bhim Upadhyaya, Ministry of Local Development 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 1
  2. 2. A Water Prayer The waters of sky, the waters of rivers, and water in the well, whose source is the ocean, may all these sacred waters protect me. -Rigveda 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 2
  3. 3. Facts about water 1 71% of Earth surface is covered with water 2 Less than one percent is fresh water as rivers,lakes, pond and ground water. 3 Out of total fresh water, only 0.26 % is available as fresh water for people to use. So, Water is precious resource for lives, human beings and others. 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 3
  4. 4. Distribution of Water SN Source Percent % 1 Oceans 97.24 2 Ice 2.14 3 Ground Water 0.61 4 Fresh water lakes 0.009 5 Inland sea 0.008 6 Soil Moisture 0.005 7 Atmosphere 0.001 8 Rivers 0.0001 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 4
  5. 5. Use of Water SN Activity Percent 1 Agriculture 93.4 2 Livestock 1.08 3 Industry and power 1.25 4 Drinking 3.73 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 5
  6. 6. Water: Fundamental Basis of all Civilisations • Water, basis of birth of lives or Civilisations; the mother Planet earth only has water. • Basis of Death of all Civilisations. • High Power Bagmati Committee must sincerely commit to protect and preserve Bagmati river system and its related civilisation and should show the way forward to other river system civilisations of Nepal as well. 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 6
  7. 7. Revitalising Bagmati Civilisation • Reinstatement of Natural Boundaries of Rivers. • Revival & Cleaning of River System & Ponds in the valley. • Raising Ground Water Table by Recharging Gr water. • Rainwater Harvesting by storing in large underground reservoir tubes. • Liquid and Solid Waste Management & treatment by using large solar power plant generated energy. • Development of recreation, tourism, infrastructures, boating etc and parks in & along rivers. • Development of Navigation and Water transport. • Preservation & Protection of environment & civilisation of Bagmati River in Nepal to Ganga 7 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar River in India.
  8. 8. Physiogragy of Nepal 80% Hill and Mountain 20% Plain 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 8
  9. 9. Physiogragy of Nepal 80% Hill and Mountain 20% Plain 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 9
  10. 10. Geological Map of Nepal 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 10
  11. 11. Topography and Geological Formation Midlands Mahabharat Range Main Boundary Thrust Main Central Thrust Main Frontal Thrust 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 11
  12. 12. River Systems of Nepal China Bagmati River System 6,000 Rivers in Nepal Bagmati Seminar 1/10/2011 12 India
  13. 13. Major River System In Nepal • Mechi • Koshi • Bagmati • Narayani • Bheri • Karnali • Mahakali 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 13
  14. 14. Rivers in the Valley • Bagmati • Bishnumati • Prabhawati • Manohara • Shivpuri • Dhobikhola • Tukucha 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 14
  15. 15. Hydrological Cycle 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 15
  16. 16. Hydrological Cycle 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 16
  17. 17. WATER FOR FUTURE GENERATIONS 2005 2030 SOLUTIONS REDISTRIBUTE CREATE NEW WATER PURIFICATION SOURCES NETWORK RAINWATER BRAKISH WATER Ground Water HARVESTING RIVERS TO POTTABLE Recharge & pumping 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar USING SOLAR ENERGY 17
  18. 18. Rivers in the Valley Nuwakot Sindhupalchok Dhading Kavre Makwanpur Lalitpur 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 18
  19. 19. Bagmati River Source To Destination Bagdwar Chovar Gorge 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 19
  20. 20. Bagdwar To Bramhapuri Kathmandu Bagdwar Valley Bagmati Nijgadh Mahendra Highway Bramhapuri 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 20 (India Border)
  21. 21. 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 21
  22. 22. Kathmandu Valley Map 1/10/2011 Agriculture Land UseSeminar Bagmati 22
  23. 23. Travel Speed Increasing 5 Times Faster Every Century •1800AD - 24 miles/day •1900AD - 120 miles/day •2000AD - 600 miles/day •2100AD - 3,000 miles/day •2200AD -15,000 Miles/day 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 23
  24. 24. Power through Municipal Waste (Experience) 6 MW Power Plant Based 6.6 MW Power Plant Vijayawada, A P, India Mahaboobnagar, AP Two power plants with 6 MGW capacities Recharging Wells Sustainable - watershed Based on solid municipal waste technology in India This model can be replicated in Nepal's municipal and village clusters 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 24
  25. 25. The Thames in Londo 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 25
  26. 26. The Yangtse in Shangha 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 26
  27. 27. The Singapore River 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 27
  28. 28. Challenges Ahead vis a vis Knowledge Society • Federalism. • Sharing of Natural resources bet'n States. • Use of safe economical and state of the art technology. • Right political vision, consensus & stability. • Retention of talents and development of appropriate human resources to cope with the newer challenges of science and technology. • Re-cultivation of Pride of nation in the citizens. 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 28
  29. 29. 21st Century : A Century of Knowledge Economy 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 29
  30. 30. Conclusions Bagmati Civilisation can be revitalised thru' and only thru' Proactive Concerted Efforts of: Investers, Banks, Private Enterpreuners ( Competetiveness and Economy). Engineering Constultants (Expertise). Builders (Economy & Speed). Politicians (Good policy and visionary leadership). People (Mass mobilisation). Professionals (Knowledge, state of the art Technology and Skill). Mission Mode Innovative Management- Structures & Institutions (Smart Administration) 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 30
  31. 31. The basis of all Vivekananda systems, social or political, rests upon the goodness of men. No nation is great or good because parliament enacts this or that, but its men are great and good. 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 31
  32. 32. Thank You 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 32

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