More Related Content


Gothic Architecture.pptx

  1. GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE Presented by: Bhawna Walia
  2. INTRODUCTION • Gothic architecture began mainly in France, where architects were inspired by Romanesque architecture and the pointed arches of Spanish Moorish architecture. • It's easy to recognise Gothic buildings because of their arches, ribbed vaulting, flying buttresses, elaborate sculptures (like gargoyles) and stained glass windows. • Gothic architecture was originally known as "French Style". During the period of Renaissance it fell out of fashion and it was not respected by many artists. They marked it as "Gothic" to suggest it was the crude work of German barbarians (Goths).
  3. Characteristics of Gothic Architecture 1. Airy & bright 2. Focus on Verticality 3. Pointed Arches 4. Rib vaults 5. Flying buttresses 6. Large stained glass windows 7. Ornaments and pinnacles
  4. Airy & bright Gothic architecture emphasised light, bright windows and airy interiors, transforming castles and churches into more pleasant and majestic environments.
  5. Focus on Verticality • In the times before gothic architecture, Early Medieval architects struggled to spread the weight of heavy stone walls. • One of the fundamental characteristics of gothic architecture was its height. New building techniques (such as the flying buttress, detailed below) enabled architects to spread the weight of taller walls and loftier towers.
  6. Pointed arches • It allowed churches and other buildings to reach great height. • Exert less thrust then semicircular arch of same span. • Solves geometric difficulty in ribbed vaults. • It was impossible to arrange all arches and ribs to a common level using semicircular ribs. • With pointed arches, ribs could easily be made level.
  7. Rib vaults • Gothic builders introduced the dramatic technique of ribbed vaulting. • Ribbed vaulting used columns to support the weight. • The ribs also delineated the vaults and gave a sense of unity to the structure.
  8. Flying buttresses • It is placed at right angles to the length of wall. • It takes collected pressure of the ribbed vaults and to transmit it to the ground finally. • They gave extra support to the roof and thinner walls. • Walls could be opened with windows.
  9. Large stained glass windows • Since the walls themselves were no longer the primary supports, Gothic buildings could include large areas of glass. • Huge stained windows and a profusion of smaller windows created the effect of lightness and space.
  10. Ornaments and pinnacles Pinnacles A pinnacle is an architectural element originally forming the cap or crown of a buttress or small turret, but afterwards used on parapets at the corners of towers and in many other situations.
  11. Ornaments • Gothic ornamentation is inspired by nature. Columns sprout leafy capitals; vines twist along screens. • Humanity has its place too, with statues ornamenting facades and corbels carved with human heads.
  12. Gargoyle • In addition to the practical function of projecting water away from a building. • Gargoyles were also intended to symbolism 'guardianship' of the building and to ward off evil spirits. • Their open mouths were symbolic of them devouring giants.
  13. General plan of Gothic Architecture Church The plan of most medieval Gothic churches is in the form of the Latin cross or “cruciform.” This means the body of the building is made up of a long nave that runs on an East-West axis crossed. The front of the building is referred to as the “West Front.” The nave is usually tall and has clerestory windows that provide light. On either side of the nave are aisles that generally have lower ceilings than the nave, but not always. The architectural features of the East End vary greatly from country to country and may contain the choir, presbytery, a projecting chapel and smaller chapels, or an ambulatory.
  14. THANK YOU! Presented by Bhawna Walia