Decorative fabri cssss


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Decorative fabri cssss

  2. 2. INTRODUCTION Fabric is the prime contributor inhome furnishing products . It must provide the texture,colour, character and anythingthat is missing in the architecture.2
  3. 3. 3
  4. 4. • Upholstery• Draperies• Wall covering• Bottle cover• Apparel• Window textiles• Bed sheets• Bed linen & bed textiles• Bathroom textiles• Kitchen menon• Accessories• Table-linen• Table-cloths• Rugs• Carpets• Wedding-decoration etc.4
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  6. 6. • Fabric is extra heavy weight and / or thick and isnot suitable for common drapery uses.• Upholstery fabrics are used to cushion and coverfurniture.• There can be fixed upholstery or loose covers.FABRIC USED• Acrylic blends• Polyester• velvets• Jacquard• Leather• Vinyl• Nylon• Cotton• Linen• Wool etc. 6
  7. 7. Drapery Fabric:• Drapery fabric is usually lighter weight.• It is not suitable for upholstery projects.7
  8. 8.  Window textiles may include• curtains• Drapes• blinds etc.FABRIC USED• Cotton• Flax• Wool• Silk• Acrylic, etc For flame retardant curtainsusing• Modacrylic fiber• Viscose• PVC etc.Blinds8
  9. 9. • Provide privacy.• To eliminate/minimizesunlight.• For Aesthetic/Decorativepurpose.• Hide an undesirable outsideview.• To prevent exposure to dustor dirt.9
  10. 10.  Bed linen and other bed textilesinclude• Bed sheets• Pillow cases• bed spreads• Quilt covers• Duvet covers• Cushions• Blankets• Mattresses• Bed throws• Sofa throws and many other items. Fabric used:- cotton, muslin, satin,poplin, wool, acrylic, viscose, silk andblends etc.• For quilted textiles- PET fiber is used.• For blankets wool - acrylic fiber, andacrylic polyester fiber blends are used .(Duvet Covers, Comforters andComforter Sets, Quilts, SheetSets, Coverlets, Bed spreads)10
  11. 11. • Bathroom textiles include• Shower curtains• Bath robes• Bath mats• Bath rugs• Towels etc.• Shower Curtains need to bewater proof .• so plastic coated textileseither of woven or nonwoven fabrics are in greatdemand.Shower Curtains11
  12. 12. Table linen and other table clothsinclude• Table mats• Napkins• Chair covers• Chair mats• Pads• Table runners, etc. Fabric used in table cloths• cotton• linen• polyester etc. For placemats, chair mats, table runners• Jute• Leather• Plastic• silk satinTable Linen12
  13. 13.  Rugs & Carpets• Fabrics for rugs and carpets arethick and heavy weight but easilymovable.• It is used to cover floors and stairs.• It has cut or pile cut weave andcan be easily vacuum cleaned. Characteristics of Rugs andCarpets:-• Rugs and carpets are also easilylaunderable.• They are stain and chemicalresistant.• It lasts longer.• It has a soft feel and appearance.• It comes is beautiful colors anddesigns or patterns. 13
  14. 14. Rugs and CarpetsWoven carpets (hand made). Machine made14
  15. 15. Types of Rugs1. Machine maderugs.2. Hand made rugs.3. Braided rugs.15Machine made Rugs
  16. 16. Braided RugsHand-made Rugs16
  17. 17.  Kitchen linen and accessoriesincludes:-• Aprons,• Miltons covers,• Dishcloths,• Kitchen towels• Gloves• Bottle covers etc. Fabric used :- Cotton, line, cambric,poplin, plastic etc. Flame retardant kitchen wears are alsoin great demand these days.17
  18. 18. • As home decoration not only the fabricsplay a important role in homefurnishings .• The various styles of combinations suchas fabrics, shape,wall texture, coloursand furniture are important in home.• The factors which affect the buyinghabits, as lifestyle, location, budget andcultural .• Before starting decoration of interiors,the tendency is to select from amongthe various furnishing styles -18
  19. 19. Cottage Style• Prefers pastel shades• Soft lighting.• Sheer fabric or gauzefor curtains.• Antique accessories• patchwork quilts etc.19
  20. 20. 20
  21. 21. 21
  22. 22. MediterraneanStyle• A mix of Italian andFrench styles.• They uses warm colorslike earth or yellowcolors.• Fabric having simplepatterns in blue and alittle gold.22
  23. 23. Oriental Style• Oriental Style uses simple Orientalpatterns with very few items.• Mostly oriental rugs, curtains aremade by silk fabric with orientalprints, pictures of animals likedragons, and Japanese seascapesare preferred for decoration.23
  24. 24. TraditionalStyleTraditional Style uses fabricwith floral prints, plaidsand checks.• Heavy material is used formaking curtains.24
  25. 25. Victorian Style• Victorian Style usessmall and elegant items.• Silk fabric is preferredfor cushions havingstripes or simple• floral patterns,• velvet• rich brocades etc.velvet rich brocades25
  26. 26. 26
  27. 27. Apparel Fabric• A woven /knit fabric is used in clothingand garments or for decoration andcovering purposes.• Use of these fabrics dates back to the16th century when various fabrics likecotton, silk, wool etc.• The apparel fabric used for makinggarments .27
  28. 28. Beachwear Fabric• Beachwear is the clothing suitable to be wornon a beach.• Types of fabric for Beachwear Cotton• It is the perfect to be worn in any season and ismost practical and affordable clothes.• It does not require extra care and it is allergyfree. Lycra• It is a synthetic fabric consisting of polymer,which have polyurethane in it.• It is elastic and comfortable. Nylon• It is highly durable and elegant swimwear.28
  29. 29. Characteristics of Beachwear Fabric• It is cool and comfortable.• It is lightweight.• It is durable.• It is soft.• It is quick drying.• It is breathable.• It is anti-bacterial.• It is UV protected.29
  30. 30. Usage ofBeachwear Fabric• Shorts• Shirts• swimsuits• Beach pants• Waterproof jackets• Bath robes• T-shirts etc.30
  31. 31.  Blanket Fabric• Blanket fabric is a thick heavilyfulled, usually woolen fabric.• It has a soft-brushed finish.• It is not a compulsion for drycleaning.• Blanket fabric consists of wool,cotton, synthetics and variousblends.• The fabric is napped, either on oneside or both sides.• Synthetics made blankets are great.• They are lightweight as well aswarm.31
  32. 32.  Characteristics of Blanket Fabric• It is lightweight.• It is fire resistant.• It is easily washable.• It is durable.• It has high tensile strength.Uses of Blanket Fabric• Capes• Jackets• Waistcoats• Blankets.32
  33. 33. Curtain Fabric• Light weight and loosely woven fabricsare used in making curtains becausethese have the ability to control theamount of light to be let in.• The Most Common Type of CurtainFabric• Satin• Silk• Chiffon• Poplin• Taffeta• Organza• Chenille• Velvet• Net• Cotton• Suede etc 33
  34. 34. Bamboo Curtain FabricsFabric CurtainPatterns:-• Printed• Embroidered• Yarn Dyed• Flocked• Brushed• Plain Dyed• Coated34
  35. 35. Drapery Fabric• Drapery fabric must suit the decor andhave the right properties for thewindows treatment styling.• Cotton• Linen• Acrylic Blends• Polyester Blends• Acetate• Nylon Factors affect Drapery Fabrics:-• Strength• crease resistance• Durability• wash-ability and reasonable price.Uses of Draperies Fabric•Upholstery•Pillows•cushions•Curtains•Table cover etc35
  36. 36. Hosiery Fabric• Hosiery fabric are fine & designed to fit closelyto the skin, thigh, and foot.• It is soft hand and elastic.• Hosiery fabric is easily washable and it also driesquickly.Characteristics of Hosiery Fabric• Fine.• Sheer.• Elastic.• clings to the skin.Uses of Hosiery Fabric• Tights• Panty• Stockings• Pop socks• Knee-highs• Ankle-highs• Baby cloths• Leggings• T-shirt36
  37. 37. Outdoor Fabric• Outdoor fabric is soft, comfortableand breathable.• color fastness to sunlight and isresistant to mildew, moth, and soil.• It repels water and oil and hasmoisture permeable property.• It has a good tearing strength and isstretchable.• It is thermal, fire and abrasionresistant.• It is very durable with crease resistand preshrunk finish.• It is made by synthetic fibers, acrylic,olefin, polyester and various blends,including cotton.• These fabrics are made waterrepellant by the process of chemicaltreatment.37
  38. 38. Characteristics of Outdoor Fabric• It retains its color and vibrancy for years.• It is soft.• It is comfortable.• It is breathable.• It has soil and stain resistant finish.• It is easily cleaned.• It resists mildew, moth and atmospheric chemicals.Uses of Outdoor Fabric• Casual wear• Sports wear• Ski wear• Jackets• Garments and industrial clothing• Boating : Bikinis, boat & seat covers.• Commercial and residential outdoor furniture. 38
  39. 39. • Interlining Fabric• Interlining fabric is a soft, but thick fabricwhich is inserted between the dressfabric and the back lining.• Interlining fabric helps the main fabric todrape gracefully.• It improves the shape retention quality ofthe fabric.• Interlining fabric is woven, or knitted, ornon-woven• The use of adhesive coating is notnecessary for all types of interliningfabric.• The adhesive coating is a finishedinterlining fabric, which through afinishing process removes all shrinkagefrom the product and impart stretch tothe fabric.• Interlining fabric is made of pure cotton.39
  40. 40. Characteristics of Interlining Fabric• It is soft.• It is thick.• It retains the shape of the main fabric.• It is strong and sometimes warm or bulk.Uses of Interlining Fabric• coats,• wind coats,• suits and Salwar• officer suits.40
  41. 41. Packing Fabric• Packing fabric are widely used to protect goods and materials while intransportation from one place to another.• Generally made of stretch material, these fabrics retain their shape forlong time to come.Characteristics of Packing Fabric• It is easily packed and also unpacked.• It is strong.• It is stretchable.• It has humidity-independent coating.• It resists wear and tear.Types of Fabric used in Packing• Cotton• Jute• Leather• Polyester41
  42. 42.  Pintuck Fabric• Pintuck fabrics are used to beautifyor decorate the garments.Characteristics of Pintuck Fabric• It has a tailored look.• It has a decorative look.• It is arranged in series.Uses of Pintuck Fabric• girls and womens blouses• mens shirt• Kids wear• Bed sheets• Pillow covers etc.42
  43. 43. Quilting Fabric• Quilting is used for padding afabric;• This two layered fabric arejoined in Quilting.• Cotton, silk and wool blends,polyester are popular options.Fabrics used in Quilting• Cashmere silk• Silk and wool blends• 100% cotton• 100% polyester43
  44. 44. Characteristics of Quilting Fabric• Durable.• Lightweight.• Comfortable.• Warm• luxurious.• Easy needling.• Easy to handle.• Drapes beautifully.• wears beautifully.Uses of Quilting Fabric• Clothing• Wall hanging• Pillows• Table runners• Toys44
  45. 45. Tent Fabric• Tent fabric is an important outdoorfabric for shelter.• Natural fabrics are blended withsynthetic ones for making it stronger.• Tent fabric is generally made fromstrong and durable material toweather all conditions.• For this reason, a fabric for tent is UVprotected and resistant to moisture.It stands against rain and wind.• It is simultaneously flame-retardantand breathable.• Tear and abrasion resistant is also animportant factor for tent fabric.45
  46. 46. Characteristics of Tent Fabric• It is light and strong.• It is opaque to light.• It is flame retardant.• It has a certain degree of impermeability to water.• It resists moisture to pass by.• It is breathable.• It is mildew resistant.• It is resistant to tear and abrasion.• It is durable.• It is susceptible to stretch.• It is UV protected.Fabrics used for Tents• Cotton• Hemp• Polyester• Nylon46
  47. 47. Terry Fabric• Terry fabric is made up ofcotton and it is veryabsorbent. It is very softand comfortable.• The fabric withstandsstrain of rubbing, pulling,twisting and tugging bythe user.• It gets stronger in wetcondition.• It is easily washed in hotwater using strong bleachor detergent.47
  48. 48. Characteristics of Terry Fabric• It is very absorbent.• It is comfortable.• It is easy to launder.• It does not require ironing.• It is used for long wearing.Uses of Terry Fabric• Terry cloth is typically used as towels, bath robesand beach coverups due to its softness and highlyabsorbent quality.• It is also used as sportswear, childrens wear, slipcovers, draperies, exercise wear, infant andtoddler accessories and toys and apparels.48
  49. 49.  Umbrella Fabric• Beautiful and useful umbrella fabric ismade of canvas, linen, as they are durableand strong.• It also protects from the harmful UV raysand rain fall.Characteristics of Umbrella Fabric• It is waterproof.• It has color retaining quality.• It is easy washable.• It is rot, mildew, pool chlorine and saltspray resistant.• It is stiff.• It is strong.49
  50. 50.  Home FurnishingFabric• The textile fabrics are used tomake bed spreads, blankets,quilts, curtain, table cloths etc.• Types of Fabrics forHome Furnishing• Silk - soft, lustrous .• Cotton - cool, soft andcomfortable.• Jute - long, soft and shiny.• Rayon - moisture absorbent,breathable, comfortable andeasily dyed in vivid colors.50
  51. 51. • Wool - water-resistant, soft.• Nylon - smooth, non-absorbent and dries quickly.• Polyester - quick to dry, wrinkle resistant andresistant to stretching.• Plastic - tolerates temperature, hard, andresilient.• Leather - firm, soft, porous, breathable, andelastic.• Satin - thick, glossy surface and a dull back.• Organza - sheer, thin open weave, heavy andcrispy.• Organdy - sheer, lightweight, and very fine.51
  52. 52. • Uses of Home Furnishing Fabric Bed and Bedding Furnishings• Bed covers, cushion covers, blanket covers,bedspreads, bed sheets, bed coverlets, mattresscovers. Kitchen Furnishings• Aprons, kitchen towels, mittens, napkins, place mats,dish clothes, potholders. Drawing and Dining Furnishings• Table cloth, tablemats, napkins, tea mats, tea cozy,curtains, sofa covers, pelmet, tassels, floor coverings. Bathroom Furnishings• shower curtains, bathrobes, bath towels, bath mats,bath rugs, face towels, hand towels.52
  53. 53. • Industrial Fabric• Industrial fabric is a broad term for thosefabrics which are used for non-apparel andnon-decorative uses.• It covers a wide variety of widths, weightsand construction particularly made to meeta specific application.• It is strong and woven textile with a highperformance.• Industrial fabric is usually made from man-made fibers like fiberglass, carbon, andaramid fibers.• Fiberglass made industrial fabric utilized inthose kinds of applications where high heatis present and there is a need for highstrength and dimensional stability fabric.• Industrial fabric is woven in variousthicknesses and constructions in basicweave, namely plain, leno, satin and basket. 53
  54. 54. Characteristics of Industrial Fabric• It is durable.• It is soft.• It is environmentally friendly.• It is highly UV protected.• It is acid and alkali resistant.• It is water repellent.• It is flame retardant.Uses of Industrial Fabric• Industrial fabric is primarily used for insulation,marine and recreational products, advancedcomposites, electronics, filtration, commercial &construction and protective garments.54
  55. 55. Mattress Fabric• Mattress is made of thebest of fabric. It isluxurious, elegant andvery smooth.• Special treatment is givento make mattress fabricfire resistant and anti-microbial that eliminatesbacteria, fungi, mildew,and mold.• Sometimes it is quilted togive extra comfort.• It repels liquids and resistsstains.• It breathes well and isdurable. 55
  56. 56. • Type of Mattress Fabric• Organic Cotton Fabric - Contains no pesticides,defoliants, mineral oil or flame-retardantchemicals.Pure Wool Fabric - Natural flame retardant. Dustmite and mold resistant.Characteristics of Mattress Fabric• It is luxurious.• It is elegant.• It is smooth.• It is fire resistant.• It is anti-bacterial.56
  57. 57. Tapestry Fabric• One of the oldest form of wovenfabric, tapestry fabric is availablein multi colours and multipatterns are used.• Tapestry fabric is a heavy cloth,which is woven richly, often withvarious colored designs orscenes.• It is usually hung on the walls fordecoration and is sometimesalso used to cover furniture.• It has wonderful textures.• The term tapestry means athick textile fabric where thecolored weft threads are woven,originally by hand, into fixedwarp threads to form pictures ofdesigns 57
  58. 58. Characteristics of Tapestry Fabric• It has beautiful designs or scenes.• It has good textures.Uses of Tapestry Fabric• Wall hangings• Pillow covers• Valence boxes• Upholstery• Bedspreads• Slipcovers58
  59. 59. Upholstery Fabric• Upholstery fabric is tightlywoven fabric.• The thread count is moreand it wears better.• It does not wiggle or movearound.• It is often heavy. It is tough,durable and do not soil orfade• Upholstery fabric are woveninto beautiful and eyecaching patterns anddesigns.• They are not only tough anddurable but also do not soilor fade; easy to maintain. 59
  60. 60. Types of Upholstery Fabric• Leather• Vinyl• Nylon• Cotton• Linen• Wool• Acrylic blends• PolyesterCharacteristics of Upholstery Fabric• It is durable.• It is easily cleanable.• It is resistant to soil and fading.Uses of Upholstery Fabric• Autos• Boats• Furniture• Home decoration60
  61. 61. • Today the fabric used in interior decoration is available in variouskinds and colours.• Indian homeowners tend to identify the feasibility of the place tochoose the fabric for different purpose.• Now day’s technology has upper hand in every field and thisfactor lead to the coming of artificial and synthetic fiber.• These Designer fabrics not only make your style perfect butprovide your home chic and luxurious touch Fabric used for decorations such as curtains, bedsheets, coversand so on, have their properties which make them ideal forspecific purpose.• Today artificial and synthetic fabric is more common than naturalwhich is otherwise expensive in compare to former.• Here we will now discuss different types of fabric with theirproperties:61
  62. 62. Natural fabric• Natural fiber is usually made of natural supplements andoften expensive to be purchased.• However, as its name suggests natural fabric is moredurable, soft, luxurious and resilient.• Some of the common used natural fiber used to makefabric is linen, cotton, silk, hemp, jute, wool, horsehair,cashmere, mohair, camelhair.Linen• Linen is a natural fiber derived from the plant flax andprovides tough yarn which appears slight glossy andsmooth.• The fabric made from linen fiber which is moth resistantand hardwearing. It can be easily washable and strongwhen wet.• This fabric tends to crease quite often yet it makes a goodchoice for homeowners when it comes to draperies fabric.62
  63. 63. SILK• Silk is also called animal fiber which is obtained from cocoon ofthe silkworm moth.• luxury and comes to very expensive.• Silk is quite popular among the luxurious items due to its uniquetexture and lustrous appearance.• It requires frequent dry cleaning and hand wash is strictlyprohibited for silk.• It also gets creased and can be damaged if exposed in sunlight.• Thus silk must be cautiously handled.Wool• Wool is another natural fiber fleeced from sheep and furtherprocessed through various refinements.• Wool comes in natural colours but it can be dyed in various othercolours. It is considered good insulator and generally used incolder areas to protect against chill winds.• Wool is versatile and can be blend with synthetic to derive animproved fabric.63
  64. 64. Cotton• Cotton is obtained from a plant and is very strong.• Cotton is most liked by homeowners for numerouspurposes as it is durable, economical and airy.• Cotton is widely used for decorative fabrics and doesn’tfade away easily.Artificial fabricArtificial fibers are obtained from different processes suchas synthesis of polymers or alteration of natural fibers.• This type of fiber is usually made from natural sources likewood pulp and fiber obtained from other plants.• The market of artificial fibers has widened due to themodern techniques of combining plant and other sourcesto make this fiber.• Some of the popular artificial fibers are classified asacetate, rayon, triacetate and modified rayon.64
  65. 65. Rayon• Rayon is produced from processed wood pulp and valued for itscharacteristics like hardness, strength and high absorbency.• Rayon is an artificial fiber which loses its strength when wet andget shrink more than cotton.• It is more prone to burning and can rapidly catch fire.• Rayon is widely used because it is economical and has wonderfulproperties of draping.• It is also used as substitute of natural fiber which is expensiveover artificial fiber.Acetate• Acetate is obtained from wood pulp and has low characteristicssuch as low absorbent and strength.• This fiber is moth resistant and widely used for draping facility.• After rayon, acetate is common substitute of various naturalfibers as it is versatile and inexpensive.• It is further used in making of satins and other fibers.65
  66. 66. Modified rayon• Modified rayon or modal as it called is generally madefrom cotton waste or wool.• It is a cellulose fiber which is used in natural and syntheticfibers in order to modify their properties.• Modal is strong, absorbent and can be hand washed.• It also gets creased just like cotton and also has somecommon properties of cotton.Synthetic fiber• Synthetic fiber is again man made fiber that are used toincreased the utility and improve the quality of natural andartificial fibers made from plant and other sources.• Some of the improved synthetic fibers are acrylic, nylon,polyester, and olefin.66
  67. 67. Polyesters• Polyester is another byproduct of petroleum and consideredvery strong.• Polyester easy to handle as it can be hand washed. Othercharacteristic of this synthetic fiber are shrink resistant, mothresistant, retains its shape and crease resistant.• Polyester is mixed with natural fibers in order to make out moreimproved fiber which is strong and durable for furnishing itemsand upholstery.Polyamide (nylon)• Polyamide is formed with tar, coal and petroleum.• Nylon is tough, resilient fiber with high elasticity.• Nylon is usually non-shrinkable, crease resistant and easilywashable.• Nylon is valued for all these characteristics and has proved to bethe most durable synthetic fiber available in types and colours.67
  68. 68. Acrylic• Acrylic is made from the polymerization of free radicals andappeared lightweight, soft and warm.• Acrylic doesn’t crease easily, shrink resistant and resilient.• This fiber is also moth resistant but sensitive if exposed tosunlight.68
  69. 69. EmbroideryCanvas work• Embroidery worked on canvas.• The thread used is usually wool.• Often called tapestry (although realtapestry is woven on a loom, notembroidered).• Very strong and durable.• Used for soft furnishings eg. chairseats, cushions, and kneelers.• Also used for accessories eg. bags,belts, spectacle cases.Florentine• The basic technique is simple - astraight stitch.• Patterns vary from very easy tocomplicated designs.69
  70. 70. Crewel work• The name comes from thecrewel wools.• Designs are bold.• The soft wool used ispleasant to handle and thework is quick to do• Used for furnishings andcushions.70
  71. 71. Cross stitch• European peasantembroidery is often donein a restricted colourscheme eg black and red.• Victorian samplers includelettering, flowers, birds,houses and people on veryfine material.• Modern Danish cross-stitchis inspired by pressedflowers and naturalisticbirds.71
  72. 72. Pulled fabric• A very beautiful and practicalform of embroidery.• Can be done with theknowledge of only a fewbasic stitches.• Not the same as drawnthread work where threadsare drawn out of the fabric.• In this threads are drawntogether to create thepattern. o• Usually worked on linen inneutral colours.• Traditionally used forhousehold linen.72
  73. 73. Smocking• Decorative way of controllingfullness in fabric.• The gathering is done with spacedrows of tacking, worked from theback, which is drawn up to therequired width. Rows of stitches arethen worked in embroidery threadon the front of the fabric. When thework is finished the gatheringthreads are withdrawn.• It is used on all sorts of garmentswhere fullness is required egblouses, aprons, skirts, dresses,lingerie, childrens clothes.• Was traditionally used to makeworking smocks to protect otherclothing.• Can also be used in the home forcushions, lampshades, fixedcurtains and pelmets.73
  74. 74. Machine embroidery• Beautiful effects can beachieved by machine.• CAD and computers canbe used for designs.74
  75. 75. 75
  76. 76. Patchwork• Stitching together by various meanspieces of different colours, shapes andsizes to make an attractive whole.• An old money saving craft, which usesevery scrap of fabric.• There are many different types ofpatchwork -1. Mosaic (English patchwork) based onsimple repeated shapes eg hexagon,diamond or squares.2. Log Cabin - does not require templates,consists of strips of fabric sewn onto afoundation in extending patterns ofsquares.3. Machine or American patchwork - basedon a geometric pattern of divisions of asquare. The pattern panels are puttogether by dressmaking methods andoften quilted.76
  77. 77. Quilting• A decorative way of stitching layers of fabric together, enclosinga filling to produce a raised surface pattern.• A very old technique used for bed clothing and garments.• It is still used for warmth but now there is a lot more variety offillings and quilting techniques.• There are 4 basic types of quilting each uses the same simplestitches to sew together 2 layers of fabric but the variation indesigns, filling and fabric gives different results.1. Wadded is the English traditional method.2. Corded is the Italian, corded style.3. Stuffed/Trapunto - Uses 2 layers of fabric, the designs areoutlined in stitches then certain areas are padded from the backso that they stand out on the top fabric.4. Shadow quilting -Uses 2 layers of transparent fabric e.g. chiffon,georgette or organdie and is stuffed with coloured waddingyarns or brightly coloured felt shapes stitched around goingthrough both layers of fabric to hold them in place.77
  78. 78. Applique• The art of applyingone fabric to anotherby machine or handstitching. With orwithout addedembroidery.• A quick, easy andadaptable technique.• Motifs can be appliedand provide a quickway of decoratinggarments.78
  79. 79. Devore• From the French meaning devoured.• A technique where fabric is eaten away by chemicals (suchas sulphuric acid) printed or painted onto it.• The fabric must contain a proportion of cellulose fibre suchas cotton or viscose, which is susceptible to the chemicals.• It produces a beautiful, delicate fabric with both semi-transparent and opaque areas.Embossing• Permanent relief surface made with a heavy metal press,which translates a pattern to the textile.• A thermoplastic fabric can be heat treated, making theeffect even more dramatic.• Embossed printing uses special dyes and pigments tocreate a relief surface.79
  80. 80. Shibon• A traditional Japanese resist dyetechnique.• Fabric is tied in a regular pattern,stitched in place and then dyedand the stitches removed.• It results in a puckeredappearance and a pattern formedfrom the areas of dyed andundyed fabric.• It is very time consuming..80
  81. 81. Engineered print• The textile designerprints the designdirectly onto thefashion garment,usually for catwalkdesigns.• It can be placed withexactness, avoidingseams etc.• A successful designthat goes intoproduction is reworkedand printed on acontinuous length offabric81
  82. 82. Selection Requires PlanningTo select the appropriate fabrics for homefurnishings projects, you need to plan ahead.Carefully consider your needs by answering thesebasic questions:• What is the fabric to be used for?• What kind of atmosphere do you want tocreate?• Who will be using the item you are making?• Are there colors, textures and/or designs youprefer to use? To avoid?• How will the item be cleaned—home laundry?Dry cleaners?82
  83. 83. Fiber CharacteristicsCotton Soft, easy to clean, durable, launders well, dyes easily. May lint, creasesand wrinkles unless specially finished subject to mildew.Linen Strong, durable. Dyes easily, but colors may run in washing. Somewhat stiff,wrinkles, and may shrink unless specially finished. Requires ironing unlesstreated.Wool Resilient, resists wrinkling, dyes well, water repellent, flame resistant, but issusceptible to moths and carpet beetles unless specially treated.Acetate Weaker than most fibers, lustrous appearance, drapes well, colors mayfume-fade, weakened by sunlight, poor abrasion resistanceGeneral fiber characteristics.83
  84. 84. Fiber CharacteristicsAcetate Weak when wet, resists abrasion andwrinkling, dyes well, some tend to pill,accumulates static electricity.Acrylic Resists wrinkling, soft, resilient,noncombustible, dyes well, accumulatesstatic electricity.Modacrylic Strong and elastic, washes easily,resists abrasion, dyes well, but sun willfade, resists wrinkles, moths. May pill,nonabsorbent, but tends to attract dirt.Nylon Strong, resists abrasion, lightweight,free from pilling, fast-drying, resists soil,nonabsorbent.General fiber characteristics84
  85. 85. Fiber CharacteristicsOlefin Strong, resists abrasion, lightweight,free from pilling, fast-drying, resists soil, nonabsorbent.Polyester Strong, easy care, resists wrinkles, abrasion, stretching and shrinking; dyeseasily, holds color well, may pill; attracts lint, accumulates static electricity,nonabsorbent.Rayon Weaker than most fibers, especially when wet. Soft, comfortable, dyes wellusually, may shrink or stretch unless treated, affected by sunlight, wrinkleseasily.Glass Strong, weather and sun resistant, resists moths, mildew and manychemicals, sheds dust and soil, but has low abrasion resistance.General fiber characteristics85
  86. 86. Fiber CharacteristicsDurable orPermanentPressFabric needs little or no ironing whenproperly washed and dryer dried;relatively wrinkle free in use. Finishtends to hold oily stains unlessspecially treated.SoilReleaseFabric is more easily wetted tofacilitate detergent action in washingto release soil. Used with durablepress fi nish. Does not prevent stains.WaterRepellantFabric repels water and water-basedstains. Does not waterproof fabric.Soil andStainRepellantRepels water and oil-based stains.Fabric finishes86
  87. 87. Fiber CharacteristicsFlameRetardantIgnited fabric will self-extinguish whensource of flame is removed. Requiresspecial laundering procedure tomaintain effectiveness.Crease,WrinkleResistantFabric wrinkles less than normal.Applied to cotton, linen, rayon andblends. Tends to retain oil-bornestains.ShrinkageControlFabric shrinkage limited to specificamount—1 percent, 2 percent, etc.Does not guarantee no shrinkage,therefore, preshrink fabric before use.Fabric finishes87
  88. 88. Animal Print FabricHi Low GiraffeBlack WhiteSimba ChocolateGiraffe - BabyPink/WhiteWildcat Black whiteVelvet Zebra Black Murano Palimino 88
  89. 89. Suede Fabric, Fake LeatherVancover Brown Passion Suede PumpkinCocoon Brown CoffeeUltra Trend Chocolate Vintage Leather Moccasin Tolado Spice89
  90. 90. Floral FabricEthereal Onyx Harvest Floral Red Rich Garden HarvestKirby Lapis Lucy Licorice Wonderland Ruby90
  91. 91. Velvet FabricBelize Cordovan Brussels Sky Grey Mayfair BlackKit Kat Chocolate Darrow Clay Viva Chocolate91
  92. 92. Suzani fabricTempo Rock n RollParasol BrickWolfram GuavaSelim PunchCamel BrickFahri Clove 92
  93. 93. Stripe FabricSebastian StripeSpringSuper Stripe Jewel Cardiff MeadowDuffy Indigo Brooks Plum bronze Palazzo Limeade93
  94. 94. Kashmiri garden chocolateSolano Graphite Windsor ClaretCountess Poppy Creole MesaKerala Chocolate94
  95. 95. Tutu Petal Confetti Bubble GumIts A Hoot JewelTreasure Island blue Tutti Frutti Watermelon95
  96. 96. Stones Tabasco Denton Houndstooth Secret Square CitrineTea House Black Chatsworth Charcoal Paisley Gypsy96
  97. 97. Chenille FabricsSoft, solid and multi-colored chenille fabrics.Ideal for upholstery.Waverly WovensMulti purpose wovenpatterns by WaverlyFabrics.Scenic TapestriesScenic tapestry fabricwith fun themes; idealupholstery fabrics.97
  98. 98. Stripes & Geometric OutdoorFabricStripe Outdoor Fabric for patio orsunroom furnitureTropical Floral OutdoorFabricOutdoor fabric for patio orsunroom98
  99. 99. Imperial Taffeta Fabric60" washable & flameretardent poly taffetaSatin Stripe Fabric60" washable &flame retardentstripe satinCrystal OrganzaFabric60" washable &flame retardentsheer organza99
  100. 100. Bengaline Fabric60" washable & flameretardent poly bengalineBlack and White Party FabricSpecial Occasion decoratingfabric.100
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  102. 102. Wine/Green/Gold fabrics withmulti colors from around theworld.Luxury Pink & GreenPink & Green Luxury drapery andupholstery fabrics from around theworld.Luxury silk, viscose,rayon & cotton fabrics.102
  103. 103. Trims in BlackLip cord, Brush fringe,Tassel fringe, Beaded trimin decorator coordinatesand solids. Trims in GoldLip cord, Brush fringe,Tassel fringe, Beadedtrim in decoratorcoordinates and solids.Trims in RedLip cord, Brushfringe, Tassel fringe,Beaded trim indecorator coordinatesand solids.103
  104. 104. Trims in PinkLip cord, Brush fringe,Tassel fringe, Beadedtrim in decoratorcoordinates and solids.Trims in BrownLip cord, Brushfringe, Tasselfringe, Beaded trimin decoratorcoordinates andsolids.Trims in NeutralsLip cord, Brushfringe, Tasselfringe, Beadedtrim in decoratorcoordinates andsolids.104
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  108. 108. The Decorative Fabric Filled holes ofParis108
  109. 109. Characteristics of Apparel Fabric Flame Retardant• Fabrics usually have a coating or film lamination which provides ahigh level of protection and comfort.• One of the protection is, providing insulation against flame or makingit heat retardant. Wet Weather• Some fabrics are water-repellent finishes, which provides normalcomfort in the foulest weather.• It is also breathable and windproof. Anti-Static• This is to protect from static charge in the environments of aviation,petrochemical, defense, automotive, mining, power generation andcomputer.• Anti-static fabric is durable along with being serviceable.• It withstands regular cleaning abreast of retaining effectivefunctional performance.109
  110. 110. Types of Fabrics used for Apparel Acetate• It is used as uniforms, clothing and lingerie.• It has a crisp feel with lustrous appearance of silk and excellent drapeability. Acrylic• It is used as a substitute for wool.• It is durable, soft, and has a wooly feel.• It is resistant to sun and chemicals. Broadcloth• Closely woven and wears very well but wrinkles very badly.• It is used as shirts, dresses, blouses, summer wear. Brocade• Usually made fit for eveningwear, church vestments, interior furnishings, androbes.• It has rich, heavy, elaborate design effect.110
  111. 111.  Challis• It is soft, very lightweight and is washable.• It is used as womens and childrens dresses, kimonos, neckties and sportswear. Chambray• It is smooth, strong, closely woven and soft.• Used as childrens wear, dresses, shirts and blouses, aprons and all kinds ofsportswear. Denim• Used as pants, caps, uniforms, bedspreads, slipcovers, draperies, upholstery,sportswear.• It resists snags and tears.• It comes in heavy to lighter weights. Drill• A cotton fabric used for uniforms, work cloths, and sportswear. Faille• It has a lustrous finish.• Used as dresses, blouses, and some dressy coats.111
  112. 112.  Chiffon• Used as eveningwear, blouses and scarves.• It is lightweight, sheer, transparent and very fine. Cotton• It is very elastic and withstand high temperatures.• It has high washability and dyes well.• It is comfortable in all weather.• It is used as all types of clothing Crepe• All types of dresses finds a fit place like from long dinner dresses to suits andcoats.• It has a crinkled and puckered surface with a soft mossy finish.• It has rough feel and appearance. Damask• It is very durable, made from silk in actual.• It sheds dirt, launders well and holds high luster, especially in linen.112
  113. 113.  Flax• It is of linen with a high absorbent quality, allowing moisture to evaporatequickly.• It is easily washable but has a poor elasticity. Gabardine• Used as mens and womens tailored suits, coats, raincoats, uniforms, andmens shirts.• It has a clear finish.• It is durable and wears extremely well. Georgette• It is crisp with an outstanding durability.• It is sheer and has a dull face. Houndstooth• Sportscoats and suits are made out of it.• It is usually of wool. Moire• It is made of silk, rayon or cotton and has a watermarked finish.• It is used as eveningwear, formals, dresses and coats.113
  114. 114.  Nylon• It is used as womens hosiery, knitted or woven lingerie, socks and sweaters.• It is elastic, easy to wash and is lustrous. Organdy• It is used as summer formals, blouses and aprons.• It is a tightly twisted yarn with a crisp. Organza• Used as evening dresses.• It is fine, sheer, lightweight and crisp. Oxford• Mostly used for mens shirts.• It is made of cotton and sometimes even of rayon. Polyester• It is smooth, crisp and springy.• It is readily washable and is not damaged by sunlight.• It is made for all weather and is resistant to moths and mildew.114
  115. 115.  Flannel• Used as blazers, dresses, skirts, suits and coats.• It is soft with a napped surface.• It shrinks if not pre-shrunk.• It sags with wear. Pongee• It is made of silk, cotton, or rayon and used for dresses, blouses andsummer suits.• It is lightweight. Rayon• It is a cellulose fiber based fabric and is highly absorbent.• It drapes well and is resistant to moths, bleaches and chemicals. Silk• It is very strong and absorbant.• It has a brillient sheen and unique softness.115
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