In the last few years, neural representation learning approaches have achieved very good performance on many natural language processing (NLP) tasks, such as language modelling and machine translation. This suggests that neural models may also yield significant performance improvements on information retrieval (IR) tasks, such as relevance ranking, addressing the query-document vocabulary mismatch problem by using semantic rather than lexical matching. IR tasks, however, are fundamentally different from NLP tasks leading to new challenges and opportunities for existing neural representation learning approaches for text.
In this talk, I will present my recent work on neural IR models. We begin with a discussion on learning good representations of text for retrieval. I will present visual intuitions about how different embeddings spaces capture different relationships between items, and their usefulness to different types of IR tasks. The second part of this talk is focused on the applications of deep neural architectures to the document ranking task.