MRSA Infection and Symptoms


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MRSA Can Kill You! What You Need To Know!
How to keep yourself, your family and your pets safe. Yes, your pets can get MRSA as well

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MRSA Infection and Symptoms

  1. 1. MRSA Infection and symptoms © 2007 Rob Clement all rights reserved
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) is a world-wide threat to health. </li></ul><ul><li>MRSA is in our environment. </li></ul><ul><li>No-one is immune. </li></ul><ul><li>It only takes a little carelessness for a cut, spot or medical incision to become a major infection. </li></ul><ul><li>MRSA demands we have rigorous hygiene practices and habits. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction II <ul><li>Hygiene for MRSA starts with me and my home. </li></ul><ul><li>Hygiene must include public access areas (schools, colleges, hospitals, gymnasiums, churches, mosques and synagogues, together with parks and playgrounds). </li></ul><ul><li>Get medical help even over the Internet if you have a cut or wound that will not heal. </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is MRSA <ul><li>MRSA is an abbreviation of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. </li></ul><ul><li>Common name is Staph but it resists antibiotics. </li></ul>
  5. 5. History of the Staphylococcus Aureus <ul><li>First found and documented in the 1880's. </li></ul><ul><li>Treated in the 1940's with penicillin. </li></ul><ul><li>The Staph bacteria fought back and produced an enzyme called Penicillinase which fought off the antibiotic and rendered it useless. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1959 90 to 95% of the Staphylococcus aureus resisted penicillin. </li></ul><ul><li>The scientists developed a new antibiotic called Methicillin to overcome the enzyme that made the penicillin useless. </li></ul>
  6. 6. History of Staph II <ul><li>Within 1 year of the introduction of Methicillin the first case of MRSA was reported in the UK and the bacteria was defeating the antibiotics sent in to kill it. </li></ul><ul><li>The 1970's and 80's did not see much activity. </li></ul><ul><li>By the 1990's there were many problems. MRSA became established in hospitals. </li></ul><ul><li>People in hospital for an operation with MRSA on their skin are isolated and staff will wash their hands between each patient. </li></ul>
  7. 7. MRSA and the Sportsperson <ul><li>The MRSA bacteria is also found in the community </li></ul><ul><li>Take great care of your personal hygiene. </li></ul><ul><li>Those most at risk in the community are those who we would have thought would have been most resistant i.e., those who play sports. </li></ul><ul><li>Sportsmen and women are often their own worst enemies when they ridicule one another for going to the doctor, </li></ul><ul><li>A cut that does not heal must be dealt with now by a doctor. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Dangers of Community <ul><li>School Lack of toilet hygiene </li></ul><ul><li>Work Coffee making area not been disinfected. </li></ul><ul><li>Pub, club, restaurant and Services on the highway Toilets not disinfected properly and tables not cleaned properly. </li></ul><ul><li>Religious venue Clean and disinfect the toilets? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Dangers of Community <ul><li>Hairdressers Disinfect equipment? </li></ul><ul><li>Tattoo studio Is your skin clean before they start? Is their equipment sterile? </li></ul><ul><li>Body-piercing Is the equipment sterile? </li></ul><ul><li>The list is endless. </li></ul><ul><li>Be careful, practice hygiene . </li></ul>
  10. 10. Why is it Such a Problem? <ul><li>The MRSA bacteria is common. </li></ul><ul><li>The MRSA bacteria passes easily from the skin of one person to another. </li></ul><ul><li>The MRSA family of bacteria adapts to fight the antibiotics that are supposed to kill them. </li></ul><ul><li>When MRSA finds a home in an open wound it is very hard to get rid of it. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Forgotten Hygiene <ul><li>We have forgotten the basic rules of hygiene. </li></ul><ul><li>We do not take responsibility. </li></ul><ul><li>We are our worst enemy. </li></ul>
  12. 12. MRSA and Pets <ul><li>Pets get the MRSA bacteria on their skin from contact with humans. </li></ul><ul><li>Pets can get cuts an scratches </li></ul><ul><li>Pets do have operations </li></ul><ul><li>If the open cut gets infected with MRSA then the antibiotics may not kill it. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask your veterinarian to test for MRSA rather than give one antibiotic after another </li></ul>
  13. 13. MRSA and Pets II <ul><li>Clean and put away sports equipment immediately </li></ul><ul><li>Do not let the animal lick and rub against it. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep sports clothing from your pet. </li></ul><ul><li>Anything with blood on it, bin immediately. </li></ul><ul><li>Wash your hands before and after you handle the pet </li></ul>
  14. 14. MRSA and Children <ul><li>Keep hands clean by washing with soap and water. </li></ul><ul><li>They hate soap and water but they must get over it. </li></ul><ul><li>Athletes should shower and wash with soap after play including any school sports and kids playing in the yard. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep all cuts and abrasions covered with a proper dressing until healed. </li></ul>
  15. 15. MRSA and Children II <ul><li>Keep your medicine box full of up-to-date plasters and medication. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid all contact with other people's wounds or material contaminated by wounds. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not let them use someone else's sports equipment. </li></ul><ul><li>Barrier nurse anyone with MRSA. </li></ul>
  16. 16. The Battle of the MRSA Infection <ul><li>The MRSA bacteria will try and stay alive at all costs. </li></ul><ul><li>The MRSA bacteria will adapt to resist new antibiotics. </li></ul><ul><li>The drug companies will try and beat MRSA. </li></ul><ul><li>We will need a world-wide strategy to destroy it completely. </li></ul><ul><li>Speedy diagnosis is now possible but cure is not </li></ul>
  17. 17. Prevention; Prevention; Prevention <ul><li>Is your family infected? </li></ul><ul><li>Who taught them their basic hygiene? </li></ul><ul><li>Did they practice what they were taught? </li></ul><ul><li>Was a first-aid kit available? </li></ul><ul><li>In the cars as well as in the homes. </li></ul><ul><li>No excuses! Act now! </li></ul><ul><li>Teach your children basic first aid or get them on a first-aid course. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Prevention; Prevention; Prevention II <ul><li>What if we find that antibiotics no longer work? </li></ul><ul><li>Wash your hands after using the toilet. </li></ul><ul><li>Shower and wash with soap after sport and training. </li></ul><ul><li>If you are in doubt, consult a doctor NOW! </li></ul>
  19. 19. Prevention; Prevention; Prevention III <ul><li>Today needs to be the day make your home safe for you and your family, and dangerous for the MRSA bacteria. </li></ul><ul><li>It costs time to clean: </li></ul><ul><li>Kitchen </li></ul><ul><li>Bathroom </li></ul><ul><li>Sports Kit </li></ul><ul><li>Sports equipment </li></ul><ul><li>First aid kit </li></ul>
  20. 20. Prevention; Prevention Prevention IV <ul><li>Good health is a gift – appreciate it. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Conclusion <ul><li>Stop “lowgiene” and practice hygiene. </li></ul><ul><li>The buck stops here: either in your hand or with you in reading this, </li></ul><ul><li>Both partners must work to teach hygiene: One partner is main teacher. The other must reinforce the same lessons. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Conclusion II <ul><li>Start at home and spread out to school and college. include parks and anywhere children congregate. </li></ul><ul><li>Today is the day to start and protect your family from MRSA. </li></ul>
  23. 23. The End – Start Now <ul><li>Further Information: </li></ul><ul><li>We will be creating more ebooks and newsletters on MRSA. </li></ul><ul><li>To be informed of their release, and to get up to date information, hints and tips don’t forget to subscribe to our newsletter. </li></ul><ul><li>Subscribe now </li></ul>