Feminism In Global Perspective<br />The Women of India<br />By: Betsy Olson<br />
About Me<br />First to start off, my name is Betsy and I am a sophomore at MSUM. I am an Education major with minors in Leadership, Communication Studies, and Coaching. I grew up on a farm near a small town in the Midwestern part of Minnesota. I enjoy being outdoors a lot and having a good time. I look forward to getting to know all of you.<br />
Modern India<br />In Modern India, meaning the current status of India today, they have reached some positive progression in the current status of the female population. <br /><ul><li>There have been many women reformers in India who have worked towards the betterment and empowerment of their fellow female citizens.
Many reformers undertook certain measures to get rid of certain social stigmas in the society.
One reformer started a Muslim University for the spread of education among Muslims and abolished the Purdah system among Muslim women.
Many acts were also passed in support of the women of India such as the Widow Remarriage Act of 1856, which was a huge step up from previously having to be burned alive with your dead husband.
The women of India have now been granted freedom and rights which were previously intangible to them.
They now have the freedom of expression and equality as well as being able to receive education as a women. </li></li></ul><li>Issues that Remain<br />Prevalent In Modern India’s Society<br /><ul><li>Dowry- Dowry is property or money that a bride brings to her husband on the day of their marriage. It is sad, but many women who bring few dowry's after marriage are killed. The dowry is said to be a source of many of the problems in India to begin with.
Female Infanticides- Is also known as a sex selective abortion that favors the male sex and deselects the female sex and because of this, India has a low female sex ratio to that of the men.
Health & wellbeing- Women are not cared for in the health standards that they should be cared for, especially during child labor. The maternal mortality rate is among the highest in the world in India. They are also malnourished because they are forced to eat their husbands leftovers. Many women are also not equipped with the education that they need to fully understand and use their new found rights. </li></li></ul><li>Issues that Remain<br />Continued…<br /><ul><li>Domestic Violence- Domestic Violence is extremely high because of the dowry that India has set into play. Female trafficking, which is sexual abuse, is a big part of the violence problem in their society today. Every 93 minutes a woman is burnt to death due to dowry problem and every single hour at least one woman is raped in India.
Overworked- Many women in India are overworked. They often work double the hours that the males do, but they are not even given credit for it.
Divorce- Divorce is not very common in India because it is looked down on in society comparable to the U.S. many years ago. It is a signature of failure, but especially for the women. </li></li></ul><li>Positivity Rising<br />Positive Facts from Reform<br /><ul><li>India has world's largest number of professionally qualified women.
India has largest population of working women in the world.
India has more doctors, surgeons, scientists, professors than the United States
Indian women today are also singers, painters, beauty queens, and actors.</li></li></ul><li>Reform Women of India<br /><ul><li>SreerupaMitraChaudhury- She holds many positions in and out of government. She also has helped a great number people and has saved lives of thousands of women and children affected by natural calamities, social discrimination, caste discrimination, rape, torture and mental illnesses.
SyedaSaiyidainHameed- She is a member of the planning commission and holds responsibilities including Women and Children, Health, and Small and Medium Enterprises.
MedhaPatkar- She is a defender of human rights and was arrested and detained by the police in her efforts to protest for them.</li></li></ul><li>Reform Women of India<br /><ul><li>Aruna Roy- She is an Indian political and social activist who founded and heads the MazdoorKisan Shakti Sangathana, which is also known as "Workers and Peasants Strength Union". Aruna Roy is well known as the leader of the Right to Information movement, which led to the enactment of the Right to Information Act in 2005. She is also a member of the National Advisory Council.
Ela Bhatt- She is the founder of the Self-Employed Women's Association of India. Ela Bhatt is also a leader of the international labour, cooperative, women, and micro-finance movements, and she has won several national and international awards.
GirijaVyas- She is an Indian politician as well as a poet and an author. </li></li></ul><li>Reform Women of India<br /><ul><li>Indira Jaising- She is a lawyer by profession and also the first women to reach the post of Additional Solicitor General of India in 2009. She focuses on protecting human rights, the rights of women, and the rights of the poor working class.
Brinda Karat- She is a communist politician from India and she became the first woman member of the CPI(M) Politburo. She has also held positions as the general secretary and vice president of the All India Democratic Women's Association (AIDWA).
KiranBedi- She is a social activist and a retired Indian Police Service (IPS) officer. She was also the first Indian woman to join the IPS.</li></li></ul><li>The Women of India<br /> These women have done so much more than just the few things I listed off for each individual. As you can see, India has come a long way, but there is still work to be done. By the efforts of these women, and many more, hopefully men and women in India can live in a society of equal rights and equal power without the stigmas from the history in India.<br />
Works Cited<br />“Women Activists India." Women Activists India. Web. 11 June 2011. <http://womenactivistsindia.com<br />"Women in India." Free Encyclopedia & Web Portal on Indian Culture & Lifestyle. Web. 11 June 2011. <http://www.indianetzone.com/<br />