Birth and Education: Martin Luther King Jr. was born in Atlanta, Georgia on January 15, 1929. When Martin was born, black and white citizens were separated in much of the United States of America. The elementary and high school King attended were segregated just for black people. King also went to Morehouse College, an all black college in Atlanta, Georgia, and he graduated in 1948. He attended graduate school at Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania and Boston University, where he received a doctorate in Systematic Theology in 1955. He wanted to go be a minister.
Martin Luther King, Sr. and Alberta Williams King were Martin’sparents. Martin was a middle child, between an older sister and ayounger brother. King married Coretta Scott, whom he had met ingraduate school in Boston. Yolanda Denise-King, Martin Luther KingIII, Dexter Scott King, and Bernice Albertine King are the names of allof his children.
Separate but EqualKing fought against the racial policy in place atthat time in the South, where blacks were keptseparate from whites but were granted “equalopportunities” for education, transportation,and jobs.
Dr. King’s Speech at the Lincoln MemorialOn August 28, 1963, MartinLuther King Jr. gave hiscurrently famous “I Have aDream” speech at the LincolnMemorial in front of a quarterof a million people. In hisspeech, he talked about howpeople should not be judgedby the color of the skin but bytheir character. Martin LutherKing, Jr. started off this famousspeech discussing theEmancipation Proclamationwhich freed many slaves but,he said, “We are still not free.”
Why do we Celebrate Dr. King’s Birthday?On April 4th, 1968, in Memphis, Tennessee, at the age of 39, MartinLuther King Jr. was assassinated on the balcony outside of his motelroom. He was there because he was supposed to lead a protestmarch. We celebrate Dr. King’s birthday because he helped ourcountry be better today and we are thankful for how heroic he was.In addition, you have to be very heroic and brave to risk beingarrested and killed when leading all of these nonviolent protests.He stood up for what he believed in and tried to make things right.