Interventions and Resources for At-Risk Students


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CAP Conference Presentation 6.09

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Interventions and Resources for At-Risk Students

  1. 1. Interventions and Resources for At-Risk Students Dorann Tanner, LGSW, C-SSWS Social Worker Shelby County Schools Student Services
  2. 2. What makes a student at-risk? <ul><li>Students who are not experiencing school success and are in danger of school failure and/or non-completion </li></ul><ul><li>The Alabama State Department of Education recognizes that students may be at-risk due to situations, circumstances, and /or conditions (e.g., environment, family, health) over which they may have limited control </li></ul>
  3. 3. What makes a student at-risk? <ul><li>Key observable indicators may be, but are not limited to, the following: </li></ul><ul><li>More than eight days absent </li></ul><ul><li>Two or more out of school suspensions </li></ul><ul><li>Number of core class failures (over-age and under credited) </li></ul><ul><li>Drug or alcohol use </li></ul><ul><li>Family dynamics </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why do we need to intervene? <ul><li>Alabama’s high school graduation rate 61.3% - 43 rd in the nation </li></ul><ul><li>Alabama Adults in 2000 </li></ul><ul><ul><li> 1 in 4 did not have a high school diploma </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Alabama’s 2007 dropouts </li></ul><ul><li>an additional $6.7 billion earned in their lifetimes had they graduated </li></ul>
  5. 5. Shelby County Facts: <ul><li>27,115 students enrolled in 2008-2009 </li></ul><ul><li>5th largest school system in the state </li></ul><ul><li>Largest ESL population in AL </li></ul><ul><li>89% Graduation Rate </li></ul><ul><li>Early Warning & Supporting Families Initiative (SFI) programs implemented to help identify and intervene with at-risk students </li></ul><ul><li>Proactive programs: school social worker, alternative academic settings, and curriculum interventions </li></ul>
  6. 6. Early Warning Process EARLY WARNING Conduct Flow Chart In or Out of School Suspension After 3 suspensions, EW referral is made First EW Referral 2 nd Conduct Referral Agency Meeting 3 rd Referral SFI Consult DA’s Office for Possible Parental Prosecution
  7. 7. Early Warning Process Early Warning Truancy Flow Chart After 5 th Unexcused Absences, referral to Early Warning After initial EW appearance, with 2 more unexcused absences, another referral is made and an agency meeting occurs Another referral results in SFI for family or formal truancy petition filed if truancy is a student issue Consult DA’s Office for possible prosecution of parent
  8. 8. Early Warning Court <ul><li>Truancy referrals are submitted after the 5th unexcused absence and after the local school has followed code of conduct guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct referrals are submitted after the local school has exhausted all discipline procedures as outlined in the code of conduct </li></ul><ul><li>Referral is screened and forwarded to Intake at Juvenile Court </li></ul>
  9. 9. Early Warning Court: <ul><li>Held weekly at Shelby County Courthouse before presiding Juvenile Court Judge Jim Kramer </li></ul><ul><li>Informal court session in which Judge Kramer explains school code of conduct and state law regarding student and parental responsibility of school attendance and conduct </li></ul><ul><li>Attended by parent/guardian, child (if age appropriate), JPO, BOE, and DA </li></ul>
  10. 10. Agency Meeting: <ul><li>Held if referral is received after Early Warning Court </li></ul><ul><li>Held at Shelby County Juvenile Probation Office </li></ul><ul><li>Includes Family (and child), JPO, BOE, DHR and Shelby County’s Children’s Policy Council Coordinator </li></ul><ul><li>Round table discussion on why the behavior is continuing and resources/suggestions to help the family </li></ul>
  11. 11. Supporting Families Initiative <ul><li>In 2008, in response to the changes in the Juvenile Code of Alabama, Shelby County Schools partnered with the Shelby County District Attorney’s Office and the Juvenile Court to implement Supporting Families Initiative </li></ul><ul><li>If an additional referral is received after Early Warning Court and agency meeting, the student may by referred to SFI </li></ul>
  12. 12. Supporting Families Initiative <ul><li>Social Worker contacts family and completes a home visit and North Carolina Family Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Social Worker arranges a case staffing with community agencies to develop a Family Plan of Action </li></ul><ul><li>Social Worker and Juvenile Court meets with family to implement Family Plan of Action </li></ul><ul><li>Social Worker follows up with family </li></ul>
  13. 13. Supporting Families Initiative <ul><li>SFI works with the Early Warning System to provide intensive intervention for at-risk students </li></ul><ul><li>SFI interventions are designed for the family, not just the problem student </li></ul><ul><li>In 2008-2009, 401 referrals to Early Warning and 17 SFI referrals were processed in Shelby County Schools </li></ul>
  14. 14. SFI Community Partners: <ul><li>Parent Project </li></ul><ul><li>Spirit of Hope </li></ul><ul><li>Gateway Counseling </li></ul><ul><li>Family Connections </li></ul><ul><li>DAY Program </li></ul><ul><li>Shelby County Family Resource Center </li></ul><ul><li>Bradford Health System </li></ul><ul><li>JPO, DHR, DA </li></ul>
  15. 15. Shelby County Schools <ul><li>In addition to the Early Warning system, Shelby County also employees a School Social Worker to proactively help at-risk students </li></ul><ul><li>School Social Worker is based out of Student Services at the Board of Education to serve all schools in the system </li></ul>
  16. 16. What School Social Workers do: <ul><li>Provide support, referral, & follow-up </li></ul><ul><li>Assist personnel to establish and implement a plan of action for at-risk students </li></ul><ul><li>Assist in obtaining social and/or health services for children </li></ul><ul><li>Work with agencies in the development and implementation of family intervention </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct home visits as a liaison between school and home </li></ul><ul><li>Assist with crisis prevention and intervention as needed </li></ul><ul><li>Serve as an advisor concerning assigned program of intervention </li></ul>
  17. 17. Why are they needed? <ul><li>Assist in improving education of students </li></ul><ul><li>Assist school administration and counselors with at-risk students </li></ul><ul><li>Intervene with families, not just the student </li></ul><ul><li>Advocate for students and their families </li></ul><ul><li>Provide various resources to improve family relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Provide the link among school, home, community </li></ul>
  18. 18. State Facts: <ul><li>Total of 131 School Systems and 1,538 schools </li></ul><ul><li>34 systems and 37 schools have Social Workers </li></ul><ul><li>(25% of the school systems) </li></ul><ul><li>Many schools in Alabama hire SW as graduation coaches </li></ul><ul><li>Approximately 90 School Social Workers </li></ul><ul><li>Less than 5 Certified School Social Workers in the State </li></ul><ul><li>Social workers may be funded by grants including Title I, At-Risk, Children’s First and local school funds </li></ul>
  19. 19. Alternative Academic Settings: <ul><li>The SUCCESS Program-provides students an opportunity for credit recovery and vocational/career development </li></ul><ul><li>The Shelby County Alternative School-provides leadership instruction and behavior modification </li></ul><ul><li>The DAY Program-provides credit recovery and therapeutic behavior modification for grades 7 th – 11 th </li></ul>
  20. 20. Curriculum Interventions: <ul><li>Life Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Stay on Track </li></ul><ul><li>Character Education </li></ul><ul><li>DARE </li></ul><ul><li>Too Good for Drugs </li></ul><ul><li>Red Ribbon Week </li></ul><ul><li>STAR </li></ul>
  21. 21. Curriculum Interventions: <ul><li>Homework assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Tutoring </li></ul><ul><li>STEP Program for pregnant teens/fathers </li></ul><ul><li>Freshman Forum </li></ul><ul><li>High School 101 </li></ul><ul><li>Teen Driving Initiative </li></ul><ul><li>School Guidance Counselors </li></ul>
  22. 22. Additional Resources: <ul><li>Children’s Policy Council </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-Disciplinary Teams </li></ul><ul><li>Juvenile Court </li></ul><ul><li>United Way Agencies- Dial 211 </li></ul><ul><li>PAL’s Phone line- 1-866-962-3030 </li></ul><ul><li>Crisis Center Hot Line- 1-800-999-9999 </li></ul><ul><li>Alabama Mental Health Referral- 1-800-367-0955 </li></ul><ul><li>Alabama Guide to Family and Community Service </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  23. 23. Contact Information <ul><li>Dorann Tanner </li></ul><ul><li>Social Worker </li></ul><ul><li>Shelby County Schools </li></ul><ul><li>Student Services Department </li></ul><ul><li>205-682-7187 </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>