Fractures.ppt by bernita

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Fractures.ppt by bernita

  1. 1. FRACTURES BY BERNITA
  2. 2. THERE ARE SEVERAL TYPES OF FRACTURES HERE ARE A FEW THAT ARE VERY INTERSETING: COMMINUTED FRACTURE COMPOUND FRACTURE GREENSTICK FRACTURE
  3. 3. WHAT IS A FRACTURE? <ul><li>A FRACTURE IS A BREAK IN THE BONE THAT OCCURS WHEN THE BONE CAN NO LONGER WITHSTAND THE PRESSURE THAT IS PLACED UPON IT. </li></ul>
  4. 4. FRACTURES OCCUR MORE COMMONLY IN ADULTS RATHER THAN CHILDREN BECAUSE A CHILD’S BONES HAS MORE FLEXIBILTY TO THEM THAN ADULTS. THE OLDER THE PERSON IS THE MORE FRAGILE THEIR BONES BECOME.
  5. 5. SYMPTOMS <ul><li>SOME COMMON SYMPTOMS OF FRACTURES ARE: </li></ul><ul><li>SWELLING IN THE AFFECTED AREA </li></ul><ul><li>BRUISING IN THE AFFECTED AREA </li></ul><ul><li>DEFORMITY </li></ul><ul><li>LOSS OF USE </li></ul>
  6. 6. 3 KNOWN FRACTURE TYPES
  7. 7. COMMINUTED FRACTURES <ul><li>A COMMINUTED FRACTURE IS ONE THAT OCCURS WHEN THE BREAK GOES COMPLETELY THROUGH THE BONE. </li></ul><ul><li>THE BONE CAN BE CRUSHED, SHATTERED OR SPLINTERED. </li></ul>
  8. 8. COMPOUND FRACTURES <ul><li>A COMPOUND FRACTURE OCCURS WHEN THE BREAK IN THE BONE PIERCES THROUGH THE SKIN. IT IS A VERY SHARP BREAK . </li></ul>
  9. 9. GREENSTICK FRACTURES <ul><li>THE GREENSTICK FRACTURE IS ONE THAT OCCURS WHEN THE BONE DOES NOT BREAK COMPLETELY. THIS CAUSES A BENDING TO OCCUR ON ONE SIDE OF THE BONE. </li></ul><ul><li>THIS TYPE OF FRACTURE IS VERY COMMON IN CHILDREN BECAUSE OF THE FLEXIBILTY OF THEIR BONES. </li></ul>
  10. 10. HEALING <ul><li>TO ENSURE PROPER HEALING OF THE BONE, THE PATIENT MUST HAVE THE BONE REALIGNED. </li></ul><ul><li>THIS IS USUALLY DONE BY A CAST OR A SPLINT (CAUSES IMMOBILIZATION OF FRACTURED LIMB). </li></ul><ul><li>SOMETIMES SURGERY IS NEEDED TO SET THE BONE. </li></ul><ul><li>IN MANY CASES DOCTORS WILL ALSO PRESCRIBE PAIN KILLERS AND REHABILITATION. </li></ul>

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