Broadcasting 3.0


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A description of the future of Broadcasting technologies and how they can be integrated into the telecommunication networks of the future.

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  • c ompetitive l ocal e xchange c arrier Incumbent local exchange carrier
  • Los Angeles existing DTV station KMEX-TV, ch. 35, was selected. Tx2 and Tx3 are hypothetical. Transmitter parameters: KMEX-TV: 400 kW ERP, 98 m AGL, dir antenna pointing South-West ° Tx2: 10 kW ERP, 50 m AGL, dir antenna pointing West Tx3: 5 kW ERP, 50 m AGL, dir antenna pointing North-East Receiver parameters: Fixed: Field strength 41 dBuV/m, 90% service availability, antenna height 10 m Mobile: C/N+I = 15 dB, 90% service availability, antenna height 1.5 m Path Loss: CRC-PREDICT v3.21, elevation and Land cover data using Computamaps (500 m resolution) Echo cancelation: The equalizer values used for echo cancelation were -10 to 45 usec and 3 dB C/N+I diff., these values may need to be reviewed and would consequently affect the coverage slightly. Low power transmitter, combined with directional antennas and the terrain elevation (mountains) were used to limit self-interference. Addition of gap filler or coverage extender in the SFN needs to be done carefully, it is easy to cause self-interference, need for advance simulation tool for planning.
  • Red : Completed Orange: LPTV underway Yellow: In progress Green: not started
  • Broadcasting 3.0

    1. 1. Broadcasting 2.0 3.0 Bernard Caron . X
    2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Introduction: Myths or realities </li></ul><ul><li>New Television Delivery Models </li></ul><ul><li>Wireless Networks response to the new models </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcasters facing the challenge </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>CRC Confidential
    3. 3. May you live in interesting time <ul><li>We are moving toward an always connected word </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcasters are facing many challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcasting technologies (one-to-many) offers ways to face these challenges and FOBTV can play a role. </li></ul><ul><li>Policies makers and spectrum regulators must be aware of the various technological alternative to make wise decisions </li></ul>
    4. 4. Myths or realities ? <ul><li>Broadcasters sit on a lot of unused spectrum </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcasting is not spectrum efficient </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcasting can not adapt to new standards, new technological progress, new service requirements… </li></ul><ul><li>STANDARDS are prisons in the face of the ever faster technological progress </li></ul><ul><li>The convergence among the various delivery networks will lead to the death of Broadcasting </li></ul><ul><li>There is no business case for Over-the-Air digital broadcasting . </li></ul><ul><li>The next wireless communication systems will deliver hundreds of megabits to any handheld devices anywhere, anytime. </li></ul><ul><li>Nobody is watching over-the-air TV anymore </li></ul><ul><li>The future of TV is on the Internet </li></ul>
    5. 5. New television delivery models <ul><ul><li>Digitalisation of the Traditional Model </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital TV multiplex </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile Television Broadcasting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet Television </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wi-Fi Television </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cellular Network TV (3-4G, LTE) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Audio/Video Anytime </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hybrid Broadcast TV </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Broadcasting and telecommunications platforms Wholesale Over the air Satellite Broadband Convergence Content Wholesale Services Wholesale Telephony/Internet Internet/BDU Telco Wholesale Traditional Telephone Service Telephony/IPTV Video/Radio Telephony Internet Web Sites Internet Traditional BDU Services Video/Radio Traditional Broadcasting Converging platforms Traditional Telecommunications Supplier Platforms Customer Source: CRTC, Communications Report 2009 Consumer Content Providers Telephony Services Providers Technology/ IP Driven Wireless Resellers ILECs/ CLECs Cable BDUs
    7. 7. Broadcasting (One-to-Many) and Unicasting (One-to-One) <ul><li>One to all </li></ul><ul><li>On schedule </li></ul><ul><li>Dedicated channel </li></ul><ul><li>Infinite number of users </li></ul><ul><li>One to one </li></ul><ul><li>On-demand </li></ul><ul><li>Shared channel </li></ul><ul><li>Limited number of users </li></ul>
    8. 8. Wireless Communication response to the new models <ul><li>Toward 5G </li></ul><ul><li>Strength and challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Threats to Broadcasting ? </li></ul>
    9. 9. Wireless communication roadmap: Toward 5G <ul><li>Access Strategies for spectrum sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Intelligent dynamic spectrum allocation </li></ul><ul><li>Interference and control of dynamic spectrum allocation </li></ul><ul><li>Smaller cell size e.g. Picocell </li></ul><ul><li>Seamless secured connectivity while roaming </li></ul><ul><li>Full IPv6 integration with wired network </li></ul><ul><li>Global standards </li></ul><ul><li>Regulation and policies for spectrum sharing </li></ul><ul><li>$$: new revenues, </li></ul><ul><li>Lower Capital and Operational expenditure vs cost of spectrum </li></ul>
    10. 10. Opportunities and challenges for wireless communication <ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Existing network infrastructure (# cells, footprint) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support broadband uplink (Two-Way) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Long Term Evolution (LTE) has multicast broadcast multimedia services (MBMS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Understanding of Quality of Service and Service level agreements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Existing billing and customers service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But some disadvantages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of (very expensive) spectrum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost of the smaller cells required to increase capacity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of infrastructure robustness against disasters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smaller and more expensive coverage than broadcast </li></ul></ul>CRC Confidential
    11. 11. Does wireless communication threaten broadcasting? <ul><ul><li>No if current OTA model of broadcast distribution (free spectrum, free broadcast service) is maintained </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Possibly yes, if current model changes and wireless carriers: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Are able to charge for OTA broadcast video </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Have the necessary spectrum made available ($$$) to them </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Have access to one-to-many delivery capability </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can support valid television broadcast video business models </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not likely to threaten broadcast production , since it is distinct, but Internet content providers may... </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Will not threaten broadcast technologies , in fact may adopt them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ultimately, policy, regulatory decisions and spectrum allocation/conservation may determine the survival of broadcasting as well as the strength of the Telecom Business Case </li></ul></ul>CRC Confidential
    12. 12. How Broadcasters can respond to the new models ? <ul><li>Improved transmission technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Improved audio-video processing </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient use of spectrum </li></ul><ul><li>New services </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing the spectrum </li></ul>
    13. 13. Improved transmission technologies <ul><li>Taking advantage of known bits to perform error correction </li></ul><ul><li>Using co-channel robust scheme: layered emission systems </li></ul><ul><li>Using Doppler mitigation in mobile receivers to improve mobility and spectrum efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Improved mobile receiver synchronisation </li></ul><ul><li>Adopting MIMO </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive radio technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Better (Adaptive) Receiving Antenna </li></ul>
    14. 14. Improvements to audio-video processing <ul><li>Migration from MPEG-2 to H.264 (MPEG4) and then to HVEC ? H. 265? MPEG X? </li></ul><ul><li>More efficient Audio/Video compression technologies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher efficiency codec </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Frame rate conversion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-frame motion estimation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bio-inspired audio coding algorithms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New multiplex techniques (e.g. Statistical Multiplexing for Mobile programs) </li></ul>
    15. 15. More efficient use of spectrum by OTA DTV <ul><li>Multiple Standard Definition (Mobile) TV stations on the same channel </li></ul><ul><li>Better receivers (Regulated performance ?): Mobile reception of fixed signal (Doppler mitigation module ) </li></ul><ul><li>Distributed Transmitters Networks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A number of low-power transmitters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coverage can be shaped to reach only populated areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Potential for reduced construction and operating costs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Potential for spectrum saving </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved portable and mobile reception </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But needs for new tower sites may be problematic and expensive </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Replace off-channel repeaters by a Single Frequency Network (SFN) for regional, provincial or national coverage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spectrum saving and/or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enabling Mobile Reception </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Improvements to ATSC Mobile DTV Coverage : Prediction of SFN Coverage for Mobile TV Example of CRC-COVLAB prediction for Mobile/Fixed Try Free Coverage Prediction at Fixed Mobile
    17. 17. Offering new broadcast services <ul><li>Mobile Television </li></ul><ul><li>Radio services using DTV Transmitters </li></ul><ul><li>3-D TV </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Small increase in data requirement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Automatic Conversion of 2-D video programs to 3-D by the receivers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New Applications: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intelligent Transportation Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Alerting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Datacasting (e.g. Tagging) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-real time data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smart Appliances Control </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. Broadacast Spectrum shared with others <ul><li>Digital dividend after the analog transmissions switch off </li></ul><ul><ul><li>United States 12-6-2009 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Canada 31-8-2011 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UK End of 2012 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Japan 24-7-2011 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Russia 2015 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>European Community Recommendation: 1-1-2012 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Various systems could (DYNAMICALLY ?) share the spectrum currently allocated to broadcast services as long as they do not increase interference: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IEEE 802.22 Wireless Regional Area Networks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Unlicenced ‘’ White Space ’’ Devices ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Licenced Rural and Remote Broadband Systems (RRBS in Canada) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ATSC Mobile DTV, DVB-NGH, DMB </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wireless Broadband (Wi-Fi, LTE, WIMAX, 5G) in the Broadcast Band </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. Transmitted content dynamically adapted to demand Content Number of requests for specific content? Broadcasting Broadband Wireless High Low
    20. 20. Mobile Convergence with Broadcasting LTE Core WiFi Network Mobile WiMAX Core Broadasting
    21. 21. <ul><li>Multi bands/standard receivers </li></ul><ul><li>USB Connections </li></ul><ul><li>Bluetooth Connections </li></ul><ul><li>Wi-Fi Repeaters (Broadcasters Hot-Spots) </li></ul><ul><li>Software Defined Radio (SDR) </li></ul><ul><li>Open Devices: e.g. Android </li></ul>Some possible solutions to a challenge: Availability of Broadcast Compatible Users Device
    22. 22. Broadcasters can face the challenge <ul><li>The Broadcasting system of tomorrow </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcasters' advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Roles of the FOBTV </li></ul>
    23. 23. The Broadcasting Systems of T omor r ow <ul><li>Wireless </li></ul><ul><li>Large Local Area network </li></ul><ul><li>Broadband </li></ul><ul><li>Portable and Mobile </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible: Audio, Mobile TV, HDTV, 3-D, Data </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated with other telecommunication systems to provide two-way interactivity: Hybrid Broadcast Broadband </li></ul><ul><li>Complement Broadband Wireless one to one connections. </li></ul><ul><li>Ideal for mass distribution of high-demand multimedia content (specially for Public Alerting in case of an emergency) </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamically adapt transmitted content to demand </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low demand content on LTE-4G-5G </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High Demand content automatically transferred to Broadcasting networks. </li></ul></ul>
    24. 24. Toward the Next Generation Broadcast Systems <ul><li>Identified Requirements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher capacity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Better spectrum efficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Portable-Mobile </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scalable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Software upgradable (Software defined intelligent receivers) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>World wide standards (so that people can use their portable devices anywhere in the world): </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integration with the wireless broadband, Internet, PVR, computers… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dynamic content selection (based on demand) </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic spectrum allocation ? </li></ul><ul><li>Combined with other transmission standards (e.g. 5G )to provide an integrated solution to the needs of the mobile world citizen of tomorrow </li></ul><ul><li>An international development effort is required to reach that goal. </li></ul>
    25. 25. Traditional Broadcasters have advantages: <ul><ul><li>Own professional production facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Own wireless transmission facilities and spectrum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have trustworthy national or local news teams </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have experience in negotiating rights to distribute programs (Drama, sports...) locally </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Know how to protect these rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Know how to adapt (e.g. translation) and promote programs in their local markets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have experience in supporting their business with publicity revenue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Often have a brand with very high local recognition and trust </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Broadcasting is often the last resort in time of disasters (Earthquake, flood…) </li></ul></ul>
    26. 26. Roles of the FOBTV <ul><li>To confirm the requirements for the new standard </li></ul><ul><li>To propose common (Software and hardware )development platforms </li></ul><ul><li>To develop assessment methods </li></ul><ul><li>To foster collaboration and exchanges between stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>To establish links with the Wireless Communication industry </li></ul><ul><li>To foster the development of a single worldwide standard or family of standards </li></ul>
    27. 27. <ul><li>Broadcasters sit on a lot of unused spectrum… </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcasting is not spectrum efficient </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcasting can not adapt to new standards, new technological progress, new service requirements… </li></ul><ul><li>STANDARDS are prisons in the face of the ever faster technological progress </li></ul><ul><li>The convergence among the various delivery networks will lead to the death of Broadcasting </li></ul><ul><li>There is no business case for Over-the-Air digital broadcasting . </li></ul><ul><li>The next wireless communication systems will deliver hundreds of megabits to any handheld devices anywhere, anytime. </li></ul><ul><li>Nobody is watching over-the-air TV anymore </li></ul><ul><li>The future of TV is on the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcasters can use their spectrum more efficiently </li></ul><ul><li>… and share some of it…maybe dynamically . </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcasters are developing new standards </li></ul><ul><li>STANDARDS are essential for a Public Service using a one-to-many distribution scheme…but they can evolve </li></ul><ul><li>The convergence among the various delivery networks will lead to the rebirth of OTA Broadcasting </li></ul><ul><li>There is a business case for Over-the-Air digital broadcasting: Portable and Mobile . </li></ul><ul><li>The next wireless communication systems will deliver hundreds of megabits to only a few expensive handheld devices anywhere, anytime. </li></ul><ul><li>More and more people will be watching over-the-air TV when it becomes portable and mobile </li></ul><ul><li>The future of TV is on the Internet and over-the-air. </li></ul>Myths or realities ?
    28. 28. Conclusions <ul><li>All the various models will be used to distribute content </li></ul><ul><li>Users will find out which ones are more appropriate to their lifestyle and budget…or their intelligent devices will find tem for the users </li></ul><ul><li>Organisations will develop appropriate business plan for each technology. </li></ul><ul><li>Expect each technology to evolve and to adapt to stay competitive </li></ul><ul><li>Expect more new models to appears in the future taking advantage of technical progress </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcasting is a public services (e.g. Emergency Alerting) which requires spectrum and government regulations to succeed </li></ul><ul><li>Next generation broadcasting systems must be international </li></ul><ul><li>FOBTV has important roles to play. </li></ul>
    29. 29. Thank You 谢谢 [email_address]